MCID: PRN026
MIFTS: 47

Porencephaly

Categories: Blood diseases, Fetal diseases, Genetic diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Porencephaly

MalaCards integrated aliases for Porencephaly:

Name: Porencephaly 12 74 52 53 58 36 54 43 15

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

58
porencephaly
Inheritance: Multigenic/multifactorial,Not applicable; Prevalence: 1-9/100000 (United States),1-9/100000 (Japan); Age of onset: Infancy,Neonatal;

Classifications:

Orphanet: 58  
Rare neurological diseases
Developmental anomalies during embryogenesis


External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:0060263
KEGG 36 H00839
MeSH 43 D065708
SNOMED-CT 67 38353004
ICD10 32 Q04.6
ICD10 via Orphanet 33 Q04.6
UMLS via Orphanet 72 C0302892
Orphanet 58 ORPHA2940
UMLS 71 C0302892 C1867983 C3698507

Summaries for Porencephaly

NIH Rare Diseases : 52 Porencephaly is a rare condition that affects the central nervous system . People with porencephaly develop fluid-filled cysts or cavities in the brain either before or shortly after birth. The severity of the condition and the associated signs and symptoms vary significantly based on the size, location, and number of cysts. Common features include developmental delay , reduced muscle tone (hypotonia ), seizures , macrocephaly (unusually large head size), spastic hemiplegia , speech problems, delayed growth, and intellectual disability . Porencephaly is usually the result of damage from infection or stroke after birth. In these cases, the condition occurs sporadically in people with no family history of the condition. There is an inherited form of the condition called familial porencephaly , which is caused by changes (mutations ) in the COL4A1 or COL4A2 genes and is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Treatment is based on the signs and symptoms present in each person and may include physical therapy and medication for seizures.

MalaCards based summary : Porencephaly is related to familial porencephaly and schizencephaly. An important gene associated with Porencephaly is COL4A1 (Collagen Type IV Alpha 1 Chain), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Focal adhesion and ECM-receptor interaction. The drug Thrombin has been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, heart and temporal lobe, and related phenotypes are spasticity and ventriculomegaly

Disease Ontology : 12 A brain disease that is characterized by encephalomalacia and cystic brain lesions.

NINDS : 53 Porencephaly is an extremely rare disorder of the central nervous system in which a cyst or cavity filled with cerebrospinal fluid develops in the brain.  It is usually the result of damage from stroke or infection after birth (the more common type), but it can also be caused by abnormal development before birth (which is inherited and less common).  Diagnosis is usually made before an infant reaches his or her first birthday.  Symptoms of porencephaly include delayed growth and development, spastic hemiplegia (slight or incomplete paralysis), hypotonia (low muscle tone), seizures (often infantile spasms), and macrocephaly (large head) or microcephaly (small head). Children with porencephaly may have poor or absent speech development, epilepsy, hydrocephalus (accumulation of fluid in the brain), spastic contractures (shrinkage or shortening of the muscles), and cognitive impairment.

KEGG : 36 Porencephaly is a rare disease of central nervous system characterized by the existence of degenerative cavities filled with cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. It is probably caused by perinatal intracerebral hemorrhages.

Wikipedia : 74 Porencephaly is an extremely rare cephalic disorder involving encephalomalacia. It is a neurological... more...

Related Diseases for Porencephaly

Diseases in the Porencephaly family:

Familial Porencephaly Acquired Porencephaly

Diseases related to Porencephaly via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(showing 217, show less)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 familial porencephaly 35.0 COL4A2 COL4A1
2 schizencephaly 31.0 MTHFR F5 COL4A1
3 angiopathy, hereditary, with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps 30.8 COL4A2 COL4A1
4 cerebral palsy 30.6 MTHFR F5 F2 COL4A1
5 thrombophilia 30.6 MTHFR F5 F2
6 thrombophilia due to activated protein c resistance 30.5 MTHFR F5 F2
7 thrombophilia due to thrombin defect 30.4 MTHFR F5 F2
8 intracranial hypertension 30.4 MTHFR F5 F2
9 thrombasthenia 30.2 MTHFR F5 F2
10 thrombophlebitis 30.2 MTHFR F5 F2
11 protein s deficiency 30.2 MTHFR F5 F2
12 protein c deficiency 30.2 MTHFR F5 F2
13 cerebral degeneration 29.7 TREX1 L1CAM CRYAA COL4A1
14 cerebrovascular disease 29.5 TREX1 MTHFR F5 F2 COL4A1
15 cataract 29.2 MTHFR CRYBA4 CRYAA COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A1
16 brain small vessel disease 1 with or without ocular anomalies 12.5
17 porencephaly, cerebellar hypoplasia, and internal malformations 12.4
18 acquired porencephaly 12.3
19 brain small vessel disease 2 12.2
20 coloboma porencephaly hydronephrosis 12.2
21 bamforth syndrome 11.7
22 hydranencephaly 11.6
23 brain small vessel disease 3 11.3
24 hemorrhagic destruction of the brain, subependymal calcification, and cataracts 11.2
25 oculocerebrocutaneous syndrome 11.2
26 neuronal migration disorders 11.2
27 hydrocephalus 10.5
28 factor v leiden thrombophilia 10.5 MTHFR F5
29 prothrombin-related thrombophilia 10.5 MTHFR F2
30 paracetamol poisoning 10.5 F5 F2
31 malignant cylindroma 10.4 COL4A5 COL4A1
32 amaurosis fugax 10.4 MTHFR F5
33 lateral sinus thrombosis 10.4 MTHFR F2
34 lemierre's syndrome 10.4 MTHFR F2
35 hemiplegia 10.4
36 marantic endocarditis 10.4 MTHFR F2
37 livedoid vasculitis 10.4 MTHFR F2
38 catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome 10.4 MTHFR F5
39 intracranial sinus thrombosis 10.4 MTHFR F2
40 prothrombin deficiency, congenital 10.4 F5 F2
41 pregnancy loss, recurrent 1 10.3 MTHFR F5
42 branch retinal artery occlusion 10.3 MTHFR F2
43 sagittal sinus thrombosis 10.3 F5 F2
44 hemoglobin e disease 10.3 F5 F2
45 col4a1-related disorders 10.3
46 encephalopathy 10.3
47 spinal cord infarction 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
48 mediastinitis 10.3 F5 F2
49 mastoiditis 10.3 MTHFR F2
50 sudden sensorineural hearing loss 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
51 arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
52 cryptogenic cirrhosis 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
53 cerebral sinovenous thrombosis 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
54 intracranial thrombosis 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
55 antithrombin iii deficiency 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
56 gastroschisis 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
57 central retinal vein occlusion 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
58 retinal vein occlusion 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
59 inherited blood coagulation disease 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
60 blood coagulation disease 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
61 pulmonary artery disease 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
62 portal vein thrombosis 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
63 venous insufficiency 10.3 MTHFR F5 F2
64 placental abruption 10.2 MTHFR F5 F2
65 digenic disease 10.2 COL4A5 COL4A3
66 vein disease 10.2 MTHFR F5 F2
67 nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy 10.2 MTHFR F5 F2
68 alport syndrome 1, x-linked 10.2 COL4A5 COL4A4
69 budd-chiari syndrome 10.2 MTHFR F5 F2
70 polymicrogyria with or without vascular-type ehlers-danlos syndrome 10.2
71 visual epilepsy 10.2
72 polymicrogyria 10.2
73 seizure disorder 10.2
74 homocysteinemia 10.2 MTHFR F5 F2
75 antiphospholipid syndrome 10.2 MTHFR F5 F2
76 varicose veins 10.2 MTHFR F5 F2
77 placenta disease 10.2 MTHFR F5 F2
78 amino acid metabolic disorder 10.2 MTHFR F2 CRYAA
79 abcd syndrome 10.2 COL4A2 COL4A1
80 arachnoid cysts, intracranial 10.2
81 west syndrome 10.2
82 purpura 10.2
83 alport syndrome 3, autosomal dominant 10.2 COL4A4 COL4A3
84 pulmonary embolism 10.2 MTHFR F5 F2
85 early-onset lamellar cataract 10.2 CRYBA4 CRYAA
86 alport syndrome 2, autosomal recessive 10.2 COL4A4 COL4A3
87 central retinal artery occlusion 10.1 F2 CRYAA
88 optic nerve hypoplasia, bilateral 10.1
89 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, type iii 10.1
90 microcephaly 10.1
91 quadriplegia 10.1
92 thrombocytopenia 10.1
93 focal epilepsy 10.1
94 encephalitis 10.1
95 pathologic nystagmus 10.1
96 cerebellar hypoplasia 10.1
97 cytomegalovirus infection 10.1
98 cataract microcornea syndrome 10.1 CRYBA4 CRYAA
99 col4a1-related familial vascular leukoencephalopathy 10.1 TREX1 COL4A2 COL4A1
100 hellp syndrome 10.1 MTHFR F5 F2
101 retinal vascular occlusion 10.1 MTHFR F5 F2 CRYAA
102 retinal artery occlusion 10.1 MTHFR F5 F2 CRYAA
103 physical disorder 10.0 OFD1 MTHFR CRYAA
104 lens subluxation 10.0 MTHFR CRYBA4 CRYAA
105 neural tube defects 10.0
106 ataxia and polyneuropathy, adult-onset 10.0
107 spastic quadriplegia 10.0
108 locked-in syndrome 10.0
109 encephalomalacia 10.0
110 holoprosencephaly 10.0
111 congenital hydrocephalus 10.0
112 encephalocele 10.0
113 aneurysm 10.0
114 brain injury 10.0
115 post-thrombotic syndrome 10.0 F5 F2
116 anti-basement membrane glomerulonephritis 10.0 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3
117 hematuria, benign familial 10.0 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3
118 pierson syndrome 10.0 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3
119 triosephosphate isomerase deficiency 10.0 CRYBA4 CRYAA
120 inherited metabolic disorder 10.0 MTHFR F2 CRYAA
121 goodpasture syndrome 10.0 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3
122 osteogenesis imperfecta, type ix 10.0 COLGALT2 COLGALT1
123 cerebral atherosclerosis 10.0 TREX1 MTHFR
124 moyamoya disease 1 10.0 TREX1 MTHFR F2
125 leiomyomatosis 10.0 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3
126 aortic aneurysm, familial abdominal, 1 9.9
127 cerebral amyloid angiopathy, cst3-related 9.9
128 cleft palate, isolated 9.9
129 coloboma of macula 9.9
130 hypertelorism 9.9
131 migraine with or without aura 1 9.9
132 hemifacial microsomia 9.9
133 thrombophilia due to protein c deficiency, autosomal dominant 9.9
134 septooptic dysplasia 9.9
135 strabismus 9.9
136 sturge-weber syndrome 9.9
137 tetralogy of fallot 9.9
138 vitiligo-associated multiple autoimmune disease susceptibility 6 9.9
139 arterial tortuosity syndrome 9.9
140 corpus callosum, agenesis of 9.9
141 cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita 9.9
142 hydrocephalus, congenital, 1 9.9
143 gyrate atrophy of choroid and retina 9.9
144 orofaciodigital syndrome i 9.9
145 stroke, ischemic 9.9
146 yemenite deaf-blind hypopigmentation syndrome 9.9
147 meningioma, radiation-induced 9.9
148 vitiligo-associated multiple autoimmune disease susceptibility 1 9.9
149 meningioma, familial 9.9
150 choanal atresia, posterior 9.9
151 alacrima, achalasia, and mental retardation syndrome 9.9
152 corpus callosum, agenesis of, with facial anomalies and cerebellar ataxia 9.9
153 congenital hypothyroidism 9.9
154 lissencephaly 9.9
155 primary autosomal recessive microcephaly 9.9
156 renal hypoplasia 9.9
157 benign teratoma 9.9
158 siderosis 9.9
159 asphyxia neonatorum 9.9
160 hydronephrosis 9.9
161 spinal meningioma 9.9
162 alternating exotropia 9.9
163 exotropia 9.9
164 hemosiderosis 9.9
165 diarrhea 9.9
166 ehlers-danlos syndrome 9.9
167 hypothyroidism 9.9
168 normal pressure hydrocephalus 9.9
169 communicating hydrocephalus 9.9
170 thrombocytopenia due to platelet alloimmunization 9.9
171 heart septal defect 9.9
172 vascular disease 9.9
173 epilepsy 9.9
174 atrial heart septal defect 9.9
175 ectodermal dysplasia 9.9
176 cystic teratoma 9.9
177 temporal lobe epilepsy 9.9
178 aortic aneurysm 9.9
179 pituitary adenoma 9.9
180 craniopharyngioma 9.9
181 myopathy 9.9
182 orofaciodigital syndrome 9.9
183 secretory meningioma 9.9
184 lymphoplasmacyte-rich meningioma 9.9
185 mature teratoma 9.9
186 hemolytic anemia 9.9
187 connective tissue disease 9.9
188 situs inversus 9.9
189 vasculitis 9.9
190 rubella 9.9
191 chorioretinitis 9.9
192 mechanical strabismus 9.9
193 meningitis 9.9
194 alopecia 9.9
195 tubulinopathies 9.9
196 colpocephaly 9.9
197 congenital cytomegalovirus 9.9
198 cytomegalic inclusion disease 9.9
199 fibromatosis 9.9
200 germ cells tumors 9.9
201 neonatal meningitis 9.9
202 pachygyria 9.9
203 splenomegaly 9.9
204 weber syndrome 9.9
205 cerebral aneurysms 9.9
206 febrile seizures 9.9
207 head injury 9.9
208 intracranial cysts 9.9
209 myoclonus 9.9
210 infantile epilepsy syndrome 9.9
211 sneddon syndrome 9.9 F5 F2
212 autosomal dominant alport syndrome 9.9 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A1
213 patent foramen ovale 9.8 TREX1 MTHFR F5 F2
214 x-linked alport syndrome 9.7 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
215 autosomal recessive alport syndrome 9.7 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
216 alport syndrome 9.5 CRYAA COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
217 kidney disease 9.4 MTHFR COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A1

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Porencephaly:



Diseases related to Porencephaly

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Porencephaly

Human phenotypes related to Porencephaly:

58 31 (showing 9, show less)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 spasticity 58 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001257
2 ventriculomegaly 58 31 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0002119
3 porencephalic cyst 31 hallmark (90%) HP:0002132
4 intellectual disability 58 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001249
5 seizures 58 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001250
6 hemiplegia/hemiparesis 58 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0004374
7 cerebral palsy 58 31 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0100021
8 abnormality of movement 58 Very frequent (99-80%)
9 porencephaly 58 Very frequent (99-80%)

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Porencephaly:

45 (showing 2, show less)
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 mortality/aging MP:0010768 9.73 COL4A1 COL4A2 COL4A3 COL4A4 COL4A5 COLGALT1
2 vision/eye MP:0005391 9.28 COL4A1 COL4A2 COL4A3 COL4A4 COL4A5 COLGALT1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Porencephaly

Drugs for Porencephaly (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(showing 1, show less)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Thrombin Approved, Investigational

Interventional clinical trials:

(showing 3, show less)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Study of Abnormal Acquired and Genetic Coagulation Factors in Children With Porencephaly and Stroke Completed NCT00001927
2 COL4A1 Gene Related Cerebra-retinal Angiopathy : Clinical Spectrum From Children to Adult, Mutational Spectrum and Application to Routine Management of Affected Patients : a Prospective Cohort Study Completed NCT01097564
3 Longterm Outcome of Children With Neonatal Intra-Ventricular or Intra-Cranial Hemorrhage (IVH, ICH) Recruiting NCT03019692

Search NIH Clinical Center for Porencephaly

Cochrane evidence based reviews: porencephaly

Genetic Tests for Porencephaly

Anatomical Context for Porencephaly

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Porencephaly:

40
Brain, Heart, Temporal Lobe, Skin, Eye, Cortex, Fetal Brain

Publications for Porencephaly

Articles related to Porencephaly:

(showing 548, show less)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
COL4A1 mutation in two preterm siblings with antenatal onset of parenchymal hemorrhage. 54 61 6
19194877 2009
2
Further refinement of COL4A1 and COL4A2 related cortical malformations. 61 6
30315939 2018
3
Phenotypic spectrum of COL4A1 mutations: porencephaly to schizencephaly. 61 6
23225343 2013
4
Novel COL4A1 mutations cause cerebral small vessel disease by haploinsufficiency. 61 6
23065703 2013
5
Childhood presentation of COL4A1 mutations. 61 6
22574627 2012
6
De novo and inherited mutations in COL4A2, encoding the type IV collagen α2 chain cause porencephaly. 61 6
22209246 2012
7
COL4A1-Related Disorders 61 6
20301768 2009
8
Novel mutations in three families confirm a major role of COL4A1 in hereditary porencephaly. 61 6
16107487 2006
9
Mutations in Col4a1 cause perinatal cerebral hemorrhage and porencephaly. 61 6
15905400 2005
10
Suggestive evidence for linkage to chromosome 13qter for autosomal dominant type 1 porencephaly. 61 6
15136694 2004
11
Hereditary porencephaly: clinical and MRI findings in two Dutch families. 61 6
15023374 2004
12
Familial porencephalic white matter disease in two generations. 61 6
6428250 1984
13
A severe pulmonary complication in a patient with COL4A1-related disorder: A case report. 6
28017902 2017
14
Guidelines for the primary prevention of stroke: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. 6
25355838 2014
15
Whole exome analysis identifies dominant COL4A1 mutations in patients with complex ocular phenotypes involving microphthalmia. 6
24628545 2014
16
Variants of anterior segment dysgenesis and cerebral involvement in a large family with a novel COL4A1 mutation. 6
23394911 2013
17
Ophthalmological features associated with COL4A1 mutations. 6
20385946 2010
18
COL4A1 mutation in Axenfeld-Rieger anomaly with leukoencephalopathy and stroke. 6
17696175 2007
19
Role of COL4A1 in small-vessel disease and hemorrhagic stroke. 6
16598045 2006
20
Hereditary diseases of the eye in a study of blind and partially sighted. 6
7257746 1981
21
[Hereditary angiopathy with nephropathy, aneurysms and muscle cramps (HANAC): a new basement membrane-disease associated with mutations of the COL4A1 gene]. 54 61
19238787 2008
22
COL4A1 mutation in a patient with sporadic, recurrent intracerebral hemorrhage. 54 61
17379824 2007
23
Cerebral small vessel disease with hemorrhagic stroke related to COL4A1 mutation: A case report. 61
31808207 2020
24
Life-threatening muscle complications of COL4A1-related disorder. 61
31540749 2020
25
Intraparenchymal hemorrhage and cerebral venous thrombosis in an adult with congenital porencephalic cyst presenting for generalized tonic-clonic seizures. 61
31762865 2020
26
COL4A1 MUTATIONS IN TWO INFANTS WITH CONGENITAL CATARACTS AND PORENCEPHALY: AN OPHTHALMOLOGIC PERSPECTIVE. 61
31525464 2019
27
A case of left congenital homonymous hemianopia associated with right occipital porencephaly. 61
31564367 2019
28
COL4A1 mutations as a potential novel cause of autosomal dominant CAKUT in humans. 61
31230195 2019
29
Optic Nerve Hypoplasia, Corpus Callosum Agenesis, Cataract, and Lissencephaly in a Neonate with a NovelCOL4A1 Mutation. 61
31966034 2019
30
The Col4a2em1(IMPC)Wtsi mouse line: lessons from the Deciphering the Mechanisms of Developmental Disorders program. 61
31331924 2019
31
COL4A1 mutations in two infants with congenital cataracts and porencephaly: an ophthalmologic perspective. 61
31128271 2019
32
Asymmetry of the bilateral bispectral index in a hemiparetic patient with porencephaly. 61
30594096 2019
33
Collagen glycosylation. 61
30822656 2019
34
Porencephaly and Periventricular Encephalitis in a 4-month-old Puppy: Detection of Canine Parvovirus Type 2 and Potential Role in Brain Lesions. 61
31159946 2019
35
Increased Susceptibility to Postoperative PCA Morphine-Induced Respiratory Depression in a Patient with an Undiagnosed Traumatic Porencephalic Cyst - A Case Report. 61
31161144 2019
36
Schmallenberg virus affects T-bet, Gata3, RoRrγt, Foxp3 and Eomes in mice brain. 61
31507194 2019
37
Fetal stroke and cerebrovascular disease: Advances in understanding from lenticulostriate and venous imaging, alloimmune thrombocytopaenia and monochorionic twins. 61
30467085 2018
38
A case of tubulinopathy presenting with porencephaly caused by a novel missense mutation in the TUBA1A gene. 61
29907476 2018
39
Successful hemispherotomy in two refractory epilepsy patients with cerebral hemiatrophy and contralateral EEG abnormalities. 61
29550191 2018
40
Novel COL4A1 mutation in a fetus with early prenatal onset of schizencephaly. 61
29760938 2018
41
Basement membrane collagen IV: Isolation of functional domains. 61
29310777 2018
42
Teratogenic bluetongue and related orbivirus infections in pregnant ruminant livestock: timing and pathogen genetics are critical. 61
29107849 2017
43
Schizencephaly and Porencephaly Due to Fetal Intracranial Hemorrhage: A Report of Two Cases. 61
29434494 2017
44
Fetopathic effects of experimental Schmallenberg virus infection in pregnant goats. 61
29102110 2017
45
Novel COL4A2 variant in a large pedigree: Consequences and dilemmas. 61
28542708 2017
46
Dramatic response after functional hemispherectomy in a patient with epileptic encephalopathy carrying a de novo COL4A1 mutation. 61
27916450 2017
47
Clinical Features, Imaging Characteristics, and Long-term Outcome of Dogs with Cranial Meningocele or Meningoencephalocele. 61
28247440 2017
48
COL4A1 Mutation in a Neonate With Intrauterine Stroke and Anterior Segment Dysgenesis. 61
28043398 2017
49
A case of a surviving co-twin diagnosed with porencephaly and renal hypoplasia after a single intrauterine fetal death at 21 weeks of gestation in a monochorionic monoamniotic twin pregnancy. 61
28116109 2017
50
An Atypical Porencephalic Cyst Manifesting as a Simple Partial Seizure: A Case Report and Literature Review. 61
29057132 2017
51
Trends in the prevalence and characteristics of unilateral spastic cerebral palsy in patients born between 1988 and 2007 in Okinawa, Japan. 61
30011147 2017
52
Porencephaly in a fennec fox (Vulpes zerda). 61
27523321 2016
53
Severe Hemolytic Jaundice in a Neonate with a Novel COL4A1 Mutation. 61
24861536 2016
54
Evaluation of long-term neurodevelopment in twin-twin transfusion syndrome after laser therapy. 61
27764900 2016
55
Birth defects and neonatal morbidity caused by teratogen exposure after the embryonic period. 61
27511745 2016
56
A novel COL4A1 frameshift mutation in familial kidney disease: the importance of the C-terminal NC1 domain of type IV collagen. 61
27190376 2016
57
Molecular and phenotypic spectrum of ASPM-related primary microcephaly: Identification of eight novel mutations. 61
27250695 2016
58
Right hemisphere dominance for language in a woman with schizophrenia and a porencephalic cyst of the left hemisphere. 61
27283036 2016
59
The Role of Prematurity in Patients With Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy. 61
26500242 2016
60
Decrement of mirror movements by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in a patient with porencephaly. 61
27094531 2016
61
A mutation in COL4A2 causes autosomal dominant porencephaly with cataracts. 61
26708157 2016
62
Normal immunofluorescence pattern of skin basement membranes in a family with porencephaly due to COL4A1 G749S mutation. 61
26686511 2016
63
Drosophila type IV collagen mutation associates with immune system activation and intestinal dysfunction. 61
26363084 2016
64
Neuroepidemiology of Porencephaly, Schizencephaly, and Hydranencephaly in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. 61
26545857 2016
65
Extreme Spindles and Leukoencephalopathy after Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment: An Undescribed Association. 61
26793900 2015
66
The expanding phenotype of COL4A1 and COL4A2 mutations: clinical data on 13 newly identified families and a review of the literature. 61
25719457 2015
67
Ovine and Bovine Congenital Abnormalities Associated With Intrauterine Infection With Schmallenberg Virus. 61
25428409 2015
68
Virus-induced congenital malformations in cattle. 61
26399846 2015
69
Dyke-Davidoff-Masson Syndrome: Time to Revisit Case Series. 61
27608884 2015
70
Porencephaly in dogs and cats: relationships between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features and hippocampal atrophy. 61
25786357 2015
71
Molecular and Genetic Analyses of Collagen Type IV Mutant Mouse Models of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage Identify Mechanisms for Stroke Prevention. 61
25753534 2015
72
Two families with novel missense mutations in COL4A1: When diagnosis can be missed. 61
25873210 2015
73
The role of computerized tomographic scan in the management of children with cerebral palsy. 61
25875416 2015
74
Mirror movements in patients with hemiplegic cerebral palsy and porencephaly: when one hand becomes two hands. 61
25602750 2015
75
Porencephaly in a fetus and HANAC in her father: variable expression of COL4A1 mutation. 61
25425218 2015
76
Intracranial Hemorrhage and Tortuosity of Veins Detected on Susceptibility-weighted Imaging of a Child with a Type IV Collagen α1 Mutation and Schizencephaly. 61
25500781 2015
77
"Subtotal" hemispherectomy in children with intractable focal epilepsy. 61
25366422 2014
78
Neuropathological microscopic features of abortions induced by Bunyavirus / or Flavivirus infections. 61
25425524 2014
79
Congenital porencephaly in a new born child. 61
25584288 2014
80
Obliteration of the choroid plexus after endoscopic coagulation. 61
24995821 2014
81
A novel COL4A1 gene mutation results in autosomal dominant non-syndromic congenital cataract in a Chinese family. 61
25124159 2014
82
CNS involvement in OFD1 syndrome: a clinical, molecular, and neuroimaging study. 61
24884629 2014
83
COL4A2 mutation causing adult onset recurrent intracerebral hemorrhage and leukoencephalopathy. 61
24390199 2014
84
Is there relation between COL4A1/A2 mutations and antenatally detected fetal intraventricular hemorrhage? 61
24317722 2014
85
[Reversible porencephalic cyst related to shunt dysfunction]. 61
24610692 2014
86
Chemical chaperone treatment reduces intracellular accumulation of mutant collagen IV and ameliorates the cellular phenotype of a COL4A2 mutation that causes haemorrhagic stroke. 61
24001601 2014
87
Fetal intracerebral hemorrhage and cataract: think COL4A1. 61
24374867 2014
88
[Porencephaly in a female Greater Swiss Mountain Dog]. 61
25119633 2014
89
Intraventricular hemorrhage and neurodevelopmental outcomes in extreme preterm infants. 61
24379238 2014
90
What is your neurologic diagnosis? Porencephaly. 61
23725423 2013
91
Schmallenberg virus, a novel orthobunyavirus infection in ruminants in Europe: potential global impact and preventive measures. 61
23215779 2013
92
Brain magnetic resonance imaging and motor and intellectual functioning in 86 patients born at term with spastic diplegia. 61
23121133 2013
93
Bamforth syndrome: is porencephaly a new finding? 61
24341142 2013
94
Transplacental transmission of Bluetongue virus serotype 1 and serotype 8 in sheep: virological and pathological findings. 61
24358112 2013
95
Schmallenberg virus pathogenesis, tropism and interaction with the innate immune system of the host. 61
23326235 2013
96
Intractable epilepsy and craniocerebral trauma: analysis of 163 patients with blunt and penetrating head injuries sustained in war. 61
22763317 2012
97
Porencephaly and cortical dysplasia as cause of seizures in a dog. 61
23269021 2012
98
Sonographic assessment of normal and abnormal patterns of fetal cerebral lamination. 61
22610990 2012
99
Pediatric functional hemispherectomy: outcome in 92 patients. 61
22941395 2012
100
Asymmetric ventriculomegaly, interhemispheric cyst, and dysgenesis of the corpus callosum (AVID): an imaging triad. 61
23091253 2012
101
Schizencephaly: a study of 16 patients. 61
21890242 2012
102
Seizure outcome, functional outcome, and quality of life after hemispherectomy in adults. 61
22706972 2012
103
Optic disc morphology in porencephaly. 61
22427149 2012
104
The differences in epileptic characteristics in patients with porencephaly and schizencephaly. 61
22024697 2012
105
COL4A2 mutation associated with familial porencephaly and small-vessel disease. 61
22333902 2012
106
Traumatic porencephaly with strabismus: a case report. 61
22997566 2012
107
Salient lesions in domestic ruminants infected with the emerging so-called Schmallenberg virus in Germany. 61
22610033 2012
108
Schmallenberg virus in calf born at term with porencephaly, Belgium. 61
22607989 2012
109
Meningioma in a 20-month-old boy. 61
22737302 2012
110
Fetal opercular cavernous angioma causing cerebral cleft: contralateral primitive vascular anomaly and subicular dysgenesis. 61
21968978 2012
111
COL4A1 mutations in patients with sporadic late-onset intracerebral hemorrhage. 61
22522439 2012
112
Porencephaly in dogs and cats: magnetic resonance imaging findings and clinical signs. 61
22734149 2012
113
Porencephaly in a cynomolgus monkey ( macaca fascicularis ). 61
22481858 2012
114
Congenital neosporosis in goats from the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. 61
22451736 2012
115
Porencephaly and hydranencephaly in six dogs. 61
22186380 2012
116
A new family with autosomal dominant porencephaly with a novel Col4A1 mutation. Are arachnoid cysts related to Col4A1 mutations? 61
22876576 2012
117
COL4A1 mutations associated with a characteristic pattern of intracranial calcification. 61
22134833 2011
118
[Macro- and microscopic systematization of cerebral cortex malformations in children]. 61
22288167 2011
119
[Misoprostol teratogenicity: a prospective study in Argentina]. 61
21660388 2011
120
Neuropathologic study of border disease virus in naturally infected fetal and neonatal small ruminants and its association with apoptosis. 61
20460448 2011
121
[Schizencephaly versus porencephaly]. 61
21488010 2011
122
Magnetic resonance imaging of intracranial malformations in dogs and cats. 61
21392155 2011
123
Sporadic COL4A1 mutations with extensive prenatal porencephaly resembling hydranencephaly. 61
21357838 2011
124
Fetal origin of brain damage in 2 infants with a COL4A1 mutation: fetal and neonatal MRI. 61
21500141 2011
125
Clinical spectrum of type IV collagen (COL4A1) mutations: a novel genetic multisystem disease. 61
21157337 2011
126
Congenital abdominal aortic aneurysm with porencephaly: a case report. 61
21160169 2011
127
Novel COL4A1 mutations associated with HANAC syndrome: a role for the triple helical CB3[IV] domain. 61
20818663 2010
128
Examining the evidence for vascular pathogenesis of selected birth defects. 61
20815034 2010
129
Occipital porencephaly in a child with gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina. 61
21035079 2010
130
COL4A1 mutations as a monogenic cause of cerebral small vessel disease: a systematic review. 61
20558831 2010
131
[New developments in spastic unilateral cerebral palsy]. 61
20116812 2010
132
Reversible cerebrospinal fluid edema and porencephalic cyst, a rare complication of ventricular catheter. 61
20206530 2010
133
Porencephaly and psychosis: a case report and review of the literature. 61
20196853 2010
134
A dominantly inherited mutation in collagen IV A1 (COL4A1) causing childhood onset stroke without porencephaly. 61
19477666 2010
135
Col4a1 mutation in mice causes defects in vascular function and low blood pressure associated with reduced red blood cell volume. 61
20056676 2010
136
The cavum septi pellucidi: why is it important? 61
20194938 2010
137
Prevention of growing skull fractures: report of 2 cases. 61
20121375 2010
138
A de novo proximal 6q deletion confirmed by array comparative genomic hybridization. 61
20197728 2010
139
Role of COL4A1 in basement-membrane integrity and cerebral small-vessel disease. The COL4A1 stroke syndrome. 61
20166936 2010
140
[Structural MRI changes in children with epilepsy aged 2-18 years]. 61
21442960 2010
141
What is the clinical importance of echogenic material in the fetal frontal horns? 61
19933475 2009
142
Cerebrovascular disease related to COL4A1 mutations in HANAC syndrome. 61
19949034 2009
143
Clinical experience of using multidetector-row CT for the diagnosis of disorders in cattle. 61
19897870 2009
144
Prenatal stroke. 61
19664975 2009
145
Necrotising encephalopathy and porencephaly in lambs. 61
19578200 2009
146
Imaging diagnosis--porencephaly in a calf. 61
19507395 2009
147
Prenatal diagnosis of porencephaly secondary to maternal carbon monoxide poisoning. 61
18777036 2009
148
[Case of a Japanese female presenting severe achondroplasia with developmental delay and acanthosis nigricans (SADDAN) syndrome with a K650M mutation in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene]. 61
19039991 2008
149
Levetiracetam in continuous spike waves during slow-wave sleep syndrome. 61
18639750 2008
150
[Bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8)-associated brain malformations in two calves]. 61
18717057 2008
151
Magnetoencephalogram in a postoperative case with a large skull defect. 61
18555173 2008
152
Descriptive epidemiologic features shared by birth defects thought to be related to vascular disruption in Texas, 1996-2002. 61
18383510 2008
153
Mammalian collagen IV. 61
18219669 2008
154
Long-term outcome after neonatal intraparenchymal echodensities with porencephaly. 61
17704104 2008
155
Foetal cerebral hemispheric atrophy and porencephaly after intrauterine exposure to maternal warfarin for mechanical prosthetic heart valve. 61
18186154 2008
156
Agenesis of the corpus callosum and cerebral anomalies in inborn errors of metabolism. 61
17988254 2007
157
Interpretation scheme for nonexpert pediatricians evaluating magnetic resonance images of children with cerebral palsy. 61
17950418 2007
158
What does magnetic resonance imaging add to the prenatal sonographic diagnosis of ventriculomegaly? 61
17957045 2007
159
[Porencephaly due to chronic encephalopathy in infancy]. 61
18008271 2007
160
Multiple shunt system revisions in patients with hydrocephalus - causes, effects, regularities and prognostic factors. 61
18033640 2007
161
Early destructive lesions in the developing brain: clinical and electrographic correlates. 61
17665007 2007
162
The dynamic fetal brain. 61
17410587 2007
163
A case of schizencephaly with polymicrogyria. 61
17432096 2007
164
Anomalous inhibitory circuits in cortical tubers of human tuberous sclerosis complex associated with refractory epilepsy: aberrant expression of parvalbumin and calbindin-D28k in dysplastic cortex. 61
17156698 2006
165
MRI findings in patients with hemiparetic cerebral palsy. 61
24351259 2006
166
[Abdominal trauma during pregnancy: Pertinence of monitoring elements]. 61
17088767 2006
167
Highly functional ipsilateral motor control after extensive left hemispheric damage during gestation. 61
17190750 2006
168
Enhanced capacity of epilepsy in brain malformation produced during early development. 61
16814083 2006
169
Accurate neurosonographic prediction of brain injury in the surviving fetus after the death of a monochorionic cotwin. 61
16586472 2006
170
Three-dimensional ultrasonographic reslicing of the fetal brain to assist prenatal diagnosis of central nervous system anomalies. 61
16567440 2006
171
Neonatal porencephaly and adult stroke related to mutations in collagen IV A1. 61
16374828 2006
172
Detection of wallerian degeneration in a newborn by diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). 61
16566874 2006
173
Focal glucose hypermetabolism in interictal state of West syndrome. 61
16376279 2006
174
Neonatal porencephaly in very low birth weight infants: ultrasound timing of asphyxial injury and neurodevelopmental outcome at two years of age. 61
16390800 2005
175
Prothrombotic factors in children with stroke or porencephaly. 61
16061602 2005
176
Variability of CYP3A7 expression in human fetal liver. 61
15845858 2005
177
Genetic mutation predisposes to porencephaly. 61
15991439 2005
178
Unusual ipsilateral hyperkinetic automatisms in SMA seizures. 61
15967684 2005
179
Startle-induced seizures associated with infantile hemiplegia: implication of the supplementary motor area. 61
15741141 2005
180
Cortical resection with electrocorticography for intractable porencephaly-related partial epilepsy. 61
15660771 2005
181
[Considerations regarding one particular case of Rett syndrome]. 61
16607827 2005
182
Magnetic resonance imaging in 122 children with spastic cerebral palsy. 61
15351015 2004
183
Late measures of brain injury after neonatal hypoxia-ischemia in mice. 61
15272130 2004
184
The factor V G1691A mutation is a risk for porencephaly: A case-control study. 61
15293282 2004
185
[Cranial sonography for newborn screening: a 10-year retrospective study in 11,887 newborns]. 61
15173979 2004
186
Clinicopathologic findings in patients with infantile hemiparesis and epilepsy. 61
15188140 2004
187
Hemophagocytic syndrome associated with antiepileptic drug. 61
15165641 2004
188
Motor outcome differences between two groups of children with spastic diplegia who received different intensities of early onset physiotherapy followed for 5 years. 61
15036431 2004
189
[Expansile cyst, twin formation and possible parasagittal cerebral injury]. 61
14963854 2004
190
[Potentialities of magnetic resonance imaging in the complex of prenatal radiation diagnosis of fetal malformations]. 61
15462048 2004
191
[Hemiparetic cerebral palsy and startle epilepsy]. 61
14752709 2004
192
Perinatal three-dimensional color power Doppler ultrasonography of vein of Galen aneurysms. 61
14682424 2003
193
Cognitive and academic consequences of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and very low birth weight: 8-year-old outcomes. 61
14595077 2003
194
[Atypical presentation of a dermoid cyst with porencephaly]. 61
14655594 2003
195
Intracranial hemorrhage progressing to porencephaly as a result of congenitally acquired cytomegalovirus infection--an illustrative report. 61
14558022 2003
196
Polymicrogyria in monozygous twins and an elder sibling. 61
12828405 2003
197
Temporal lobectomy in congenital porencephaly associated with hippocampal sclerosis. 61
12810487 2003
198
Childhood-onset epilepsy associated with polymicrogyria. 61
12453599 2002
199
Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia: antenatal and postnatal imaging findings in the pediatric brain. 61
12372732 2002
200
Neuroimaging fails to identify asymptomatic carriers of familial porencephaly. 61
12244556 2002
201
Vigabatrin therapy in infantile spasms. 61
12403260 2002
202
Polymicrogyria without porencephaly/schizencephaly. MRI analysis of the spectrum and the prevalence of macroscopic findings in the clinical population. 61
12185542 2002
203
Intractable epilepsy in vascular congenital hemiparesis: clinical features and surgical options. 61
12105322 2002
204
[Neonatal ultrasonographic cerebral findings: association with risk factor for cerebral palsy]. 61
12198591 2002
205
Unilateral porencephaly. 61
12037285 2002
206
Shaken infant syndrome: developmental neuropathology, progressive cortical dysplasia, and epilepsy. 61
11904751 2002
207
Two magneto-encephalographic epileptic foci did not coincide with the electrocorticographic ictal onset zone in a patient with temporal lobe epilepsy. 61
11760874 2001
208
Chest physiotherapy and porencephalic brain lesions in very preterm infants. 61
11903834 2001
209
Prenatal intracranial hemorrhage and neurologic complications in alloimmune thrombocytopenia. 61
11732770 2001
210
Fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of ischemic brain injury. 61
11559908 2001
211
[Simultaneous cephalic migration of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt into the intraventricular and subdural spaces. A case report]. 61
11727211 2001
212
The clivus-supraocciput angle: a useful measurement to evaluate the shape and size of the fetal posterior fossa and to diagnose Chiari II malformation. 61
11529995 2001
213
Isolated mild fetal cerebral ventriculomegaly: a retrospective analysis of 26 cases. 61
11494298 2001
214
Familial orofaciodigital syndrome type I revealed by ultrasound prenatal diagnosis of porencephaly. 61
11438951 2001
215
Teratogenic effects of antiepileptic drugs: use of an International Database on Malformations and Drug Exposure (MADRE). 61
11077457 2000
216
[Schizencephaly associated with porencephaly in a girl with congenital cytomegalovirus infection]. 61
11244690 2000
217
[Hemiballism: report of eight cases]. 61
10973112 2000
218
Hemiparetic cerebral palsy: clinical pattern and imaging in prediction of outcome. 61
10975533 2000
219
[Schizoencephaly or agenetic porencephaly?]. 61
10850120 2000
220
Successful closure of recurrent traumatic csf rhinorrhea using the free rectus abdominis muscle flap. 61
10773261 2000
221
Radioiodine uptake in the head and neck. 61
11419926 2000
222
[Porencephaly]. 61
11043343 2000
223
[Encephaloclastic porencephaly]. 61
11043361 2000
224
How should patients with porencephaly and generalized seizures such as West syndrome be treated? 61
10598061 1999
225
[Neuropsychological findings in a case of porencephaly]. 61
10652741 1999
226
Central nervous system abnormalities assessed with prenatal magnetic resonance imaging. 61
10576192 1999
227
Cranial magnetic resonance imaging and school performance in very low birth weight infants in adolescence. 61
10448179 1999
228
[Porencephaly: further notes]. 61
10229972 1999
229
The origin of hypsarrhythmia and tonic spasms in West syndrome: evidence from a case of porencephaly and hydrocephalus with focal hypsarrhythmia. 61
10206533 1999
230
Congenital varicella syndrome: cranial MRI in a long-term survivor. 61
10206169 1999
231
[Normal neonatal cerebral ultrasonography in preterm infants - Is it possible to calm down the parents?] 61
14685563 1999
232
[Efficiency and risk of chest physiotherapy in the newborn--review of the literature]. 61
10067212 1999
233
Management of fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia. 61
9784630 1998
234
Triophthalmia and facial clefting: a case report. 61
9783717 1998
235
Antepartum fetal intracranial hemorrhage, predisposing factors and prenatal sonography: a review. 61
9759911 1998
236
Etiology, timing of insult, and neuropathology of cerebral palsy evaluated with magnetic resonance imaging. 61
9585674 1998
237
Absence of relative afferent pupillary defect and pupillary hemiakinesia in a child with homonymous hemianopia due to ((retro-)geniculate) porencephaly. 61
9640207 1998
238
[Single intrauterine fetal death in twin pregnancy]. 61
9654714 1998
239
Chest physiotherapy may be associated with brain damage in extremely premature infants. 61
9544898 1998
240
Factor V Leiden and genetic defects of thrombophilia in childhood porencephaly. 61
9577282 1998
241
Central nervous system malformations and early end-stage renal disease in oro-facio-digital syndrome type I: a review. 61
9482645 1998
242
Short- and long-term neurological outcomes following neonatal chest physiotherapy. 61
9568944 1998
243
[Effect of weightlessness on rats endocrine system development]. 61
9661773 1998
244
Congenital porencephaly: MR features and relationship to hippocampal sclerosis. 61
9432171 1998
245
[Epilepsy and disorders of cortical development in children with congenital cytomegalovirus infection]. 61
9533204 1998
246
[Progressive or insufflating congenital porencephaly. Report of a case]. 61
9580294 1997
247
Congenital porencephaly and hippocampal sclerosis. Clinical features and epileptic spectrum. 61
9371926 1997
248
Fetal central nervous system anomalies: MR imaging augments sonographic diagnosis. 61
9280237 1997
249
[Neurocutaneous melanosis and congenital melanocytic nevi: report of 6 cases]. 61
9432197 1997
250
Traumatic porencephalic cyst of the brain. 61
9279052 1997
251
MRI findings in patients with spastic cerebral palsy. I: Correlation with gestational age at birth. 61
9233359 1997
252
[A case of porencephaly with mirror movements: pathophysiological investigation by using long-latency long-loop reflex and dipole tracing method]. 61
9366178 1997
253
Outcome of very low birth weight infants at 12 to 18 months of age in Soweto, South Africa. 61
9093294 1997
254
Differential diagnosis and outcome of fetal intracranial hypoechoic lesions: report of 21 cases. 61
9168572 1997
255
Developmental neuropathology and impact of perinatal brain damage. II: white matter lesions of the neocortex. 61
9056536 1997
256
Hypothesis: septo-optic dysplasia is a vascular disruption sequence. 61
9096749 1997
257
Association of prenatal vascular disruptions with decreased maternal age. 61
9096750 1997
258
Magnetic resonance imaging in symptomatic/cryptogenic partial epilepsies of infants and children. 61
9151466 1997
259
[Neuroimagings in neuronal migration disorders]. 61
9071189 1997
260
[Abnormally distributed regional cerebral blood flow in brain malformations detected by single photon emission computed tomography]. 61
9164139 1997
261
[Porencephaly in infants and children imaged with tomography]. 61
10023171 1997
262
CT and MRI characteristics of intracranial hemorrhage complicating breech and vacuum delivery. 61
8929377 1996
263
X-linked hydrocephalus masquerading as spina bifida and destructive porencephaly in successive generations in one family. 61
8674913 1996
264
Bilateral porencephaly, cerebellar hypoplasia, and internal malformations: two siblings representing a probably new autosomal recessive entity. 61
8737647 1996
265
[Cytomegalovirus fetal infection. Porencephaly with polymicrogyria in a 15-year-old boy]. 61
8944248 1996
266
X-linked hydrocephalus masquerading as spina bifida and destructive porencephaly in successive generations in one family. 61
8641541 1996
267
Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of anterior fossa porencephaly. 61
8621816 1996
268
[Perinatal brain injury in infants with depressed EEG activities immediately after birth]. 61
8579858 1996
269
Progressive facial hemiatrophy with multiple benign tumors and hamartomas. 61
8719745 1995
270
[Computerized tomography in sequelae of brain contusions]. 61
8629348 1995
271
Morning Glory fundus anomaly, coloboma of the optic nerve, porencephaly and hydronephrosis in a newborn infant: MCPH entity. 61
8574421 1995
272
Galloway-Mowat syndrome in Taiwan. 61
8533826 1995
273
Fetal porencephaly: a review of etiology, diagnosis, and prognosis. 61
7478420 1995
274
Porencephaly secondary to fetal trauma during amniocentesis. 61
7724140 1995
275
Unusual post traumatic porencephaly. 61
9081974 1995
276
Brain lesions in calves following transplacental infection with bovine-virus diarrhoea virus. 61
7483906 1995
277
Asymmetric hypsarrhythmia: clinical electroencephalographic and radiological findings. 61
8001507 1995
278
Porencephaly and transverse limb defects following severe maternal trauma in early pregnancy. 61
7735509 1995
279
Abnormal electroretinogram associated with developmental brain anomalies. 61
8719676 1995
280
Akabane virus. 61
7728635 1994
281
A simple, effective and well-tolerated treatment regime for West syndrome. 61
7926318 1994
282
Cerebellar porencephaly in an adult--case report. 61
7529375 1994
283
[Permanent neurological damage]. 61
7816692 1994
284
Monozygous twin with polymicrogyria and normal co-twin. 61
7986297 1994
285
West syndrome associated with porencephaly. 61
7803308 1994
286
The outcome of fetal ventriculomegaly. 61
8298871 1994
287
Pathophysiological process after transient ischemia of the middle cerebral artery in the rat. 61
7953757 1994
288
Neuronal damage following transient cerebral ischemia and its restoration by neural transplant. 61
7881401 1994
289
Porencephaly, hydranencephaly and leukoencephalopathy in ovine fetuses following transplacental infection with bovine virus diarrhoea virus: distribution of viral antigen and characterization of cellular response. 61
8017174 1994
290
Appearance of immunoglobulin G and complement factor C3 in the striatum after transient focal ischemia in the rat. 61
8190358 1994
291
[Chronic nervous form of Chagas disease: clinical course and anatomopathology of a case followed-up for 20 years]. 61
8147759 1993
292
Experimentally induced cortical malformations in rats. 61
8306356 1993
293
CVS and porencephaly. 61
8140074 1993
294
[Bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Course over 3 years in 88 children born between 1984 and 1988]. 61
7516144 1993
295
Prenatal etiologies of West syndrome. 61
8330583 1993
296
Familial porencephaly. 61
8253500 1993
297
[Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis. A non-hereditary mosaic phenotype]. 61
8436503 1993
298
Surgical pathology of chronic epileptic seizure disorders: experience with 63 specimens from extratemporal corticectomies, lobectomies and functional hemispherectomies. 61
8310797 1993
299
Experimentally induced laminar necrosis, status verrucosus, focal cortical dysplasia reminiscent of microgyria, and porencephaly in the rat. 61
8359242 1993
300
The role of CT-imaging in recognizing the type of hydrocephalus and porencephaly in children. 61
8534154 1993
301
[Congenital familial hemiparesis and familial porencephaly]. 61
1456633 1992
302
Porencephalic cyst. 61
1307361 1992
303
A long-term observation on a case of epilepsy with occipital continuous spikes. 61
1487852 1992
304
[Brain damage in asphyxiated newborn infants: early diagnosis. A follow-up study]. 61
1338522 1992
305
A case of Dandy Walker cyst with porencephaly. 61
1621130 1992
306
Scalp lipomas and cerebral malformations--report of a case and review of the literature. 61
1345519 1992
307
Neuroradiological features of patients with optic nerve hypoplasia. 61
1588471 1992
308
Postnatal encephaloclastic porencephaly--a new lesion? 61
1575554 1992
309
Diplophthalmia versus cyclopia and synophthalmia. Mechanisms of doubling of the eye. 61
1600839 1992
310
Destructive brain lesions of presumed fetal onset: antepartum causes of cerebral palsy. 61
1945629 1991
311
Reversible porencephaly. Alteration of the cerebrospinal fluid flow after shunt malfunction. 61
1794120 1991
312
[Magnetoencephalographic studies on spike foci using a 37-channel biomagnetometer system]. 61
1762194 1991
313
Unilateral diplophthalmos. 61
1951597 1991
314
[Nosology and ultrasound findings in porencephaly]. 61
1759153 1991
315
[Neural plasticity after neonatal hypoxic and ischemic insult in rats]. 61
1931162 1991
316
Porencephaly: a possible complication of chorion villus sampling? 61
1802844 1991
317
Brain and ocular abnormalities in infants with in utero exposure to cocaine and other street drugs. 61
1709777 1991
318
[Antenatal screening of maternal alpha-fetoprotein with dried-blood spot samples on filter paper]. 61
1717638 1991
319
Neonatal cranial ultrasonography. 61
1860344 1991
320
[Porencephaly. A report of 45 cases]. 61
1874115 1991
321
Delayed radiation encephalopathy after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal cancer: a CT study of 45 cases. 61
2002093 1991
322
Unusual posttraumatic porencephaly--case report. 61
1715054 1991
323
Epidermal nevus syndrome: a neurologic variant with hemimegalencephaly, gyral malformation, mental retardation, seizures, and facial hemihypertrophy. 61
1992373 1991
324
Intravenous drug abuse causes Rh immunization. 61
1763505 1991
325
Optic atrophy as a complication of neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia. 61
1841001 1991
326
Neuropathology of remote hypoxic-ischemic damage in the immature rat. 61
1858486 1991
327
Postnatal porencephaly induced in mouse by murine cytomegalovirus. 61
1664630 1991
328
Bilateral porencephalic defect in a newborn after injection of benzol during pregnancy. 61
1892217 1991
329
Familial porencephaly. 61
2282721 1990
330
Hydrocephalus and porencephaly: prenatal diagnosis by ultrasonography and MR imaging. 61
2204639 1990
331
[Schizencephaly]. 61
2325349 1990
332
Computerized tomography of brain in infantile spasms (West syndrome). 61
2287551 1990
333
A retrospective study of a patient with homozygous form of acute intermittent porphyria. 61
2246851 1990
334
[The echographic diagnosis of developmental defects of the brain in newborn and nursing infants]. 61
2259601 1990
335
A study on prognosis of surviving cotwin. 61
2085075 1990
336
Porencephalic cyst in pycnodysostosis. 61
2614800 1989
337
Twin embolization syndrome: prenatal sonographic detection and significance. 61
2682772 1989
338
[The results of computed tomography in patients with traumatic epilepsy]. 61
2514489 1989
339
[Pseudoperipheral ulnar nerve palsy with porencephaly]. 61
2803807 1989
340
Absence of septum pellucidum and polymicrogyria: a forme fruste of the porencephalic syndrome. 61
2776383 1989
341
Porencephaly and optic hypoplasia in neonatal isoimmune thrombocytopenia. 61
2505691 1989
342
Porencephaly--a potentially avoidable complication of neonatal meningitis. 61
2599620 1989
343
[Congenital anomalies of the brain in computed tomography]. 61
2769827 1989
344
[Porencephaly. Case report]. 61
2478920 1989
345
Absence of the septum pellucidum: a useful sign in the diagnosis of congenital brain malformations. 61
2783514 1989
346
Ovine arthrogryposis and central nervous system malformations associated with in utero Cache Valley virus infection: spontaneous disease. 61
2492399 1989
347
Porencephaly and hydranencephaly: a neuropathological study of four autopsy cases. 61
2923267 1989
348
Computed tomographic (CT) scans in cerebral palsy (CP). 61
2602010 1989
349
Neuropathic arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and intrauterine ischemia of anterior horn cells: a hypothesis. 61
3224470 1988
350
Congenital cerebrospinal fluid-containing intracranial abnormalities: a sonographic classification. 61
3152397 1988
351
[Porencephalia vera in autopsy specimens from the Department of Pathological Anatomy, Medical Academy, in Białystok 1976-1985]. 61
3226475 1988
352
[Trans-synaptic retrograde atrophy of the optic nerves: a differential diagnostic problem of expansive intracranial processes]. 61
21213429 1988
353
The development of Akabane virus-induced congenital abnormalities in cattle. 61
3137718 1988
354
[Focal lesions in infantile spasms]. 61
3398829 1988
355
Akabane disease in sheep. 61
3135792 1988
356
Congenital blindness, porencephaly, and neonatal thrombocytopenia: a report of four cases. 61
3372970 1988
357
[Porencephaly: report of 8 cases]. 61
3191813 1988
358
Relationship of periventricular overgrowth to hydrocephalus in brains of fetal rats exposed to benomyl. 61
2905548 1988
359
MR of neuronal migration anomalies. 61
3257118 1988
360
Cranial computed tomographic and electroencephalographic abnormalities in children with post-hemiconvulsive hemiplegia. 61
3224623 1988
361
Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis. 61
3611632 1987
362
Lethal genes surviving by mosaicism: a possible explanation for sporadic birth defects involving the skin. 61
3033033 1987
363
Arachnoid cysts: computed tomography findings. 61
3581851 1987
364
Congenital midline porencephaly. Prenatal sonographic findings and review of the literature. 61
3551974 1987
365
Destructive hydrocephalus and porencephaly combined with the hydrocephalic process. 61
3690554 1987
366
A case of porencephaly associated with aneurysm. 61
3594469 1987
367
Porencephaly: computed tomography (CT) scan findings. 61
3581816 1987
368
[Computerized tomographic and clinical examination of children with hemiparesis]. 61
3577526 1987
369
Fetal blood sampling in twin pregnancies. Prenatal diagnosis and management of 19 cases. 61
3332737 1987
370
Cerebral lesions in early prematurity: EEG prognostic value in the neonatal period. 61
3434715 1987
371
Treatment of the West syndrome with high-dose pyridoxal phosphate. 61
3434717 1987
372
Porencephaly and schizencephaly in adopted infants. Frequency ascertainment in a risk group. 61
3568516 1987
373
Familial porencephaly and congenital hemiplegia. 61
3761085 1986
374
MRI simulator for instruction in pulse-sequence selection. 61
3521237 1986
375
Neonatal neurosonographic correlates of cerebral palsy in preterm infants. 61
3523417 1986
376
[Early prognosis of intracranial hemorrhage in premature infants]. 61
3748036 1986
377
Computed tomography evolution of multicystic encephalomalacia. 61
3731810 1986
378
Periventricular leukomalacia in combination with intraventricular hemorrhage: sonographic features and sequelae. 61
3085449 1986
379
Antenatal recognition of cerebral anomalies. 61
3521024 1986
380
Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenic purpura and congenital porencephaly associated with a new maternal antiplatelet antibody. 61
2936411 1986
381
Prenatal porencephaly: the pattern of secondary lesions. 61
3776471 1986
382
In utero cerebral hemorrhage in alloimmune thrombocytopenia. 61
3541667 1986
383
Spontaneous intracerebral haematomas. Clinical and computertomographic findings and long-term outcome after surgical treatment. 61
3812043 1986
384
Cranial ultrasonography of neonatal periventricular/intraventricular hemorrhage: who, how, why and when? 61
3513108 1986
385
The syndrome of the absence of a septum pellucidum with porencephaly. 61
3826556 1986
386
Nocturnal sleep in mentally retarded infants with cerebral palsy. 61
2415320 1985
387
[Porencephaly as a cause of ophthalmologic symptoms]. 61
4087811 1985
388
Observations on transplacental infection with bluetongue virus in sheep. 61
2996388 1985
389
The clinical value of computerized axial tomography in patients without focal neurological features. 61
4035264 1985
390
Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenic purpura and congenital porencephaly in two siblings associated with a "new" maternal antiplatelet antibody. 61
2581641 1985
391
EEG topography in porencephaly and arachnoid cyst. 61
4028451 1985
392
Neuroradiographic abnormalities in congenital cytomegalovirus infection. 61
2854733 1985
393
[Posthemorrhage porencephalic cysts in the neonatal period. Diagnosis. Etiology. Development. Value of transfontanellar echography]. 61
6398864 1984
394
Report of ten cases of porencephaly. 61
6443268 1984
395
Serratia: a problem in a neonatal nursery. 61
6391456 1984
396
Fetal hydrocephalus. II. Amelioration of fetal porencephaly by in utero therapy in nonhuman primates. 61
6609246 1984
397
Congenital hydranencephaly/porencephaly due to vascular disruption in monozygotic twins. 61
6709425 1984
398
Congenital generalized fibromatosis: a review of the literature and report of a case associated with porencephaly, hemiatrophy, and cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita. 61
6368619 1984
399
[Bolus death in abnormalities of the brain]. 61
6495886 1984
400
Murine forebrain anomalies induced by coxsackievirus B3 variants. 61
6096503 1984
401
Relationship of CSF shunting and IQ in children with myelomeningocele: a retrospective analysis. 61
6723425 1984
402
Intracranial hemorrhage in the full-term neonate and young infant: correlation of the location and outcome. 61
6517221 1984
403
Congenital hemiparesis: the spectrum of lesions. A clinical and computerized tomographic study of 37 cases. 61
6668195 1983
404
Intraventricular haemorrhage in a preterm neonate: discordance between clinical course and ultrasound scan. 61
6657013 1983
405
Cerebrospinal fluid myelin basic protein in hydrocephalus. 61
6193255 1983
406
Serial sonography of posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation and porencephaly after intracranial hemorrhage in the preterm neonate. 61
6603749 1983
407
Ultrasound diagnosis of CSF cystic lesions in the neonatal brain. 61
6883028 1983
408
Familial porencephaly. 61
6615288 1983
409
Pathology in the ovine foetus caused by an ovine pestivirus. 61
6311154 1983
410
Echogenic periventricular halo: normal sonographic finding or neonatal cerebral hemorrhage. 61
6601391 1983
411
'Luxury perfusion syndrome' in a patient with reversible ischemic neurological deficits. 61
6840134 1983
412
[Coincidence of congenital heart defects and porencephaly]. 61
6858419 1983
413
Destructive lesions of the brain. 61
6605492 1983
414
[Intracranial arachnoid cyst and porencephaly of the middle fossa--its clinical and neuroradiological study]. 61
6835470 1983
415
Computed tomographic evaluation of corpus callosum agenesis and associated malformations. 61
6984379 1982
416
Cerebrospinal fluid edema: a rare complication of shunt operations for hydrocephalus. Report of three cases. 61
7131072 1982
417
[Congenital hydrocephalus: clinico-pathological picture]. 61
6100512 1982
418
Neonatal posthemorrhagic porencephaly: ultrasonographic features. 61
7102622 1982
419
[Neuroradiological Evaluation of an experimentally implanted tumor into cerebral hemisphere of neonatal beagles (author's transl)]. 61
7099378 1982
420
Evolution of porencephalic cysts from intraparenchymal hemorrhage in neonates: sonographic evidence. 61
6977994 1982
421
Sonographic classification of intracranial hemorrhage. A prognostic indicator of mortality, morbidity, and short-term neurologic outcome. 61
7062184 1982
422
Body movements during sleep in full-term newborn infants. 61
7065377 1982
423
[A contribution to the problem of correlation between anomalous configuration (hypoplasia) of the circle of Willis and porencephaly (author's transl)]. 61
7090605 1982
424
Porencephaly. 61
7108590 1982
425
Polymicrogyria and porencephaly after intrauterine cytomegaly virus infection. 61
6306509 1982
426
Evaluation of macrocrania using computed tomography. 61
7315809 1981
427
The syndrome of absence of the septum pellucidum with porencephalies and other developmental defects. 61
7335157 1981
428
[Neonatal ventriculitis. A case report (author's transl)]. 61
7343829 1981
429
Porencephaly and cytomegalovirus in a surviving monozygotic twin. 61
6267241 1981
430
The origin of porencephaly as demonstrated by sector scan. 61
7349003 1981
431
Pathogenesis of congenital midline porencephaly. 61
7307640 1981
432
Ultrasound evaluation of cystic intracranial lesions in the neonate. 61
6968920 1980
433
Neonatal intracranial hemorrhage. A clinical and serial computerized tomographic study. 61
7431073 1980
434
[Ductus ligation in idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome of the premature infant]. 61
7440230 1980
435
Diagnostic image evaluation of hydranencephaly and pictorially similar entities, with emphasis on computed tomography. 61
7422865 1980
436
[Brain teratology as a result of transplacental virus infection in ruminants]. 61
6267276 1980
437
Porencephaly from periventricular intracerebral hemorrhage in a premature infant. 61
7395828 1980
438
Improving prognosis for infants weighing 1000 g or less at birth. 61
7436482 1980
439
Hypoplasia of the optic nerve in association with porencephaly. 61
7391901 1980
440
[Role of toxoplasmosis in the development of central nervous system lesions in children]. 61
7193392 1980
441
Cerebrovascular diseases in the first three years of life. 61
7435879 1980
442
Cerebral infarcts with arterial occlusion in neonates. 61
533248 1979
443
[2 cases of porencephaly]. 61
120630 1979
444
Wesselsbron disease: a cause of congenital porencephaly and cerebellar hypoplasia in calves. 61
551364 1979
445
Alcohol embryo- and fetopathy. Neuropathology of 3 children and 3 fetuses. 61
438847 1979
446
[Porencephaly and cerebral thrombophlebitis (author's transl)]. 61
493781 1979
447
[Computerized tomography in post-traumatic cerebral lesions (author's transl)]. 61
490467 1979
448
Congenital midline porencephaly: a new brain malformation associated with scalp anomaly. 61
313317 1979
449
Bilateral and symmetrical porencephaly in neonates revealed by computerized tomography. 61
506843 1979
450
Congenital abnormalities in newborn lambs following Akabane virus infection in pregnant ewes. 61
537648 1979
451
Postencephalitic porencephaly, hydranencephaly or polymicrogyria. A review. 61
567000 1978
452
Detection of porencephaly by cerebral dynamic scanning. 61
738288 1978
453
Ventral porencephaly: a cerebral defect associated with multiple congenital anomalies. 61
676672 1978
454
Bilateral congenital subdural cysts associated with porencephaly and CSF-subdural fistula. A report of two cases. 61
655911 1978
455
[Surgical treatment of intracranial hematoma in an infant with hemophilia B (author's transl)]. 61
643159 1978
456
Acquired porencephaly following excision of brain abscess. 61
670752 1978
457
[The inscisural porencephaly of the temporal lobe and the "temporal lobe agenesis syndrome" (author's transl)]. 61
564472 1978
458
Neurodiagnostic studies and the management of head injury. 61
309380 1978
459
Posttraumatic epilepsy and CT scan. 61
106322 1978
460
Congenital cerebral and ocular malformations induced in rhesus monkeys by Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. 61
413204 1977
461
Computed tomography of trauma involving brain and facial skull (craniofacial injuries). 61
615227 1977
462
Elephantiasis of eyelids following repeated craniotomy. Case report. 61
874554 1977
463
[Cerebral distress in the infant (author's transl)]. 61
928908 1977
464
Computerized axial tomography of the brain in neonates and young infants. 61
888078 1977
465
Subependymal germinal matrix and intraventricular hemorrhage in premature infants: diagnosis by CT. 61
414564 1977
466
Coxsackie A9 focal encephalitis associated with acute infantile hemiplegia and porencephaly. 61
194171 1977
467
Evaluation of head trauma by computed tomography. 61
847199 1977
468
[Cranioplasty following decompressive craniectomy--analysis of 300 cases (author's transl)]. 61
558536 1977
469
Computed tomography of porencephaly and other cerebrospinal fluid-containing lesions. 61
847176 1977
470
Bovine hydrocephalus in North Dakota: a survey and morphologic study. 61
847630 1977
471
Progressive focal deficit with porencephaly. 61
843246 1977
472
Down's syndrome with hydrocephalus treated by compressive head binding. 61
140466 1977
473
[Cerebral malformations in the oro-facio-digital syndrome of Papillon-Leage and Psaume (author's transl)]. 61
845839 1977
474
Cerebral angiography and evaluation of functional status of shunts in hydrocephalic children. 61
891305 1977
475
Demonstration of a little known cause of infantile epilepsy, occipital porencephaly, by computerized tomography (CT). 61
401048 1977
476
Congenital abnormalities in newborn lambs after infection of pregnant sheep with Akabane virus. 61
832900 1977
477
Computerized transverse axial tomography in epilepsy. 61
824125 1976
478
[Case of ectodermal dysplasia in a 6-week-old infant with congenital heart disease and porencephaly]. 61
967589 1976
479
Encephaloclastic porencephaly--postnatal evolution. 61
943493 1976
480
[Study of epilepsy by computer controlled transverse axial tomography of the brain]. 61
817262 1976
481
Linear nevus sebaceous syndrome associated with porencephaly and nonfunctioning major cerebral venous sinuses. 61
1172209 1975
482
Isotope cisternography and ventriculography in congenital anomalies of the central nervous system. 61
1079859 1975
483
Congenital meningioma with subdural hygroma and porencephaly (a case report). 61
1143617 1975
484
Congenital porencephaly. 61
4834300 1974
485
Hydroporencephalus. Clinical features and management. 61
17894052 1974
486
Porencephaly with microgyria: a pathologic study. 61
4475537 1974
487
Traumatic porencephaly with growing skull fracture--a case report. 61
4788855 1973
488
[Porencephaly combined with generalized hemangiomatosis of the skin (author's transl)]. 61
4767090 1973
489
Perinatal brain damage: porencephaly in a cynomolgous monkey. 61
4201063 1973
490
Porencephaly diagnosed by isotope cisternography. 61
5084135 1972
491
Animal model for human disease. Hydranencephaly, porencephaly, cerebral cysts, retinal dysplasia, CNS malformations. Animal model: bluetongue-vaccine-virus infection in fetal lambs. 61
4339926 1972
492
Experimental viral-induced congenital encephalopathies. I. Pathology of hydranencephaly and porencephaly caused by bluetongue vaccine virus. 61
5095319 1971
493
[The significance of a ventriculo-atrial shunt in the treatment of progressive porencephaly]. 61
5123104 1971
494
Porencephaly, nasofrontal mucoceles, hypertelorism and segmental vitiligo--report of a new neurocutaneous disorder. 61
4995925 1970
495
[I. Echoencephalography in hydrocephalus and porencephaly]. 61
5417993 1970
496
Skkull erosion complicating traumatic porencephaly in infancy. 61
5769293 1969
497
[Acquired porencephaly, with special reference to a case in a 2-month-old infant]. 61
5304834 1968
498
Congenital cytomegalic inclusion disease with porencephaly. 61
4299112 1968
499
[Case of porencephaly following brain injury]. 61
5748658 1968
500
[A case of porencephaly in a child with microcephaly]. 61
5669410 1968
501
Puncture porencephaly. 61
5301286 1968
502
Congenital porencephaly. 61
5300893 1968
503
[Cerebral damage caused by ventriculography. A contribution to puncture porencephaly]. 61
5304380 1968
504
Electron microscopic study of experimental porencephaly. 61
5656555 1968
505
[Porencephaly in the light of observed cases]. 61
5299223 1967
506
Puncture porencephaly. Pathogenesis and prevention. 61
4951529 1967
507
[A case of porencephaly with intensive siderosis in one of a pair of twins]. 61
6046260 1967
508
Porencephaly caused by intracerebral hemorrhage. 61
5297568 1967
509
[Porencephaly in children]. 61
5864929 1965
510
Post-traumatic porencephaly in infancy. A report of three unusual cases. 61
5858443 1965
511
PORENCEPHALY SIMULATING SUBDURAL HEMATOMA IN CHILDHOOD. A CLINICAL SYNDROME SECONDARY TO ARTERIAL OCCLUSION. 61
14109490 1964
512
PORENCEPHALY; A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND CASE REPORT. 61
14066679 1963
513
Intracerebral hemorrhagic cyst versus porencephaly. Report of a case. 61
13772336 1961
514
[Porencephaly in childhood. Considerations on 20 cases, with special reference to pneumoencephalographic findings]. 61
13734061 1961
515
Porencephaly and complicated cerebral palsy. 61
13596005 1958
516
A case of bilateral posttraumatic porencephaly; a clinico-pathologic study of a microcephalic idiot. 61
13560120 1958
517
Clinical features of porencephaly; a review of thirty-two cases. 61
13558769 1958
518
The relationship between prenatal porencephaly and the encephalomalacias of early life. 61
13588333 1958
519
Porencephaly. 61
13443071 1957
520
[Porencephaly; report on two cases]. 61
13337833 1956
521
Porencephaly. 61
13257984 1955
522
[A case of porocrania and porencephaly discovered in a surgery of a cranial injury]. 61
14383551 1955
523
The ultimate residual lesions of asphyxia neonatorum; with three cases of porencephaly. 61
14358884 1955
524
[Aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery with calcified basilar hematoma and frontal porencephaly]. 61
13281231 1955
525
[Case of encephalopathy with porencephaly and irregular temperature]. 61
13224428 1954
526
Encephalocele with porencephaly; a case report. 61
13126733 1953
527
Partial agenesis of the corpus collosum with porencephaly. 61
13094902 1953
528
[Case of encephalopathy and porencephaly with irregular temperature]. 61
13120207 1953
529
[Cranial traumatism, grave frontal deficit post commotion al syndrome with porencephaly]. 61
13070764 1953
530
[A peculiar form of brain injury in newborn simular to medullary porencephaly]. 61
13039462 1952
531
[Porencephaly as reaction form of immature nerve tissue]. 61
13029726 1952
532
[Porencephaly]. 61
13031127 1952
533
[Hemispherectomy in cerebral hemiatrophy and porencephaly]. 61
14957075 1952
534
[Clinical and roentgenologic aspects of a case of cystic evagination of the roof of the third ventricle, agenesis of the corpus callosum, porencephaly, hydrocephalus and giant accessory bone in the frontal fontanel]. 61
14936746 1952
535
[Porencephaly in childhood]. 61
14931660 1952
536
Two cases of porencephaly, with special reference to electroencephalography. 61
14872969 1951
537
Porencephaly in childhood. 61
14902565 1951
538
[Porencephaly]. 61
14803884 1950
539
[Agenesis of corpus callosum and septum pelludicum and porencephaly of the cerebellum]. 61
14792589 1950
540
Porencephaly and cerebral abscess simulating internal hydrocephalus. 61
18142192 1949
541
Porencephaly in institutional epileptics. 61
18106819 1948
542
Bicycle accident; skull fracture, middle meningeal hemorrhage, cerebral contusion, porencephaly. 61
18921259 1947
543
The electroencephalogram in porencephaly. 61
20269880 1947
544
Porencephaly. 61
21000817 1946
545
Porencephaly; a clinicopathologic study. 61
20993397 1946
546
ATROPHY OF THE THALAMUS IN A CASE OF ACQUIRED HEMIPLEGIA ASSOCIATED WITH DIFFUSE PORENCEPHALY AND SCLEROSIS OF THE LEFT CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE. 61
21610971 1940
547
Unusual Cortical Potentials in a Case of Porencephaly. 61
19992121 1939
548
Porencephaly with Myoclonus and Congenital Heart Lesion. 61
19986820 1929

Variations for Porencephaly

Expression for Porencephaly

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Porencephaly.

Pathways for Porencephaly

Pathways related to Porencephaly according to KEGG:

36 (showing 2, show less)
# Name Kegg Source Accession
1 Focal adhesion hsa04510
2 ECM-receptor interaction hsa04512

Pathways related to Porencephaly according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(showing 18, show less)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
12.81 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
2
Show member pathways
12.73 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
3 12.71 F2 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
4
Show member pathways
12.65 COLGALT2 COLGALT1 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2
5
Show member pathways
12.53 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
6
Show member pathways
12.45 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
7
Show member pathways
12.07 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
8
Show member pathways
12 F5 F2 COLGALT2 COLGALT1 COL4A5 COL4A4
9 11.84 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
10 11.8 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
11 11.73 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
12 11.59 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3
13 11.5 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
14 11.41 F2 COL4A2 COL4A1
15 11.34 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
16 11.16 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
17 10.92 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
18 10.86 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1

GO Terms for Porencephaly

Cellular components related to Porencephaly according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(showing 6, show less)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular matrix GO:0031012 9.77 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
2 basement membrane GO:0005604 9.72 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
3 collagen-containing extracellular matrix GO:0062023 9.7 L1CAM F2 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2
4 collagen trimer GO:0005581 9.65 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
5 endoplasmic reticulum lumen GO:0005788 9.61 F5 F2 COLGALT2 COLGALT1 COL4A5 COL4A4
6 collagen type IV trimer GO:0005587 9.02 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1

Biological processes related to Porencephaly according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(showing 3, show less)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular matrix organization GO:0030198 9.35 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
2 glomerular basement membrane development GO:0032836 9.16 COL4A4 COL4A3
3 collagen-activated tyrosine kinase receptor signaling pathway GO:0038063 9.02 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1

Molecular functions related to Porencephaly according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(showing 4, show less)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular matrix structural constituent GO:0005201 9.35 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1
2 structural constituent of eye lens GO:0005212 9.26 CRYBA4 CRYAA
3 procollagen galactosyltransferase activity GO:0050211 9.16 COLGALT2 COLGALT1
4 extracellular matrix structural constituent conferring tensile strength GO:0030020 9.02 COL4A5 COL4A4 COL4A3 COL4A2 COL4A1

Sources for Porencephaly

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
50 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM
57 OMIM via Orphanet
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 TGDB
70 Tocris
71 UMLS
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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