NIHH
MCID: NRM018
MIFTS: 39

Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism (NIHH)

Categories: Endocrine diseases, Rare diseases, Reproductive diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

MalaCards integrated aliases for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism:

Name: Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism 59
Normosmic Idiopathic Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism 59
Isolated Congenital Gonadotropin Deficiency 59
Gonadotropic Deficiency 59
Nihh 59

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

59
normosmic congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant,Autosomal recessive,Multigenic/multifactorial,X-linked recessive; Age of onset: Infancy,Neonatal;

Classifications:



External Ids:

ICD10 via Orphanet 34 E23.0
Orphanet 59 ORPHA432

Summaries for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

MalaCards based summary : Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism, also known as normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, is related to hypogonadotropism and cryptorchidism, unilateral or bilateral. An important gene associated with Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism is GNRHR (Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Receptor), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Signaling by GPCR and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. Affiliated tissues include ovary, uterus and breast, and related phenotypes are delayed skeletal maturation and cryptorchidism

Related Diseases for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

Diseases related to Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 58)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hypogonadotropism 30.8 KISS1R KISS1 GNRHR GNRH1
2 cryptorchidism, unilateral or bilateral 29.4 PROKR2 PROK2 GNRHR GNRH1 FGFR1 ANOS1
3 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 7 with or without anosmia 27.8 WDR11 TAC3 SPRY4 GNRHR GNRH1 FGFR1
4 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 24.6 TACR3 TAC3 SPRY4 PROKR2 PROK2 NSMF
5 hypogonadism 24.6 TACR3 TAC3 SPRY4 PROKR2 PROK2 NSMF
6 kallmann syndrome 22.8 WDR11 TACR3 TAC3 SPRY4 PROKR2 PROK2
7 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 2 with or without anosmia 12.1
8 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 1 with or without anosmia 12.1
9 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 4 with or without anosmia 12.1
10 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 3 with or without anosmia 11.7
11 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 5 with or without anosmia 11.7
12 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 6 with or without anosmia 11.7
13 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 9 with or without anosmia 11.7
14 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 10 with or without anosmia 11.7
15 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 11 with or without anosmia 11.7
16 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 12 with or without anosmia 11.7
17 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 13 with or without anosmia 11.7
18 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 14 with or without anosmia 11.7
19 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 15 with or without anosmia 11.7
20 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 16 with or without anosmia 11.7
21 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 17 with or without anosmia 11.7
22 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 18 with or without anosmia 11.7
23 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 19 with or without anosmia 11.7
24 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 20 with or without anosmia 11.7
25 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 21 with or without anosmia 11.7
26 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 22 with or without anosmia 11.7
27 congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 10.7
28 cleft lip 10.5
29 cleft lip/palate 10.5
30 retinitis pigmentosa 67 10.4 TACR3 TAC3
31 coloboma of macula 10.4
32 branchiootic syndrome 1 10.4
33 hypospadias 10.4
34 amenorrhea 10.4
35 heart septal defect 10.4
36 atrial heart septal defect 10.4
37 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 8 with or without anosmia 10.3
38 hypoglycemia 10.3
39 isolated gonadotropin-releasing hormone deficiency 10.3
40 growth hormone deficiency 10.3
41 hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 23 without anosmia 10.3 GNRHR GNRH1
42 hartsfield syndrome 10.3 FGFR1 FGF8
43 infertility 10.2
44 lobar holoprosencephaly 10.2 FGFR1 FGF8
45 microform holoprosencephaly 10.1 FGFR1 FGF8
46 semilobar holoprosencephaly 10.0 FGFR1 FGF8
47 central precocious puberty 10.0 KISS1R KISS1 GNRH1
48 precocious puberty 9.9 KISS1R KISS1 GNRH1
49 anosmia, isolated congenital 9.9
50 pseudovaginal perineoscrotal hypospadias 9.9

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism:



Diseases related to Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

Human phenotypes related to Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism:

59 32 (show all 40)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 delayed skeletal maturation 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0002750
2 cryptorchidism 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000028
3 wide intermamillary distance 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0006610
4 primary amenorrhea 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000786
5 male hypogonadism 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000026
6 absence of secondary sex characteristics 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0008187
7 decreased testicular size 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0008734
8 decreased serum testosterone level 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0040171
9 micropenis 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000054
10 abnormality of the voice 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001608
11 sparse body hair 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0002231
12 non-obstructive azoospermia 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0011961
13 impotence 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000802
14 female hypogonadism 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000134
15 breast hypoplasia 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0003187
16 eunuchoid habitus 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0003782
17 absence of pubertal development 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0008197
18 increased female libido 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0030019
19 hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism 32 hallmark (90%) HP:0000044
20 depressivity 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000716
21 osteopenia 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000938
22 delayed puberty 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000823
23 osteoporosis 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000939
24 anxiety 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000739
25 secondary amenorrhea 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000869
26 gynecomastia 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000771
27 hypoplasia of the uterus 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000013
28 hypoplasia of the ovary 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0008724
29 abnormality of body height 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000002
30 hypertelorism 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000316
31 depressed nasal bridge 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0005280
32 abnormality of the dentition 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000164
33 cleft palate 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000175
34 congenital sensorineural hearing impairment 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0008527
35 camptodactyly 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0012385
36 generalized joint laxity 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0002761
37 azoospermia 59 Very frequent (99-80%)
38 decreased testosterone in males 59 Very frequent (99-80%)
39 phenotypic abnormality 59 Very frequent (99-80%)
40 low gonadotropins (secondary hypogonadism) 59 Very frequent (99-80%)

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism:

46 (show all 11)
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 growth/size/body region MP:0005378 10.28 CHD7 DUSP6 FGF8 FGFR1 GNRH1 GNRHR
2 endocrine/exocrine gland MP:0005379 10.27 CHD7 FGF8 FGFR1 GNRH1 GNRHR HS6ST1
3 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 10.18 CHD7 DUSP6 FGF8 FGFR1 GNRH1 GNRHR
4 digestive/alimentary MP:0005381 10.13 CHD7 FGF8 FGFR1 GNRH1 GNRHR KISS1
5 mortality/aging MP:0010768 10.06 CHD7 DUSP6 FGF8 FGFR1 HS6ST1 KISS1
6 nervous system MP:0003631 10.03 CHD7 FGF17 FGF8 FGFR1 GNRH1 KISS1
7 craniofacial MP:0005382 9.97 CHD7 DUSP6 FGF8 FGFR1 SPRY4 WDR11
8 limbs/digits/tail MP:0005371 9.85 CHD7 FGF8 FGFR1 HS6ST1 SPRY4 WDR11
9 reproductive system MP:0005389 9.73 CHD7 FGF8 FGFR1 GNRH1 GNRHR KISS1
10 renal/urinary system MP:0005367 9.7 FGF8 FGFR1 GNRH1 GNRHR KISS1 KISS1R
11 skeleton MP:0005390 9.28 CHD7 DUSP6 FGF8 FGFR1 GNRH1 HS6ST1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

Genetic Tests for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

Anatomical Context for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism:

41
Ovary, Uterus, Breast, Pituitary

Publications for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

Articles related to Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism:

(show top 50) (show all 65)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Inactivating KISS1 mutation and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. 71
22335740 2012
2
TAC3/TACR3 mutations reveal preferential activation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone release by neurokinin B in neonatal life followed by reversal in adulthood. 71
20332248 2010
3
Isolated familial hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and a GNRH1 mutation. 71
19535795 2009
4
Isolated Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Deficiency 71
20301509 2007
5
Digenic mutations account for variable phenotypes in idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. 71
17235395 2007
6
A homozygous R262Q mutation in the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor presenting as constitutional delay of growth and puberty with subsequent borderline oligospermia. 71
16968799 2006
7
GNRHR mutations in a woman with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism highlight the differential sensitivity of luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone to gonadotropin-releasing hormone. 71
15240592 2004
8
Mutation Ala(171)Thr stabilizes the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor in its inactive conformation, causing familial hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. 71
12679486 2003
9
Novel homozygous splice acceptor site GnRH receptor (GnRHR) mutation: human GnRHR "knockout". 71
12050282 2002
10
Molecular basis of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism: restoration of mutant (E(90)K) GnRH receptor function by a deletion at a distant site. 71
11994356 2002
11
The fertile eunuch variant of idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism: spontaneous reversal associated with a homozygous mutation in the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor. 71
11397842 2001
12
Two novel mutations in the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor gene in Brazilian patients with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and normal olfaction. 71
11397871 2001
13
A novel homozygous mutation in the second transmembrane domain of the gonadotrophin releasing hormone receptor gene. 71
11318785 2001
14
A new compound heterozygous mutation of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (L314X, Q106R) in a woman with complete hypogonadotropic hypogonadism: chronic estrogen administration amplifies the gonadotropin defect. 71
10999776 2000
15
Successful use of pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) for ovulation induction and pregnancy in a patient with GnRH receptor mutations. 71
10690855 2000
16
Complete hypogonadotropic hypogonadism associated with a novel inactivating mutation of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor. 71
10523035 1999
17
Resistance of hypogonadic patients with mutated GnRH receptor genes to pulsatile GnRH administration. 71
10084584 1999
18
The same molecular defects of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor determine a variable degree of hypogonadism in affected kindred. 71
10022417 1999
19
Mutations in gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor gene cause hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. 71
9425890 1998
20
A family with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and mutations in the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor. 71
9371856 1997
21
Nonstop mutation in the Kisspeptin 1 receptor (KISS1R) gene causes normosmic congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. 38
31073722 2019
22
Three Siblings with Idiopathic Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism in a Nonconsanguineous Family: A Novel KISS1R/GPR54 Loss-of-Function Mutation 38
30905142 2019
23
Genetics of ncHH: from a peculiar inheritance of a novel GNRHR mutation to a comprehensive review of the literature. 38
30575316 2019
24
Complete Kisspeptin Receptor Inactivation Does Not Impede Exogenous GnRH-Induced LH Surge in Humans. 38
30124894 2018
25
Kallmann syndrome: phenotype and genotype of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. 38
29108899 2018
26
Targeted Gene Panel Sequencing for Molecular Diagnosis of Kallmann Syndrome and Normosmic Idiopathic Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism. 38
30216942 2018
27
The mystery of puberty initiation: genetics and epigenetics of idiopathic central precocious puberty (ICPP). 38
28251550 2017
28
GNRHR biallelic and digenic mutations in patients with normosmic congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. 38
28611058 2017
29
Clinical characteristics and follow-up of 5 young Chinese males with gonadotropin-releasing hormone deficiency caused by mutations in the KAL1 gene. 38
26862482 2016
30
Complete Idiopathic Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism due to Homozygous GNRH1 Mutations in the Mutational Hot Spots in the Region Encoding the Decapeptide. 38
26595427 2016
31
Novel FGFR1 mutations in Kallmann syndrome and normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism: evidence for the involvement of an alternatively spliced isoform. 38
26277103 2015
32
Pulsatile GnRH Is Superior to hCG in Therapeutic Efficacy in Adolescent Boys With Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadodism. 38
25978110 2015
33
Normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism due to a novel homozygous nonsense c.C969A (p.Y323X) mutation in the KISS1R gene in three unrelated families. 38
25262569 2015
34
Clinical, endocrinological, and molecular characterization of Kallmann syndrome and normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism: a single center experience. 38
25883924 2015
35
Sex steroids, precursors, and metabolite deficiencies in men with isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and panhypopituitarism: a GCMS-based comparative study. 38
25393641 2015
36
Triallelic digenic mutation in the prokineticin 2 and GNRH receptor genes in two brothers with normosmic congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. 38
25531638 2015
37
A female patient with normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism carrying a novel mutation in FGFR1. 38
25501157 2014
38
Functional consequences of AXL sequence variants in hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. 38
24476074 2014
39
Two families with normosmic congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and biallelic mutations in KISS1R (KISS1 receptor): clinical evaluation and molecular characterization of a novel mutation. 38
23349759 2013
40
Normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism: update on the genetic background and future challenges. 38
23640935 2013
41
[Multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification analysis of KAL1, GNRH1, GNRHR, PROK2 and PROKR2 in male patients with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism]. 38
24002956 2013
42
R31C GNRH1 mutation and congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. 38
23936060 2013
43
Familial normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism: is there a phenotypic marker for each genetic mutation? Report of three cases and review of literature. 38
23230250 2012
44
Distribution of gene mutations associated with familial normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. 38
22766261 2012
45
Molecular defects of the GnRH-receptor gene in Chinese patients with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and the severity of hypogonadism. 38
23155690 2012
46
Role of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling in the neuroendocrine control of human reproduction. 38
21664428 2011
47
Nasal embryonic LHRH factor (NELF) mutations in patients with normosmic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and Kallmann syndrome. 38
21300340 2011
48
Clinical assessment and genomic landscape of a consanguineous family with three Kallmann syndrome descendants. 38
21042300 2011
49
Normosmic congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism due to TAC3/TACR3 mutations: characterization of neuroendocrine phenotypes and novel mutations. 38
22031817 2011
50
Neurokinin B signaling in puberty: human and animal studies. 38
20176081 2010

Variations for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

Expression for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism.

Pathways for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

Pathways related to Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 12)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.13 TACR3 TAC3 PROKR2 PROK2 KISS1R KISS1
2
Show member pathways
13.04 TACR3 TAC3 PROKR2 PROK2 KISS1R KISS1
3
Show member pathways
12.42 GNRH1 FGFR1 FGF8 FGF17
4
Show member pathways
12.23 FGFR1 FGF8 FGF17 ANOS1
5
Show member pathways
11.94 GNRH1 FGFR1 FGF8 FGF17
6
Show member pathways
11.88 FGFR1 FGF8 FGF17
7
Show member pathways
11.77 GNRH1 FGFR1 FGF8 FGF17
8
Show member pathways
11.54 FGFR1 FGF8 FGF17 ANOS1
9
Show member pathways
11.39 FGFR1 FGF8 FGF17
10 11.36 GNRH1 FGFR1 FGF8 FGF17
11 10.8 FGFR1 FGF8 FGF17
12 10.44 GNRHR GNRH1

GO Terms for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

Cellular components related to Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.23 TAC3 PROK2 KISS1 GNRH1 FGFR1 FGF8

Biological processes related to Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 13)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling GO:0051897 9.7 FGFR1 FGF8 FGF17
2 response to organic cyclic compound GO:0014070 9.67 GNRH1 FGF8 DUSP6
3 MAPK cascade GO:0000165 9.67 FGFR1 FGF8 FGF17 DUSP6
4 G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway GO:0007186 9.56 TACR3 TAC3 PROKR2 PROK2 KISS1R KISS1
5 embryonic hindlimb morphogenesis GO:0035116 9.51 FGF8 CHD7
6 aorta morphogenesis GO:0035909 9.48 FGF8 CHD7
7 generation of neurons GO:0048699 9.46 FGFR1 FGF8
8 neuropeptide signaling pathway GO:0007218 9.46 TAC3 PROKR2 PROK2 KISS1R
9 branching involved in salivary gland morphogenesis GO:0060445 9.43 FGFR1 FGF8
10 inner ear morphogenesis GO:0042472 9.43 FGFR1 FGF8 CHD7
11 organ induction GO:0001759 9.4 FGFR1 FGF8
12 tachykinin receptor signaling pathway GO:0007217 9.32 TACR3 TAC3
13 fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway GO:0008543 8.92 FGFR1 FGF8 FGF17 ANOS1

Molecular functions related to Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 protein tyrosine kinase activity GO:0004713 8.65 FGFR1
2 fibroblast growth factor receptor binding GO:0005104 8.62 FGF8 FGF17

Sources for Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
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30 HGMD
31 HMDB
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33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
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38 LifeMap
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44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
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49 NCI
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57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 TGDB
71 Tocris
72 UMLS
73 UMLS via Orphanet
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