Aliases & Classifications for Pilonidal Sinus

MalaCards integrated aliases for Pilonidal Sinus:

Name: Pilonidal Sinus 57

Characteristics:

OMIM®:

57 (Updated 05-Apr-2021)
Inheritance:
autosomal dominant


HPO:

31
pilonidal sinus:
Inheritance autosomal dominant inheritance


External Ids:

OMIM® 57 173000
MedGen 41 C0031925

Summaries for Pilonidal Sinus

MalaCards based summary : Pilonidal Sinus is related to folliculitis and lymphadenitis. An important gene associated with Pilonidal Sinus is CD4 (CD4 Molecule), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Allograft rejection and Immune response NFAT in immune response. The drugs Phenol and silver nitrate have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include skin, breast and endothelial, and related phenotypes are abnormality of the skin and pilonidal sinus

More information from OMIM: 173000

Related Diseases for Pilonidal Sinus

Diseases related to Pilonidal Sinus via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 121)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 folliculitis 30.1 IL2RA CD4
2 lymphadenitis 29.6 IL2RA CD4
3 rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma 10.5
4 hidradenitis suppurativa 10.4
5 body mass index quantitative trait locus 1 10.4
6 hidradenitis 10.4
7 actinomycosis 10.4
8 squamous cell carcinoma 10.3
9 cystic teratoma 10.3
10 cellulitis 10.3
11 anal fistula 10.2
12 benign teratoma 10.2
13 mature teratoma 10.2
14 neural tube defects 10.2
15 osteomyelitis 10.2
16 skin disease 10.2
17 verrucous carcinoma 10.2
18 acne 10.2
19 chordoma 10.1
20 multinucleated neurons, anhydramnios, renal dysplasia, cerebellar hypoplasia, and hydranencephaly 10.1
21 b-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma 10.1
22 epidural abscess 10.1
23 balanoposthitis 10.1
24 impotence 10.1
25 teratoma 10.1
26 benign ependymoma 10.1
27 myxopapillary ependymoma 10.1
28 cellular ependymoma 10.1
29 meningitis 10.1
30 fasciitis 10.1
31 necrotizing fasciitis 10.1
32 47,xyy 10.1
33 tièche-jadassohn nevus 10.1
34 inflammatory myopathy with abundant macrophages 10.1
35 spondyloarthropathy 1 9.9
36 epidermoid cysts 9.9
37 hypertelorism 9.9
38 ige responsiveness, atopic 9.9
39 body mass index quantitative trait locus 11 9.9
40 body mass index quantitative trait locus 9 9.9
41 body mass index quantitative trait locus 8 9.9
42 polydactyly 9.9
43 late-onset retinal degeneration 9.9
44 body mass index quantitative trait locus 4 9.9
45 body mass index quantitative trait locus 10 9.9
46 anxiety 9.9
47 body mass index quantitative trait locus 7 9.9
48 body mass index quantitative trait locus 12 9.9
49 body mass index quantitative trait locus 14 9.9
50 leptin deficiency or dysfunction 9.9

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Pilonidal Sinus:



Diseases related to Pilonidal Sinus

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Pilonidal Sinus

Human phenotypes related to Pilonidal Sinus:

31
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 abnormality of the skin 31 HP:0000951
2 pilonidal sinus 31 HP:0010769

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM®:

57 (Updated 05-Apr-2021)
Skin:
pilonidal sinus

Clinical features from OMIM®:

173000 (Updated 05-Apr-2021)

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Pilonidal Sinus according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

26 (show all 17)
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-104 9.55 IL2RA
2 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-115 9.55 IL2RA
3 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-121 9.55 IL2RA
4 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-130 9.55 IL2RA
5 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-138 9.55 IL2RA
6 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-14 9.55 CD4
7 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-147 9.55 CD4
8 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-160 9.55 CD4
9 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-174 9.55 IL2RA
10 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-19 9.55 CD4
11 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-202 9.55 IL2RA
12 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-25 9.55 IL2RA
13 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-32 9.55 CD4
14 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-34 9.55 IL2RA
15 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-46 9.55 IL2RA
16 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-52 9.55 IL2RA
17 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-67 9.55 IL2RA

Drugs & Therapeutics for Pilonidal Sinus

Drugs for Pilonidal Sinus (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 47)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Phenol Approved, Experimental Phase 4 108-95-2 996
2
silver nitrate Approved, Investigational Phase 4 7761-88-8
3 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 4
4 Sclerosing Solutions Phase 4
5 Anti-Infective Agents, Local Phase 4
6 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 4
7 Disinfectants Phase 4
8
Metronidazole Approved Phase 2 443-48-1 4173
9
Titanium dioxide Approved Phase 2 13463-67-7
10
Petrolatum Approved, Investigational Phase 2 8009-03-8
11 Anti-Bacterial Agents Phase 2
12 Antiparasitic Agents Phase 2
13 Antiprotozoal Agents Phase 2
14 Anesthetics Phase 1
15
Methylene blue Approved, Investigational 61-73-4
16
Povidone Approved 9003-39-8 131751496
17
Hydrogen peroxide Approved, Vet_approved 7722-84-1 784
18
Iodine Approved, Investigational 7553-56-2 807
19
Clindamycin Approved, Vet_approved 18323-44-9 29029
20
Ampicillin Approved, Vet_approved 69-53-4 6249
21
Sulbactam Approved 68373-14-8
22
Clonidine Approved 4205-90-7 2803
23
Lidocaine Approved, Vet_approved 137-58-6 3676
24
Bupivacaine Approved, Investigational 2180-92-9, 38396-39-3 2474
25
Povidone-iodine Approved 25655-41-8
26
Cadexomer iodine Experimental 94820-09-4
27
Ornidazole Investigational 16773-42-5
28 Mitogens
29 Antibiotics, Antitubercular
30 Clindamycin phosphate
31 Clindamycin palmitate
32 Coagulants
33 Surgiflo
34 Calcium, Dietary
35 Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
36 Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
37 Sodium Channel Blockers
38 Adrenergic Agents
39 Neurotransmitter Agents
40 Antihypertensive Agents
41 Sympatholytics
42 Anesthetics, Local
43 Diuretics, Potassium Sparing
44 Analgesics
45 Adrenergic Agonists
46 Hemostatics
47
Calcium Nutraceutical 7440-70-2 271

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 57)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Recurrence, Complications, Work-off Date, Healing Time and Patients Willingness in Karydakis Technique for Treatment of Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Sinus Versus Excision With Healing by Secondary Intention (EHSI)Technique Completed NCT00716937 Phase 4
2 Factors Affecting Outcomes of Crystallized Phenol Application in the Treatment of Pilonidal Sinus Disease Recruiting NCT04681443 Phase 4 Crystallized phenol application
3 Comparison of Phenol and Silver Nitrate Application in the Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Sinus: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study Recruiting NCT04560049 Phase 4 Silver Nitrate;Phenol
4 Interest in the Use of Dressings With Honey for Wound Healing After Excision of Pilonidal Cyst Recruiting NCT02485860 Phase 4
5 An Expertise-based Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Midline Excision Versus Karydakis Operation at Surgery for Pilonidal Sinus Completed NCT00412659 Phase 2, Phase 3
6 Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial Evaluating the Effects of Metronidazole Ointment in Facilitating Resolution of Non-healing Pilonidal Sinus Wounds. Not yet recruiting NCT04273997 Phase 2 Metronidazole 10% ointment;Placebo ointment
7 Videoendoscopic Pilonidal Sinus Surgery. A New Technique Unknown status NCT01583751 Phase 1
8 Endoscopic Treatment of Pilonidal Sinus May Decrease the Recurrence After Crystallized Phenol Application Completed NCT02277340 Phase 1
9 Ghnnam Excision Technique for Pilonidal Sinus Completed NCT01399320 Phase 1
10 Randomized Controlled Trial of Non-Powered Negative Pressure Wound Therapy vs Open Technique for Pilonidal Disease Unknown status NCT03483480
11 Pore Excision, Curettage, and Injection of a Tissue Scaffold as Treatment for Pilonidal Disease Unknown status NCT00493493
12 Crystallized Phenol Application Versus Transposition Flaps for Treatment of Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Disease: A Prospective Randomized Study Unknown status NCT01792557 Crystallized phenol
13 Comparison of Bascom Cleft Lift Technique Versus Limberg Flap Closure for Treatment of Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Disease: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating for Patient Satisfaction and Early Recurrence Unknown status NCT01337869
14 Video Assisted Ablation of Pilonidal Sinus. Evaluation of Safety and Efficacy of a New Minimally Invasive Technique Unknown status NCT01963273
15 A Feasibility Study of a Novel Technique for Pilonidal Wound Healing on Patient, Financial, and Quality of Life Outcomes Unknown status NCT02330159
16 De-roofing and Curettage Versus Wide Local Excision for the Treatment of Acute Pilonidal Abscess: A Randomised Controlled Trial Unknown status NCT03415347
17 Primary Wound Closure Using a Limberg Flap Versus Secondary Wound Healing Following Pilonidal Sinus Excision: Short-term Results of a Randomized Controlled Multicenter Trial Completed NCT01889394
18 Comparative Analysis of the Same technique-the Same Surgeon Approach in the Surgical Treatment of Pilonidal Sinus Disease: A Retrospective Cohort Study Completed NCT02849197
19 Effects of Reduction Dead Space Volume With Karydakis Modification Completed NCT02574936
20 A Novel Technique in the Treatment of Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Sinus Disease: Effect of Reduction of Dead-space With Asymmetric Primary Closure and Additional Skin Excision Technique. Completed NCT03424057
21 Prospective Evaluation of Feasibility and Results of the Treatment of Pilonidal Sinus by Excision and Covering of the Defect With a Limberg-flap. Completed NCT00672555
22 Interventional Study of the Relatively New Surgical Techniques on the Treatment of Pilonidal Sinus Disease Completed NCT02116738
23 Importance of Erroneous Off-midline Closure as a Recurrence Factor in Limberg Flap Reconstruction in Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Sinus: a Multicenter, Matched-case-control Study Completed NCT02663466
24 Randomised Prospective Comparison of Tension-free Primary Closure, Karydakis and Limberg Flap Methods in Treatment of Pilonidal Sinus Disease Completed NCT02186964
25 Karydakis Procedure Vs Limberg Flap in Treatment of Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Sinus Completed NCT03765086
26 Lateral Advancement Adipo-Fascio-Cutaneous Flap Versus Classic Limberg Flap in The Treatment Of Non-Complicated Pilonidal Sinus: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial Completed NCT04572919
27 Does Intraoperative Methylene Blue Guidance in Pilonidal Sinus Surgery Really Effective in Total Excision of the Nest ? Completed NCT01513382
28 Phase 1 STRENGTHENING OF THE SACROCOCCYGEAL FASCIA IN THE SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PILONIDAL SINUS DISEASE Completed NCT01876537
29 Application of PRGF (Plasma Rich in Growth Factors) to Reduce the Healing Time After Pilonidal Sinus Excision. A Randomized 5-years Prospective Controlled Trial. Completed NCT02246192
30 Randomized Prospective Comparison of Crystallized Phenol and Platelet Rich Plasma Applications in Treatment of Pilonidal Sinus Disease Completed NCT03070028
31 Pilonidal Sinus Disease: Preliminary Case-control Study on Heat-related Wound Dehiscence Completed NCT03764657
32 Effectiveness of Limberg and Karydakis Flap in Recurrent Pilonidal Sinus Disease Completed NCT02287935
33 A Proposed Staging System for Chronic Symptomatic Pilonidal Sinus Disease and Results in Patients Treated With Stage-based Approach Completed NCT02712970
34 A Preliminary, Non-comparative Study to Evaluate a Bioresorbable Wound Scaffold in Acute Wounds Completed NCT01081522
35 Application of Platelet-rich Plasma for the Management of Pilonidal Sinus Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial of Different Treatment Modalities Completed NCT04697082
36 Previously Operated Recurrent Pilonidal Sinus Treated With Crystallized Phenol: Twenty Years Experience Completed NCT04423510
37 Pilonidal Excision Versus Endoscopic Surgery Completed NCT03923621
38 Bilateral Gluteal Fascio-myo-cutaneous Advancement Flap in Treatment of Recurrent Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Disease Completed NCT02621879
39 Video Assisted Ablation of Pilonidal Sinus Versus Convention Off-midline Bas Com Cleft Lift Procedure Completed NCT02222298
40 The Most Frequently Preferred Surgical Method In The Treatment Of Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Disease; Multicenter Cohort Study Completed NCT04599517
41 Comparison Between Laying Open and Sinus Excision of Pilonidal Sinus - a Randomized Study Completed NCT00997048
42 Treatment of Pilonidal Sinus Disease Using Surgiflo as a Sealant: A New Concept Completed NCT02638064
43 Conservative Versus Surgical Treatment of Umbilical Pilonidal Sinus Disease: A Prospective, Randomised, and Multicenter Clinical Trial Completed NCT01662765
44 Combined Open and Closed Approach for Management of Pilonidal Sinus by Special U-shaped Sutures Without Drain. Completed NCT04017260
45 Assessment of the Effect of Platelet Rich Plasma on the Healing of Operated Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Sinus by Open Method Completed NCT04430413
46 Umbilical Pilonidal Sinus: an Underestimated and Little-known Clinical Entity - Report of Two Cases Completed NCT03007173
47 Sorbact TM: Effect of a Microbial Binding Dressing on Wound Healing After Pilonidal Sinus Excision Completed NCT02011802
48 Routine Histological Analysis of Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Sinus Specimens, Retrospective Analysis of 1971 Resections. Completed NCT04356768
49 Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial of Mobilized Gluteus Maximus Muscle Fascia Flap Versus Primary Closure in the Treatment of Primary and Recurrent Pilonidal Sinus Disease. Recruiting NCT03914729
50 a Prospective, Randomized, Double-blind Study. comparıson of Karydakis Flap and Limberg Flap Treatment of Pilonidal Sinus in Adolescent. a Prospective, Randomised Study Recruiting NCT04217824

Search NIH Clinical Center for Pilonidal Sinus

Genetic Tests for Pilonidal Sinus

Anatomical Context for Pilonidal Sinus

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Pilonidal Sinus:

40
Skin, Breast, Endothelial, Bone Marrow, Eye, Bone, T Cells

Publications for Pilonidal Sinus

Articles related to Pilonidal Sinus:

(show top 50) (show all 1288)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Hereditary pilonidal sinus. 57 61
5820262 1969
2
PILONIDAL SINUS: COCCYGEAL FISTULA. 57 61
17864995 1924
3
Clinical and demographic features of hidradenitis suppurativa: a multicentre study of 1221 patients with an analysis of risk factors associated with disease severity. 61
33030217 2021
4
The EPIC procedure (Endoscopic-assisted Pilonidal Irrigation and Cleaning): a simple and effective treatment for pilonidal disease. 61
33721093 2021
5
Patient decision-making and regret in pilonidal sinus surgery: a mixed-methods study. 61
33645880 2021
6
Pilonidal sinus involving the breast in a man: A case report and literature review. 61
33761692 2021
7
A mapping review of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease. 61
33728570 2021
8
Rethinking the causes of pilonidal sinus disease: a matched cohort study. 61
33737662 2021
9
Negative pressure-assisted endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment. 61
33755853 2021
10
Cause of an acute abdomen never seen: Intraabdominal perforation of an umbilical pilonidal sinus abscess. 61
33630288 2021
11
Pilonidal Sinus Disease: An Analysis of the Factors Affecting Recurrence. 61
33443913 2021
12
Pilonidal sinus of the cheek: an extremely rare clinical entity-case report and brief review of the literature. 61
33563340 2021
13
Pilonidal sinus disease of the penis: A case report and review of the literature. 61
33099795 2021
14
Pilonidal Sinus Disease: Early Surgery and the Limberg Flap Improve Patient Outcomes. 61
33443909 2021
15
Early versus delayed endoscopic treatment of acute pilonidal abscess: a propensity score-matched analysis. 61
33011845 2021
16
Is it Necessary to Perform a Histopathological Examination of Pilonidal Sinus Excision Material? 61
33517687 2021
17
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound with peroxide hydrogen for hidradenitis suppurativa and pilonidal sinus presurgical mapping. 61
33428974 2021
18
Endoscopic Approach to Recurrent Pilonidal Sinus: A Retrospective Analysis. 61
32678724 2021
19
SMILE technique for pilonidal sinus destruction with a radial laser probe-a video vignette. 61
33415831 2021
20
Combined Horizontal Split Gluteus Maximus Muscle and Fasciocutaneous Limberg Flaps for Reconstruction of Recurrent Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Sinus. 61
33425568 2020
21
Pilonidal sinus: is histological examination necessary? 61
33369840 2020
22
[Wound Healing Disorders after Excision and Open Treatment for Pilonidal Sinus]. 61
33336345 2020
23
Injection of freshly collected autologous adipose tissue into non-healing wounds after closed incision pilonidal surgery. 61
32648140 2020
24
The epidemiology of hidradenitis suppurativa. 61
32880911 2020
25
Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Proposal of Classification in Two Endotypes with Two-Step Cluster Analysis. 61
33171462 2020
26
Laser depilation as adjuvant therapy in prevention of recurrence of pilonidal sinus disease: initial experience of a district general hospital in the UK. 61
32302208 2020
27
PILONIDAL SINUS MANAGEMENT: BASCOM FLAP VERSUS PILONIDAL PITS EXCISION, A SINGLE CENTER EXPERIENCE. 61
33171038 2020
28
Endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment: A minimally invasive surgical technique. 61
33185031 2020
29
Global Gender Differences in Pilonidal Sinus Disease: A Random-Effects Meta-Analysis. 61
32681319 2020
30
Use of Silver Nitrate Application as Mini-Invasive Treatment of Pilonidal Sinus Disease. 61
33378636 2020
31
Outcomes of Two Treatments for Uncomplicated Pilonidal Sinus Disease: Karydakis Flap Procedure and Sinus Tract Ablation Procedure Using a 1,470 nm Diode Laser Combined With Pit Excision. 61
32064640 2020
32
Endoscopic pilonidal sinus resection (EPSI-R): a new method. 61
32458124 2020
33
Patient's preference should be given importance while deciding procedure to treat pilonidal sinus disease. 61
33710726 2020
34
Treatment of young patients with pilonidal sinus disease with the original (unmodified) Limberg flap standardized for the first time. 61
32353919 2020
35
Long-term outcomes of crystallized phenol application for the treatment of pilonidal sinus disease. 61
32885705 2020
36
Limberg flap for the management of pilonidal sinus reduces disease recurrence compared to Karydakis and Bascom procedure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. 61
32975384 2020
37
Primary Transverse Closure Compared to Open Wound Treatment for Primary Pilonidal Sinus Disease in Children. 61
33080769 2020
38
Complications And Recurrence After The Karydakis Flap Surgery. 61
33729169 2020
39
Postauricular Masses. 61
32604279 2020
40
Assessment of the effect of platelet rich plasma on the healing of operated sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus by lay-open technique: a randomized clinical trial. 61
32962673 2020
41
Fasciocutaneous Elliptical Rotation Flap for Pilonidal Sinus Disease and Its Outcomes. 61
33778388 2020
42
Turkey is leading in the 21st century pilonidal sinus disease research. 61
33778384 2020
43
Standardization of Pre- and Postoperative Management Using Laser Epilation and Oxygen-Enriched Oil-Based Gel Dressing in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Pediatric Endoscopic Pilonidal Sinus Treatment (PEPSiT). 61
32964496 2020
44
Pilonidal sinus disease: Review of current practice and prospects for endoscopic treatment. 61
32793341 2020
45
Risk factors of pilonidal sinus disease in preparatory school students; a case control study. 61
32714525 2020
46
Surgical procedures in the pilonidal sinus disease: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. 61
32792519 2020
47
Effect of platelet-rich plasma on healing in laser pilonidoplasty for pilonidal sinus disease. 61
32862404 2020
48
Limberg flap for pilonidal sinus disease - a video vignette. 61
32065481 2020
49
Urachal Sinus Complicated by an Umbilical Abscess. 61
32905066 2020
50
Conservative Sinusectomy vs. excision and primary off-midline closure for pilonidal disease: a randomized controlled trial. 61
32144531 2020

Variations for Pilonidal Sinus

Expression for Pilonidal Sinus

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Pilonidal Sinus.

Pathways for Pilonidal Sinus

Pathways related to Pilonidal Sinus according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 11)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
12.24 IL2RA CD4
2
Show member pathways
12.03 IL2RA CD4
3
Show member pathways
11.99 IL2RA CD4
4
Show member pathways
11.81 IL2RA CD4
5 11.74 IL2RA CD4
6 11.43 IL2RA CD4
7
Show member pathways
11.37 IL2RA CD4
8 11.25 IL2RA CD4
9 11.06 IL2RA CD4
10 10.62 IL2RA CD4
11 10.07 IL2RA CD4

GO Terms for Pilonidal Sinus

Cellular components related to Pilonidal Sinus according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cell surface GO:0009986 8.96 IL2RA CD4
2 external side of plasma membrane GO:0009897 8.62 IL2RA CD4

Biological processes related to Pilonidal Sinus according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 immune response GO:0006955 9.26 IL2RA CD4
2 cell surface receptor signaling pathway GO:0007166 9.16 IL2RA CD4
3 cytokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0019221 8.96 IL2RA CD4
4 positive regulation of T cell proliferation GO:0042102 8.62 IL2RA CD4

Sources for Pilonidal Sinus

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
20 GARD
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 05-Apr-2021)
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 Tocris
70 UMLS
71 UMLS via Orphanet
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