Categories: Oral diseases, Respiratory diseases, Smell/Taste diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Pharyngitis

MalaCards integrated aliases for Pharyngitis:

Name: Pharyngitis 12 75 55 44 15 72
Acute Pharyngitis 12 17 72 33
Chronic Pharyngitis 12 72 33
Pharyngeal Diseases 44 72
Chronic Pharyngitis and Nasopharyngitis 12
Chronic Pharyn/nasopharyngitis 12
Persistent Sore Throat 12
Sore Throat - Chronic 12
Chronic Sore Throat 12
Pharyngeal Disorder 12
Pharyngitis - Acute 12
Pharyngeal Disease 12
Acute Sore Throat 12
Inflamed Throat 12


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Disease Ontology 12 DOID:2275
ICD9CM 35 462 472 478.20
UMLS 72 C0001344 C0031345 C0031350 more

Summaries for Pharyngitis

Disease Ontology : 12 An upper respiratory tract disease involving inflammation of the throat or pharynx resulting from bacterial, viral, fungal infections or irritants like pollutants or chemical substances and smoking. The infection is often referred to as "sore throat". The symptoms include pain during swallowing, enlarged tonsils coated with a white discharge, runny nose, cough and slight fever.

MalaCards based summary : Pharyngitis, also known as acute pharyngitis, is related to sleep apnea and haemophilus influenzae, and has symptoms including recurrent pharyngitis, sore throat and acute sore throat nos. An important gene associated with Pharyngitis is MIR452 (MicroRNA 452), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Toxoplasmosis and Transcriptional misregulation in cancer. The drugs Benzydamine and Azithromycin have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include testes, tonsil and heart.

Wikipedia : 75 Pharyngitis is inflammation of the back of the throat, known as the pharynx. It typically results in a... more...

Related Diseases for Pharyngitis

Diseases related to Pharyngitis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 924)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 sleep apnea 31.6 IL1B CXCL8 CRP
2 haemophilus influenzae 31.3 IL1B CXCL8
3 aphthous stomatitis 31.2 SPAG7 MEFV IL1B
4 chlamydia 31.2 IL1B CXCL8 CRP
5 gastroesophageal reflux 31.0 PTGS2 IL1B CXCL8
6 pyoderma 30.8 MEFV CXCL8
7 bursitis 30.6 PTGS2 CRP
8 meningitis 30.6 IL1B CXCL8 CRP
9 esophagitis 30.5 PTGS2 IL1B CXCL8
10 pneumonia 30.4 IL1B CXCL8 CRP
11 streptococcal toxic-shock syndrome 30.4 MYOM2 CXCL8
12 bacterial infectious disease 30.3 IL1B FCGR1A CXCL8 CRP
13 gastritis 30.3 PTGS2 IL1B CXCL8
14 toxic shock syndrome 30.2 MYOM2 IL1B CXCL8
15 appendicitis 30.2 IL1B CXCL8 CRP
16 crohn's colitis 30.2 IL1B CXCL8
17 rheumatic disease 30.2 PTGS2 IL1B CRP
18 vaginitis 30.2 IL1B CXCL8
19 necrotizing fasciitis 30.1 MYOM2 CXCL8
20 gastroenteritis 30.1 IL1B CXCL8 CRP
21 septic arthritis 30.1 CXCL8 CRP
22 cystitis 30.1 PTGS2 CXCL8 CRP
23 peptic esophagitis 30.0 IL1B CXCL8
24 colitis 30.0 PTGS2 IL1B CXCL8
25 periodic fever, familial, autosomal dominant 30.0 MVK MEFV
26 peptic ulcer disease 30.0 PTGS2 IL1B CXCL8
27 hyper-igd syndrome 29.9 MVK CRP
28 periodontitis 29.9 IL1B CXCL8 CRP
29 cervical adenitis 29.9 MVK MEFV IL1B FCGR1A CARD8
30 muckle-wells syndrome 29.9 MEFV IL1B CRP
31 adult-onset still's disease 29.8 MEFV IL1B CRP
32 pericarditis 29.8 MEFV IL1B CRP
33 familial mediterranean fever 29.8 MVK MEFV IL1B CRP
34 brucellosis 29.8 MEFV CXCL8 CRP
35 pyelonephritis 29.8 IL1B CXCL8 CRP
36 preterm premature rupture of the membranes 29.8 IL1B CXCL8 CRP
37 pulmonary edema 29.7 IL1B CXCL8 CRP
38 acute cystitis 29.7 CXCL8 CRP
39 streptococcal meningitis 29.6 MYOM2 CRP
40 gastrointestinal system disease 29.6 PTGS2 IL1B CXCL8 CRP
41 upper respiratory tract disease 29.6 MYOM2 IL1B CXCL8
42 behcet syndrome 29.5 MEFV IL1B CXCL8 CRP
43 blau syndrome 29.5 MVK MEFV IL1B
44 pyoderma gangrenosum 29.5 MVK MEFV CXCL8
45 myeloma, multiple 29.4 MYOM2 CXCL8 CRP
46 wells syndrome 29.3 MEFV IL1B CXCL8 CRP
47 peritonitis 29.3 MEFV IL1B CXCL8 CRP
48 middle ear disease 29.0 IL1B CXCL8
49 rheumatoid arthritis 28.9 PTGS2 IL1B CXCL8 CRP CARD8
50 periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis 12.6

Comorbidity relations with Pharyngitis via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN): (show all 12)

Acute Cystitis Anxiety
Bronchitis Deficiency Anemia
Esophagitis Heart Disease
Hypertension, Essential Hypothyroidism
Intermediate Coronary Syndrome Laryngitis
Oral Candidiasis Swallowing Disorders

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Pharyngitis:

Diseases related to Pharyngitis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Pharyngitis

UMLS symptoms related to Pharyngitis:

recurrent pharyngitis, sore throat, acute sore throat nos, throat irritation

Drugs & Therapeutics for Pharyngitis

Drugs for Pharyngitis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 266)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
Benzydamine Approved Phase 4 100-46-9, 642-72-8 7504
Azithromycin Approved Phase 4 83905-01-5 447043 55185
Tyrothricin Approved Phase 4 1404-88-2
Dexamethasone Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-02-2 5743
Dexamethasone acetate Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 1177-87-3
Budesonide Approved Phase 4 51333-22-3 63006 5281004
Meloxicam Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 71125-38-7 5281106 54677470
Diclofenac Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 15307-86-5 3033
Aspirin Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-78-2 2244
Fluconazole Approved, Investigational Phase 4 86386-73-4 3365
Miconazole Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 22916-47-8 4189
Clarithromycin Approved Phase 4 81103-11-9 84029
Pemetrexed Approved, Investigational Phase 4 150399-23-8, 137281-23-3 60843 446556
leucovorin Approved Phase 4 58-05-9 143 6006
Erythromycin Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 114-07-8 441411 12560
Ketorolac Approved Phase 4 74103-06-3, 66635-83-4 3826
Lidocaine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 137-58-6 3676
Rocuronium Approved Phase 4 119302-91-9, 143558-00-3 441290
Sotalol Approved Phase 4 959-24-0, 3930-20-9 5253
Epinephrine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 51-43-4 5816
Racepinephrine Approved Phase 4 329-65-7 838
Bupivacaine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 2180-92-9, 38396-39-3 2474
Montelukast Approved Phase 4 158966-92-8 5281040
Amoxicillin Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 26787-78-0 33613
Ketoprofen Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 22071-15-4 3825
Folic acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 4 59-30-3 6037
Aspartic acid Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 56-84-8 5960
28 Tinoridine Investigational Phase 4 24237-54-5
Beclomethasone Phase 4 4419-39-0 20469
30 Disinfectants Phase 4
31 Chlorhexidine gluconate Phase 4
32 Anti-Infective Agents, Local Phase 4
33 Dermatologic Agents Phase 4
34 Benzalkonium Compounds Phase 4
35 HIV Protease Inhibitors Phase 4
protease inhibitors Phase 4
37 BB 1101 Phase 4
38 Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors Phase 4
39 lysine Phase 4
40 Ketoprofen lysine Phase 4
41 Fibrinolytic Agents Phase 4
42 14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors Phase 4
43 Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inhibitors Phase 4
44 Antifungal Agents Phase 4
45 Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors Phase 4
46 Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors Phase 4
47 Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 Inhibitors Phase 4
48 Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors Phase 4
49 Folic Acid Antagonists Phase 4
50 N-Methylaspartate Phase 4

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 204)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Group A Streptococcal Pharyngitis: Six Days Amoxicillin, oR Six Days Placebo in Children Between 3 and 15 Years Old:a Randomized, Double Blinded, Multicentred, Non-inferiority Trial Unknown status NCT03264911 Phase 4 Amoxicillin or Placebo
2 Effect on Postoperative Sore Throat of Lidocaine Jelly Application Over the Endotracheal Tube of Tapered-shaped Cuff Unknown status NCT02952157 Phase 4 Lidocaine jelly application;Normal saline application
3 Tablet vs. Liquid Suspension Ibuprofen in the Relief of Pain Unknown status NCT01681667 Phase 4 Ibuprofen
4 Does Beclomethasone Instillation Above the Cuff of Endotracheal Tubes Decrease the Occurrence of Postoperative Sore Throat? A Randomized Controlled Trial Unknown status NCT02687100 Phase 4 Beclomethasone;Placebo
5 Safety and Efficacy of Tinoridine in the Treatment of Pain and Inflammation in Patients With Acute Tonsillitis and/or Acute Pharyngitis: a Randomized, Double-blind Study Versus Placebo Completed NCT01224756 Phase 4 Tinoridine HCl;Placebo
6 A Multi-centre, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind, Parallel-group Study Investigating Safety and Efficacy of a Sore Throat Lozenge in the Symptomatic Treatment of Patients With Acute Pharyngitis Completed NCT03323528 Phase 4 Benzalkonium Chloride-Benzocaine Topical;Placebo Oral Tablet
7 Clinical Trial for the Assessment of Delayed Antibiotic Treatment Strategies in the Non-complicated Acute Respiratory Tract Infections in General Practice Completed NCT01363531 Phase 4
8 Multicenter, Open, Randomized Comparative Trial To Compare Bacteriological And Clinical Efficacy Of Azithromycin Versus Amoxicillin In Children With Streptococcus Tonsillitis Completed NCT00643539 Phase 4 Zithromax;Clamoxyl
9 Impact of Four Patient Information Leaflets (PIL) on Patient Behaviour : a Randomised Controlled Trial in Primary Care. Completed NCT01398696 Phase 4
10 MISTRAL (Mouthwash In Sore Throat Relief: Antiinflammatory vs. Local Anesthetic Therapy) "Efficacy and Tolerability of Ketoprofen Lysine Salt as a Mouthwash in Acute Phlogosis of the Pharyngeal Cavity; Multicentre, Randomized, Single-blind, Parallel-group Comparison Versus Benzidamine Hydrochloride" Completed NCT02178293 Phase 4 Benzidamine hydrochloride;Ketoprofen lysine salt
11 Randomized, Open-label, Controlled Trial to Assess the Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Meloxicam Suspension 0.25 mg/kg/Day Once a Day, Versus Diclofenac 1 mg/kg/Day Twice a Day or Nimesulide 4 mg/kg/Day Twice a Day, for Five Days in the Treatment of Patients With Acute, Non-bacterial Pharyngitis, Pharyngotonsillitis or Laryngitis Completed NCT02229747 Phase 4 Meloxicam;Diclofenac;Nimesulide
12 Recurrent Throat Infections and Tonsillectomy Completed NCT00547391 Phase 4
13 The Effect Of Two Packing Types For Throat Pain And Postoperative Nausea And Vomiting During Maxillofacial Surgery Completed NCT03574246 Phase 4 chlorhexidine gluconate %0,12 benzydamine hydrochloride %0,15
14 Effect of Benzydamine Hydrochloride to Postoperative Sore Throat in Pediatric Patients: a Randomized Controlled Trial Completed NCT03074968 Phase 4 Benzydamine Hydrochloride;Normal saline
15 Comparison Between Xylocaine Gel as Endotracheal Cuff Lubricant Versus Dexamethasone 8 mg Intravenously or Both for Sore Throat Prevention Following Intubation: Interventional Study Completed NCT02682134 Phase 4 xylocaine;Dexamethasone;Xylocaine and Dexamethasone
16 A Phase IV Randomized Study of the Use of Fluconazole as Chronic Suppressive Therapy Versus Episodic Therapy in HIV Positive Subjects With Recurrent Oropharyngeal Candidiasis Completed NCT00000951 Phase 4 Fluconazole
17 Combined Effect of Intravenous Lidocaine and Dexamethasone on Postoperative Sore Throat, Cough and Hoarseness. A Randomized Controlled Trial Completed NCT01990781 Phase 4 LD: Lidocaine and dexamethasone;L:Lidocaine;D: Dexamethasone;N: Normal saline (placebo)
18 Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Single Dose, Parallel Group Study Evaluating Efficacy and Safety of 1000 mg Acetylsalicylic Acid and 1000 mg Paracetamol in Adult Patients With Sore Throat Associated With a Common Cold Completed NCT01465009 Phase 4 Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin, BAYE4465);Paracetamol;Placebo
19 Open-Label Single-Arm Phase IV Study of Pemetrexed in Taiwanese Patients With Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Who Have Had Prior Chemotherapy Completed NCT00380718 Phase 4 pemetrexed
20 Comparison of Azithromycin or Clarithromycin in 3drugs Protocol of H-pylori Eradication Regimen Completed NCT01667692 Phase 4 azithromycin;clarithmycin
21 Comparison of the Efficacy of Intravenous Dexketoprofen and Paracetamol in the Treatment of Pain in Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department With Sore Throat: A Double-Blinded, Randomized, Controlled Trial Completed NCT03768882 Phase 4 paracetamol;Dexketoprofen
22 Comparing the Efficacies Between the Spray of S.L. Spray Solution and Difflam and Acular to Release Postoperative Sore Throat Completed NCT02608788 Phase 4 S.L.®;Difflam Forte ®;Acular®;placebo
23 TEAM (Trial on Efficacy and Quality of Life Among Asthmatic Patient With Montelukast) Completed NCT03096327 Phase 4 Montelukast;Placebo
24 The Effect of Systemic Prophylactic Dexamethasone on the Incidence of Postoperative Sore Throat in Patients Undergoing Ambulatory Laparoscopic Gynecologic Surgery: A Prospective, Randomized, Double Blinded, Placebo Controlled Trial Completed NCT01052038 Phase 4 Placebo administration;Dexamethasone 0.05mg/kr administration;Dexamethasone 0.1mg/kg
25 Nasal Budesonide in Children With Rhinitis and/or Mild Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Completed NCT00560586 Phase 4 Budesonide;placebo
26 Comparison of Two Induction Regimens Using Topical Lidocaine or Muscle Relaxant; Impact on Postoperative Sore Throat and Haemodynamics Recruiting NCT03031808 Phase 4 Lidocaine spray (2%);Muscle Relaxant (Rocuronium)
27 A Pilot and Feasibility Study to Determine if a Common Atrial Fibrillation Risk Locus Modulates Differential Response to Antiarrhythmic Drugs Recruiting NCT02347111 Phase 4 Flecainide;Sotalol
28 Randomized Clinical Trial Examining Use of Adjunct EXPAREL for Post-tonsillectomy Pain Management in Adults Active, not recruiting NCT03420638 Phase 4 Adjunct Exparel (bupivacaine liposome suspension 1.3%)
29 Role of Montelukast in Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis Patients Not yet recruiting NCT03380975 Phase 4 Montelukast 10mg
30 Local, Phase IV, Multicenter, Double-blind, Randomized, Parallel, With Two Treatment Arms, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the Reduction of Inflammatory Symptoms in the Treatment of Bacterial Pharyngitis With Ketoprofen and Amoxicillin in Pediatric Patients. Terminated NCT00799838 Phase 4 Ketoprofen;Placebo (for Ketoprofen);Amoxicillin
31 Evaluation of Accuracy of Rapid Tests for Group A Beta Hemolytic Streptococci in Out-patients With Sore Throat From Acute Pharyngitis at Siriraj Hospital Unknown status NCT02623985 Phase 3
32 Efficacy of Benzydamine Hydrochloride Dripping at Endotracheal Tube Cuff for Prevention of Postoperative Sore Throat Unknown status NCT01637883 Phase 3 benzydamine HCl
33 Study of Efficacy and Safety of V0498 Versus Placebo in Acute Sore Throat Pain. Completed NCT01785862 Phase 3 Ibuprofen 25 mg;Placebo
34 Multicentric Randomized Double Blind Double Dummy Placebo Controlled Clinical Trial for Assessment of Safety and Efficacy of a Echinacea/Sage Spray in Comparison to a Chlorhexidine/Lidocaine Spray in the Treatment of Acute Sore Throats Completed NCT00707902 Phase 3 chlorhexidine/lidocaine;echinacea/sage
35 A Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled, Parallel Group, Multicentre Trial to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Ambroxol Lozenges 20 mg (Hard Boiled Lozenges) Versus Placebo for the Relief of Sore Throat Pain in Patients With Acute Pharyngitis Completed NCT03583658 Phase 3 ambroxol BIH1526;placebo
36 A Single-Dose, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Onset-of-Action Study Utilizing the Double-Stopwatch Method Completed NCT01986361 Phase 3 flurbiprofen;placebo
37 A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Multiple-Dose Study to Determine the Efficacy, Onset, and Duration of Action of Flurbiprofen 8.75 mg Lozenge Compared to Its Vehicle Control Lozenge in Patients With Painful Pharyngitis Completed NCT01049334 Phase 3 Placebo;Flurbiprofen
38 A Repeat-Dose, Multi-Centre, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Study to Determine the Safety and Efficacy of Flurbiprofen 8.75 mg Lozenge Compared to Its Vehicle Control Lozenge in Patients With Painful Pharyngitis Completed NCT01048866 Phase 3 placebo;flurbiprofen;acetaminophen 650mg
39 Prospective, Multicenter, Open, Randomized, Parallel, Clinical Study for Comparative Assessment of Efficacy and Safety of Angal S, Topical Spray [Menthol], 0,5 mg + 2 mg / 1 ml (Sandoz d.d., Slovenia), and ANTI-ANGIN® FORMULA, Topical Metered Spray, 0,12 mg + 0,24 mg / Dose (OOO "Valeant", Russia) in Treatment of Patients With Uncomplicated Acute Infectious and Inflammatory Diseases of the Pharynx, Accompanied by a Sore Throat Completed NCT03095508 Phase 3 Angal S, topical spray [Menthol];ANTI-ANGIN® FORMULA, topical metered spray
40 A Phase III, Investigator Blind, Randomized, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of APC-231 Sprinkle QD for 7 Days vs Penicillin VK 10 mg/kg QID for 10 Days in Pediatric Patients With Streptococcus Pyogenes Completed NCT00100126 Phase 3 Amoxicillin Pulsatile Release Multiparticluate Sprinkle
41 A Phase III, Randomized, Double-Blind, Double-Dummy Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of 775 mg APC-111 MP Tablet QD for 7 Days vs Penicillin VK 250 mg QID for 10 Days in Patients With Streptococcus Pyogenes Completed NCT00095368 Phase 3 Amoxicillin Pulsatile Release Multiparticulate Tablet (drug)
42 A Double Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Comparison of the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Celecoxib 100-150 mg, Including Initial Doses of 50 and 100 mg, and Placebo in the Symptomatic Treatment of Patients With Painful Pharyngitis Completed NCT00402987 Phase 3 celecoxib;celecoxib followed by placebo;celecoxib;placebo
43 Efficacy and Tolerability of Ambroxol Lozenge 20 mg in Relieving Pain of Sore Throat in Patients With Acute Viral Pharyngitis-A Randomised, Double-blind,Placebo- and Active-controlled Parallel Group Study Completed NCT00148499 Phase 3 Ambroxol hydrochloride (Mucoangin?);benzocaine
44 Efficacy and Tolerability of Ambroxol Lozenges 20mg in Relieving the Pain of Sore Throat in Adolescent Patients With Acute Viral Pharyngitis - A Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Parallel Group Study. AMBROSIA: Ambroxol Lozenges In Sore Throat In Adolescents Completed NCT00144274 Phase 3 Ambroxol Lozenge
45 Onset of Action of a Fast Release Aspirin Tablet and Acetaminophen Caplet in Sore Throat Pain Completed NCT01453400 Phase 3 Acetylsalicylic Acid (Aspirin, BAY1019036) + placebo;Acetaminophen + placebo;Placebo
46 A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Double-Dummy Comparative Trial of Azithromycin SR Versus Three-Day Azithromycin for the Treatment of Group A β-Hemolytic Streptococcal Pharyngitis/Tonsillitis in Adolescents and Adults Completed NCT00644293 Phase 3 azithromycin (Zithromax);placebo;azithromycin SR;placebo
47 A Phase III, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Safety/Efficacy of APC-111 MP Tablet QD vs. Penicillin VK QID Both for 10 Days Treatment of Pharyngitis Secondary to S.Pyogenes in Adolescents/Adults Completed NCT00242281 Phase 3 APC-111 MP Tablet, 775 mg
48 Clinical Protocol For A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Comparison Of The Efficacy, Safety, And Tolerability Of Bextra® (Valdecoxib) 20 Mg Twice Daily, Bextra® 40 Mg Once Daily, And Placebo In The Symptomatic Treatment Of Subjects With Pharyngitis Completed NCT00647829 Phase 3 valdecoxib;valdecoxib;placebo
49 Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial to Investigate the Efficacy and Tolerance of Ambroxol Lozenges 20 mg in the Treatment of Sore Throat in Patients With Acute Viral Pharyngitis Completed NCT00525044 Phase 3 Ambroxol;Placebo
50 Randomized, Controlled Trial of SCH 56592 Oral Suspension Versus Fluconazole Suspension in the Treatment of Oropharyngeal Candidiasis (OPC) in HIV-Positive Patients Completed NCT00002446 Phase 3 Posaconazole;Fluconazole

Search NIH Clinical Center for Pharyngitis

Inferred drug relations via UMLS 72 / NDF-RT 51 :

Valproate bismuth

Cochrane evidence based reviews: pharyngitis

Genetic Tests for Pharyngitis

Anatomical Context for Pharyngitis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Pharyngitis:

Testes, Tonsil, Heart, Lung, Skin, Colon, Neutrophil

Publications for Pharyngitis

Articles related to Pharyngitis:

(show top 50) (show all 5177)
# Title Authors PMID Year
The neural crest-enriched microRNA miR-452 regulates epithelial-mesenchymal signaling in the first pharyngeal arch. 88
21098571 2010
Potential mechanisms for failure to eradicate group A streptococci from the pharynx. 9 38
10506234 1999
Phenoxymethyl penicillin versus co-amoxiclav in the treatment of acute streptococcal pharyngitis, and the role of beta-lactamase activity in saliva. 9 38
8647754 1996
Treatment of beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis with cefaclor or penicillin. Efficacy and interaction with beta-lactamase-producing organisms in the pharynx. 9 38
1990041 1991
Lack of influence of beta-lactamase-producing flora on recovery of group A streptococci after treatment of acute pharyngitis. 9 38
2123240 1990
Screening potential antagonists of epidermal growth factor receptor from Marsdenia tenacissima via cell membrane chromatography model assisted by HPLC-ESI-IT-TOF-MS. 38
31050008 2019
Hospital admissions for acute throat and deep neck infections versus tonsillectomy rates in Germany. 38
31214826 2019
Rare missense variants in the ALPK1 gene may predispose to periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome. 38
31053777 2019
Antibiotic prescriptions in acute otitis media and pharyngitis in Italian pediatric outpatients. 38
31420054 2019
Classification criteria for autoinflammatory recurrent fevers. 38
31018962 2019
Highly Sensitive Molecular Assay for Group A Streptococci Over-identifies Carriers and May Impact Outpatient Antimicrobial Stewardship. 38
30747832 2019
Clinical features and new diagnostic criteria for the syndrome of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis. 38
31131563 2019
Automated Detection of Streptococcus pyogenes pharyngitis using Colorex Strep A CHROMagar and WASPLab™ Artificial Intelligence Chromogenic Detection Module Software. 38
31434725 2019
Acute HIV in an Adolescent Male With Fever and Rhabdomyolysis. 38
31401024 2019
Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D syndrome with recurrent perianal abscess successfully treated with canakinumab. 38
30862258 2019
The Path to Group A Streptococcus Vaccines: World Health Organization Research and Development Technology Roadmap and Preferred Product Characteristics. 38
30624673 2019
Clinical Characteristics of Saffold Virus Infection in Children. 38
30908431 2019
Comparative study of clinical and epidemiological characteristics of major pediatric adenovirus epidemics in southern Taiwan. 38
31370781 2019
Towards better diagnostic criteria for periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis syndrome. 38
30901126 2019
Web Exclusive. Annals On Call - Fusobacterium Pharyngitis Debate. 38
31426082 2019
Prevalence and long-term persistence of beta-haemolytic streptococci throat carriage among children and young adults. 38
31418669 2019
IL-1β blockade in periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome: case-based review. 38
31324971 2019
Performance of recently proposed periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome criteria in a region endemic for familial Mediterranean fever. 38
31346686 2019
ELOM-080 as Add-On Treatment for Respiratory Tract Diseases - A Review of Clinical Studies Conducted in China. 38
31167299 2019
Infectious mononucleosis, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2002-2018. 38
31347374 2019
[A boy with a spontaneous rupture of the spleen; a complication of infectious mononucleosis]. 38
31361409 2019
Understanding group A streptococcal pharyngitis and skin infections as causes of rheumatic fever: protocol for a prospective disease incidence study. 38
31315580 2019
Concerns for efficacy of a 30-valent M-protein-based Streptococcus pyogenes vaccine in regions with high rates of rheumatic heart disease. 38
31269021 2019
Thoracic pain associated with an odontogenic infection: An unusual Lemierre's syndrome. 38
31192470 2019
Clinical gestalt to diagnose pneumonia, sinusitis, and pharyngitis: a meta-analysis. 38
31208974 2019
Novel Image Processing Method for Detecting Strep Throat (Streptococcal Pharyngitis) Using Smartphone. 38
31357633 2019
Clinical characteristics in a sentinel case as well as in a cluster of tularemia patients associated with grape harvest. 38
31071480 2019
Tissue Tropism in Streptococcal Infection: Wild-Type M1T1 Group A Streptococcus is Efficiently Cleared by Neutrophils Using an NADPH Oxidase-Dependent Mechanism in the Lung but not in the Skin. 38
31331954 2019
Simultaneous determination of eight constituents in rat plasma by HPLC-MS/MS and its application to a pharmacokinetic study after oral administration of Shejin-liyan Granule. 38
31301083 2019
Intracellular Invasion by Streptococcus pyogenes: Invasins, Host Receptors, and Relevance to Human Disease. 38
31267891 2019
Idiopathic toxic epidermal necrolysis in an adolescent. 38
30931535 2019
Predominance of emm4 and antibiotic resistance of Streptococcus pyogenes in acute pharyngitis in a southern region of Korea. 38
31169483 2019
Non-steroids anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of peritonsillar abscess in pharyngitis: a French longitudinal study in primary care†. 38
30423110 2019
The frequency of involvement of head & neck sites in referred otalgia - An experience at a tertiary care hospital. 38
31372157 2019
Streptococcal superantigen-induced expansion of human tonsil T cells leads to altered T follicular helper cell phenotype, B cell death and reduced immunoglobulin release. 38
30815853 2019
Gastric mucosal injury and hemorrhage after definitive chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced esophageal cancer. 38
31222680 2019
A Rare Complication of Oropharyngeal Tularemia: Dacryocystitis 38
31245979 2019
Clinical differentiation of infectious mononucleosis that is caused by Epstein-Barr virus or cytomegalovirus: A single-center case-control study in Japan. 38
30773381 2019
Rapid onset of orbital cellulitis after uncomplicated strabismus surgery. 38
31185285 2019
Antibiotic prescribing for tonsillopharyngitis in a general practice setting: Can the use of Modified Centor Criteria reduce antibiotic prescribing? 38
31220878 2019
Effectiveness of the probiotic Streptococcus salivarius K12 for the treatment and/or prevention of sore throat: a systematic review. 38
30616011 2019
Erythema Multiforme Associated with Herpetic Pharyngitis. 38
31360932 2019
Asymptomatic carriage of Streptococcus pyogenes among school children in Sana'a city, Yemen. 38
31200755 2019
Transcriptomic Analysis of Streptococcus pyogenes Colonizing the Vaginal Mucosa Identifies hupY, an MtsR-Regulated Adhesin Involved in Heme Utilization. 38
31239377 2019
Safety of Percutaneous Hepatic Perfusion with Melphalan in Patients with Unresectable Liver Metastases from Ocular Melanoma Using the Delcath Systems' Second-Generation Hemofiltration System: A Prospective Non-randomized Phase II Trial. 38
30767147 2019

Variations for Pharyngitis

Expression for Pharyngitis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Pharyngitis.

Pathways for Pharyngitis

GO Terms for Pharyngitis

Biological processes related to Pharyngitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0032496 9.61 PTGS2 IL1B ADH5
2 positive regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor production GO:0010575 9.46 PTGS2 IL1B
3 positive regulation of glial cell proliferation GO:0060252 9.32 IL1B ETV5
4 negative regulation of blood vessel diameter GO:0097756 9.16 PTGS2 CRP
5 positive regulation of neutrophil chemotaxis GO:0090023 9.1 CXCL8
6 response to vitamin D GO:0033280 9.07 PTGS2
7 inflammatory response GO:0006954 9.02 PTGS2 MEFV IL1B CXCL8 CRP
8 ovulation GO:0030728 8.96 PTGS2
9 positive regulation of fever generation GO:0031622 8.96 PTGS2 IL1B

Sources for Pharyngitis

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
38 LifeMap
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
55 Novoseek
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
71 Tocris
73 UMLS via Orphanet
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