PAPRS
MCID: PPL048
MIFTS: 50

Papillorenal Syndrome (PAPRS)

Categories: Eye diseases, Fetal diseases, Genetic diseases, Nephrological diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Papillorenal Syndrome

MalaCards integrated aliases for Papillorenal Syndrome:

Name: Papillorenal Syndrome 58 12 54 26 76 13 41 74
Renal Coloboma Syndrome 12 54 26 60 38 30 6 15
Coloboma of Optic Nerve with Renal Disease 58 12 54 26 60 76
Renal-Coloboma Syndrome 58 26 76 56
Congenital Anomalies of the Kidney and Urinary Tract with or Without Ocular Abnormalities 58 12 76
Optic Coloboma, Vesicoureteral Reflux, and Renal Anomalies 58 54 26
Renal-Coloboma Syndrome with Macular Abnormalities 58 12 76
Cakut with or Without Ocular Abnormalities 58 12 76
Optic Nerve Coloboma with Renal Disease 58 54 76
Paprs 58 76
Papillo-Renal Syndrome, Optic Nerve Coloboma with Renal Disease 12
Optic Coloboma, Vesicoureteral Reflux and Renal Anomalies 12
Optic Coloboma Vesicoureteral Reflux and Renal Anomalies 76
Optic Nerve Coloboma Renal Syndrome 26
Coloboma-Ureteral-Renal Syndrome 26
Papillo-Renal Syndrome 60
Oncr 26
Rcs 26

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

60
renal coloboma syndrome
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant; Age of onset: Childhood;

OMIM:

58
Inheritance:
autosomal dominant

Miscellaneous:
variable phenotype
onset in infancy
ocular abnormalities may be very mild
end-stage renal disease (ckd stage 5) requiring kidney transplantation is commonly reported


HPO:

33
papillorenal syndrome:
Onset and clinical course infantile onset
Inheritance autosomal dominant inheritance


Classifications:



Summaries for Papillorenal Syndrome

OMIM : 58 Papillorenal syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by both ocular and renal anomalies. Less common findings include high frequency hearing loss, central nervous system anomalies, soft skin, ligamentous laxity, and/or genital anomalies, consistent with the expression of PAX2 in these tissues during development (summary by Eccles and Schimmenti, 1999; Negrisolo et al., 2011). The disorder shows wide inter- and intrafamilial variability. The renal features are part of a spectrum of malformations termed congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT; see, e.g., 610805), and some patients with PAX2 mutations may present with CAKUT without obvious ocular abnormalities. In these patients, ocular abnormalities may be subtle and difficult to detect without advanced screening methods or may be normal (summary by Negrisolo et al., 2011; Iatropoulos et al., 2012). Eye anomalies associated with PAX2 mutations consist of a wide and sometimes excavated dysplastic optic disc with the emergence of the retinal vessels from the periphery of the disc, designated optic nerve 'coloboma' or 'morning glory' anomaly. Associated findings may include a small corneal diameter, retinal coloboma, scleral staphyloma, optic nerve cyst, microphthalmia, and pigmentary macular dysplasia. The kidneys are small and abnormally formed (renal hypodysplasia), and have fewer than the normal number of glomeruli, which are enlarged (oligomeganephronia). These ocular and renal anomalies result in decreased visual acuity and retinal detachment, as well as hypertension, proteinuria, and renal insufficiency that frequently progresses to end-stage renal disease (summary by Schimmenti, 2011). (120330)

MalaCards based summary : Papillorenal Syndrome, also known as renal coloboma syndrome, is related to coloboma of macula and renal hypoplasia. An important gene associated with Papillorenal Syndrome is PAX2 (Paired Box 2). Affiliated tissues include kidney, eye and skin, and related phenotypes are renal insufficiency and optic nerve dysplasia

Disease Ontology : 12 An autosomal dominant disease characterized by optic nerve coloboma and renal disease that has material basis in heterozygous mutation in the PAX2 gene on chromosome 10q24.

Genetics Home Reference : 26 Renal coloboma syndrome (also known as papillorenal syndrome) is a condition that primarily affects kidney (renal) and eye development. People with this condition typically have kidneys that are small and underdeveloped (hypoplastic), which can lead to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This serious disease occurs when the kidneys are no longer able to filter fluids and waste products from the body effectively. It has been estimated that approximately ten percent of children with hypoplastic kidneys may have renal coloboma syndrome. The kidney problems can affect one or both kidneys.

NIH Rare Diseases : 54 Renal coloboma syndrome is a rare condition that affects kidney and eye development. It is characterized by small underdeveloped kidneys, malformation of the optic nerve, and sometimes a hole (coloboma) in the retina. People with renal coloboma syndrome may progress to end stage kidney disease and some people experience vision loss. Less common symptoms include vesicoureteral reflux, multiple kidney cysts, loose joints, and mild hearing loss. The syndrome has an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance and can be caused by mutations in the PAX2 gene. In about half of cases, the underlying cause can not be determined.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 76 Papillorenal syndrome: An autosomal dominant disorder characterized by both ocular and renal anomalies, but may also include vesicoureteral reflux, high frequency hearing loss, central nervous system anomalies, and/or genital anomalies. Eye anomalies in this disorder consist of a wide and sometimes excavated dysplastic optic disk with the emergence of the retinal vessels from the periphery of the disk, designated optic nerve coloboma or 'morning glory' anomaly. Associated findings may include a small corneal diameter, retinal coloboma, scleral staphyloma, optic nerve cyst, microphthalmia, and pigmentary macular dysplasia. The kidneys are small and abnormally formed (renal hypodysplasia), and have fewer than the normal number of glomeruli, which are enlarged (oligomeganephronia). These ocular and renal anomalies result in decreased visual acuity and retinal detachment, as well as hypertension, proteinuria, and renal insufficiency that frequently progresses to end-stage renal disease.

Wikipedia : 77 Papillorenal syndrome, also called renal-coloboma syndrome or isolated renal hypoplasia, is an autosomal... more...

Related Diseases for Papillorenal Syndrome

Diseases related to Papillorenal Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 98)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 coloboma of macula 29.9 GCNT2 PAX2
2 renal hypoplasia 29.7 EYA1 PAX2
3 pax2-related disorder 11.7
4 oligomeganephronia 11.2
5 congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract 1 11.2
6 retinal degeneration 10.5
7 fundus dystrophy 10.4
8 radin blood group antigen 10.3
9 retinoblastoma 10.3
10 rheumatoid arthritis 10.2
11 retinitis pigmentosa 10.2
12 leber congenital amaurosis 4 10.2
13 retinitis 10.2
14 blood group, colton system 10.1
15 severe acute respiratory syndrome 10.1
16 cataract 10.1
17 hepatitis 10.1
18 hepatitis c 10.1
19 retinoschisis 1, x-linked, juvenile 10.1
20 hepatitis c virus 10.0
21 lymphoma 10.0
22 graves' disease 10.0
23 ovarian brenner tumor 9.9 PAX2 SALL4
24 bladder cancer 9.9
25 prostate cancer 9.9
26 raine syndrome 9.9
27 prostate cancer, hereditary, 8 9.9
28 prostate cancer, hereditary, 6 9.9
29 blood group, junior system 9.9
30 pulmonary hypertension 9.9
31 rectum cancer 9.9
32 newcastle disease 9.9
33 deafness, autosomal dominant 10 9.8 EYA1 PAX2
34 branchiootorenal syndrome 9.8 EYA1 PAX2
35 townes-brocks syndrome 9.8 EYA1 SALL4
36 blood group, kidd system 9.8
37 blood group--wright antigen 9.8
38 burkitt lymphoma 9.8
39 multiple sclerosis 9.8
40 frasier syndrome 9.8
41 laryngeal adductor paralysis 9.8
42 buschke-ollendorff syndrome 9.8
43 scleroderma, familial progressive 9.8
44 testicular torsion 9.8
45 tetralogy of fallot 9.8
46 triiodothyronine receptor auxiliary protein 9.8
47 leprosy 3 9.8
48 myelofibrosis 9.8
49 reticulum cell sarcoma 9.8
50 aging 9.8

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Papillorenal Syndrome:



Diseases related to Papillorenal Syndrome

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Papillorenal Syndrome

Human phenotypes related to Papillorenal Syndrome:

60 33 (show all 37)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 renal insufficiency 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000083
2 optic nerve dysplasia 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001093
3 visual impairment 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000505
4 myopia 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000545
5 multicystic kidney dysplasia 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000003
6 vesicoureteral reflux 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000076
7 renal hypoplasia 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000089
8 renal dysplasia 60 33 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000110
9 stage 5 chronic kidney disease 33 frequent (33%) HP:0003774
10 nystagmus 60 33 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000639
11 hearing impairment 60 33 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000365
12 strabismus 60 33 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000486
13 joint hyperflexibility 60 33 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0005692
14 optic nerve coloboma 60 33 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000588
15 retinal coloboma 60 33 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000480
16 cataract 33 occasional (7.5%) HP:0000518
17 edema 33 occasional (7.5%) HP:0000969
18 horseshoe kidney 33 occasional (7.5%) HP:0000085
19 retinal detachment 33 occasional (7.5%) HP:0000541
20 lens luxation 33 occasional (7.5%) HP:0012019
21 nephrolithiasis 33 occasional (7.5%) HP:0000787
22 macular degeneration 33 occasional (7.5%) HP:0000608
23 renal malrotation 33 occasional (7.5%) HP:0004712
24 macular hyperpigmentation 33 occasional (7.5%) HP:0011509
25 intellectual disability 33 HP:0001249
26 seizures 33 HP:0001250
27 sensorineural hearing impairment 33 HP:0000407
28 proteinuria 33 HP:0000093
29 joint laxity 33 HP:0001388
30 microphthalmia 33 HP:0000568
31 hyperextensible skin 33 HP:0000974
32 gliosis 33 HP:0002171
33 chorioretinal atrophy 33 HP:0000533
34 arnold-chiari type i malformation 33 HP:0007099
35 soft skin 33 HP:0000977
36 morning glory anomaly 33 HP:0025514
37 orbital cyst 33 HP:0001144

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

58
Laboratory Abnormalities:
proteinuria

Head And Neck Eyes:
microphthalmia
optic nerve coloboma
retinal coloboma
optic disc dysplasia
excavation of optic disc (pits)
more
Genitourinary Kidneys:
renal hypoplasia
renal cysts
congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (cakut)
end stage renal failure
multicystic dysplastic kidneys
more
Neurologic Central Nervous System:
normal intelligence
mental retardation (one patient)
seizure disorder
arnold chiari type i malformation

Skeletal:
joint laxity

Genitourinary Ureters:
vesicoureteral reflux
pyeloureteral duplication (rare)

Skin Nails Hair Skin:
hyperextensible skin
soft skin

Head And Neck Ears:
sensorineural hearing loss (rare)

Clinical features from OMIM:

120330

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Papillorenal Syndrome:

47
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 embryo MP:0005380 9.72 EYA1 KIF26B OTX1 PAX2 SALL4
2 hearing/vestibular/ear MP:0005377 9.56 EYA1 OTX1 PAX2 SALL4
3 renal/urinary system MP:0005367 9.55 EYA1 GCNT2 KIF26B PAX2 SALL4
4 reproductive system MP:0005389 9.26 EYA1 OTX1 PAX2 SALL4
5 vision/eye MP:0005391 8.92 EYA1 OTX1 PAX2 SALL4

Drugs & Therapeutics for Papillorenal Syndrome

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Papillorenal Syndrome

Genetic Tests for Papillorenal Syndrome

Genetic tests related to Papillorenal Syndrome:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Renal Coloboma Syndrome 30 PAX2

Anatomical Context for Papillorenal Syndrome

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Papillorenal Syndrome:

42
Kidney, Eye, Skin, Retina, Prostate, Brain, Bone Marrow

Publications for Papillorenal Syndrome

Articles related to Papillorenal Syndrome:

(show top 50) (show all 53)
# Title Authors Year
1
Rethinking genotype-phenotype correlations in papillorenal syndrome: a case report on an unusual congenital camptodactyly and skeletal deformity with a heterogeneous PAX2 mutation of hexanucleotide duplication. ( 29054766 )
2018
2
Three New PAX2 Gene Mutations in Patients with Papillorenal Syndrome. ( 29339962 )
2017
3
SEVERE CASE OF RENAL COLOBOMA SYNDROME IN LONG-TERM FOLLOW-UP. ( 28820764 )
2017
4
Bilateral Optic Nerve Coloboma and Macular Schisis in Papillorenal Syndrome. ( 27107352 )
2016
5
Retinoschisis and outer retinal hole formation in a patient with papillorenal syndrome. ( 25932727 )
2015
6
Association of PAX2 and Other Gene Mutations with the Clinical Manifestations of Renal Coloboma Syndrome. ( 26571382 )
2015
7
Successful ABO-incompatible living-donor renal transplant without splenectomy for renal coloboma syndrome: a case report. ( 23902562 )
2014
8
Association between graves' disease and renal coloboma syndrome: a case report. ( 23966757 )
2013
9
Papillorenal syndrome in a family with unusual complications. ( 23686327 )
2013
10
Papillorenal syndrome with de novo reciprocal translocation t(2;15) (q31; q26). ( 24032291 )
2013
11
Renal coloboma syndrome associated with double- chambered right ventricle. ( 23443859 )
2013
12
A wide spectrum of phenotypes in a family with renal coloboma syndrome caused by a PAX2 mutation. ( 27293569 )
2013
13
Update of PAX2 mutations in renal coloboma syndrome and establishment of a locus-specific database. ( 22213154 )
2012
14
Alport-like glomerular basement membrane changes with renal-coloboma syndrome. ( 22350371 )
2012
15
A novel interstitial deletion of 10q24.2q24.32 in a patient with renal coloboma syndrome. ( 22361651 )
2012
16
Typical renal-coloboma syndrome phenotype in a patient with a submicroscopic deletion of the PAX2 gene. ( 22581475 )
2012
17
Discordant phenotype in monozygotic twins with renal coloboma syndrome and a PAX2 mutation. ( 22660956 )
2012
18
Clinical utility gene card for: renal coloboma (Papillorenal) syndrome. ( 21326282 )
2011
19
A surviving case of papillorenal syndrome with the phenotype of Potter sequence. ( 21696512 )
2011
20
Renal coloboma syndrome. ( 21654726 )
2011
21
Papillorenal syndrome-causing missense mutations in PAX2/Pax2 result in hypomorphic alleles in mouse and human. ( 20221250 )
2010
22
Papillorenal syndrome after Beta-interferon treatment in pregnancy. ( 19839859 )
2009
23
A case of renal-coloboma syndrome associated with mental developmental delay exhibiting a novel PAX2 gene mutation. ( 19954729 )
2009
24
Bilateral macular detachment caused by bilateral optic nerve malformation in a papillorenal syndrome due to a new PAX2 mutation. ( 18609495 )
2008
25
Diagnosing papillorenal syndrome: see the optic papilla. ( 18512081 )
2008
26
Renal-coloboma syndrome: a single nucleotide deletion in the PAX2 gene at Exon 8 is associated with a highly variable phenotype. ( 17269592 )
2007
27
A clinico-genetic study of renal coloboma syndrome in children. ( 17541647 )
2007
28
Abnormal optic discs and renal failure: papillorenal syndrome. ( 17083547 )
2006
29
De novo insG619 mutation in PAX2 gene in a Japanese patient with papillorenal syndrome. ( 15808183 )
2005
30
Early diagnosis of the papillorenal syndrome by optic disc morphology. ( 16148630 )
2005
31
Rescue of defective branching nephrogenesis in renal-coloboma syndrome by the caspase inhibitor, Z-VAD-fmk. ( 14747376 )
2004
32
Ureteric bud apoptosis and renal hypoplasia in transgenic PAX2-Bax fetal mice mimics the renal-coloboma syndrome. ( 14569086 )
2003
33
No colobomas in "renal coloboma" syndrome. ( 12578762 )
2003
34
Optic nerve dysplasia and renal insufficiency in a family with a novel PAX2 mutation, Arg115X: further ophthalmologic delineation of the renal-coloboma syndrome. ( 14566649 )
2003
35
Multifocal visual evoked potentials and multifocal electroretinograms in papillorenal syndrome. ( 12049607 )
2002
36
Papillorenal syndrome in a Brazilian family. ( 12470164 )
2002
37
Papillorenal ("renal coloboma") syndrome. ( 12140054 )
2002
38
[Renal-coloboma syndrome]. ( 12410411 )
2002
39
Redefining papillorenal syndrome: an underdiagnosed cause of ocular and renal morbidity. ( 11297491 )
2001
40
PAX2 gene mutation in a family with isolated renal hypoplasia. ( 11461952 )
2001
41
Renal-coloboma syndrome: prenatal detection and clinical spectrum in a large family. ( 11241473 )
2001
42
Renal coloboma syndrome. ( 11581073 )
2001
43
Renal-coloboma syndrome in a Brazilian family. ( 11594973 )
2001
44
Renal-coloboma syndrome: report of a novel PAX2 gene mutation. ( 11730657 )
2001
45
PAX2 mutations in renal-coloboma syndrome: mutational hotspot and germline mosaicism. ( 11093271 )
2000
46
Renal-coloboma syndrome: a multi-system developmental disorder caused by PAX2 mutations. ( 10466411 )
1999
47
Homonucleotide expansion and contraction mutations of PAX2 and inclusion of Chiari 1 malformation as part of renal-coloboma syndrome. ( 10533062 )
1999
48
Missense mutation and hexanucleotide duplication in the PAX2 gene in two unrelated families with renal-coloboma syndrome (MIM 120330). ( 9760197 )
1998
49
Further delineation of renal-coloboma syndrome in patients with extreme variability of phenotype and identical PAX2 mutations. ( 9106533 )
1997
50
The mouse Pax2(1Neu) mutation is identical to a human PAX2 mutation in a family with renal-coloboma syndrome and results in developmental defects of the brain, ear, eye, and kidney. ( 8943028 )
1996

Variations for Papillorenal Syndrome

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Papillorenal Syndrome:

76 (show all 17)
# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 PAX2 p.Gly76Ser VAR_003789 rs79555199
2 PAX2 p.Gly25Val VAR_068080
3 PAX2 p.Leu33Arg VAR_068081
4 PAX2 p.Ser61Ile VAR_068082
5 PAX2 p.Ser61Asn VAR_068083
6 PAX2 p.Leu69Pro VAR_068085
7 PAX2 p.Arg71Thr VAR_068086 rs104894170
8 PAX2 p.Gly84Ser VAR_068089
9 PAX2 p.Arg117Pro VAR_068090
10 PAX2 p.Pro130His VAR_068091
11 PAX2 p.Pro130Ser VAR_068092
12 PAX2 p.Asp2Gly VAR_071937
13 PAX2 p.Ile139Val VAR_071941
14 PAX2 p.Ala295Val VAR_071944 rs140334581
15 PAX2 p.Leu296Pro VAR_071945
16 PAX2 p.Pro298Ser VAR_071946 rs893370744
17 PAX2 p.Thr329Ala VAR_071947

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Papillorenal Syndrome:

6 (show all 37)
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.561del (p.Asn188Metfs) deletion Pathogenic rs77777862 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102541067: 102541067
2 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.561del (p.Asn188Metfs) deletion Pathogenic rs77777862 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100781310: 100781310
3 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.130_151del (p.Leu44Profs) deletion Pathogenic rs76675173 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102509589: 102509610
4 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.130_151del (p.Leu44Profs) deletion Pathogenic rs76675173 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100749832: 100749853
5 PAX2 PAX2, 6-BP DEL deletion Pathogenic
6 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.226G> A (p.Gly76Ser) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs79555199 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102510464: 102510464
7 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.226G> A (p.Gly76Ser) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs79555199 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100750707: 100750707
8 PAX2 NM_000278.3(PAX2): c.221_226dupAGACCG (p.Thr75_Gly76insGluThr) duplication Likely pathogenic rs387906530 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102510459: 102510464
9 PAX2 NM_000278.3(PAX2): c.221_226dupAGACCG (p.Thr75_Gly76insGluThr) duplication Likely pathogenic rs387906530 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100750702: 100750707
10 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.76del (p.Val26Cysfs) deletion Pathogenic rs75462234 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102509535: 102509535
11 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.76del (p.Val26Cysfs) deletion Pathogenic rs75462234 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100749778: 100749778
12 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.75_76dup (p.Val26Glyfs) duplication Pathogenic rs75462234 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102509534: 102509535
13 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.75_76dup (p.Val26Glyfs) duplication Pathogenic rs75462234 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100749777: 100749778
14 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.1023C> A (p.Tyr341Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs78122364 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102584439: 102584439
15 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.1023C> A (p.Tyr341Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs78122364 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100824682: 100824682
16 PAX2 NM_003988.4(PAX2): c.360C> T (p.Ala120=) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs41291450 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102510598: 102510598
17 PAX2 NM_003988.4(PAX2): c.360C> T (p.Ala120=) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs41291450 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100750841: 100750841
18 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.43+10G> C single nucleotide variant Benign rs4472867 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102506070: 102506070
19 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.43+10G> C single nucleotide variant Benign rs4472867 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100746313: 100746313
20 PAX2 NM_000278.4(PAX2): c.706C> T (p.Gln236Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs75399846 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100806519: 100806519
21 PAX2 NM_000278.4(PAX2): c.706C> T (p.Gln236Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs75399846 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102566276: 102566276
22 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.76dupG (p.Val26Glyfs) duplication Pathogenic rs75462234 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100749778: 100749778
23 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.76dupG (p.Val26Glyfs) duplication Pathogenic rs75462234 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102509535: 102509535
24 PAX2 NM_000278.4(PAX2): c.909A> C (p.Pro303=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs1800898 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100809226: 100809226
25 PAX2 NM_000278.4(PAX2): c.909A> C (p.Pro303=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs1800898 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102568983: 102568983
26 PAX2 NM_003988.4(PAX2): c.1102A> T (p.Thr368Ser) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs606231415 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100824982: 100824982
27 PAX2 NM_003988.4(PAX2): c.1102A> T (p.Thr368Ser) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs606231415 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102584739: 102584739
28 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.1160G> A (p.Ser387Asn) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs138490772 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100827078: 100827078
29 PAX2 NM_003990.4(PAX2): c.1160G> A (p.Ser387Asn) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs138490772 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102586835: 102586835
30 PAX2 NM_003988.4(PAX2): c.239C> T (p.Pro80Leu) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1554856032 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100750720: 100750720
31 PAX2 NM_003988.4(PAX2): c.239C> T (p.Pro80Leu) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1554856032 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102510477: 102510477
32 PAX2 NM_003988.4(PAX2): c.740G> A (p.Arg247His) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs747639879 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102566310: 102566310
33 PAX2 NM_003988.4(PAX2): c.740G> A (p.Arg247His) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs747639879 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100806553: 100806553
34 PAX2 NM_003988.4(PAX2): c.867C> G (p.Asn289Lys) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs199724772 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102568941: 102568941
35 PAX2 NM_003988.4(PAX2): c.867C> G (p.Asn289Lys) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs199724772 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100809184: 100809184
36 PAX2 NM_003988.4(PAX2): c.478G> A (p.Ala160Thr) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 102539322: 102539322
37 PAX2 NM_003988.4(PAX2): c.478G> A (p.Ala160Thr) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 100779565: 100779565

Copy number variations for Papillorenal Syndrome from CNVD:

7
# CNVD ID Chromosom Start End Type Gene Symbol CNVD Disease
1 38428 10 102495457 102579688 Deletion PAX2 Renal-coloboma syndrome

Expression for Papillorenal Syndrome

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Papillorenal Syndrome.

Pathways for Papillorenal Syndrome

GO Terms for Papillorenal Syndrome

Cellular components related to Papillorenal Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 protein-containing complex GO:0032991 9.13 EYA1 PAX2 SALL4
2 protein-DNA complex GO:0032993 8.62 EYA1 PAX2

Biological processes related to Papillorenal Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II GO:0045944 9.67 EYA1 OTX1 PAX2 SALL4
2 multicellular organism development GO:0007275 9.55 EYA1 GCNT2 KIF26B OTX1 PAX2
3 neural tube closure GO:0001843 9.43 PAX2 SALL4
4 positive regulation of epithelial cell proliferation GO:0050679 9.4 EYA1 PAX2
5 branching involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis GO:0001658 9.32 EYA1 PAX2
6 cochlea morphogenesis GO:0090103 9.26 EYA1 PAX2
7 mesodermal cell fate specification GO:0007501 8.96 EYA1 PAX2
8 inner ear morphogenesis GO:0042472 8.8 EYA1 OTX1 PAX2

Sources for Papillorenal Syndrome

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
20 FMA
29 GO
30 GTR
31 HGMD
32 HMDB
33 HPO
34 ICD10
35 ICD10 via Orphanet
36 ICD9CM
37 IUPHAR
38 KEGG
39 LifeMap
41 LOVD
43 MedGen
45 MeSH
46 MESH via Orphanet
47 MGI
50 NCI
51 NCIt
52 NDF-RT
55 NINDS
56 Novoseek
58 OMIM
59 OMIM via Orphanet
63 PubMed
65 QIAGEN
70 SNOMED-CT via HPO
71 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
72 TGDB
73 Tocris
74 UMLS
75 UMLS via Orphanet
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