MCID: PLY006
MIFTS: 59

Polydactyly

Categories: Bone diseases, Fetal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Polydactyly

MalaCards integrated aliases for Polydactyly:

Name: Polydactyly 57 12 76 53 29 55 6 44 15 40
Postaxial Polydactyly 12 37 29 6
Polydactyly, Postaxial 44 73
Non-Syndromic Polydactyly 53
Polydactyly Postaxial 76
Supernumerary Digits 53
Supernumerary Digit 12
Polydactylism 53
Extra Digits 53
Hyperdactyly 53
Polydactylia 53

Classifications:



External Ids:

OMIM 57 603596
Disease Ontology 12 DOID:1148
ICD10 33 Q69 Q69.9
ICD9CM 35 755.0 755.00
NCIt 50 C87110
SNOMED-CT 68 74537000
MedGen 42 C0152427
KEGG 37 H01852

Summaries for Polydactyly

NIH Rare Diseases : 53 Polydactyly is a condition in which a person has more than five fingers per hand or five toes per foot. It is the most common birth defect of the hand and foot. Polydactyly can occur as an isolated finding such that the person has no other physical anomalies or intellectual impairment. However, it can occur in association with other birth defects and cognitive abnormalities as part of a genetic syndrome. In some cases, the extra digits may be well-formed and functional. Surgery may be considered especially for poorly formed digits or very large extra digits. Surgical management depends greatly on the complexity of the deformity.

MalaCards based summary : Polydactyly, also known as postaxial polydactyly, is related to polydactyly, preaxial ii and polydactyly, postaxial, type a1. An important gene associated with Polydactyly is MKS1 (Meckel Syndrome, Type 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Signaling by Hedgehog and Organelle biogenesis and maintenance. The drugs Hydroxocobalamin and Methylcobalamin have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include heart, bone and kidney, and related phenotypes are Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) and Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2)

Wikipedia : 76 Polydactyly or polydactylism (from Greek, Modern �?ολύ�? (polys), meaning ''many'', and δάκ�?�?λο�?... more...

Description from OMIM: 603596

Related Diseases for Polydactyly

Diseases in the Polydactyly family:

Central Polydactyly

Diseases related to Polydactyly via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 413)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 polydactyly, preaxial ii 33.9 LMBR1 SHH
2 polydactyly, postaxial, type a1 33.9 GLI3 ZNF141
3 tibia, hypoplasia or aplasia of, with polydactyly 33.9 LMBR1 SHH
4 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 3 with or without polydactyly 33.8 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 NEK1 TCTEX1D2 WDR34 WDR35
5 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 1 with or without polydactyly 33.6 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 WDR34 WDR35 WDR60
6 pallister-hall syndrome 32.8 GLI3 MKKS SHH
7 laurin-sandrow syndrome 32.8 LMBR1 MIPOL1 SHH
8 asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy 32.4 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 IFT81 NEK1 TCTEX1D2 WDR34
9 ellis-van creveld syndrome 32.3 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 NEK1 TCTEX1D2 WDR35
10 mckusick-kaufman syndrome 32.2 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 GLI3 MKKS
11 hydrolethalus syndrome 1 31.6 BBS2 BBS4 MKS1 SHH
12 syndactyly, type iv 31.4 LMBR1 SHH
13 bardet-biedl syndrome 4 31.4 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4
14 meckel syndrome, type 1 31.3 BBS1 BBS4 MKS1
15 bardet-biedl syndrome 3 31.3 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4
16 bardet-biedl syndrome 17 31.2 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 SHH
17 bardet-biedl syndrome 8 31.0 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 TTC8
18 bardet-biedl syndrome 1 31.0 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS
19 bardet-biedl syndrome 30.9 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS MKS1 TTC8
20 bardet-biedl syndrome 13 30.8 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 MKS1
21 bardet-biedl syndrome 18 30.8 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 TTC8
22 bardet-biedl syndrome 6 30.8 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS
23 bardet-biedl syndrome 15 30.8 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS
24 radial hemimelia 29.9 LMBR1 SHH
25 cleft lip/palate 29.6 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 IFT81 NEK1 TCTEX1D2 WDR34
26 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 6 with or without polydactyly 12.6
27 megalencephaly-polymicrogyria-polydactyly-hydrocephalus syndrome 1 12.5
28 polydactyly, preaxial i 12.5
29 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 10 with or without polydactyly 12.4
30 polydactyly, preaxial iv 12.4
31 polydactyly, preaxial iii 12.4
32 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 7 with or without polydactyly 12.4
33 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 4 with or without polydactyly 12.3
34 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 5 with or without polydactyly 12.3
35 dandy-walker malformation with postaxial polydactyly 12.3
36 preaxial deficiency, postaxial polydactyly, and hypospadias 12.3
37 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 2 with or without polydactyly 12.3
38 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 8 with or without polydactyly 12.3
39 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 11 with or without polydactyly 12.3
40 tibia absent polydactyly arachnoid cyst 12.3
41 scalp defects and postaxial polydactyly 12.2
42 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 14 with polydactyly 12.2
43 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 19 with or without polydactyly 12.2
44 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 15 with polydactyly 12.2
45 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 16 with or without polydactyly 12.2
46 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 17 with or without polydactyly 12.2
47 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 18 with polydactyly 12.2
48 short-rib thoracic dysplasia 9 with or without polydactyly 12.2
49 polydactyly, postaxial, type a7 12.2
50 polydactyly, postaxial, with progressive myopia 12.2

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Polydactyly:



Diseases related to Polydactyly

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Polydactyly

Clinical features from OMIM:

603596

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Polydactyly according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

26 (show all 14)
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-114 9.83 ZNF141
2 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-124 9.83 NEK1
3 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-158 9.83 BBS1 NEK1 ZNF141
4 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-168 9.83 ZNF141
5 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-182 9.83 NEK1
6 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-208 9.83 ZNF141
7 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-25 9.83 BBS1
8 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-29 9.83 NEK1
9 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-42 9.83 BBS1
10 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-43 9.83 ZNF141
11 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-52 9.83 ZNF141
12 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-76 9.83 NEK1
13 Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) GR00366-A-81 9.83 NEK1
14 Increased vaccinia virus (VACV) infection GR00249-S 9.62 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 CCND2 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Polydactyly:

46 (show all 15)
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cellular MP:0005384 10.28 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 GLI3
2 growth/size/body region MP:0005378 10.27 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 GLI3
3 cardiovascular system MP:0005385 10.25 BBS1 BBS4 CCND2 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 GLI3
4 mortality/aging MP:0010768 10.25 BBS1 BBS4 CCND2 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 GLI3
5 nervous system MP:0003631 10.22 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 CCND2 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1
6 craniofacial MP:0005382 10.18 BBS1 BBS4 DYNC2H1 GLI3 MKKS MKS1
7 limbs/digits/tail MP:0005371 10.16 BBS1 BBS2 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 GLI3 LMBR1
8 digestive/alimentary MP:0005381 10.05 BBS2 BBS4 DYNC2H1 GLI3 MKS1 SHH
9 renal/urinary system MP:0005367 10.02 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 DYNC2H1 GLI3 MKS1
10 reproductive system MP:0005389 9.97 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 CCND2 GLI3 MKKS
11 hearing/vestibular/ear MP:0005377 9.95 BBS1 BBS4 GLI3 MKKS MKS1 SHH
12 respiratory system MP:0005388 9.91 BBS1 BBS4 DYNC2H1 GLI3 MKKS MKS1
13 skeleton MP:0005390 9.76 DYNC2H1 GLI3 LMBR1 MKS1 NEK1 SHH
14 taste/olfaction MP:0005394 9.5 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 GLI3 MKKS SHH
15 vision/eye MP:0005391 9.36 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 CCND2 DYNC2H1 GLI3

Drugs & Therapeutics for Polydactyly

Drugs for Polydactyly (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 18)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Hydroxocobalamin Approved Not Applicable 13422-51-0 11953898 44475014
2
Methylcobalamin Approved, Experimental, Investigational Not Applicable 13422-55-4
3
leucovorin Approved Not Applicable 58-05-9 6006 143
4
Cyanocobalamin Approved, Nutraceutical Not Applicable 68-19-9 44176380
5
Folic Acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Not Applicable 59-30-3 6037
6
Cobalamin Experimental Not Applicable 13408-78-1 6438156
7 Insulin, Globin Zinc
8 insulin
9 Liver Extracts
10 Vitamins Not Applicable
11 Micronutrients Not Applicable
12 Vitamin B9 Not Applicable
13 Vitamin B Complex Not Applicable
14 Folate Not Applicable
15 Hematinics Not Applicable
16 Trace Elements Not Applicable
17 Vitamin B 12 Not Applicable
18 Vitamin B12 Not Applicable

Interventional clinical trials:


# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Reconstructive of Multiple-digit Soft-tissue Defects Using Regional Dorsal Digital Flaps Completed NCT03717220 Not Applicable
2 Triphalangeal Thumbs in the Pediatric Population: Long Term Outcomes Following Surgical Intervention Completed NCT01409980
3 Phenotype and Etiology of Pallister-Hall Syndrome Completed NCT00001404
4 Genetics and Clinical Characteristics of Bardet-Biedl Syndrome Terminated NCT00078091
5 Bardet-Biedl Syndrome Study: Clinical and Genetic Epidemiology Study in Adults Completed NCT00213811
6 Clinical and Molecular Investigations Into Ciliopathies Completed NCT00068224
7 Visualize Nociceptor Changes in Neuropathic Human Not yet recruiting NCT03112057 Not Applicable
8 Effectiveness of Comprehensive Tertiary Interventions on Incidence and Clinical Outcomes of Birth Defects Recruiting NCT03725878 Not Applicable

Search NIH Clinical Center for Polydactyly

Cochrane evidence based reviews: polydactyly

Genetic Tests for Polydactyly

Genetic tests related to Polydactyly:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Postaxial Polydactyly 29 GLI3
2 Polydactyly 29

Anatomical Context for Polydactyly

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Polydactyly:

41
Heart, Bone, Kidney, Liver, Brain, Tongue, Thyroid

Publications for Polydactyly

Articles related to Polydactyly:

(show top 50) (show all 973)
# Title Authors Year
1
Experimental evidence that preaxial polydactyly and forearm radial deficiencies may share a common developmental origin. ( 29587601 )
2018
2
Secondary infection of preaxial polydactyly following varicella infection. ( 29536966 )
2018
3
Polydactyly, postaxial, type B. ( 29377639 )
2018
4
Prenatal diagnosis of short-rib polydactyly syndrome type III or short-rib thoracic dysplasia 3 with or without polydactyly (SRTD3) associated with compound heterozygous mutations in DYNC2H1 in aA fetus. ( 29458881 )
2018
5
Radial Polydactyly. What's New?. ( 29366421 )
2018
6
Extreme phenotypic variability of a novel GLI2 mutation in a large family with panhypopituitarism and polydactyly: clinical implications. ( 29876959 )
2018
7
Visual Diagnosis: Visual Impairment, Polydactyly, and Obesity: Red Flags in a Child. ( 29716976 )
2018
8
A threshold model for polydactyly. ( 29739620 )
2018
9
Complete First Ray Polydactyly: A Case Report. ( 29748102 )
2018
10
A rare case of ulnar polydactyly. ( 29806522 )
2018
11
The association between preaxial polydactyly and radial longitudinal deficiency in syndromic cases: a report on nine families. ( 29451098 )
2018
12
Empty sella associated with growth hormone deficiency and polydactyly. ( 29940653 )
2018
13
Expanding the phenotype associated with biallelic WDR60 mutations: Siblings with retinal degeneration and polydactyly lacking other features of short rib thoracic dystrophies. ( 29271569 )
2018
14
Proliferation of nerve fibres as a novel feature of pacifier polydactyly. ( 29547129 )
2018
15
Identity-by-descent refines mapping of candidate regions for preaxial polydactyly II /III in a large Chinese pedigree. ( 28690477 )
2018
16
An On-Top-Plasty Reconstruction for Complicated Radial Polydactyly. ( 29313380 )
2018
17
Polydactyly of the Hand. ( 29309292 )
2018
18
Whole exome sequencing reveals a mutation in ARMC9 as a cause of mental retardation, ptosis, and polydactyly. ( 29159890 )
2018
19
A Novel CCND2 Mutation in a Previously Reported Case of Megalencephaly and Perisylvian Polymicrogyria with Postaxial Polydactyly and Hydrocephalus. ( 29642246 )
2018
20
Zone of Polarizing Activity Regulatory Sequence Mutations/Duplications with Preaxial Polydactyly and Longitudinal Preaxial Ray Deficiency in the Phenotype: A Review of Human Cases, Animal Models, and Insights Regarding the Pathogenesis. ( 29651423 )
2018
21
Early prenatal detection of Bardet-Biedl syndrome in a case with postaxial polydactyly and hyperechoic kidneys confirmed by next generation sequencing. ( 30073714 )
2018
22
A familial syndrome of hypothalamic hamartomas, polydactyly, and SMO mutations: a clinical report of 2 cases. ( 30497210 )
2018
23
Thenar Dysplasia in Radial Polydactyly Depends on the Level of Bifurcation. ( 29280874 )
2018
24
Mutation of FOP/FGFR1OP in mice recapitulates human short rib-polydactyly ciliopathy. ( 29982567 )
2018
25
Synchronous Chiari III Malformation and Polydactyly. ( 30059779 )
2018
26
A novel insertion and deletion mutation in the BHLHA9 underlies polydactyly and mesoaxial synostotic syndactyly with phalangeal reduction. ( 30107244 )
2018
27
Corrigendum to "Identification of a c.544C>T mutation in WDR34 as a deleterious recessive allele of short rib-polydactyly syndrome" [Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 56 (2017) 857-862]. ( 30122595 )
2018
28
Mutational Screening of GLI3, SHH, and SHH ZRS in 78 Chinese Children with Nonsyndromic Polydactyly. ( 30235038 )
2018
29
Prenatal diagnosis of a familial 1q21.1-q21.2 microdeletion in a fetus with polydactyly of left foot on prenatal ultrasound. ( 30342663 )
2018
30
Early prenatal detection of short-rib polydactyly syndrome in a monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy. ( 30375052 )
2018
31
Radial polydactyly: putting together evolution, development and clinical anatomy. ( 30376762 )
2018
32
Surgical treatment of polydactyly and syndactyly during the 4th century AD. ( 30388389 )
2018
33
FAM92A Underlies Nonsyndromic Postaxial Polydactyly in Humans and an Abnormal Limb and Digit Skeletal Phenotype in Mice. ( 30395363 )
2018
34
To Tie or Not to Tie: A Systematic Review of Postaxial Polydactyly and Outcomes of Suture Ligation Versus Surgical Excision. ( 30417703 )
2018
35
A Case of Thumb Polydactyly which Ulnar Thumb Has No Active Motion in Ring Chromosome 4. ( 30428788 )
2018
36
Accurate Osteotomy for the Treatment of a Rare Case of Postaxial Polydactyly of the Foot That Originated From a Deformed Calcaneus Using a 3D-Printed Guiding Plate. ( 30448182 )
2018
37
Clinical Genetics of Polydactyly: An Updated Review. ( 30459804 )
2018
38
Transposition of Duplicated Thumb for Reconstruction of Asymmetric Radial Polydactyly. ( 30461458 )
2018
39
A Case of Single Atrium, Mitral Valve Prolapse Spontaneously - Closed Inlet VSD with Polydactyly. ( 30487512 )
2018
40
Complex postaxial polydactyly types A and B with camptodactyly, hypoplastic third toe, zygodactyly and other digit anomalies caused by a novel GLI3 mutation. ( 28315472 )
2017
41
Does timing of surgery influence the long-term results of foot polydactyly treatment? ( 29409237 )
2017
42
Oblique osteotomy for the correction of the zigzag deformity of Wassel type IV polydactyly. ( 28820841 )
2017
43
Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in a Female Child With Polydactyly and a Pelvic Mass: Consider the McKusick-Kaufman Syndrome. ( 28153592 )
2017
44
Identification of a c.544C>T mutation in WDR34 as a deleterious recessive allele of short rib-polydactyly syndrome. ( 29241935 )
2017
45
Genetic pattern and gene localization of polydactyly in Beijing fatty chicken. ( 28489934 )
2017
46
Incidence of Acute Complications Following SurgeryA for Syndactyly and Polydactyly: An Analysis of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Database from 2012 to 2014. ( 28648327 )
2017
47
Analysis of surgical results and of residual postoperative deformities in preaxial polydactyly of the hand. ( 28579036 )
2017
48
Polydactyly suggesting local husbandry of Pre-Columbian camelids: A case from Castillo de Huarmey archaeological site, northern coast of Peru. ( 28290309 )
2017
49
Preaxial polydactyly of the foot. ( 28946786 )
2017
50
Polydactyly in Development, Inheritance, and Evolution. ( 29558608 )
2017

Variations for Polydactyly

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Polydactyly:

6 (show top 50) (show all 298)
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 MKS1 NM_017777.3(MKS1): c.1476T> G (p.Cys492Trp) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs137853105 GRCh37 Chromosome 17, 56283840: 56283840
2 MKS1 NM_017777.3(MKS1): c.1476T> G (p.Cys492Trp) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs137853105 GRCh38 Chromosome 17, 58206479: 58206479
3 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.2179G> A (p.Gly727Arg) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs121917710 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42007446: 42007446
4 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.2179G> A (p.Gly727Arg) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs121917710 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41967848: 41967848
5 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.3083G> T (p.Ser1028Ile) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs79049330 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42005588: 42005588
6 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.3083G> T (p.Ser1028Ile) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs79049330 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41965990: 41965990
7 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.3084C> T (p.Ser1028=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs79703713 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42005587: 42005587
8 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.3084C> T (p.Ser1028=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs79703713 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41965989: 41965989
9 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.2826G> C (p.Pro942=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs34245321 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42005845: 42005845
10 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.2826G> C (p.Pro942=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs34245321 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41966247: 41966247
11 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.3664C> T (p.Pro1222Ser) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs118149040 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42005007: 42005007
12 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.3664C> T (p.Pro1222Ser) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs118149040 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41965409: 41965409
13 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.2835G> C (p.Leu945=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs61758978 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42005836: 42005836
14 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.2835G> C (p.Leu945=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs61758978 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41966238: 41966238
15 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.1207G> A (p.Val403Ile) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs201070431 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 42026234: 42026234
16 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.1207G> A (p.Val403Ile) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs201070431 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42065833: 42065833
17 MKS1 NM_017777.3(MKS1): c.1115_1117delCCT (p.Ser372del) deletion Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic rs754279998 GRCh37 Chromosome 17, 56285514: 56285516
18 MKS1 NM_017777.3(MKS1): c.1115_1117delCCT (p.Ser372del) deletion Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic rs754279998 GRCh38 Chromosome 17, 58208153: 58208155
19 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.*30G> T single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs77886553 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42003898: 42003898
20 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.*30G> T single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs77886553 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41964300: 41964300
21 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.*11A> G single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs139896177 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42003917: 42003917
22 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.*11A> G single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs139896177 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41964319: 41964319
23 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.4609C> T (p.Arg1537Cys) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs35364414 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42004062: 42004062
24 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.4609C> T (p.Arg1537Cys) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs35364414 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41964464: 41964464
25 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.4071C> T (p.Tyr1357=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs34089404 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41965002: 41965002
26 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.4071C> T (p.Tyr1357=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs34089404 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42004600: 42004600
27 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.4020C> T (p.Pro1340=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs35139358 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42004651: 42004651
28 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.4020C> T (p.Pro1340=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs35139358 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41965053: 41965053
29 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.4007G> A (p.Gly1336Glu) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs35280470 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42004664: 42004664
30 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.4007G> A (p.Gly1336Glu) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs35280470 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41965066: 41965066
31 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.3894G> A (p.Pro1298=) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs530418832 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42004777: 42004777
32 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.3894G> A (p.Pro1298=) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs530418832 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41965179: 41965179
33 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.3774C> G (p.Leu1258=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs35448119 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42004897: 42004897
34 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.3774C> G (p.Leu1258=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs35448119 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41965299: 41965299
35 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.2993C> T (p.Pro998Leu) single nucleotide variant Benign rs929387 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41966080: 41966080
36 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.2993C> T (p.Pro998Leu) single nucleotide variant Benign rs929387 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42005678: 42005678
37 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.1509C> T (p.Asn503=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs34020684 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42018336: 42018336
38 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.1509C> T (p.Asn503=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs34020684 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 41978737: 41978737
39 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.1393G> C (p.Gly465Arg) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs35488756 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42063171: 42063171
40 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.1393G> C (p.Gly465Arg) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs35488756 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 42023572: 42023572
41 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.1356+11G> C single nucleotide variant Benign rs846273 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42064852: 42064852
42 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.1356+11G> C single nucleotide variant Benign rs846273 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 42025253: 42025253
43 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.1029-11C> T single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs116195563 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42066022: 42066022
44 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.1029-11C> T single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs116195563 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 42026423: 42026423
45 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.1029-16dupT duplication Likely benign rs559579130 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42066027: 42066027
46 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.1029-16dupT duplication Likely benign rs559579130 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 42026428: 42026428
47 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.900C> T (p.Ser300=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs35961850 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 42040166: 42040166
48 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.900C> T (p.Ser300=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs35961850 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42079765: 42079765
49 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.840C> G (p.Ser280=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs77084911 GRCh38 Chromosome 7, 42040226: 42040226
50 GLI3 NM_000168.5(GLI3): c.840C> G (p.Ser280=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs77084911 GRCh37 Chromosome 7, 42079825: 42079825

Copy number variations for Polydactyly from CNVD:

7
# CNVD ID Chromosom Start End Type Gene Symbol CNVD Disease
1 97909 16 14700000 16700000 Duplication or delet ion polydactyly

Expression for Polydactyly

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Polydactyly.

Pathways for Polydactyly

GO Terms for Polydactyly

Cellular components related to Polydactyly according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 18)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 motile cilium GO:0031514 9.97 BBS2 BBS4 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 IFT81 MKKS
2 axoneme GO:0005930 9.91 BBS1 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 GLI3 TCTEX1D2 WDR34
3 ciliary membrane GO:0060170 9.83 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 TTC8
4 dynein complex GO:0030286 9.81 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 WDR34 WDR60
5 cytoplasmic dynein complex GO:0005868 9.8 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 TCTEX1D2 WDR34 WDR60
6 BBSome GO:0034464 9.76 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 TTC8
7 centriole GO:0005814 9.75 BBS4 MKS1 WDR34
8 ciliary base GO:0097546 9.74 GLI3 TCTEX1D2 WDR60
9 cilium GO:0005929 9.73 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 GLI3
10 ciliary transition zone GO:0035869 9.72 BBS4 DYNC2LI1 MKS1
11 pericentriolar material GO:0000242 9.71 BBS4 NEK1 WDR60
12 ciliary tip GO:0097542 9.7 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 GLI3 IFT81 WDR34 WDR35
13 interphase microtubule organizing center GO:0031021 9.56 TCTEX1D2 WDR60
14 ciliary basal body GO:0036064 9.32 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 DYNC2LI1 IFT81 MKKS
15 cytoskeleton GO:0005856 10.22 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 MKKS
16 cell projection GO:0042995 10.1 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 GLI3
17 microtubule organizing center GO:0005815 10.09 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 DYNC2LI1 MKKS MKS1
18 centrosome GO:0005813 10 BBS1 BBS4 DYNC2LI1 IFT81 MKKS MKS1

Biological processes related to Polydactyly according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 52)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 heart development GO:0007507 9.98 DYNC2H1 GLI3 MKKS SHH
2 visual perception GO:0007601 9.96 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS
3 fat cell differentiation GO:0045444 9.87 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS TTC8
4 microtubule-based movement GO:0007018 9.85 DYNC2H1 WDR34 WDR60
5 cerebral cortex development GO:0021987 9.84 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS
6 forebrain development GO:0030900 9.84 DYNC2H1 GLI3 SHH
7 hippocampus development GO:0021766 9.84 BBS2 BBS4 GLI3 MKKS
8 heart looping GO:0001947 9.83 BBS4 MKKS SHH
9 embryonic digit morphogenesis GO:0042733 9.83 GLI3 LMBR1 MKS1 SHH
10 embryonic limb morphogenesis GO:0030326 9.82 DYNC2H1 GLI3 SHH
11 negative regulation of GTPase activity GO:0034260 9.82 BBS4 MKKS TTC8
12 dorsal/ventral pattern formation GO:0009953 9.8 DYNC2H1 GLI3 SHH
13 positive regulation of multicellular organism growth GO:0040018 9.8 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS
14 cilium assembly GO:0060271 9.8 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 IFT81
15 branching morphogenesis of an epithelial tube GO:0048754 9.77 GLI3 MKS1 SHH
16 brain morphogenesis GO:0048854 9.77 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS
17 melanosome transport GO:0032402 9.76 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS
18 photoreceptor cell maintenance GO:0045494 9.76 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS
19 spinal cord motor neuron differentiation GO:0021522 9.75 DYNC2H1 GLI3 SHH
20 regulation of stress fiber assembly GO:0051492 9.73 BBS4 MKKS TTC8
21 intraciliary transport involved in cilium assembly GO:0035735 9.73 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 IFT81 WDR34 WDR35 WDR60
22 striatum development GO:0021756 9.72 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS
23 determination of left/right symmetry GO:0007368 9.72 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 MKKS MKS1 SHH
24 regulation of smoothened signaling pathway GO:0008589 9.71 IFT81 MKS1
25 anatomical structure formation involved in morphogenesis GO:0048646 9.71 GLI3 SHH
26 limb morphogenesis GO:0035108 9.71 GLI3 ZNF141
27 inner ear receptor cell stereocilium organization GO:0060122 9.71 MKS1 TTC8
28 protein localization to cilium GO:0061512 9.71 BBS1 BBS4 DYNC2H1 WDR35
29 positive regulation of neuroblast proliferation GO:0002052 9.7 GLI3 SHH
30 vasodilation GO:0042311 9.7 BBS2 MKKS
31 protein localization to organelle GO:0033365 9.7 BBS2 BBS4
32 embryonic digestive tract morphogenesis GO:0048557 9.7 GLI3 SHH
33 non-motile cilium assembly GO:1905515 9.7 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 DYNC2H1 MKKS MKS1
34 face development GO:0060324 9.69 BBS4 MKKS
35 negative regulation of actin filament polymerization GO:0030837 9.69 BBS4 MKKS
36 embryonic morphogenesis GO:0048598 9.69 GLI3 SHH
37 intraciliary retrograde transport GO:0035721 9.69 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1 WDR35
38 prostate gland development GO:0030850 9.68 GLI3 SHH
39 negative thymic T cell selection GO:0045060 9.68 GLI3 SHH
40 artery smooth muscle contraction GO:0014824 9.67 BBS2 MKKS
41 positive regulation of alpha-beta T cell differentiation GO:0046638 9.67 GLI3 SHH
42 response to leptin GO:0044321 9.67 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS
43 artery development GO:0060840 9.66 GLI3 SHH
44 leptin-mediated signaling pathway GO:0033210 9.65 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS
45 spinal cord dorsal/ventral patterning GO:0021513 9.64 GLI3 SHH
46 hindgut morphogenesis GO:0007442 9.63 GLI3 SHH
47 negative regulation of alpha-beta T cell differentiation GO:0046639 9.62 GLI3 SHH
48 sensory processing GO:0050893 9.61 BBS4 TTC8
49 regulation of cilium beat frequency involved in ciliary motility GO:0060296 9.61 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS
50 negative regulation of appetite by leptin-mediated signaling pathway GO:0038108 9.54 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS

Molecular functions related to Polydactyly according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 dynein light chain binding GO:0045503 9.33 DYNC2H1 WDR34 WDR60
2 ATP-dependent microtubule motor activity, minus-end-directed GO:0008569 9.32 DYNC2H1 DYNC2LI1
3 patched binding GO:0005113 9.26 BBS1 SHH
4 dynein heavy chain binding GO:0045504 9.13 DYNC2LI1 WDR34 WDR60
5 RNA polymerase II repressing transcription factor binding GO:0001103 9.02 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 MKKS TTC8
6 protein binding GO:0005515 10.27 BBS1 BBS2 BBS4 CCND2 DYNC2LI1 GLI3

Sources for Polydactyly

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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