Aliases & Classifications for Newcastle Disease

MalaCards integrated aliases for Newcastle Disease:

Name: Newcastle Disease 12 56 45 15 17 74
Newcastle's Disease 12
Pseudo-Fowlpest 12

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:2929
MeSH 45 D009521
NCIt 51 C34849
SNOMED-CT 69 89366008
UMLS 74 C0027983

Summaries for Newcastle Disease

Disease Ontology : 12 A viral infectious disease that results in infection in birds and humans, has material basis in Newcastle disease virus, which is transmitted by contact with feces and urine of an infected bird, or transmitted by fomites. The infection has symptom conjunctivitis, has symptom headache, and has symptom lacrimation in humans, and has symptom gasping, has symptom coughing, has symptom twisting of head and neck, has symptom circling, has symptom complete paralysis, has symptom watery diarrhea, and has symptom reduced egg production in birds.

MalaCards based summary : Newcastle Disease, also known as newcastle's disease, is related to influenza and swine influenza, and has symptoms including conjunctivitis, headache and coughing. An important gene associated with Newcastle Disease is IFNB1 (Interferon Beta 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Innate Immune System and PEDF Induced Signaling. Affiliated tissues include testes, t cells and lung, and related phenotypes are Upregulation of RLR pathway after Sendai virus (SeV) infection and cellular

Wikipedia : 77 Virulent Newcastle disease (VND), formerly exotic Newcastle disease, is a contagious viral bird disease... more...

Related Diseases for Newcastle Disease

Diseases related to Newcastle Disease via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 133)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 influenza 30.8 DDX58 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3
2 swine influenza 30.2 NEU1 TNF
3 parainfluenza virus type 3 30.2 IFNB1 NEU1
4 japanese encephalitis 29.9 DDX58 IFNB1 TNF
5 measles 29.9 DDX58 IFNA1 IFNB1
6 hepatitis 29.7 DDX58 IFNA1 IRF3 TNF
7 west nile virus 29.7 DDX58 IFNA1 IRF3
8 vaccinia 29.6 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3 TP53
9 herpes simplex 29.6 DDX58 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3
10 noonan syndrome 3 29.2 DDX58 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3
11 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 29.0 IFNA1 IRF3 RELA TNF
12 avian influenza 10.8
13 bronchitis 10.7
14 plague 10.4
15 oral erosive lichen 10.4 IFNA1 IFNB1
16 respiratory syncytial virus infectious disease 10.4 IFNB1 NEU1
17 melanoma 10.3
18 stomatitis 10.3
19 laryngotracheitis 10.3
20 marburg hemorrhagic fever 10.3 IFNB1 TNF
21 kashin-beck disease 10.3 BAX TNF
22 murray valley encephalitis 10.3 IFNA1 IFNB1
23 farmer's lung 10.2 CD36 TNF
24 null-cell leukemia 10.2 IFNA1 TNF
25 adenocarcinoma 10.2
26 cellular ependymoma 10.2 RELA TP53
27 malignant teratoma 10.2 BAX TP53
28 cerebellar angioblastoma 10.2 TP53 VHL
29 pfeiffer syndrome 10.2
30 colorectal cancer 10.2
31 hypercarotenemia and vitamin a deficiency, autosomal dominant 10.2
32 lung cancer 10.2
33 keratomalacia 10.2
34 encephalitis 10.2
35 acute motor and sensory axonal neuropathy 10.2
36 fibromatosis, gingival, 1 10.2 CD36 TGFB1
37 mumps 10.1
38 glioma 10.1
39 relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis 10.1 IFNA1 IFNB1 TNF
40 thyroid lymphoma 10.1 TNF TP53
41 anogenital venereal wart 10.1 IFNB1 TP53
42 demyelinating disease 10.1 IFNA1 IFNB1 TNF
43 conjunctivitis 10.1
44 laryngitis 10.1 TGFB1 TNF
45 lung cancer susceptibility 3 10.1
46 cholera 10.1
47 glioblastoma 10.1
48 leukocyte disease 10.1 BAX TNF TP53
49 breast adenocarcinoma 10.0 BAX TNF TP53
50 acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 10.0 IFNA1 TNF TP53

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Newcastle Disease:



Diseases related to Newcastle Disease

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Newcastle Disease

Symptoms:

12
  • conjunctivitis
  • headache
  • coughing
  • watery diarrhea
  • lacrimation in humans
  • gasping
  • twisting of head
  • circling
  • complete paralysis
  • reduced egg production in birds

UMLS symptoms related to Newcastle Disease:


discharge from eye

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Newcastle Disease according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

27
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Upregulation of RLR pathway after Sendai virus (SeV) infection GR00302-A 8.92 DDX58 IRF3 RAN RELA

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Newcastle Disease:

47 (show all 13)
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cellular MP:0005384 10.22 BAX CD36 DDX58 IRF3 NEU1 RELA
2 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 10.2 BAX CD36 DDX58 IFNB1 IRF3 NEU1
3 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 10.18 BAX CD36 DDX58 IFNB1 NEU1 RELA
4 immune system MP:0005387 10.17 BAX CD36 DDX58 IFNB1 IRF3 NEU1
5 growth/size/body region MP:0005378 10.15 BAX CD36 DDX58 NEU1 RELA TGFB1
6 digestive/alimentary MP:0005381 10.05 CD36 DDX58 RELA TGFB1 TNF TP53
7 liver/biliary system MP:0005370 10.01 CD36 DDX58 NEU1 RELA TGFB1 TNF
8 muscle MP:0005369 9.97 BAX CD36 NEU1 RELA TGFB1 TNF
9 neoplasm MP:0002006 9.87 BAX DDX58 IFNB1 TGFB1 TNF TP53
10 renal/urinary system MP:0005367 9.73 BAX CD36 NEU1 TGFB1 TP53 VHL
11 respiratory system MP:0005388 9.63 BAX NEU1 RELA TGFB1 TNF TP53
12 skeleton MP:0005390 9.61 BAX CD36 IFNB1 NEU1 RELA TGFB1
13 vision/eye MP:0005391 9.23 BAX CD36 NEU1 RELA TGFB1 TNF

Drugs & Therapeutics for Newcastle Disease

Interventional clinical trials:


# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) for Cancer Patients Resistant to Conventional Anti-cancer Modalities Withdrawn NCT00348842 Phase 2

Search NIH Clinical Center for Newcastle Disease

Cochrane evidence based reviews: newcastle disease

Genetic Tests for Newcastle Disease

Anatomical Context for Newcastle Disease

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Newcastle Disease:

42
Testes, T Cells, Lung, Brain, Kidney, Liver, Trachea

Publications for Newcastle Disease

Articles related to Newcastle Disease:

(show top 50) (show all 3034)
# Title Authors Year
1
A novel recombinant attenuated Newcastle disease virus expressing H9 subtype hemagglutinin protected chickens from challenge by genotype VII virulent Newcastle disease virus and H9N2 avian influenza virus. ( 30593364 )
2019
2
Multiplex one-step real-time PCR assay for rapid simultaneous detection of velogenic and mesogenic Newcastle disease virus and H5-subtype avian influenza virus. ( 30790106 )
2019
3
Development of a recombinant Newcastle disease virus-vectored vaccine for infectious bronchitis virus variant strains circulating in Egypt. ( 30744668 )
2019
4
Construction and Immunogenicity of Novel Chimeric Virus-Like Particles Bearing Antigens of Infectious Bronchitis Virus and Newcastle Disease Virus. ( 30871190 )
2019
5
Evaluation of Ultra-Microscopic Changes and Proliferation of Apoptotic Glioblastoma Multiforme Cells Induced by Velogenic Strain of Newcastle Disease Virus AF2240 ( 30909682 )
2019
6
Drivers of vaccination preferences to protect a low-value livestock resource: Willingness to pay for Newcastle disease vaccines by smallholder households. ( 30478006 )
2019
7
Evaluation of imidazole and its derivative against Newcastle disease virus infection in chicken: A drug repurposing approach. ( 30508602 )
2019
8
Host immune responses of pigeons infected with Newcastle disease viruses isolated from pigeons. ( 30508624 )
2019
9
High level expression of ISG12(1) promotes cell apoptosis via mitochondrial-dependent pathway and so as to hinder Newcastle disease virus replication. ( 30593361 )
2019
10
Non-replicating Newcastle Disease Virus as an adjuvant for DNA vaccine enhances antitumor efficacy through the induction of TRAIL and granzyme B expression. ( 30599161 )
2019
11
Attenuate Newcastle disease virus by codon modification of the glycoproteins and phosphoprotein genes. ( 30616204 )
2019
12
Newcastle disease virus-like particles containing the Brucella BCSP31 protein induce dendritic cell activation and protect mice against virulent Brucella challenge. ( 30642597 )
2019
13
Re-emergence of a genotype VIII virulent Newcastle disease virus isolated from Chinese game fowl after 13 years. ( 30658009 )
2019
14
Syncytia generated by hemagglutinin-neuraminidase and fusion proteins of virulent Newcastle disease virus induce complete autophagy by activating AMPK-mTORC1-ULK1 signaling>. ( 30658866 )
2019
15
MiR-375 Has Contrasting Effects on Newcastle Disease Virus Growth Depending on the Target Gene. ( 30662346 )
2019
16
Genetics and Genomic Regions Affecting Response to Newcastle Disease Virus Infection under Heat Stress in Layer Chickens. ( 30669351 )
2019
17
W protein expression by Newcastle Disease Virus. ( 30769123 )
2019
18
Velogenic newcastle disease virus tissue tropism and pathogenesis of infection in chickens by application of in situ PCR, immunoperoxase staining and HE staining. ( 30771470 )
2019
19
Expression and serological application of recombinant epitope-repeat protein carrying an immunodominant epitope of Newcastle disease virus nucleoprotein. ( 30775348 )
2019
20
Construction of a novel DNA vaccine candidate targeting F gene of genotype VII Newcastle disease virus and chicken IL-18 delivered by Salmonella. ( 30785663 )
2019
21
Nanobody-horseradish peroxidase fusion protein as an ultrasensitive probe to detect antibodies against Newcastle disease virus in the immunoassay. ( 30823927 )
2019
22
Molecular characterization of new emerging sub-genotype VIIh Newcastle disease viruses in China. ( 30835036 )
2019
23
Epidemiology, control, and prevention of Newcastle disease in endemic regions: Latin America. ( 30877525 )
2019
24
Nuclear localization of Newcastle disease virus matrix protein promotes virus replication by affecting viral RNA synthesis and transcription and inhibiting host cell transcription. ( 30894203 )
2019
25
Molecular phylogenetics of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from vaccinated flocks during outbreaks in Southern India reveals circulation of a novel sub-genotype. ( 30281910 )
2019
26
Molecular characterization of hemagglutinin-neuraminidase fragment gene of Newcastle disease virus isolated from periodically-vaccinated farms. ( 29915505 )
2018
27
Newcastle disease virus co-expressing interleukin 7 and interleukin 15 modified tumor cells as a vaccine for cancer immunotherapy. ( 29224228 )
2018
28
Evaluation of spray and oral delivery of Newcastle disease I2 vaccine in chicken reared by smallholder farmers in central Ethiopia. ( 29439696 )
2018
29
Recombinant Newcastle disease viruses with targets for PCR diagnostics for rinderpest and peste des petits ruminants. ( 29906491 )
2018
30
Acute phase proteins and stress markers in the immediate response to a combined vaccination against Newcastle disease and infectious bronchitis viruses in specific pathogen free (SPF) layer chicks. ( 29182756 )
2018
31
Newcastle disease virus induces G<sub>0</sub>/G<sub>1</sub> cell cycle arrest in asynchronously growing cells. ( 29793075 )
2018
32
Transcriptome Analysis in Spleen Reveals Differential Regulation of Response to Newcastle Disease Virus in Two Chicken Lines. ( 29352240 )
2018
33
Erratum: Author Correction: Newcastle disease virus-based H5 influenza vaccine protects chickens from lethal challenge with a highly pathogenic H5N2 avian influenza virus. ( 29799537 )
2018
34
Emergence of a Virulent Genotype VIIi of Newcastle Disease Virus in Iran. ( 29954188 )
2018
35
Pathological and molecular investigation of velogenic viscerotropic Newcastle disease outbreak in a vaccinated chicken flocks. ( 29911151 )
2018
36
Antitumor effect of the Newcastle disease viral hemagglutinin-neuraminidase gene is expressed through an oncolytic adenovirus effect in osteosarcoma cells. ( 29438228 )
2018
37
Can genotype mismatch really affect the level of protection conferred by Newcastle disease vaccines against heterologous virulent strains? ( 29843999 )
2018
38
Effects of Newcastle Disease Virus Infection on Chicken Intestinal Intraepithelial Natural Killer Cells. ( 29973933 )
2018
39
Whole-genome sequencing of genotype VI Newcastle disease viruses from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues from wild pigeons reveals continuous evolution and previously unrecognized genetic diversity in the U.S. ( 29329546 )
2018
40
Immune responses of mature chicken bone-marrow-derived dendritic cells infected with Newcastle disease virus strains with differing pathogenicity. ( 29397456 )
2018
41
Risk factors for Newcastle disease in broiler farms in Israel. ( 29290305 )
2018
42
Diagnosis of virulent Newcastle disease in southern California, May 2018. ( 29952744 )
2018
43
Modified Newcastle Disease virus as an improved vaccine vector against Simian Immunodeficiency virus. ( 29895833 )
2018
44
Regulation of Constitutive Interferon-Stimulated Genes (Isgs) in Tumor Cells Contributes to Enhanced Antitumor Response of Newcastle Disease Virus-Infected Tumor Vaccines. ( 29882780 )
2018
45
Newcastle Disease Virus-Based Vectored Vaccine against Poliomyelitis. ( 29925653 )
2018
46
Evaluation of the effect of live LaSota Newcastle disease virus vaccine as primary immunization on immune development in broilers. ( 29211892 )
2018
47
Supplementation of Vitamin E Protects Chickens from Newcastle Disease Virus-Mediated Exacerbation of Intestinal Oxidative Stress and Tissue Damage. ( 29949793 )
2018
48
Newcastle Disease Virus Infection Interferes With the Formation of Intestinal Microflora in Newly Hatched Specific-Pathogen-Free Chicks. ( 29867811 )
2018
49
Potent Inhibitors against Newcastle Disease Virus Hemagglutinin-Neuraminidase. ( 29231283 )
2018
50
Effect of adjuvants on in ovo vaccination against Newcastle disease on hatchability, performance and antibody titres in commercial pullets. ( 29740890 )
2018

Variations for Newcastle Disease

Expression for Newcastle Disease

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Newcastle Disease.

Pathways for Newcastle Disease

Pathways related to Newcastle Disease according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 63)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.84 CD36 DDX58 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3 NEU1
2
Show member pathways
13.61 BAX IFNA1 IFNB1 RELA TGFB1 TNF
3
Show member pathways
13.47 BAX IFNA1 IFNB1 RAN TGFB1 TNF
4
Show member pathways
13.26 CD36 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3 TGFB1 TP53
5
Show member pathways
13.1 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3 RELA TGFB1 TNF
6
Show member pathways
13.08 CD36 DDX58 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3 RELA
7
Show member pathways
12.78 BAX IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3 RELA TNF
8
Show member pathways
12.76 BAX IRF3 RELA TNF TP53
9 12.68 BAX IFNA1 RELA TGFB1 TP53 VHL
10
Show member pathways
12.63 BAX RAN RELA TNF TP53
11
Show member pathways
12.6 DDX58 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3 RELA TNF
12
Show member pathways
12.55 BAX RELA TNF TP53
13
Show member pathways
12.54 RELA TGFB1 TP53 VHL
14 12.5 DDX58 IFNA1 IRF3 RELA TNF
15
Show member pathways
12.49 DDX58 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3
16
Show member pathways
12.28 DDX58 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3 RELA TNF
17
Show member pathways
12.27 IRF3 RELA TNF TP53
18 12.26 BAX IRF3 RELA TP53
19
Show member pathways
12.17 BAX IFNA1 IFNB1 TNF
20 12.12 BAX TGFB1 TNF TP53
21
Show member pathways
12.11 CD36 IFNB1 IRF3 RELA TNF
22 12.1 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3 TP53
23
Show member pathways
12.09 BAX RELA TP53
24
Show member pathways
12.07 BAX DDX58 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3 RELA
25
Show member pathways
12.05 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3 TGFB1 TNF TP53
26 12.04 RELA TNF TP53
27 12.01 RAN RELA TGFB1 TP53
28 11.98 TGFB1 TNF TP53
29 11.98 IFNB1 RELA TGFB1 TNF
30 11.97 BAX RAN RELA TGFB1 TNF TP53
31 11.95 BAX TGFB1 TP53
32
Show member pathways
11.95 BAX TNF TP53
33 11.93 IFNB1 RELA TNF
34 11.93 BAX RELA TNF TP53
35
Show member pathways
11.92 CD36 RELA TNF
36 11.91 CD36 TGFB1 TNF TP53
37 11.9 IFNB1 TGFB1 TP53
38 11.85 RELA TGFB1 TNF
39 11.85 DDX58 RELA TNF
40 11.83 BAX RELA TP53
41 11.8 BAX RELA TGFB1 TNF
42 11.77 BAX RELA TP53
43 11.74 IRF3 RELA TNF
44 11.72 IFNB1 TGFB1 TNF
45 11.7 CD36 TGFB1 TNF
46 11.69 BAX IFNA1 IFNB1 RELA TGFB1 TNF
47 11.68 CD36 RELA TNF
48 11.66 RAN RELA TNF
49 11.65 RAN RELA TGFB1 TP53
50 11.53 BAX TNF TP53

GO Terms for Newcastle Disease

Biological processes related to Newcastle Disease according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 42)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 negative regulation of cell proliferation GO:0008285 9.99 BAX TGFB1 TP53 VHL
2 positive regulation of apoptotic process GO:0043065 9.97 BAX TGFB1 TNF TP53
3 positive regulation of gene expression GO:0010628 9.97 CD36 DDX58 TGFB1 TNF TP53
4 negative regulation of gene expression GO:0010629 9.91 CD36 TGFB1 TNF VHL
5 positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated GO:0045893 9.91 RAN RELA TGFB1 TNF TP53 VHL
6 positive regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB signaling GO:0043123 9.87 CD36 IRF3 RELA TNF
7 negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II GO:0000122 9.87 CD36 IRF3 RELA TGFB1 TNF TP53
8 cellular response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0071222 9.85 CD36 IRF3 RELA TNF
9 response to bacterium GO:0009617 9.83 CD36 IRF3 RELA
10 response to virus GO:0009615 9.83 DDX58 IFNB1 TNF
11 positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity GO:0051092 9.83 CD36 RELA TGFB1 TNF
12 response to organic substance GO:0010033 9.82 RELA TGFB1 TNF
13 positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation GO:0050731 9.81 CD36 TGFB1 TP53
14 defense response GO:0006952 9.81 IFNA1 IFNB1 RELA TNF
15 type I interferon signaling pathway GO:0060337 9.77 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3
16 positive regulation of interleukin-6 production GO:0032755 9.77 CD36 DDX58 TNF
17 humoral immune response GO:0006959 9.76 IFNA1 IFNB1 TNF
18 extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway GO:0097191 9.73 BAX TGFB1 TNF
19 viral process GO:0016032 9.73 BAX DDX58 IRF3 RAN RELA TP53
20 T cell activation involved in immune response GO:0002286 9.68 IFNA1 IFNB1
21 positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation of STAT protein GO:0033141 9.68 IFNA1 IFNB1
22 natural killer cell activation involved in immune response GO:0002323 9.68 IFNA1 IFNB1
23 response to organic cyclic compound GO:0014070 9.68 RELA TGFB1
24 cellular response to exogenous dsRNA GO:0071360 9.67 DDX58 IFNB1
25 positive regulation of protein oligomerization GO:0032461 9.67 BAX TP53
26 lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway GO:0031663 9.67 IRF3 TGFB1 TNF
27 negative regulation of growth of symbiont in host GO:0044130 9.66 CD36 TNF
28 membrane protein intracellular domain proteolysis GO:0031293 9.65 RELA TGFB1
29 positive regulation of interferon-alpha production GO:0032727 9.65 DDX58 IRF3
30 cellular response to lipoteichoic acid GO:0071223 9.63 CD36 RELA
31 regulation of protein heterodimerization activity GO:0043497 9.63 BAX CD36
32 positive regulation of production of miRNAs involved in gene silencing by miRNA GO:1903800 9.62 TGFB1 TP53
33 response to salt stress GO:0009651 9.62 BAX TNF
34 cellular response to nicotine GO:0071316 9.61 RELA TNF
35 positive regulation of pri-miRNA transcription by RNA polymerase II GO:1902895 9.58 RELA TGFB1 TP53
36 defense response to virus GO:0051607 9.55 DDX58 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3 RELA
37 positive regulation of mononuclear cell migration GO:0071677 9.54 TGFB1 TNF
38 positive regulation of blood microparticle formation GO:2000334 9.46 CD36 TNF
39 response to exogenous dsRNA GO:0043330 9.26 DDX58 IFNA1 IFNB1 IRF3
40 cytokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0019221 9.17 CD36 IFNA1 IFNB1 RELA TGFB1 TNF
41 protein import into nucleus, translocation GO:0000060 9.07 RAN
42 positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II GO:0045944 10.02 DDX58 IFNB1 IRF3 RELA TGFB1 TNF

Molecular functions related to Newcastle Disease according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 enzyme binding GO:0019899 9.71 RELA TGFB1 TP53 VHL
2 transcription regulatory region DNA binding GO:0044212 9.56 IRF3 RELA TNF TP53
3 protein heterodimerization activity GO:0046982 9.55 BAX RAN RELA TGFB1 TP53
4 protein N-terminus binding GO:0047485 9.5 RELA TGFB1 TP53
5 type I interferon receptor binding GO:0005132 9.37 IFNA1 IFNB1
6 cytokine activity GO:0005125 9.26 IFNA1 IFNB1 TGFB1 TNF
7 identical protein binding GO:0042802 9.17 BAX DDX58 IRF3 RELA TGFB1 TNF

Sources for Newcastle Disease

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
20 FMA
29 GO
30 GTR
31 HGMD
32 HMDB
33 HPO
34 ICD10
35 ICD10 via Orphanet
36 ICD9CM
37 IUPHAR
38 KEGG
39 LifeMap
41 LOVD
43 MedGen
45 MeSH
46 MESH via Orphanet
47 MGI
50 NCI
51 NCIt
52 NDF-RT
55 NINDS
56 Novoseek
58 OMIM
59 OMIM via Orphanet
63 PubMed
65 QIAGEN
70 SNOMED-CT via HPO
71 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
72 TGDB
73 Tocris
74 UMLS
75 UMLS via Orphanet
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