MCID: RPD002
MIFTS: 39

Rapadilino Syndrome

Categories: Genetic diseases, Rare diseases, Bone diseases, Fetal diseases, Smell/Taste diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Rapadilino Syndrome

MalaCards integrated aliases for Rapadilino Syndrome:

Name: Rapadilino Syndrome 57 12 76 53 25 59 75 37 29 13 55 6 15 73
Absent Thumbs, Dislocated Joints, Long Face with Narrow Palpebral Fissures, Long Slender Nose, Arched Palate 53 25
Radial and Patellar Hypoplasia 53 25
Radial and Patellar Aplasia 53 25
Syndrome, Rapadilino 40
Rapadilinos 75

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

59
rapadilino syndrome
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive; Prevalence: <1/1000000 (Worldwide); Age of onset: Infancy,Neonatal;

OMIM:

57
Inheritance:
autosomal recessive


HPO:

32
rapadilino syndrome:
Inheritance autosomal recessive inheritance


Classifications:



External Ids:

OMIM 57 266280
Disease Ontology 12 DOID:0050774
Orphanet 59 ORPHA3021
MESH via Orphanet 45 C535288
UMLS via Orphanet 74 C1849453
ICD10 via Orphanet 34 Q87.1
MedGen 42 C1849453
KEGG 37 H00965
UMLS 73 C1849453

Summaries for Rapadilino Syndrome

NIH Rare Diseases : 53 The following summary is from Orphanet, a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.Orpha Number: 3021Disease definitionRAPADILINO syndrome is a syndrome for which the acronym indicates the principal signs: RA for radial ray defect, PA for both patellae hypoplasia or aplasia and cleft or highly arched palate, DI for diarrhea and dislocated joints, LI for little size and limb malformations, NO for long, slender nose and normal intelligence.EpidemiologyPrevalence is unknown, but the disease is rare. It was first described in families originating from different parts of Finland, but non-Finnish cases were later identified.Clinical descriptionGrowth delay is both pre- and postnatal. It is aggravated by feeding problems and diarrhea of no known cause.EtiologyRAPADILINO syndrome is caused by mutations of the RECQL4 gene, a member of the family of RecQ-helicase genes which are at the origin of diseases predisposing to cancer.Differential diagnosisDifferential diagnoses include Rothmund-Thomson syndrome (RTS) and Baller-Gerold syndrome (see these terms), which show considerable overlap with RAPADILINO syndrome. Mutations of the RECQL4 gene have also been described for these syndromes.The presence of poikiloderma, a major symptom of RTS, distinguishes this syndrome from RAPADILINO. Radial hypoplasia or aplasia, which is constant in RAPADILINO syndrome, is occasional in RTS. Equally, the presence of craniosynostosis in Baller-Gerold syndrome differentiates it from RAPADILINO syndrome. The three syndromes predispose the risk of developing malign pathologies, although this is significantly greater for RTS (mainly osteosarcoma and cutaneous cancers). The clinical differences can be explained by phenotype-genotype correlation, in particular by preservation of helicases in RAPADLINO syndrome.Genetic counselingRAPADILINO syndrome is transmitted in an autosomal recessive manner.Management and treatmentOrthopedic and nutritional management is recommended when needed and appropriate investigation is recommended in the event of signs suggestive of osteosarcoma.Visit the Orphanet disease page for more resources.

MalaCards based summary : Rapadilino Syndrome, also known as absent thumbs, dislocated joints, long face with narrow palpebral fissures, long slender nose, arched palate, is related to baller-gerold syndrome and leukemia, acute lymphoblastic. An important gene associated with Rapadilino Syndrome is RECQL4 (RecQ Like Helicase 4), and among its related pathways/superpathways is DNA Damage. Affiliated tissues include bone, and related phenotypes are cleft palate and high palate

Genetics Home Reference : 25 RAPADILINO syndrome is a rare condition that involves many parts of the body. Bone development is especially affected, causing many of the characteristic features of the condition.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 75 RAPADILINO syndrome: Disease characterized by radial and patellar aplasia or hypoplasia.

Wikipedia : 76 RAPADILINO syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized... more...

Description from OMIM: 266280

Related Diseases for Rapadilino Syndrome

Diseases related to Rapadilino Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 baller-gerold syndrome 28.9 LRRC14 MFSD3 RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN
2 leukemia, acute lymphoblastic 9.9
3 leukemia 9.9
4 lymphoblastic leukemia 9.9
5 johanson-blizzard syndrome 9.7 UBR1 UBR2
6 spondylosis 9.7 HELLS WRN
7 rothmund-thomson syndrome 8.4 HELLS RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN
8 bloom syndrome 8.4 HELLS RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN
9 werner syndrome 8.3 HELLS RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Rapadilino Syndrome:



Diseases related to Rapadilino Syndrome

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Rapadilino Syndrome

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

57
Mouth:
cleft palate
high arched palate

Neuro:
normal intelligence

Joints:
joint dislocations
stiff interphalangeal joints

Skel:
patellar aplasia/hypoplasia

GI:
infantile diarrhea

Facies:
long face
narrow palpebral fissures
long slender nose
small chin

Limbs:
absent thumbs
radial aplasia/hypoplasia

Growth:
small stature

Ears:
unusual ears
hearing defect

Skin:
mottled or stippled pigmentation


Clinical features from OMIM:

266280

Human phenotypes related to Rapadilino Syndrome:

32 (show all 16)
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 cleft palate 32 HP:0000175
2 high palate 32 HP:0000218
3 long face 32 HP:0000276
4 short chin 32 HP:0000331
5 hearing impairment 32 HP:0000365
6 slender nose 32 HP:0000417
7 blepharophimosis 32 HP:0000581
8 mottled pigmentation 32 HP:0001070
9 joint dislocation 32 HP:0001373
10 diarrhea 32 HP:0002014
11 high, narrow palate 32 HP:0002705
12 short stature 32 HP:0004322
13 stiff interphalangeal joints 32 HP:0005198
14 aplasia/hypoplasia of the patella 32 HP:0006498
15 aplasia/hypoplasia of the radius 32 HP:0006501
16 absent thumb 32 HP:0009777

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Rapadilino Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

26
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 Increased viability with MLN4924 (a NAE inhibitor) GR00250-A-3 8.92 RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Rapadilino Syndrome:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 adipose tissue MP:0005375 9.26 HELLS RECQL4 UBR1 WRN
2 cellular MP:0005384 9.17 HELLS RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 UBR1 UBR2

Drugs & Therapeutics for Rapadilino Syndrome

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Rapadilino Syndrome

Genetic Tests for Rapadilino Syndrome

Genetic tests related to Rapadilino Syndrome:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Rapadilino Syndrome 29 RECQL4

Anatomical Context for Rapadilino Syndrome

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Rapadilino Syndrome:

41
Bone

Publications for Rapadilino Syndrome

Articles related to Rapadilino Syndrome:

# Title Authors Year
1
Immunodeficiency in a Child with Rapadilino Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. ( 26064716 )
2015
2
Osteosarcoma following growth hormone therapy in recurrent acute lymphoblastic leukemia and Rapadilino syndrome. ( 22475304 )
2012
3
RECQL4, mutated in the Rothmund-Thomson and RAPADILINO syndromes, interacts with ubiquitin ligases UBR1 and UBR2 of the N-end rule pathway. ( 15317757 )
2004
4
Molecular defect of RAPADILINO syndrome expands the phenotype spectrum of RECQL diseases. ( 12952869 )
2003
5
RAPADILINO syndrome: a multiple malformation syndrome with radial and patellar aplasia. ( 10413338 )
1999
6
Rapadilino syndrome--a non-Finnish case. ( 9571286 )
1998
7
RAPADILINO syndrome. ( 1481838 )
1992
8
RAPADILINO syndrome with radial and patellar aplasia/hypoplasia as main manifestations. ( 2801769 )
1989

Variations for Rapadilino Syndrome

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Rapadilino Syndrome:

6
(show all 28)
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 RECQL4 RECQL4, GLU1091TER single nucleotide variant Pathogenic
2 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.806G> A (p.Trp269Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137853231 GRCh37 Chromosome 8, 145741697: 145741697
3 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.806G> A (p.Trp269Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs137853231 GRCh38 Chromosome 8, 144516313: 144516313
4 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.1573delT (p.Cys525Alafs) deletion Pathogenic rs386833845 GRCh37 Chromosome 8, 145740367: 145740367
5 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.1573delT (p.Cys525Alafs) deletion Pathogenic rs386833845 GRCh38 Chromosome 8, 144514983: 144514983
6 RECQL4 RECQL4, IVS7, 1-BP DEL, +2 deletion Pathogenic
7 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.1390+2delT deletion Pathogenic rs386833843 GRCh37 Chromosome 8, 145740708: 145740708
8 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.1390+2delT deletion Pathogenic rs386833843 GRCh38 Chromosome 8, 144515324: 144515324
9 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.1885_1888delCGGG (p.Arg629Serfs) deletion Likely pathogenic rs386833846 GRCh37 Chromosome 8, 145739482: 145739485
10 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.1885_1888delCGGG (p.Arg629Serfs) deletion Likely pathogenic rs386833846 GRCh38 Chromosome 8, 144514098: 144514101
11 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.1887_1890delGGAG (p.Glu630Alafs) deletion Likely pathogenic rs386833847 GRCh37 Chromosome 8, 145739480: 145739483
12 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.1887_1890delGGAG (p.Glu630Alafs) deletion Likely pathogenic rs386833847 GRCh38 Chromosome 8, 144514096: 144514099
13 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.1910T> C (p.Phe637Ser) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs386833848 GRCh37 Chromosome 8, 145739460: 145739460
14 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.1910T> C (p.Phe637Ser) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs386833848 GRCh38 Chromosome 8, 144514076: 144514076
15 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.2059-1G> A single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs386833849 GRCh37 Chromosome 8, 145739097: 145739097
16 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.2059-1G> A single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs386833849 GRCh38 Chromosome 8, 144513713: 144513713
17 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.2476C> T (p.Arg826Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs386833851 GRCh37 Chromosome 8, 145738509: 145738509
18 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.2476C> T (p.Arg826Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs386833851 GRCh38 Chromosome 8, 144513126: 144513126
19 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.3072delA (p.Val1026Cysfs) deletion Pathogenic rs386833852 GRCh37 Chromosome 8, 145737691: 145737691
20 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.3072delA (p.Val1026Cysfs) deletion Pathogenic rs386833852 GRCh38 Chromosome 8, 144512308: 144512308
21 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.3214A> T (p.Arg1072Ter) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs386833853 GRCh37 Chromosome 8, 145737549: 145737549
22 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.3214A> T (p.Arg1072Ter) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs386833853 GRCh38 Chromosome 8, 144512166: 144512166
23 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.3271C> T (p.Gln1091Ter) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs137853230 GRCh37 Chromosome 8, 145737416: 145737416
24 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.3271C> T (p.Gln1091Ter) single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs137853230 GRCh38 Chromosome 8, 144512033: 144512033
25 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.3599_3600delCG (p.Thr1200Argfs) deletion Likely pathogenic rs386833854 GRCh37 Chromosome 8, 145736841: 145736842
26 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.3599_3600delCG (p.Thr1200Argfs) deletion Likely pathogenic rs386833854 GRCh38 Chromosome 8, 144511458: 144511459
27 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.1390+1G> T single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs1085307090 GRCh37 Chromosome 8, 145740709: 145740709
28 RECQL4 NM_004260.3(RECQL4): c.1390+1G> T single nucleotide variant Likely pathogenic rs1085307090 GRCh38 Chromosome 8, 144515325: 144515325

Expression for Rapadilino Syndrome

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Rapadilino Syndrome.

Pathways for Rapadilino Syndrome

Pathways related to Rapadilino Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 11.4 RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN

GO Terms for Rapadilino Syndrome

Cellular components related to Rapadilino Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 chromosome, telomeric region GO:0000781 8.96 RECQL4 WRN
2 chromosome GO:0005694 8.92 RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN

Biological processes related to Rapadilino Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 15)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 DNA repair GO:0006281 9.73 RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN
2 DNA replication GO:0006260 9.63 RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN
3 chromatin silencing GO:0006342 9.55 HELLS UBR2
4 protein catabolic process GO:0030163 9.54 UBR1 UBR2
5 telomere maintenance GO:0000723 9.52 RECQL4 WRN
6 base-excision repair GO:0006284 9.51 RECQL4 WRN
7 DNA metabolic process GO:0006259 9.49 RECQL5 WRN
8 negative regulation of TOR signaling GO:0032007 9.48 UBR1 UBR2
9 DNA recombination GO:0006310 9.46 RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN
10 telomeric D-loop disassembly GO:0061820 9.4 RECQL4 WRN
11 DNA strand renaturation GO:0000733 9.37 RECQL RECQL4
12 cellular response to leucine GO:0071233 9.32 UBR1 UBR2
13 ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process via the N-end rule pathway GO:0071596 9.26 UBR1 UBR2
14 double-strand break repair via homologous recombination GO:0000724 9.26 RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN
15 DNA duplex unwinding GO:0032508 8.92 RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN

Molecular functions related to Rapadilino Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 11)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 ATP binding GO:0005524 9.89 HELLS RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN
2 helicase activity GO:0004386 9.65 HELLS RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN
3 DNA helicase activity GO:0003678 9.5 RECQL RECQL5 WRN
4 ATP-dependent DNA helicase activity GO:0004003 9.48 RECQL WRN
5 annealing helicase activity GO:0036310 9.46 RECQL RECQL4
6 ATP-dependent helicase activity GO:0008026 9.46 RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN
7 bubble DNA binding GO:0000405 9.43 RECQL4 WRN
8 leucine binding GO:0070728 9.4 UBR1 UBR2
9 telomeric D-loop binding GO:0061821 9.37 RECQL4 WRN
10 ATP-dependent 3-5 DNA helicase activity GO:0043140 9.26 RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN
11 four-way junction helicase activity GO:0009378 8.92 RECQL RECQL4 RECQL5 WRN

Sources for Rapadilino Syndrome

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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