PKS
MCID: PLL008
MIFTS: 45

Pallister-Killian Syndrome (PKS)

Categories: Fetal diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Pallister-Killian Syndrome

MalaCards integrated aliases for Pallister-Killian Syndrome:

Name: Pallister-Killian Syndrome 58 77 60 30 13 74
Isochromosome 12p Syndrome 58 60
Isochromosome 12p Mosaicism 60
Tetrasomy 12p, Mosaic 58
Tetrasomy 12p 60
Pks 58

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

60
tetrasomy 12p
Inheritance: Not applicable; Prevalence: 1-9/100000 (Europe); Age of onset: Antenatal,Neonatal; Age of death: early childhood;

OMIM:

58
Inheritance:
somatic mosaicism

Miscellaneous:
significant number of patients are stillborn or die in neonatal period
birth incidence approximately 5.1 per million live births


HPO:

33
pallister-killian syndrome:
Mortality/Aging stillbirth
Inheritance somatic mosaicism


Classifications:



Summaries for Pallister-Killian Syndrome

OMIM : 58 Pallister-Killian syndrome is a dysmorphic condition involving most organ systems, but also characterized by a tissue-limited mosaicism; most fibroblasts have 47 chromosomes with an extra small metacentric chromosome, whereas the karyotype of lymphocytes is normal. The extra metacentric chromosome is an isochromosome for part of the short arm of chromosome 12: i(12)(p10) (Peltomaki et al., 1987; Warburton et al., 1987). (601803)

MalaCards based summary : Pallister-Killian Syndrome, also known as isochromosome 12p syndrome, is related to pallister-killian mosaic syndrome and pyruvate kinase deficiency of red cells, and has symptoms including seizures An important gene associated with Pallister-Killian Syndrome is ARAF (A-Raf Proto-Oncogene, Serine/Threonine Kinase), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Glucose / Energy Metabolism and mTOR signaling pathway (KEGG). Affiliated tissues include skin, kidney and uterus, and related phenotypes are short neck and ptosis

Wikipedia : 77 Pallister–Killian syndrome (also tetrasomy 12p mosaicism or Pallister mosaic aneuploidy syndrome) is an... more...

Related Diseases for Pallister-Killian Syndrome

Diseases related to Pallister-Killian Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 139)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 pallister-killian mosaic syndrome 12.1
2 pyruvate kinase deficiency of red cells 12.1
3 prekallikrein deficiency 11.7
4 corneal dystrophy, gelatinous drop-like 11.1
5 cleft palate, isolated 10.5
6 chromosome 12p duplication 10.5
7 diaphragmatic hernia, congenital 10.3
8 nevus, epidermal 10.3
9 pelger-huet anomaly 10.3
10 down syndrome 10.3
11 anus, imperforate 10.3
12 fryns syndrome 10.3
13 ataxia, combined cerebellar and peripheral, with hearing loss and diabetes mellitus 10.3
14 west syndrome 10.3
15 encephalopathy 10.3
16 neuroendocrine neoplasm of appendix 10.3
17 hemolytic anemia 10.2
18 tetrasomy 21 10.1
19 glioblastoma 10.0
20 prostate cancer 9.9
21 prostate cancer, hereditary, 8 9.9
22 gastrointestinal stromal tumor 9.9
23 prostate cancer, hereditary, 6 9.9
24 leukemia 9.9
25 pemphigus foliaceus 9.9
26 pneumonia 9.9
27 influenza 9.9
28 myotonic dystrophy 9.9
29 glioma 9.9
30 myotonia atrophica 9.9
31 frasier syndrome 9.9
32 pityriasis rubra pilaris 9.9
33 premature chromatid separation trait 9.9
34 retinitis pigmentosa 9.9
35 polyarteritis nodosa, childhood-onset 9.9
36 neutropenia 9.9
37 thrombocytopenia 9.9
38 lymphoma 9.9
39 lymphocytic leukemia 9.9
40 sarcoma 9.9
41 hereditary spherocytosis 9.9
42 melanoma 9.9
43 glioblastoma multiforme 9.9
44 herpes simplex 9.9
45 muscular dystrophy 9.9
46 hemophilia 9.9
47 haemophilus influenzae 9.9
48 leukemia, chronic lymphocytic 2 9.7
49 burkitt lymphoma 9.7
50 breast cancer 9.7

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Pallister-Killian Syndrome:



Diseases related to Pallister-Killian Syndrome

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Pallister-Killian Syndrome

Human phenotypes related to Pallister-Killian Syndrome:

60 33 (show top 50) (show all 96)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 short neck 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000470
2 ptosis 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000508
3 muscular hypotonia 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001252
4 delayed skeletal maturation 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0002750
5 short stature 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0004322
6 intellectual disability, severe 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0010864
7 long philtrum 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000343
8 delayed eruption of teeth 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000684
9 joint hyperflexibility 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0005692
10 everted lower lip vermilion 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000232
11 hypohidrosis 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000966
12 reduced tendon reflexes 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001315
13 cachexia 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0004326
14 downturned corners of mouth 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0002714
15 thin upper lip vermilion 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000219
16 thick upper lip vermilion 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000215
17 sparse hair 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0008070
18 sparse and thin eyebrow 33 hallmark (90%) HP:0000535
19 hypertelorism 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000316
20 frontal bossing 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0002007
21 coarse facial features 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000280
22 short nose 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0003196
23 anteverted nares 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000463
24 prominent forehead 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0011220
25 telecanthus 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000506
26 upslanted palpebral fissure 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000582
27 strabismus 60 33 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000486
28 anal atresia 60 33 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0002023
29 abnormal soft palate morphology 33 occasional (7.5%) HP:0100736
30 macrocephaly 33 HP:0000256
31 obesity 33 HP:0001513
32 seizures 33 HP:0001250
33 inguinal hernia 33 HP:0000023
34 macroglossia 33 HP:0000158
35 hearing impairment 33 HP:0000365
36 macrotia 33 HP:0000400
37 cataract 33 HP:0000518
38 depressed nasal bridge 33 HP:0005280
39 wide nasal bridge 33 HP:0000431
40 umbilical hernia 33 HP:0001537
41 hypertonia 33 HP:0001276
42 flexion contracture 33 HP:0001371
43 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 33 HP:0001639
44 full cheeks 33 HP:0000293
45 cleft palate 33 HP:0000175
46 micrognathia 33 HP:0000347
47 feeding difficulties 33 HP:0011968
48 patent ductus arteriosus 33 HP:0001643
49 epicanthus 33 HP:0000286
50 cryptorchidism 33 HP:0000028

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

58
Head And Neck Eyes:
hypertelorism
ptosis
strabismus
myopia
sparse eyelashes
more
Growth Weight:
obesity
normal to increased birth weight

Genitourinary External Genitalia Male:
inguinal hernia
hypospadias
small scrotum

Abdomen External Features:
umbilical hernia
omphalocele

Head And Neck Head:
prominent forehead
normal to increased head circumference
postnatal deceleration of head circumference

Head And Neck Face:
full cheeks
long philtrum
micrognathia
coarse facial features over time

Cardiovascular Vascular:
patent ductus arteriosus
coarctation of the aorta

Skin Nails Hair Skin:
hypohidrosis
anhidrosis
hypopigmented streaks
transverse palmar creases
hyperpigmented streaks

Skeletal Spine:
kyphoscoliosis
sacral appendage

Skeletal Limbs:
mesomelic/rhizomelic limb shortening
hypermobile joints
contractures develop with age

Skeletal Hands:
postaxial polydactyly
fifth finger clinodactyly
short fingers
transverse palmar creases
broad hands
more
Chest Breasts:
accessory nipples

Head And Neck Ears:
deafness
large ears
external auditory canal stenosis
protruding lobules

Respiratory Lung:
lung hypoplasia

Chest Diaphragm:
diaphragmatic hernia

Genitourinary:
persistence of urogenital sinus/cloaca

Laboratory Abnormalities:
mosaic tetrasomy 12p in skin fibroblasts
isochromosome often missing in lymphocyte

Head And Neck Neck:
short neck
webbed neck

Neurologic Central Nervous System:
intellectual disability
seizures
profound mental retardation (in some patients)
hypotonia (newborn)
hypertonia (older children and adolescents)
more
Head And Neck Mouth:
macroglossia
cleft palate
bifid uvula
thin upper lip
protruding lower lip
more
Head And Neck Nose:
short nose
anteverted nostrils
flat, broad nasal root

Cardiovascular Heart:
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
atrial septal defect
ventricular septal defect
aortic stenosis
pericardial agenesis

Abdomen Gastrointestinal:
feeding difficulties
anal atresia
intestinal malrotation
anteriorly placed anus
anal stenosis
more
Genitourinary Internal Genitalia Male:
cryptorchidism

Skeletal Pelvis:
congenital hip dislocation

Skin Nails Hair Hair:
sparse eyelashes
sparse anterior scalp hair
sparse eyebrows

Respiratory:
hyperventilation

Skeletal Feet:
postaxial polydactyly
broad feet
short toes

Head And Neck Teeth:
delayed dental eruption

Genitourinary Kidneys:
dysplastic kidneys
cystic kidneys

Genitourinary Internal Genitalia Female:
absent uterus
absent upper vagina

Growth Height:
normal to increased birth length
postnatal deceleration of length

Genitourinary External Genitalia Female:
hypoplasia of labia majora

Clinical features from OMIM:

601803

UMLS symptoms related to Pallister-Killian Syndrome:


seizures

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Pallister-Killian Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

27 (show all 17)
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-109 9.89 GMPS
2 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-139 9.89 GMPS
3 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-15 9.89 GMPS
4 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-167 9.89 GMPS
5 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-173 9.89 GMPS
6 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-200 9.89 GMPS
7 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-213 9.89 TBX5
8 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-216 9.89 GMPS
9 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-34 9.89 GMPS
10 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-40 9.89 GMPS
11 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-53 9.89 GMPS
12 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-55 9.89 GMPS
13 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-60 9.89 GMPS
14 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-84 9.89 GMPS
15 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-91 9.89 TBX5
16 Decreased shRNA abundance (Z-score < -2) GR00366-A-98 9.89 GMPS TBX5
17 shRNA abundance <= 50% GR00343-S 8.92 ARAF GMPS IGFBP2 TBX5

Drugs & Therapeutics for Pallister-Killian Syndrome

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Pallister-Killian Syndrome

Genetic Tests for Pallister-Killian Syndrome

Genetic tests related to Pallister-Killian Syndrome:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Pallister-Killian Syndrome 30

Anatomical Context for Pallister-Killian Syndrome

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Pallister-Killian Syndrome:

42
Skin, Kidney, Uterus, Lung, Brain, Bone, Bone Marrow

Publications for Pallister-Killian Syndrome

Articles related to Pallister-Killian Syndrome:

(show top 50) (show all 150)
# Title Authors Year
1
Advantages of Array Comparative Genomic Hybridization Using Buccal Swab DNA for Detecting Pallister-Killian Syndrome. ( 30430791 )
2019
2
Pallister-Killian syndrome: Review of fetal phenotype. ( 29790157 )
2018
3
Prenatal profile of Pallister-Killian syndrome: Retrospective analysis of 114 pregnancies, literature review and approach to prenatal diagnosis. ( 30289601 )
2018
4
Prenatal diagnosis of Pallister-Killian syndrome in pregnancy with normal CVS result and abnormal ultrasound findings in the second trimester. ( 30342660 )
2018
5
Pallister-Killian Syndrome: The Diagnosis is in the Detail. ( 30517961 )
2018
6
Prenatal diagnosis of Pallister-Killian Syndrome. ( 30125405 )
2018
7
Pallister-Killian syndrome: clinical, cytogenetic and molecular findings in 15 cases. ( 30140312 )
2018
8
Prenatal diagnosis of Pallister-Killian syndrome in one twin. ( 30147884 )
2018
9
Unclassifiable pattern of hypopigmentation in a patient with mosaic partial 12p tetrasomy without Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 28489314 )
2017
10
Next generation phenotyping in Emanuel and Pallister Killian Syndrome using computer-aided facial dysmorphology analysis of 2D photos. ( 28661575 )
2017
11
Neuroimaging findings in Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 29260614 )
2017
12
Pallister-Killian syndrome in a two-year-old boy. ( 28588808 )
2017
13
Targeted prenatal diagnosis of Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 28233318 )
2017
14
Progressive subglottic stenosis in a child with Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 28745802 )
2017
15
Using Array-Based Comparative Genomic Hybridization to Diagnose Pallister-Killian Syndrome. ( 27834069 )
2017
16
A review of structural brain abnormalities in Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 29222831 )
2017
17
Fetoplacental cytogenetic discrepancy in a pregnancy with fetal mosaic tetrasomy 12p and Pallister-Killian syndrome detected by amniocentesis. ( 29241934 )
2017
18
Dental Treatment of a Child with Pallister-Killian Syndrome. ( 26998367 )
2016
19
Oro-dental features of Pallister-Killian syndrome: Evaluation of 21 European probands. ( 27354242 )
2016
20
Pallister-Killian syndrome: Cytogenetics and molecular investigations of mosaic tetrasomy 12p in prenatal chorionic villus and in amniocytes. Strategy of prenatal diagnosis. ( 28040135 )
2016
21
Mosaic ratio quantification of isochromosome 12p in Pallister-Killian syndrome using droplet digital PCR. ( 27247953 )
2016
22
Ultrasonographic and Cytogenetic Issues in Prenatal Diagnosis of Pallister Killian Syndrome. ( 29485827 )
2016
23
Epidermal Nevus Presenting in a Pediatric Patient With Pallister-Killian Syndrome. ( 27502266 )
2016
24
Methylation and expression analyses of Pallister-Killian syndrome reveal partial dosage compensation of tetrasomy 12p and hypomethylation of gene-poor regions on 12p. ( 26890086 )
2016
25
Prenatally identified Pallister-Killian syndrome: Ultrasound pattern and diagnostic considerations. ( 26471928 )
2015
26
Elevation of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 level in Pallister-Killian syndrome: implications for the postnatal growth retardation phenotype. ( 25900123 )
2015
27
Cytogenomic delineation and clinical follow-up of 10 Brazilian patients with Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 26120363 )
2015
28
Pallister-Killian syndrome: a study of 22 British patients. ( 25888713 )
2015
29
Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization characterization of mosaicism using uncultured amniocytes and cultured stimulated cord blood lymphocytes in prenatally detected Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 25510702 )
2014
30
Cardiac manifestations of Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 24504854 )
2014
31
Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 25425112 )
2014
32
Prenatal diagnosis of Pallister Killian Syndrome in a fetus with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, short limbs, and increased nuchal translucency. ( 25286801 )
2014
33
Pallister-Killian syndrome in a preterm newborn who died soon after precipitous delivery: cytogenetic analysis. ( 25134307 )
2014
34
Genome-wide expression analysis in fibroblast cell lines from probands with Pallister Killian syndrome. ( 25329894 )
2014
35
12p microRNA expression in fibroblast cell lines from probands with Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 24981202 )
2014
36
Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 24826207 )
2014
37
Response to Cobben et al. &amp;quot;Array CGH on unstimulated blood does not detect all cases of Pallister-Killian syndrome: buccal smear analysis should remain the diagnostic procedure of first choice&amp;quot;. ( 23613434 )
2013
38
Array CGH on unstimulated blood does not detect all cases of Pallister-Killian syndrome: buccal smear analysis should remain the diagnostic procedure of first choice. ( 23613446 )
2013
39
Supernumerary ring chromosome: an etiology for Pallister-Killian syndrome? ( 23485930 )
2013
40
Pallister-Killian syndrome: a common yet under-recognised cause of epileptic spasms. ( 24317015 )
2013
41
Seizure characteristics in Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 23169688 )
2012
42
Developmental and behavioral characteristics of individuals with Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 23169763 )
2012
43
Pallister-Killian syndrome: historical perspective and foreword. ( 23169691 )
2012
44
Utility of SNP arrays in detecting, quantifying, and determining meiotic origin of tetrasomy 12p in blood from individuals with Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 23169773 )
2012
45
Novel clinical manifestations in Pallister-Killian syndrome: comprehensive evaluation of 59 affected individuals and review of previously reported cases. ( 23169767 )
2012
46
An Indian boy with additional features in Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 22012142 )
2012
47
Ultrasound presentation of Pallister-Killian syndrome with a prominent sacral appendage. ( 22253116 )
2012
48
Array CGH on unstimulated blood does not detect all cases of Pallister-Killian syndrome: a skin biopsy should remain the diagnostic gold standard. ( 22315202 )
2012
49
Occurrence and clinical features of epileptic and non-epileptic paroxysmal events in five children with Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 22349688 )
2012
50
Clinical and radiological findings in Pallister-Killian syndrome. ( 22387057 )
2012

Variations for Pallister-Killian Syndrome

Expression for Pallister-Killian Syndrome

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Pallister-Killian Syndrome.

Pathways for Pallister-Killian Syndrome

Pathways related to Pallister-Killian Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 11.45 GMPS IGFBP2
2
Show member pathways
11.09 ARAF ATP6V1G1

GO Terms for Pallister-Killian Syndrome

Sources for Pallister-Killian Syndrome

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
20 FMA
29 GO
30 GTR
31 HGMD
32 HMDB
33 HPO
34 ICD10
35 ICD10 via Orphanet
36 ICD9CM
37 IUPHAR
38 KEGG
39 LifeMap
41 LOVD
43 MedGen
45 MeSH
46 MESH via Orphanet
47 MGI
50 NCI
51 NCIt
52 NDF-RT
55 NINDS
56 Novoseek
58 OMIM
59 OMIM via Orphanet
63 PubMed
65 QIAGEN
70 SNOMED-CT via HPO
71 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
72 TGDB
73 Tocris
74 UMLS
75 UMLS via Orphanet
Content
Loading form....