PHPVAR
MCID: PRS122
MIFTS: 32

Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive (PHPVAR)

Categories: Cardiovascular diseases, Eye diseases, Fetal diseases, Genetic diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive

MalaCards integrated aliases for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive:

Name: Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive 58 76 30 6 74
Retinal Nonattachment, Nonsyndromic Congenital 58 13
Persistent Fetal Vasculature 58 76
Phpvar 58 76
Rnanc 58 76
Vitreous, Primary, Hyperplastic, Persistent, Autosomal Recessive 41
Retinal Nonattachment, Nonsyndromic Congenital; Rnanc; Ncrna 58
Congenital Non-Syndromic Retinal Non-Attachment 76
Retinal Non-Attachment and Falciform Detachment 76
Retinal Nonattachment and Falciform Detachment 58
Retinal Detachment Congenital 76
Ncrna 76

Characteristics:

OMIM:

58
Inheritance:
autosomal recessive


HPO:

33
persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous, autosomal recessive:
Inheritance autosomal recessive inheritance


Classifications:



Summaries for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive

OMIM : 58 Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV), also termed 'persistent fetal vasculature,' is a developmental malformation of the eye in which the primary vitreous fails to regress in utero, resulting in the presence of a retrolental fibrovascular membrane with persistence of the posterior portion of the tunica vasculosa lentis and hyaloid artery. This abnormality is usually unilateral and associated with microphthalmia, cataract, glaucoma, and congenital retinal nonattachment (see Haddad et al., 1978; Khaliq et al., 2001; Prasov et al., 2012). PHPV shares phenotypic overlap with Norrie disease (310600). (221900)

MalaCards based summary : Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive, also known as retinal nonattachment, nonsyndromic congenital, is related to persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous and retinal detachment. An important gene associated with Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive is ATOH7 (Atonal BHLH Transcription Factor 7). Affiliated tissues include eye and prostate, and related phenotypes are iris coloboma and uveitis

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 76 Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous, autosomal recessive: A developmental eye malformation associated with microphthalmia, cataract, glaucoma, and congenital retinal non-attachment. It is due to failure of the primary vitreous to regress in utero, resulting in the presence of a retrolental fibrovascular membrane with persistence of the posterior portion of the tunica vasculosa lentis and hyaloid artery. Disease manifestations range from a trivial remnant of hyaloid vessels to a dense fibrovascular mass causing lens opacity and retinal detachment.

Related Diseases for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive

Diseases in the Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous family:

Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Dominant

Diseases related to Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 71)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous 32.8 ATOH7 TSPAN12
2 retinal detachment 29.8 ATOH7 TSPAN12
3 exudative vitreoretinopathy 29.3 ATOH7 TSPAN12
4 microcornea posterior megalolenticonus persistent fetal vasculature coloboma 12.8
5 coloboma of macula 10.4
6 cataract 10.2
7 microphthalmia 10.2
8 lymphangioma 10.1
9 orbital lymphangioma 10.1
10 klippel-trenaunay-weber syndrome 10.0
11 osteoporosis 10.0
12 retinoblastoma 10.0
13 osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome 10.0
14 leukocoria 10.0
15 phace syndrome 10.0
16 weber syndrome 10.0
17 angioosteohypertrophic syndrome 10.0
18 hepatocellular carcinoma 10.0
19 lung cancer 10.0
20 neuroblastoma 1 10.0
21 epicanthus 9.9
22 septooptic dysplasia 9.9
23 gastroschisis 9.9
24 aicardi syndrome 9.9
25 norrie disease 9.9
26 verheij syndrome 9.9
27 holoprosencephaly 9.9
28 ptosis 9.9
29 blepharophimosis 9.9
30 aqueous misdirection 9.9
31 lens subluxation 9.9
32 dermoid cyst 9.9
33 teratoma 9.9
34 protein c deficiency 9.9
35 endophthalmitis 9.9
36 anterior segment dysgenesis 9.9
37 abdominal wall defect 9.9
38 alzheimer disease 9.9
39 breast cancer 9.9
40 colorectal cancer 9.9
41 diabetes mellitus, noninsulin-dependent 9.9
42 factor viii deficiency 9.9
43 huntington disease 9.9
44 ovarian cancer 9.9
45 prostate cancer 9.9
46 small cell cancer of the lung 9.9
47 osteogenic sarcoma 9.9
48 isolated growth hormone deficiency, type ia 9.9
49 hemophilia a 9.9
50 prostate cancer, hereditary, 8 9.9

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive:



Diseases related to Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive

Human phenotypes related to Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive:

33 (show all 18)
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 iris coloboma 33 occasional (7.5%) HP:0000612
2 uveitis 33 occasional (7.5%) HP:0000554
3 cataract 33 HP:0000518
4 corneal opacity 33 HP:0007957
5 microphthalmia 33 HP:0000568
6 buphthalmos 33 HP:0000557
7 remnants of the hyaloid vascular system 33 HP:0007968
8 microcornea 33 HP:0000482
9 phthisis bulbi 33 HP:0000667
10 leukocoria 33 HP:0000555
11 retinal nonattachment 33 HP:0007899
12 esotropia 33 HP:0000565
13 persistent pupillary membrane 33 HP:0009917
14 hyphema 33 HP:0011886
15 pendular nystagmus 33 HP:0012043
16 shallow anterior chamber 33 HP:0000594
17 retinal fold 33 HP:0008052
18 posterior synechiae of the anterior chamber 33 HP:0011484

Clinical features from OMIM:

221900

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive:

47
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 vision/eye MP:0005391 8.62 ATOH7 TSPAN12

Drugs & Therapeutics for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive

Genetic Tests for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive

Genetic tests related to Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive 30 ATOH7

Anatomical Context for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive:

42
Eye, Prostate

Publications for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive

Articles related to Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive:

(show top 50) (show all 51)
# Title Authors Year
1
Medical Management of Children With Congenital/Infantile Cataract Associated With Microphthalmia, Microcornea, or Persistent Fetal Vasculature. ( 30371912 )
2019
2
Posterior persistent fetal vasculature associated with tractional retinal detachment. ( 30955900 )
2019
3
Microcornea, posterior megalolenticonus, persistent fetal vasculature, chorioretinal coloboma (MPPC) syndrome: Case series post vitrectomy. ( 30766938 )
2019
4
Microcornea, Posterior Megalolenticonus, Persistent Fetal Vasculature, and Coloboma Syndrome Associated With a New Mutation in ZNF408. ( 30998249 )
2019
5
A rare case of orbital lymphangioma with persistent fetal vasculature and extraorbital vascular malformations treated with intralesional bleomycin. ( 30120984 )
2018
6
Optical coherence tomography findings of falciform retinal detachment complicated with persistent fetal vasculature. ( 30157795 )
2018
7
Multiloculated Ciliary Body Cysts and Lenticular Coloboma: A Rare Phenotypic Variation Associated With Persistent Fetal Vasculature. ( 30388281 )
2018
8
Aqueous misdirection syndrome in persistent fetal vasculature (PFV). ( 28954029 )
2017
9
Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy presentation as persistent fetal vasculature. ( 28413837 )
2017
10
Bilateral persistent fetal vasculature: mimicker of retinoblastoma. ( 28611142 )
2017
11
A de novo PUF60 mutation in a child with a syndromic form of coloboma and persistent fetal vasculature. ( 28471317 )
2017
12
Three Cases of Associated Persistent Fetal Vasculature and Ocular Coloboma: Posterior Segment Dysgenesis. ( 29156060 )
2017
13
Endoscopic Vitrectomy for Microcornea, Posterior Megalolenticonus, Persistent Fetal Vasculature, Coloboma Syndrome. ( 29157424 )
2017
14
Unilateral anterior persistent fetal vasculature in a child with blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome: A surgical challenge. ( 27488160 )
2016
15
Congenital cataract associated with persistent fetal vasculature: findings from IoLunder2. ( 27472205 )
2016
16
Congenital cataract surgery without intraocular lens implantation in persistent fetal vasculature syndrome: Long-term clinical and functional results. ( 27255253 )
2016
17
A case of iridofundal coloboma with persistent fetal vasculature and lens subluxation. ( 27009512 )
2016
18
PHACE syndrome with lip haemangioma, microphthalmos and persistent fetal vasculature. ( 27033295 )
2016
19
βA3/A1-crystallin and persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) disease of the eye. ( 26022148 )
2016
20
Septo-optic dysplasia associated with congenital persistent fetal vasculature, retinal detachment, and gastroschisis. ( 25397592 )
2015
21
Bilateral persistent fetal vasculature due to a mutation in the Norrie disease protein gene. ( 26459204 )
2015
22
Visual outcome in early vitrectomy for posterior persistent fetal vasculature associated with traction retinal detachment. ( 25296126 )
2015
23
Unilateral persistent fetal vasculature coexisting with anterior segment dysgenesis. ( 23504283 )
2013
24
Radiology case of the month. An infant with leukocoria: persistent fetal vasculature syndrome. Persistent fetal vasculature syndrome (PFVS) of the right eye associated with microphthalmia, bilateral optic nerve and optic chiasm hypoplasia, and absence of the neurohypophysis. ( 24015435 )
2013
25
Persistent fetal vasculature: ocular features, management of cataract and outcomes. ( 23929081 )
2013
26
Next generation sequencing identifies mutations in Atonal homolog 7 (ATOH7) in families with global eye developmental defects. ( 22068589 )
2012
27
ATOH7 mutations cause autosomal recessive persistent hyperplasia of the primary vitreous. ( 22645276 )
2012
28
Deletion of a remote enhancer near ATOH7 disrupts retinal neurogenesis, causing NCRNA disease. ( 21441919 )
2011
29
Genetic heterogeneity for recessively inherited congenital cataract microcornea with corneal opacity. ( 21474777 )
2011
30
Isolated group B streptococcal endogenous endophthalmitis simulating retinoblastoma or persistent fetal vasculature in a healthy full-term infant. ( 20637664 )
2010
31
Persistent fetal vasculature and spontaneous hyphema in a patient with Klippel-Trénaunay-Weber syndrome. ( 20451865 )
2010
32
Persistent fetal vasculature and spontaneous hyphema in a patient with Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome. ( 20736130 )
2010
33
Persistent Fetal Vasculature and Severe Protein C Deficiency. ( 21045961 )
2010
34
Microcornea, posterior megalolenticonus, persistent fetal vasculature, and coloboma: a new syndrome. ( 20417569 )
2010
35
Early vitrectomy effective for bilateral combined anterior and posterior persistent fetal vasculature syndrome. ( 20224462 )
2010
36
Phenotypic overlap of familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) with persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) caused by FZD4 mutations in two distinct pedigrees. ( 19172507 )
2009
37
A novel NDP mutation in an infant with unilateral persistent fetal vasculature and retinal vasculopathy. ( 19373682 )
2009
38
Persistent fetal vasculature associated with orbital lymphangioma. ( 17572349 )
2007
39
Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome may not be caused by persistent fetal vasculature. ( 17353427 )
2007
40
Persistent fetal vasculature associated with orbital lymphangioma. ( 16814189 )
2006
41
Asymmetrical ocular involvement and persistent fetal vasculature in an adult with osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome. ( 16534066 )
2006
42
Bilateral persistent fetal vasculature associated with holoprosencephaly. ( 15305535 )
2004
43
PHACE syndrome: association with persistent fetal vasculature and coloboma-like iris defect. ( 15492745 )
2004
44
Persistent fetal vasculature and minimal fetal vascular remnants: a frequent cause of unilateral congenital cataracts. ( 15121367 )
2004
45
Optic nerve teratoma and odontogenic dermoid cyst in a neonate with persistent fetal vasculature. ( 12427078 )
2002
46
Locus for autosomal recessive nonsyndromic persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous. ( 11527934 )
2001
47
Surgical management of combined traction and rhegmatogenous retinal detachment associated with persistent fetal vasculature. ( 11217942 )
2001
48
The full spectrum of persistent fetal vasculature in Aicardi syndrome: an integrated interpretation of ocular malformation. ( 10744380 )
2000
49
Persistent fetal vasculature, preretinal membranous bands, and rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. ( 10606463 )
1999
50
High incidence of autosomal recessive nonsyndromal congenital retinal nonattachment (NCRNA) in an Iranian founding population. ( 9677055 )
1998

Variations for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive:

76
# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 ATOH7 p.Asn46His VAR_072398 rs587777666
2 ATOH7 p.Glu49Val VAR_072400 rs587777664

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive:

6
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 ATOH7 NC_000010.11: g.68247363_68253885del6523 deletion Pathogenic GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 68247363: 68253885
2 ATOH7 NC_000010.11: g.68247363_68253885del6523 deletion Pathogenic GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 70007125: 70013647
3 ATOH7 NM_145178.3(ATOH7): c.146A> T (p.Glu49Val) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs587777664 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 69991289: 69991289
4 ATOH7 NM_145178.3(ATOH7): c.146A> T (p.Glu49Val) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs587777664 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 68231532: 68231532
5 ATOH7 NM_145178.3(ATOH7): c.53delC (p.Pro18Argfs) deletion Pathogenic rs587777665 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 69991382: 69991382
6 ATOH7 NM_145178.3(ATOH7): c.53delC (p.Pro18Argfs) deletion Pathogenic rs587777665 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 68231625: 68231625
7 ATOH7 NM_145178.3(ATOH7): c.136A> C (p.Asn46His) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs587777666 GRCh37 Chromosome 10, 69991299: 69991299
8 ATOH7 NM_145178.3(ATOH7): c.136A> C (p.Asn46His) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs587777666 GRCh38 Chromosome 10, 68231542: 68231542
9 TSPAN12 NM_012338.3(TSPAN12): c.542G> T (p.Cys181Phe) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs878853243 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 120446673: 120446673
10 TSPAN12 NM_012338.3(TSPAN12): c.542G> T (p.Cys181Phe) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs878853243 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 120806619: 120806619

Expression for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive.

Pathways for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive

GO Terms for Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, Autosomal Recessive

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