Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1 (PPH1)

Categories: Blood diseases, Cardiovascular diseases, Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Respiratory diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

MalaCards integrated aliases for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1:

Name: Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1 57 74
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension 57 53 25 59 37 29 6 17 72
Primary Pulmonary Hypertension 53 25 37 29 55 6 33
Pah 57 53 25 59
Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension 53 59 72
Idiopathic Pulmonary Hypertension 53 25 72
Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, Fenfluramine or Dexfenfluramine-Associated 57 29
Pulmonary Hypertension, Familial Primary, 1, with or Without Hht 57 29
Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension 25 72
Sporadic Primary Pulmonary Hypertension 25 72
Pph1 57 74
Pph 53 25
Hereditary Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension 53
Heritable Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension 53
Familial Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension 53
Pulmonary Hypertension, Familial Primary 13
Hypertension, Pulmonary, Primary, Type 1 40
Primary Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension 59
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension; Pah 57
Ayerza's Syndrome 72
Ayerza Syndrome 25
Fpah 53
Fpph 25
Ppht 25
Ipah 59
Pht 57


Orphanet epidemiological data:

pulmonary arterial hypertension
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant,Not applicable; Prevalence: 1-9/100000 (Europe),1-9/100000 (Spain),1-9/1000000 (Spain),1-9/100000 (France),1-9/1000000 (France),1-9/100000 (United States),1-9/100000 (Czech Republic),1-9/100000 (Switzerland),1-9/1000000 (Switzerland),1-9/1000000 (United Kingdom),1-9/100000 (United Kingdom); Age of onset: All ages; Age of death: any age;
idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension
Inheritance: Not applicable; Prevalence: 1-9/1000000 (Worldwide),1-9/1000000 (France),1-9/1000000 (Spain),1-9/100000 (Czech Republic),1-9/1000000 (Czech Republic),1-9/1000000 (Switzerland),1-9/1000000 (United Kingdom),1-9/100000 (United Kingdom),1-9/1000000 (United States),1-9/1000000 (Belgium),1-9/1000000 (Israel),1-9/100000 (Europe); Age of onset: All ages; Age of death: adult;


incomplete penetrance
usually presents in third to fourth decade (but onset can range from childhood to elderly)
female to male ratio ranges from 2:1 to 4:1
prevalence in the finnish population of 5.8 per million
incidence in the finnish population of 0.2-1.3 cases per million per year

autosomal dominant


pulmonary hypertension, primary, 1:
Inheritance autosomal dominant inheritance
Onset and clinical course incomplete penetrance


Orphanet: 59  
Rare respiratory diseases

External Ids:

MeSH 44 D006976
ICD10 33 I27.0
MESH via Orphanet 45 C536282
ICD10 via Orphanet 34 I27.0
UMLS via Orphanet 73 C0152171 C1701938 C2973725 more
UMLS 72 C0004468 C0152171 C0340542 more

Summaries for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

Genetics Home Reference : 25 Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a progressive disorder characterized by abnormally high blood pressure (hypertension) in the pulmonary artery, the blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the lungs. Pulmonary arterial hypertension is one form of a broader condition known as pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary hypertension occurs when most of the very small arteries throughout the lungs narrow in diameter, which increases the resistance to blood flow through the lungs. To overcome the increased resistance, blood pressure increases in the pulmonary artery and in the right ventricle of the heart, which is the chamber that pumps blood into the pulmonary artery. Ultimately, the increased blood pressure can damage the right ventricle of the heart. Signs and symptoms of pulmonary arterial hypertension occur when increased blood pressure cannot fully overcome the elevated resistance. As a result, the flow of oxygenated blood from the lungs to the rest of the body is insufficient. Shortness of breath (dyspnea) during exertion and fainting spells are the most common symptoms of pulmonary arterial hypertension. People with this disorder may experience additional symptoms, particularly as the condition worsens. Other symptoms include dizziness, swelling (edema) of the ankles or legs, chest pain, and a rapid heart rate.

MalaCards based summary : Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1, also known as pulmonary arterial hypertension, is related to pulmonary venoocclusive disease and eisenmenger syndrome, and has symptoms including dyspnea An important gene associated with Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1 is BMPR2 (Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptor Type 2), and among its related pathways/superpathways are TGF-beta signaling pathway and Wnt / Hedgehog / Notch. The drugs Riociguat and Silver sulfadiazine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include heart, lung and endothelial, and related phenotypes are dyspnea and pulmonary arterial hypertension

NIH Rare Diseases : 53 Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive condition that affects the heart and lungs. It is characterized by abnormally high blood pressure (hypertension) in the pulmonary artery, the blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the lungs. The most common signs and symptoms are shortness of breath (dyspnea) during exertion and fainting spells. As the condition worsens, people can experience dizziness, swelling (edema) of the ankles or legs, chest pain, and a racing pulse. Most cases of PAH occur in individuals with no family history of the disorder. Although some cases are due to mutations in the BMPR2 gene and inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern, a gene mutation has not yet been identified in most individuals. When PAH is inherited from an affected relative it is called "familial" PAH. Cases with no identifiable cause may be referred to as "idiopathic" PAH. PAH can also occur secondary to an underlying disorder such as connective tissue diseases, HIV infection, chronic hemolytic anemia, and congenital heart disease, to name a few. PAH can also be induced by certain drugs and toxins, for example fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine (appetite suppressants now banned by the FDA), toxic rapeseed oil, and amphetamines.

OMIM : 57 Primary pulmonary arterial hypertension is a rare, often fatal, progressive vascular lung disease characterized by increased pulmonary vascular resistance and sustained elevation of mean pulmonary arterial pressure, leading to right ventricular hypertrophy and right heart failure. Pathologic features include a narrowing and thickening of small pulmonary vessels and plexiform lesions. There is pulmonary vascular remodeling of all layers of pulmonary arterial vessels: intimal thickening, smooth muscle cell hypertrophy or hyperplasia, adventitial fibrosis, and occluded vessels by in situ thrombosis (summary by Machado et al., 2009 and Han et al., 2013). Heterozygous mutations in the BMPR2 gene are found in nearly 70% of families with heritable PPH and in 25% of patients with sporadic disease. The disease is more common in women (female:male ratio of 1.7:1). However, the penetrance of PPH1 is incomplete: only about 10 to 20% of individuals with BMPR2 mutations develop the disease during their lifetime, suggesting that development of the disorder is triggered by other genetic or environmental factors. Patients with PPH1 are less likely to respond to acute vasodilater testing and are unlikely to benefit from treatment with calcium channel blockade (summary by Machado et al., 2009 and Han et al., 2013). (178600)

KEGG : 37
Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a progressive disease characterised by raised pulmonary vascular resistance, which results in diminished right-heart function due to increased right ventricular afterload. PPH occurs most commonly in young and middle-aged women; mean survival from onset of symptoms is 2-3 years. Mutations in the type II bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor (BMPR)-II are now considered to be the genetic basis for familial PPH and ~30% of cases of sporadic PPH. BMPs are members of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily and affect intracellular signalling via Smads and mitogen-activated protein kinases. It has been shown that missense mutations of cysteine residues in the extracellular or kinase domain of BMPR2 result in intracellular localisation of the mutated receptor and negligible Smad signalling.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 74 Pulmonary hypertension, primary, 1: A rare disorder characterized by plexiform lesions of proliferating endothelial cells in pulmonary arterioles. The lesions lead to elevated pulmonary arterial pression, right ventricular failure, and death. The disease can occur from infancy throughout life and it has a mean age at onset of 36 years. Penetrance is reduced. Although familial pulmonary hypertension is rare, cases secondary to known etiologies are more common and include those associated with the appetite-suppressant drugs.

Related Diseases for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

Diseases in the Pulmonary Hypertension family:

Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1 Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, Autosomal Recessive
Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 2 Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 3
Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 4 Rare Pulmonary Hypertension

Diseases related to Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1 via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 762)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 pulmonary venoocclusive disease 33.2 KCNK3 BMPR2 ACVRL1
2 eisenmenger syndrome 31.6 EDN1 BMPR2
3 tricuspid valve insufficiency 31.6 NPPB ACVRL1
4 arteriovenous malformation 31.2 ENG BMPR2 ACVRL1
5 pulmonary arteriovenous malformation 31.2 ENG ACVRL1
6 connective tissue disease 30.9 EDN1 BMPR2 ACVRL1
7 chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension 30.7 NPPB BMPR2
8 cardiac tamponade 30.6 NPPB ACVRL1
9 neonatal respiratory failure 30.6 FOXF1 ABCA3
10 mitral valve stenosis 30.6 NPPB NPPA ACVRL1
11 telangiectasis 30.4 ENG BMPR2 BMP6 ACVRL1
12 heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension 30.4 KCNK3 ENG BMPR2 ACVRL1
13 hepatopulmonary syndrome 30.3 EDN1 BMPR2 ACVRL1
14 scleroderma, familial progressive 30.3 EDN1 BMP6
15 syncope 30.1 NPPB NPPA
16 pulmonary edema 30.1 NPPB NPPA EDN1
17 persistent fetal circulation syndrome 30.0 FOXF1 EDN1
18 mitral valve insufficiency 29.9 NPPB NPPA
19 central sleep apnea 29.8 NPPB NPPA
20 diastolic heart failure 29.8 NPPB NPPA
21 pulmonary fibrosis, idiopathic 29.8 EDN1 BMP6 ABCA3
22 congestive heart failure 29.8 NPPB NPPA EDN1
23 systolic heart failure 29.7 NPPB EDN1
24 tetralogy of fallot 29.7 NPPB NPPA EDN1
25 arteries, anomalies of 29.6 NPPB EDN1 BMPR2 ACVRL1
26 chronic pulmonary heart disease 29.6 SLC6A4 EDN1 BMPR2 ACVRL1
27 coronary artery anomaly 29.5 NPPB NPPA EDN1
28 liver cirrhosis 29.4 NPPA MALAT1 EDN1
29 renal hypertension 29.2 NPPB EDN1
30 acute myocardial infarction 29.2 NPPB NPPA EDN1
31 vascular disease 29.1 ENG EDN1 BMPR2 BMP6 ACVRL1
32 pre-eclampsia 29.0 NPPA MALAT1 ENG EDN1
33 pulmonary hypertension 28.0 SLC6A4 NPPB NPPA KCNK3 ENG EDN1
34 ischiocoxopodopatellar syndrome with or without pulmonary arterial hypertension 12.7
35 phenylketonuria 12.7
36 pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease 12.6
37 pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with portal hypertension 12.6
38 pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with another disease 12.6
39 familial pulmonary arterial hypertension leucopenia and atrial septal defect 12.6
40 pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with hiv infection 12.6
41 pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with schistosomiasis 12.5
42 drug- or toxin-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension 12.5
43 pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with chronic hemolytic anemia 12.5
44 cowden syndrome 1 12.4
45 neutropenia, severe congenital, 4, autosomal recessive 12.2
46 lymphedema and cerebral arteriovenous anomaly 12.1
47 mild phenylketonuria 12.1
48 hyperphenylalaninemia, bh4-deficient, a 11.9
49 hyperphenylalaninemia 11.9
50 mild hyperphenylalaninemia 11.8

Comorbidity relations with Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1 via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN): (show all 35)

Active Peptic Ulcer Disease Acute Cor Pulmonale
Acute Cystitis Acute Kidney Failure
Anxiety Aortic Valve Disease 1
Bronchitis Cardiac Arrest
Chronic Pulmonary Heart Disease Deficiency Anemia
Familial Atrial Fibrillation First-Degree Atrioventricular Block
Heart Disease Hypertension, Essential
Hyperuricemia, Pulmonary Hypertension, Renal Failure, and Alkalosis Syndrome Hypothyroidism
Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonia Intermediate Coronary Syndrome
Iron Deficiency Anemia Kidney Disease
Mitral Valve Disease Mitral Valve Stenosis
Nutmeg Liver Peripheral Vascular Disease
Postinflammatory Pulmonary Fibrosis Protein-Energy Malnutrition
Pulmonary Valve Disease Respiratory Failure
Rheumatic Heart Disease Right Bundle Branch Block
Sinoatrial Node Disease Sleep Apnea
Systemic Scleroderma Third-Degree Atrioventricular Block
Tricuspid Valve Disease

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1:

Diseases related to Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

Human phenotypes related to Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1:

59 32 (show all 38)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 dyspnea 59 32 frequent (33%) Very frequent (99-80%),Obligate (100%) HP:0002094
2 pulmonary arterial hypertension 59 32 very rare (1%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0002092
3 chest pain 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%),Frequent (79-30%) HP:0100749
4 right ventricular hypertrophy 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001667
5 increased pulmonary vascular resistance 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0005317
6 right ventricular failure 32 hallmark (90%) HP:0001708
7 elevated right atrial pressure 32 hallmark (90%) HP:0005168
8 abnormal jugular vein morphology 32 hallmark (90%) HP:3000042
9 hepatomegaly 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0002240
10 fatigue 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0012378
11 congestive heart failure 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%),Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001635
12 vertigo 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0002321
13 syncope 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001279
14 tricuspid regurgitation 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0005180
15 ankle swelling 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001785
16 palpitations 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%),Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001962
17 heart murmur 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0030148
18 edema of the dorsum of feet 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0012098
19 abnormal thrombosis 32 frequent (33%) HP:0001977
20 pedal edema 32 frequent (33%) HP:0010741
21 pulmonary arterial medial hypertrophy 32 frequent (33%) HP:0004964
22 pulmonary artery vasoconstriction 32 frequent (33%) HP:0005308
23 pulmonary aterial intimal fibrosis 32 frequent (33%) HP:0005312
24 sudden cardiac death 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001645
25 recurrent respiratory infections 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0002205
26 acrocyanosis 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001063
27 ascites 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001541
28 capillary hemangioma 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0005306
29 hemoptysis 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%),Occasional (29-5%) HP:0002105
30 abnormal tricuspid valve morphology 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001702
31 hypertension 32 HP:0000822
32 chronic hemolytic anemia 59 Excluded (0%)
33 edema of the lower limbs 59 Frequent (79-30%),Occasional (29-5%)
34 telangiectasia 32 HP:0001009
35 elevated pulmonary artery pressure 59 Very frequent (99-80%)
36 abnormality of jugular vein 59 Very frequent (99-80%)
37 abnormality of connective tissue 59 Excluded (0%)
38 arterial intimal fibrosis 32 HP:0011353

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

Respiratory Lung:
pulmonary function tests may show restrictive pattern

Cardiovascular Vascular:
increased pulmonary vascular resistance
pulmonary artery vasoconstriction
increased pulmonary artery pressure (mean greater than 25 mm hg at rest and 30 mm hg during exercise)
arterial vascular wall remodeling
arteries show medial hypertrophy
Laboratory Abnormalities:
arterial hypoxemia

Cardiovascular Heart:
right ventricular hypertrophy
right ventricular failure
elevated right atrial pressure
decreased cardiac output


Clinical features from OMIM:


UMLS symptoms related to Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1:


MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1:

# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cardiovascular system MP:0005385 9.81 ABCA3 ACVRL1 BMPR2 EDN1 ENG FOXF1
2 muscle MP:0005369 9.5 ACVRL1 BMPR2 EDN1 ENG FOXF1 NPPA
3 respiratory system MP:0005388 9.1 ABCA3 ACVRL1 BMPR2 ENG FOXF1 KCNK3

Drugs & Therapeutics for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

Drugs for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1 (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 355)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
Riociguat Approved Phase 4 625115-55-1
Silver sulfadiazine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 22199-08-2 441244
Clevidipine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 167221-71-8
Spironolactone Approved Phase 4 1952-01-7, 52-01-7 5833
Furosemide Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 54-31-9 3440
Epoprostenol Approved Phase 4 35121-78-9, 61849-14-7 5282411 5280427
Macitentan Approved Phase 4 441798-33-0
Tadalafil Approved, Investigational Phase 4 171596-29-5 110635
Lidocaine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 137-58-6 3676
10 Beraprost Investigational Phase 4 88430-50-6
11 Tezosentan Investigational Phase 4 180384-57-0
12 Vardenafil Dihydrochloride Phase 4
13 Performance-Enhancing Substances Phase 4
14 Hormone Antagonists Phase 4
15 Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists Phase 4
16 Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists Phase 4
17 diuretics Phase 4
18 Natriuretic Agents Phase 4
19 Mineralocorticoids Phase 4
20 Sodium Potassium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors Phase 4
21 Liver Extracts Phase 4
22 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 4
23 Endothelin A Receptor Antagonists Phase 4
24 Chelating Agents Phase 4
25 Anticoagulants Phase 4
26 Anti-Arrhythmia Agents Phase 4
27 Natriuretic Peptide, Brain Phase 4
28 Diuretics, Potassium Sparing Phase 4
29 Sodium Channel Blockers Phase 4
30 Central Nervous System Depressants Phase 4
31 Anesthetics, Local Phase 4
32 Anesthetics Phase 4
Udenafil Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 268203-93-6 6918523
Ranolazine Approved, Investigational Phase 3 142387-99-3, 95635-55-5 56959
Iodine Approved, Investigational Phase 3 7553-56-2 807
Mannitol Approved, Investigational Phase 3 69-65-8 453 6251
Trimetazidine Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 5011-34-7
tannic acid Approved Phase 3 1401-55-4
Benzocaine Approved, Investigational Phase 3 94-09-7, 1994-09-7 2337
Ipratropium Approved, Experimental Phase 3 60205-81-4, 22254-24-6 657309 43232
Selexipag Approved Phase 2, Phase 3 475086-01-2
Nitric Oxide Approved Phase 3 10102-43-9 145068
Calcium Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 3 7440-70-2 271
44 Antirheumatic Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
45 Analgesics Phase 2, Phase 3
46 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 2, Phase 3
47 Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal Phase 2, Phase 3
48 Immunosuppressive Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
49 Tanshinone Phase 2, Phase 3
50 Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic Phase 2, Phase 3

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 667)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Intravenous Iron Treatment In Iron Deficient Patients With Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Unknown status NCT01288651 Phase 4 Ferricarboxymaltose
2 Effects of Spironolactone on Collagen Metabolism in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Unknown status NCT01468571 Phase 4 Spironolactone;Placebo
3 Hypotonic Treprostinil Subcutaneous Infusion for Control of Treprostinil Related Site Pain Unknown status NCT01615627 Phase 4 HypotonicTreprostinil Solution;Eutonic Treprostinil Solution
4 Vardenafil as add-on Therapy for Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension Treated With Inhaled Iloprost Unknown status NCT01649739 Phase 4 Levitra
5 Raising the Bars in the Treatment of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Goal Oriented Strategy to Preserve Ejection Fraction Trial Unknown status NCT03236818 Phase 4 ERA and PDE-5I (Sildenafil, Tadalafil, Bosentan, Macitentan)
6 Long Acting Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors as Add-on Therapy for Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension Treated With Prostanoids. Unknown status NCT00705588 Phase 4 Tadalafil;Vardenafil
7 Hemodynamic Evaluation of Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Response to Sildenafil Treatment Unknown status NCT00483626 Phase 4 oral sildenafil
8 Inhaled Iloprost for Disproportionate Pulmonary Hypertension in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Unknown status NCT01116063 Phase 4 Inhaled iloprost
9 Randomized Controlled Trial to Compare the Efficacy of Combination Therapy vs Monotherapy for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Systemic Sclerosis Unknown status NCT03053739 Phase 4 Sildenafil 20mg and Bosentan 62.5mg;Sildenafil 20mg and Placebo
10 Acute Effect of Sildenafil on Exercise Tolerance and Functional Capacity in COPD, IPF and Post Pneumonectomy Patients Unknown status NCT01382368 Phase 4 Sildenafil
11 Effect of Endothelin Receptor Blocker Tracleer on Toruniquet-associated Hypertension During Total Knee Arthroplasty Unknown status NCT03229694 Phase 4 Tracleer 125Mg Tablet;Placebo
12 TRUST-2: An Open-label Continuation Trial of the Safety and Efficacy of Intravenous Remodulin® in Patients in India With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) Completed NCT03055221 Phase 4 Intravenous Treprostinil
13 An Open-label Extension of Study AC-066A401 Investigating the Safety and Tolerability of ACT-385781A Compared to Flolan® in Injectable Prostanoid Treatment-naïve Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) Completed NCT01105117 Phase 4 ACT-385781A (Actelion Epoprostenol);Flolan®
14 A Phase IV, Open-label, Randomized, Multicenter Study of the Safety, Tolerability,and Pharmacokinetics of ACT- 385781A Compared to Flolan® in Injectable Prostanoid Treatment-naïve Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) Completed NCT01105091 Phase 4 ACT-385781A (Actelion Epoprostenol);Flolan®
15 Open Label, Non Comparative Study to Investigate the Effect of Bosentan on Pulmonary Artery Remodelling in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH). Completed NCT00595049 Phase 4 bosentan
16 An Open Label, Multi-center Study Evaluating the Safety of Long-term Inhaled Treprostinil Administration Following Transition From Inhaled Ventavis® (Iloprost) in Subjects With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Completed NCT00741819 Phase 4 Inhaled treprostinil
17 Safely Change From Bosentan to Ambrisentan in Pulmonary Hypertension Completed NCT01330108 Phase 4 ambrisentan
18 A Multinational, Multicentre, Randomized, Double-blind Study To Assess The Efficacy And Safety Of Oral Sildenafil 20mg Tid Or Placebo When Added To Bosentan In The Treatment Of Subjects, Aged 18 Years And Above, With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (Pah) Completed NCT00323297 Phase 4 Bosentan;Bosentan;Sildenafil Citrate
19 An Open-Label Uncontrolled Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Ambrisentan in Patients With Exercise Induced Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Completed NCT01338636 Phase 4 Ambrisentan
20 A 16 Week, Open Label, Multi-centre, Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacodynamic Effects of a Rapid Dose Titration Regimen of Subcutaneous Remodulin® Therapy in Subjects With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) Completed NCT02847260 Phase 4 Remodulin
21 A Phase 3, Multi-center, Open-label Study To Investigate Safety, Efficacy, And Tolerability Of Sildenafil Citrate In Pediatric Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Completed NCT01642407 Phase 4 Sildenafil
22 COMPASS 3: An Open-label, Multi-Center Study Employing a Targeted 6-Minute Walk Test (6-MWT) Distance Threshold Approach to Guide Bosentan-Based Therapy and to Assess the Utility of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) on Cardiac Remodeling Completed NCT00433329 Phase 4 Bosentan;Sildenafil
23 Inhaled Iloprost for Sarcoidosis Associated Pulmonary Hypertension Completed NCT00403650 Phase 4 Iloprost
24 TRACLEER® (Bosentan) Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension A Multicenter, Open-label, Single-arm Safety Study to Investigate the Effects of Chronic TRACLEER® Treatment on Testicular Function in Male Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Completed NCT00082186 Phase 4 bosentan
25 A Phase IV, Prospective, Single-Arm, Open-Label Study to Measure Outcomes in Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Not on Active Treatment Completed NCT02191137 Phase 4 Riociguat (Adempas, BAY63-2521)
26 An Open-label, Multicenter Study of Ambrisentan and a Phosphodiesterase Type-5 Inhibitor Combination Therapy in Subjects With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Who Have Demonstrated a Sub-Optimal Response to a Phosphodiesterase Type-5 Inhibitor Completed NCT00617305 Phase 4 Ambrisentan;Placebo;Sildenafil;Tadalafil
27 A Single-arm, Open Label Study Evaluating the Impact on Lifestyle of a New Thermo Stable Formulation of FLOLAN® in Subjects With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH). (FLOLAN® is a Registered Trademark of the GlaxoSmithKline Group of Companies.) Completed NCT01462565 Phase 4 current marketed FLOLAN (epoprostenol sodium);new thermo stable formulation of epoprostenol sodium
28 A Multi-center, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the Effects of Tracleer (Bosentan) on Oxygen Saturation and Cardiac Hemodynamics in Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Related to Eisenmenger Physiology Completed NCT00317486 Phase 4 bosentan
29 A Clinical Trial of Ambrisentan and Tadalafil in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Associated With Systemic Sclerosis Completed NCT01042158 Phase 4 tadalafil and ambrisentan upfront combination therapy
30 Therapy of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) With Bosentan in Patients With Eisenmenger Syndrome Completed NCT00266162 Phase 4 Bosentan administration
31 Transition From Parenteral Prostanoids to Inhaled Treprostinil Completed NCT01268553 Phase 4 Treprostinil
32 Effects of Combination of Bosentan and Sildenafil Versus Sildenafil Monotherapy on Morbidity and Mortality in Symptomatic Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension - A Multicenter, Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Parallel Group, Prospective, Event Driven Phase IV Study Completed NCT00303459 Phase 4 bosentan;placebo
33 A Multi-Center, Open-Label Extension Study to Protocol AC-052-405 to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Tracleer (Bosentan) in Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Related to Eisenmenger Physiology Completed NCT00367770 Phase 4 Tracleer®
34 An Open Label, Single-arm Study Evaluating a New Thermostable Formulation of FLOLAN™ in Japanese Subjects With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) Completed NCT02705807 Phase 4 FLOLAN injection with currently marketed diluent;FLOLAN injection with reformulated diluent
35 A Multicenter, Randomized, Parallel Placebo-Controlled Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Subcutaneous Remodulin® Therapy After Transition From Flolan® in Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Completed NCT00058929 Phase 4 treprostinil sodium
36 Phase IV Study of Chronic Infusional Epoprostenol for Severe Primary Pulmonary Hypertension Completed NCT00004754 Phase 4 epoprostenol
37 Exercise Induced Pulmonary Hypertension in Systemic Sclerosis and Treatment With Ambrisentan: A Prospective Single Center, Open Label, Pilot Study Completed NCT01051960 Phase 4 Ambrisentan
38 Rapid Switch From Intravenous Epoprostenol to Intravenous Remodulin® (Treprostinil Sodium) in Patients With Stable Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Safety, Efficacy and Treatment Satisfaction Completed NCT00373360 Phase 4 treprostinil sodium
39 Clevidipine for Vasoreactivity Evaluation of the Pulmonary Arterial Bed (CARVE) Completed NCT01121458 Phase 4 Clevidipine
40 The Effect of Riociguat on Gas Exchange, Exercise Performance, and Pulmonary Artery Pressure During Acute Altitude Exposure Completed NCT02024386 Phase 4 Riociguat
41 Efficacy of Beraprost in Lowering Pulmonary Arterial Pressure in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Children Associated With Left to Right Shunt Congenital Heart Defect Completed NCT03431649 Phase 4 Beraprost Sodium;Sildenafil Citrate
42 Phase IV Study on the Effects of Sildenafil in Combination With Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program on Exercise Tolerance in Patients With COPD and Pulmonary Hypertension Completed NCT01055405 Phase 4 Sildenafil
43 CombinatiON Up-FRON t Therapy for PAH - A Phase 4, Randomized, Multicenter Study of Inhaled Treprostinil in Treatment naïve Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Patients Starting on Tadalafil Completed NCT01305252 Phase 4 treprostinil inhalations;tadalafil
44 Acute Effects of a Single Dose of Sildenafil (20mg/40mg) on Pulmonary Haemodynamics and Gas Exchange at Rest and During Exercise in COPD Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension Completed NCT00491803 Phase 4 Sildenafil;Sildenafil
45 Single Dose Sildenafil in Heart Failure Patients Improves 6-minute Walk Test by a Reduction in Left Ventricular Filling Pressure Completed NCT00781508 Phase 4 sildenafil
46 Phase IV Study on New Insights in Remodeling of Diabetic Cardiomyopathy: Gender Difference in Intramyocardial, Molecular and Neuroendocrine Assessment in Response to Chronic Inhibition of Cyclic GMP Phosphodiesterase 5A Completed NCT01803828 Phase 4 Tadalafil;Placebo
48 EXPEDITE: A 16-Week, Multicenter, Open-label Study of Remodulin Induction Followed by Orenitram Optimization in Subjects With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Recruiting NCT03497689 Phase 4 Intravenous/Subcutaneous Treprostinil; Oral Treprostinil
49 Upfront Riociguat and Ambrisentan Combination Therapy for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Safety and Efficacy Pilot Study Recruiting NCT03809156 Phase 4 Riociguat Oral Product
50 An Open-label, Multi-national, Multi-center, Single-arm, Uncontrolled, Long-term Extension Study of Orally Administered Riociguat in Patients With Symptomatic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) Who Received Riociguat in a Bayer Clinical Trial. Recruiting NCT02759419 Phase 4 Adempas (Riociguat, BAY63-2521)

Search NIH Clinical Center for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

Inferred drug relations via UMLS 72 / NDF-RT 51 :


Genetic Tests for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

Genetic tests related to Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Primary Pulmonary Hypertension 29 BMPR2
2 Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension 29
3 Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, Fenfluramine or Dexfenfluramine-Associated 29
4 Pulmonary Hypertension, Familial Primary, 1, with or Without Hht 29

Anatomical Context for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1:

Heart, Lung, Endothelial, Smooth Muscle, Testes, Bone, Liver

Publications for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

Articles related to Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1:

(show top 50) (show all 10908)
# Title Authors PMID Year
BMPR2 germline mutations in pulmonary hypertension associated with fenfluramine derivatives. 9 38 8 71
12358323 2002
BMPR2 gene rearrangements account for a significant proportion of mutations in familial and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. 38 8 71
16429403 2006
BMPR2 mutations have short lifetime expectancy in primary pulmonary hypertension. 9 8 71
15965979 2005
Familial primary pulmonary hypertension (gene PPH1) is caused by mutations in the bone morphogenetic protein receptor-II gene. 9 8 71
10903931 2000
Heterozygous germline mutations in BMPR2, encoding a TGF-beta receptor, cause familial primary pulmonary hypertension. 9 8 71
10973254 2000
Sporadic primary pulmonary hypertension is associated with germline mutations of the gene encoding BMPR-II, a receptor member of the TGF-beta family. 8 71
11015450 2000
Genetic analyses in a cohort of children with pulmonary hypertension. 38 8
27587546 2016
SMAD1 deficiency in either endothelial or smooth muscle cells can predispose mice to pulmonary hypertension. 38 8
23478097 2013
Genome-wide association analysis identifies a susceptibility locus for pulmonary arterial hypertension. 38 8
23502781 2013
Altered MicroRNA processing in heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension: an important role for Smad-8. 38 8
21920918 2011
Notch3 signaling promotes the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension. 38 8
19855400 2009
Genetics and genomics of pulmonary arterial hypertension. 38 8
19555857 2009
A new nonsense mutation of SMAD8 associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension. 38 8
19211612 2009
BMPR2 mutation in a patient with pulmonary arterial hypertension and suspected hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. 38 8
18792970 2008
Synergistic heterozygosity for TGFbeta1 SNPs and BMPR2 mutations modulates the age at diagnosis and penetrance of familial pulmonary arterial hypertension. 38 8
18496036 2008
Moderate pulmonary arterial hypertension in male mice lacking the vasoactive intestinal peptide gene. 38 8
17309917 2007
Primary pulmonary hypertension in children may have a different genetic background than in adults. 9 8
15295086 2004
Functional interaction between BMPR-II and Tctex-1, a light chain of Dynein, is isoform-specific and disrupted by mutations underlying primary pulmonary hypertension. 9 8
14583445 2003
Heritable Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension 38 71
20301658 2002
Serotonin transporter overexpression is responsible for pulmonary artery smooth muscle hyperplasia in primary pulmonary hypertension. 9 8
11602621 2001
BMPR2 haploinsufficiency as the inherited molecular mechanism for primary pulmonary hypertension. 9 71
11115378 2001
Role for miR-204 in human pulmonary arterial hypertension. 38 88
21321078 2011
Expression of human herpesvirus 8 in primary pulmonary hypertension. 8
13679525 2003
Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease caused by an inherited mutation in bone morphogenetic protein receptor II. 71
12446270 2003
Genetic clues to the cause of primary pulmonary hypertension. 8
11484696 2001
Primary pulmonary hypertension. 8
9729004 1998
Monoclonal endothelial cell proliferation is present in primary but not secondary pulmonary hypertension. 8
9486960 1998
Mapping of familial primary pulmonary hypertension locus (PPH1) to chromosome 2q31-q32. 8
9193425 1997
Localization of the gene for familial primary pulmonary hypertension to chromosome 2q31-32. 8
9054941 1997
Primary pulmonary hypertension. 8
8988890 1997
Genetic anticipation and abnormal gender ratio at birth in familial primary pulmonary hypertension. 8
7599869 1995
Familial pulmonary hypertension: immunogenetic findings in four Caucasian kindreds. 8
1554203 1992
Primary pulmonary hypertension in a patient with a familial platelet storage pool disease: role of serotonin. 8
2368783 1990
Heterogeneity of pathologic lesions in familial primary pulmonary hypertension. 8
3202470 1988
The protein kinase family: conserved features and deduced phylogeny of the catalytic domains. 71
3291115 1988
Primary pulmonary hypertension. A national prospective study. 8
3605900 1987
Familial primary pulmonary hypertension: clinical patterns. 8
6703480 1984
Familial primary pulmonary hypertension. 8
4277482 1974
Abnormal fibrinolysis in familial pulmonary hypertension. 8
4715931 1973
Familial pulmonary hypertension. Evidence of autosomal dominant inheritance. 8
5212347 1970
Familial occurrence of primary pulmonary hypertension. 8
5922239 1966
The familial occurrence of primary pulmonary hypertension. 8
5926389 1966
Familial primary pulmonary hypertension. 8
4283636 1966
14053563 1963
The natriuretic peptides and their role in disorders of right heart dysfunction and pulmonary hypertension. 9 38
15369714 2004
B-type natriuretic Peptide and the right heart. 9 38
15516857 2004
[Pulmonary arterial hypertension]. 9 38
15049592 2004
Primary pulmonary hypertension after amfepramone (diethylpropion) with BMPR2 mutation. 9 38
14516151 2003
Pulmonary hypertension in scleroderma spectrum of disease: lack of bone morphogenetic protein receptor 2 mutations. 9 38
12415595 2002
Genetics of pulmonary hypertension: from bench to bedside. 9 38
12358355 2002

Variations for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1:

6 (show top 50) (show all 677)
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.(76+1_77-1)_(*1_?)del deletion Pathogenic 2:203242274-203424670 2:202377551-202559947
2 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.(418+1_419-1)_(*1_?)del deletion Pathogenic 2:203332413-203424670 2:202467690-202559947
3 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.(1413+1_1414-1)_(*1_?)del deletion Pathogenic 2:203407171-203424670 2:202542448-202559947
4 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.(?_-540)_(76+1_77-1)del deletion Pathogenic 2:203241658-203329531 2:202376935-202464808
5 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.(?_-540)_(*1_?)del deletion Pathogenic 2:203241658-203424670 2:202376935-202559947
6 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.(?_-1)_(76+1_77-1)del deletion Pathogenic 2:203242197-203329531 2:202377474-202464808
7 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.(?_-1)_(418+1_419-1)del deletion Pathogenic 2:203242197-203378441 2:202377474-202513718
8 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.(?_-1)_(529+1_530-1)del deletion Pathogenic 2:203242197-203379610 2:202377474-202514887
9 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.(?_-1)_(1128+1_1129-1)del deletion Pathogenic 2:203242197-203397307 2:202377474-202532584
10 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.(?_-1)_(*1_?)del deletion Pathogenic 2:203242197-203424670 2:202377474-202559947
11 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.77-?_247+?dup duplication Pathogenic
12 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.77-?_418+?dup duplication Pathogenic
13 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.77-?_621+?del deletion Pathogenic
14 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.77-?_967+?dup duplication Pathogenic
15 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.77-?_1276+?del deletion Pathogenic
16 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.248-?_418+?del deletion Pathogenic
17 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.248-?_418+?dup duplication Pathogenic
18 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.419-?_529+?del deletion Pathogenic
19 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.419-?_621+?del deletion Pathogenic
20 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.419-?_967+?del deletion Pathogenic
21 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.419-?_1128+?dup duplication Pathogenic
22 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.419-?_1413+?del deletion Pathogenic
23 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.530-?_621+?del deletion Pathogenic
24 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.530-?_967+?del deletion Pathogenic
25 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.622-?_852+?del deletion Pathogenic
26 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.622-?_967+?del deletion Pathogenic
27 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.853-?_967+?dup duplication Pathogenic
28 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.968-?_1128+?del deletion Pathogenic
29 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.968-?_1276+?del deletion Pathogenic
30 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.968-?_1413+?dup duplication Pathogenic
31 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.1277-?_1413+?del deletion Pathogenic
32 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.1277-?_1413+?dup duplication Pathogenic
33 BMPR2 NM_001204.6(BMPR2): c.1414-?_2866+?del deletion Pathogenic
34 BMPR2 NC_000002.12: g.202249539_202474756del225218 deletion Pathogenic 2:203114262-203339479 2:202249539-202474756
35 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.-947_-946delinsAT indel Pathogenic rs1085307144 2:203241251-203241252 2:202376528-202376529
36 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.9dup (p.Ser4fs) duplication Pathogenic rs1085307145 2:203242206-203242206 2:202377483-202377483
37 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.16_20del (p.Gln6fs) deletion Pathogenic rs1085307146 2:203242213-203242217 2:202377490-202377494
38 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.21_29delinsA (p.Pro8fs) indel Pathogenic rs1085307148 2:203242218-203242226 2:202377495-202377503
39 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.21del (p.Trp9fs) deletion Pathogenic rs1085307147 2:203242218-203242218 2:202377495-202377495
40 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.27G> A (p.Trp9Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1085307149 2:203242224-203242224 2:202377501-202377501
41 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.28C> T (p.Arg10Trp) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1085307150 2:203242225-203242225 2:202377502-202377502
42 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.38G> A (p.Trp13Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1085307151 2:203242235-203242235 2:202377512-202377512
43 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.39G> A (p.Trp13Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1085307152 2:203242236-203242236 2:202377513-202377513
44 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.47G> A (p.Trp16Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1085307153 2:203242244-203242244 2:202377521-202377521
45 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.48G> A (p.Trp16Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1085307154 2:203242245-203242245 2:202377522-202377522
46 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.71C> A (p.Ala24Glu) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs370120266 2:203242268-203242268 2:202377545-202377545
47 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.76+1G> T single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1085307155 2:203242274-203242274 2:202377551-202377551
48 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.76+2T> C single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1085307156 2:203242275-203242275 2:202377552-202377552
49 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.76+5G> A single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1085307157 2:203242278-203242278 2:202377555-202377555
50 BMPR2 NM_001204.7(BMPR2): c.77-35_86del deletion Pathogenic rs1085307158 2:203329497-203329541 2:202464774-202464818

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1:

74 (show all 19)
# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 BMPR2 p.Cys60Tyr VAR_013670 rs108530717
2 BMPR2 p.Cys117Tyr VAR_013671 rs108530721
3 BMPR2 p.Cys118Trp VAR_013672 rs137852743
4 BMPR2 p.Cys123Arg VAR_013673 rs137852750
5 BMPR2 p.Cys123Ser VAR_013674 rs137852750
6 BMPR2 p.Cys347Tyr VAR_013676 rs137852744
7 BMPR2 p.Cys420Arg VAR_013677 rs108530732
8 BMPR2 p.Cys483Arg VAR_013678 rs108530735
9 BMPR2 p.Asp485Gly VAR_013679 rs137852745
10 BMPR2 p.Arg491Gln VAR_013680 rs137852749
11 BMPR2 p.Arg491Trp VAR_013681 rs137852746
12 BMPR2 p.Lys512Thr VAR_013682 rs108530736
13 BMPR2 p.Asn519Lys VAR_013683 rs108530736
14 BMPR2 p.Gln82His VAR_033109 rs108530718
15 BMPR2 p.Gly182Asp VAR_033110 rs137852754
16 BMPR2 p.Arg899Pro VAR_033111 rs137852752
17 BMPR2 p.Tyr67Cys VAR_073041 rs108530717
18 BMPR2 p.Ser863Asn VAR_073042 rs100624655
19 BMPR2 p.Cys84Phe VAR_079590 rs108530719

Copy number variations for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1 from CNVD:

# CNVD ID Chromosom Start End Type Gene Symbol CNVD Disease
1 262570 X 37500000 47300000 Microdeletion idiopathic pulmonary hypertension
2 264430 2 202949294 203140719 Deletion BMPR2 Pulmonary arterial hypertension

Expression for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1.

Pathways for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

Pathways related to Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1 according to KEGG:

# Name Kegg Source Accession
1 TGF-beta signaling pathway hsa04350

Pathways related to Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 11.69 ENG BMPR2 BMP6
Show member pathways
Show member pathways
10.59 BMPR2 ACVRL1

GO Terms for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

Cellular components related to Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.23 NPPB NPPA MIR204 ENG EDN1 BMPR2

Biological processes related to Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 41)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cellular response to hypoxia GO:0071456 9.83 MALAT1 KCNK3 EDN1
2 response to hypoxia GO:0001666 9.8 SLC6A4 NPPA EDN1 ACVRL1
3 cellular response to mechanical stimulus GO:0071260 9.75 NPPA ENG BMP6
4 negative regulation of cell growth GO:0030308 9.71 NPPB NPPA BMPR2 ACVRL1
5 positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferation GO:0001938 9.7 BMPR2 BMP6 ACVRL1
6 blood vessel remodeling GO:0001974 9.68 BMPR2 ACVRL1
7 blood vessel morphogenesis GO:0048514 9.68 EDN1 ACVRL1
8 outflow tract septum morphogenesis GO:0003148 9.68 ENG BMPR2
9 branching involved in blood vessel morphogenesis GO:0001569 9.68 ENG EDN1
10 positive regulation of heart rate GO:0010460 9.67 NPPA EDN1
11 positive regulation of chondrocyte differentiation GO:0032332 9.67 BMP6 ACVRL1
12 transmembrane receptor protein serine/threonine kinase signaling pathway GO:0007178 9.67 BMPR2 ACVRL1
13 BMP signaling pathway GO:0030509 9.67 ENG BMPR2 BMP6 ACVRL1
14 positive regulation of endothelial cell differentiation GO:0045603 9.66 BMP6 ACVRL1
15 vasoconstriction GO:0042310 9.65 SLC6A4 EDN1
16 endocardial cushion morphogenesis GO:0003203 9.65 ENG ACVRL1
17 activin receptor signaling pathway GO:0032924 9.65 BMPR2 ACVRL1
18 response to muscle stretch GO:0035994 9.64 NPPA EDN1
19 positive regulation of urine volume GO:0035810 9.64 NPPB EDN1
20 positive regulation of renal sodium excretion GO:0035815 9.63 NPPB EDN1
21 negative regulation of DNA biosynthetic process GO:2000279 9.63 BMPR2 ACVRL1
22 cellular response to BMP stimulus GO:0071773 9.63 BMPR2 BMP6 ACVRL1
23 endocardial cushion development GO:0003197 9.62 FOXF1 BMPR2
24 response to transforming growth factor beta GO:0071559 9.61 ENG EDN1
25 lymphangiogenesis GO:0001946 9.61 BMPR2 ACVRL1
26 positive regulation of BMP signaling pathway GO:0030513 9.61 ENG BMPR2 ACVRL1
27 receptor guanylyl cyclase signaling pathway GO:0007168 9.6 NPPB NPPA
28 negative regulation of systemic arterial blood pressure GO:0003085 9.59 NPPA BMPR2
29 cGMP biosynthetic process GO:0006182 9.58 NPPB NPPA
30 body fluid secretion GO:0007589 9.57 NPPB EDN1
31 retina vasculature development in camera-type eye GO:0061298 9.56 BMPR2 ACVRL1
32 regulation of blood pressure GO:0008217 9.56 NPPB NPPA EDN1 ACVRL1
33 dorsal aorta morphogenesis GO:0035912 9.55 ENG ACVRL1
34 artery development GO:0060840 9.54 BMPR2 ACVRL1
35 lymphatic endothelial cell differentiation GO:0060836 9.51 BMPR2 ACVRL1
36 regulation of blood vessel size GO:0050880 9.5 NPPB NPPA EDN1
37 endocardial cushion to mesenchymal transition GO:0090500 9.48 ENG ACVRL1
38 positive regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation GO:0010862 9.46 ENG BMPR2 BMP6 ACVRL1
39 response to drug GO:0042493 9.43 SLC6A4 PMS2 KCNK3 ENG EDN1 ABCA3
40 venous blood vessel development GO:0060841 8.8 FOXF1 BMPR2 ACVRL1
41 positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II GO:0045944 10.09 FOXF1 ENG EDN1 BMPR2 BMP6 ACVRL1

Molecular functions related to Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1 according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hormone activity GO:0005179 9.54 NPPB NPPA EDN1
2 transforming growth factor beta binding GO:0050431 9.43 ENG ACVRL1
3 transforming growth factor beta-activated receptor activity GO:0005024 9.4 BMPR2 ACVRL1
4 activin binding GO:0048185 9.32 ENG ACVRL1
5 transmembrane receptor protein serine/threonine kinase activity GO:0004675 9.26 BMPR2 ACVRL1
6 BMP binding GO:0036122 9.16 ENG BMPR2
7 BMP receptor activity GO:0098821 8.96 BMPR2 ACVRL1
8 hormone receptor binding GO:0051427 8.62 NPPB NPPA

Sources for Pulmonary Hypertension, Primary, 1

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
38 LifeMap
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
55 Novoseek
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
71 Tocris
73 UMLS via Orphanet
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