MCID: RRS014
MIFTS: 32

Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

Categories: Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

MalaCards integrated aliases for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease:

Name: Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease 58
Neurosurgery 58

Classifications:



External Ids:

Orphanet 58 ORPHA98065

Summaries for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

MalaCards based summary : Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease, also known as neurosurgery, is related to diabetes insipidus, neurohypophyseal and hydrocephalus. The drugs Tranexamic Acid and Bupivacaine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, pituitary and spinal cord.

Related Diseases for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

Diseases related to Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 515)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 diabetes insipidus, neurohypophyseal 11.3
2 hydrocephalus 10.7
3 head injury 10.6
4 arteriovenous malformation 10.5
5 tremor 10.5
6 meningioma, radiation-induced 10.5
7 meningioma, familial 10.5
8 spinal meningioma 10.5
9 secretory meningioma 10.5
10 lymphoplasmacyte-rich meningioma 10.5
11 movement disease 10.5
12 ocular motor apraxia 10.5
13 cerebral aneurysms 10.5
14 traumatic brain injury 10.4
15 aneurysm 10.4
16 meningitis 10.4
17 obsessive-compulsive disorder 10.4
18 cerebrovascular disease 10.4
19 trigeminal neuralgia 10.4
20 glioma 10.4
21 intracranial hypertension 10.4
22 glial tumor 10.4
23 adenoma 10.3
24 epilepsy 10.3
25 glioblastoma multiforme 10.3
26 neural tube defects 10.3
27 brain injury 10.3
28 myelomeningocele 10.3
29 multinucleated neurons, anhydramnios, renal dysplasia, cerebellar hypoplasia, and hydranencephaly 10.3
30 craniopharyngioma 10.3
31 essential tremor 10.3
32 pulmonary embolism 10.3
33 cardiac arrest 10.3
34 vascular disease 10.3
35 pituitary tumors 10.3
36 thrombophilia due to thrombin defect 10.2
37 cerebral palsy 10.2
38 dystonia 10.2
39 spasticity 10.2
40 chronic pain 10.2
41 intracranial aneurysm 10.2
42 spinal cord injury 10.2
43 hydrops, lactic acidosis, and sideroblastic anemia 10.2
44 seizure disorder 10.2
45 pik3ca-related overgrowth syndrome 10.2
46 brain edema 10.2
47 patent foramen ovale 10.2
48 craniosynostosis 10.2
49 astrocytoma 10.2
50 parkinson disease, late-onset 10.2

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease:



Diseases related to Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

Drugs & Therapeutics for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

Drugs for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 387)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Tranexamic Acid Approved Phase 4 1197-18-8 5526
2
Bupivacaine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 38396-39-3, 2180-92-9 2474
3
Tramadol Approved, Investigational Phase 4 27203-92-5 33741
4
Propofol Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 2078-54-8 4943
5
Cefuroxime Approved Phase 4 55268-75-2 5361202 5479529
6
Morphine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 57-27-2 5288826
7
Meropenem Approved, Investigational Phase 4 96036-03-2, 119478-56-7 64778 441130
8
Parecoxib Approved Phase 4 198470-84-7
9
lanreotide Approved Phase 4 108736-35-2
10
Somatostatin Approved, Investigational Phase 4 51110-01-1, 38916-34-6 53481605
11
Esomeprazole Approved, Investigational Phase 4 161796-78-7, 161973-10-0, 119141-88-7 9568614 4594
12
Histamine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 51-45-6 774
13
Famotidine Approved Phase 4 76824-35-6 3325
14
Esmolol Approved Phase 4 81147-92-4, 103598-03-4 59768
15
Dexamethasone Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-02-2 5743
16
Dexamethasone acetate Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 1177-87-3
17
Octreotide Approved, Investigational Phase 4 83150-76-9 383414 6400441
18
Ondansetron Approved Phase 4 99614-02-5 4595
19
Aprepitant Approved, Investigational Phase 4 170729-80-3 151165 6918365
20
Fosaprepitant Approved Phase 4 172673-20-0 219090
21
Diphenhydramine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 147-24-0, 58-73-1 3100
22
Promethazine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 60-87-7 4927
23
Hydralazine Approved Phase 4 86-54-4 3637
24
Clevidipine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 167221-71-8
25
Labetalol Approved Phase 4 36894-69-6 3869
26
Dexmedetomidine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 113775-47-6 68602 5311068
27
Thrombin Approved, Investigational Phase 4
28
Methadone Approved Phase 4 76-99-3 4095
29
Guaifenesin Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 93-14-1 3516
30
Lidocaine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 137-58-6 3676
31
tannic acid Approved Phase 4 1401-55-4
32
Benzocaine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 1994-09-7, 94-09-7 2337
33
Naloxegol Approved Phase 4 854601-70-0
34
Zinc Approved, Investigational Phase 4 7440-66-6 32051
35
Creatine Approved, Investigational, Nutraceutical Phase 4 57-00-1 586
36 Antifibrinolytic Agents Phase 4
37 Dexketoprofen trometamol Phase 4
38 Hypnotics and Sedatives Phase 4
39 calcium channel blockers Phase 4
40 cefuroxime axetil Phase 4
41 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 4
42 Autonomic Agents Phase 4
43 Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors Phase 4
44 Psychotropic Drugs Phase 4
45 Antihypertensive Agents Phase 4
46 Dermatologic Agents Phase 4
47 Antiemetics Phase 4
48 Hormone Antagonists Phase 4
49 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Phase 4
50 glucocorticoids Phase 4

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 570)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Conversion From Total Intravenous Anesthesia Technique to Desflurane Anesthesia for Long Duration Neurosurgery: A Pilot Study for Assessment of Recovery Parameters Unknown status NCT01985854 Phase 4 Propofol;Desflurane
2 Effect of Dexmedetomidine Combined With Sufentanil for Postoperative Intravenous Analgesia in Neurosurgery: A Randomized Controlled Study Unknown status NCT02552459 Phase 4 Sufentanil;dexmedetomidine 1;dexmedetomidine 2;dexmedetomidine 3
3 An Operator-Blinded Study of the Efficacy of ShuntCheck-Micro-Pumper, a Non-Invasive Diagnostic Procedure, in Detecting Ventricular Shunt Patency or Occlusion and in Predicting Clinical Outcome in Children and Adolescents Presenting to Emergency Departments and Neurosurgery Clinics Unknown status NCT01881711 Phase 4
4 Validation of a New Non Invasive Method of Indirect Measurement of the Intracranial Pressure Variations Unknown status NCT01685450 Phase 4
5 Intranasal Sedation With Dexmedetomidine for Vitroretinal Procedures Unknown status NCT03251222 Phase 4 Dexmedetomidine
6 The Effect of Scalp Block on Surgical Pleth Index(SPI) During a Mayfield Head-holder Insertion in Neurosurgery : a Randomized Control Trial Unknown status NCT02916264 Phase 4
7 Comparison of Efficacy and Safety of the Postoperative Analgesia Methods for Supratentorial Craniotomy by Integrated Pulmonary Index (IPI) Unknown status NCT02929147 Phase 4 Morphine;Dexketoprofen;Placebo
8 Effect of Single Dose of Tramadol on Extubation Response and Quality of Emergence(Cough and Nausea Vomiting) Following Supratentorial Intracranial Surgery Unknown status NCT02964416 Phase 4 Injection Tramadol
9 A Study on the Safety of Tranexamic Acid for the Chronic Subdural Hematoma Population Unknown status NCT02618382 Phase 4 Tranexamic Acid
10 Randomized Controlled Clinical Study of Intensive Versus Nonintensive Insulin Therapy for Hyperglycemia After Traumatic Brain Injury Unknown status NCT02161055 Phase 4 Insulin
11 Does Discontinuation of Aspirin Treatment Following Head Trauma Decrease the Incidence of Chronic Subdural Hematoma? Unknown status NCT01470040 Phase 4 discontinuation of aspirin therapy;continuation of aspirin therapy
12 Prospective, Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Single-Dose Cefuroxime Prophylaxis in Herniated Disk Surgery Completed NCT00530400 Phase 4 cefuroxime;placebo
13 Preoperative Valdecoxib: CNS Penetration and Effects on Biochemical Markers of Pain and Sensitization Completed NCT00122096 Phase 4 valdecoxib
14 Use of Dexmedetomidine for Prophylactic Analgesia and Sedation in Patients After Intracranial Surgery (Prophylactic Analgesia and Sedation Trial, PASTrial) Completed NCT01445639 Phase 4 Dexmedetomidine;Normal saline
15 Evaluation of Meropenem Penetration Across Blood-Brain Barrier in Patients With Central Nervous System Infection After Neurosurgery and Optimization of Meropenem Treatment Completed NCT02506686 Phase 4 Meropenem
16 Effect of Remifentanil Infusion Alone During the Closure Period for Early Emergence and Hemodynamic Stability in Patients Undergoing Supratentorial Craniotomy Completed NCT02593942 Phase 4 Remifentanil;Propofol
17 Phase Four Study of Intravenous Parecoxib on Post-craniotomy Pain Completed NCT00455117 Phase 4 Intravenous Parecoxib ('Dynastat' Pfizer)
18 Comparison of Esomeprazole and Famotidine for Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis in Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit Completed NCT00633035 Phase 4 esomeprazole 40 mg;famotidine 20 mg
19 Fleece Bound Tissue Sealing With TachoSil® to Assist in Closing of the Dura Mater After Elective Craniotomy to Reduce Postoperative Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Leakage. Completed NCT00999999 Phase 4
20 A Comparison of the Perioperative Hemodynamic Effects of Remifentanil and Esmolol: a Double Blind Randomized Controlled Study Completed NCT01628562 Phase 4 Esmolol;Remifentanil
21 Aprepitant Versus Ondansetron in Preoperative Triple-therapy Treatment of Nausea and Vomiting Completed NCT01474915 Phase 4 Aprepitant;Ondansetron;Promethazine;Dexamethasone
22 Comparable Effects of Lanreotide Autogel and Octreotide LAR on GH, IGF-I Levels and Patient Satisfaction - A Twelve Month Randomized Cross-Over Study in Patients With Acromegaly Completed NCT00145405 Phase 4 Lanreotide Autogel and Octreotide LAR
23 A Pilot Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Clevidipine in Neurosurgical Patients Completed NCT00952081 Phase 4 Clevidipine
24 Anesthesia for Deep Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Parkinsons Disease Completed NCT01789385 Phase 4 Dexmedetomidine
25 EFFICACY OF KETAMINE-PROPOFOL COMBINATION FOR SHORT SURGICAL PROCEDURES Completed NCT01651988 Phase 4 Ketamina-Propofol Combination
26 Anesthetic Sparing Effect of Dexmedetomidine During TIVA With Propofol and Remifentanil for Children Undergoing Dental Procedures Recruiting NCT03422978 Phase 4 Dexmedetomidine;Normal saline
27 A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of EVICEL® Used for Suture-Line Sealing in Dura-Mater Closure During Paediatric Neurosurgical Cranial Procedures Recruiting NCT02309645 Phase 4
28 Comparison of Propofol and Dexmedetomidine to Treat Hyperactive and Mixed ICU Delirium - the Basel ProDex Randomized Trial Recruiting NCT02807467 Phase 4 Dexmedetomidine;Propofol
29 Single-dose Intraoperative Methadone for Early Ambulation and Sustained Pain Control in Spinal Fusion Surgery Patients Recruiting NCT02989597 Phase 4 Methadone Hydrochloride
30 A Comparison of Insulin Sensitivity and Management in Hyperglycemic Patients in the Perioperative Period: ESRD vs. Non-ESRD Recruiting NCT03526536 Phase 4 IV Novolin R human insulin
31 Controlled Trial of Deep Brain Stimulation for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Active, not recruiting NCT00640133 Phase 4
32 Efficacy of Intravenous Lidocaine in the Operative Management of Thyroid Surgery With Intraoperative Nerve Monitoring Active, not recruiting NCT02479789 Phase 4 Lidocaine;Placebo
33 A Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial of Naloxegol for Prevention of Post-operative Constipation in Spinal Surgery Patients Terminated NCT02946580 Phase 4 MOVANTIK™ (naloxegol);Sugar Pill
34 Does Maintenance of Normoglycemia Change Neurological Outcome in Patients Recovering From Traumatic Brain Injury and Subarachnoid or Intraparenchymal Hemorrhage? Terminated NCT01137773 Phase 4 Insulin;Conventional insulin treatment
35 Stem Cells In Wound Healing With Collagen Matrix as a Carrier Withdrawn NCT02314416 Phase 4
36 Inhaled Nebulised S(+)-Ketamine for Postoperative Analgesia Withdrawn NCT02397356 Phase 4 Ketamine first AB;Placebo first BA
37 Safety and Effectiveness of Capsulotomy in Refractory Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Unknown status NCT02375152 Phase 2, Phase 3
38 Topical Vancomycin for the Reduction of Surgical Site Infections in Neurosurgery Unknown status NCT02284126 Phase 3 Vancomycin
39 PHASE 3 STUDY OF EFFICACY OF TRANEXAMIC ACID IN BRAIN TUMORS RESECTIONS Unknown status NCT01655927 Phase 3 Tranexamic Acid;Placebo: Saline
40 Adalimumab (Anti TNF Alfa) in the Management of Acute Lumbar Disc Prolapses - a One Year, Randomized, Placebo Controlled, Double Blind, Single Center Trial Unknown status NCT01510548 Phase 3
41 A Prospective Multicenter Double Blind Randomized Controlled Trial to Explore the Tolerability, Safety and Efficacy of the H1-Coil Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) in Subjects With Schizophrenia Experiencing Auditory Hallucinations Unknown status NCT00564096 Phase 2, Phase 3
42 Neurosurgery Patient Outcomes in Treating Spinal Disorders Completed NCT01220921 Phase 3
43 Perioperative Magnesium Sulphate as a Cerebral Protector in Neurosurgical Patients Completed NCT01601314 Phase 3 Magnesium Sulfate
44 The Study of NPC-06 - Investigation of Safety, Efficacy and Pharmacokinetics of Fosphenytoin Completed NCT00908453 Phase 3 fosphenytoin
45 Clinical Assessment of the Treatment With Diazoxide in Children Suffering From Obesity and Hyperinsulinemia Secondary to Surgery of Hypothalamic-pituitary Lesions Completed NCT00306683 Phase 3 DIAZOXIDE
46 A Randomized Controlled Trial of Wendan Decoction as a Palliative Treatment for Acute Brain Injury Completed NCT03851809 Phase 2, Phase 3 Wendan decoction combination in acute brain injury
47 Effect of Low-dose Ketamine on Postoperative Depressive Symptom in Patients Undergoing Intracranial Tumor Resection (PASSION) Completed NCT03086148 Phase 2, Phase 3 Ketamine;Normal saline
48 Non Invasive Methods for Differential Diagnosis Radionecrosis/Recurrence After Radiosurgery of Brain Metastases. CV-METANEC Completed NCT02636634 Phase 3
49 Dopamine Agonist Cabergoline in Residual Clinically Nonfunctioning Pituitary Adenoma After Transphenoidal Surgery: A Single Center, Open Label and Randomized Clinical Trial Completed NCT03271918 Phase 3 Cabergoline
50 Anesthesiological Strategies in Elective Craniotomy: Randomized, Equivalence, Open Trial Completed NCT00741351 Phase 3 Sevoflurane + Fentanyl;Sevoflurane + Remifentanyl;Propofol + Remifentanyl

Search NIH Clinical Center for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

Genetic Tests for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

Anatomical Context for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease:

40
Brain, Pituitary, Spinal Cord, Bone, Testes, Lung, Cortex

Publications for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

Articles related to Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease:

(show top 50) (show all 18597)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Application of Navigation Surgery in Temporomandibular Joint Ankylosis Case and Review of Literature. 61
31988562 2020
2
Prognostic value of H3K27me3 in children with ependymoma. 61
31850684 2020
3
Incidence and outcome of traumatic brain injury in paediatric population of Bosnia and Herzegovina: a single centre experience. 61
31845565 2020
4
Modified Frameless Stereotactic System for Intracerebral Delivery of Viral Vector in Young Children. 61
31214706 2020
5
Prolactinomas in pregnancy: considerations before conception and during pregnancy. 61
31792668 2020
6
Excision of pediatric craniopharyngioma: pattern of recurrence in 35 patients at a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia. 61
31482312 2020
7
Neurologic complications of melanoma. 61
31725902 2020
8
Psychological aspects of awake brain surgery in children-interests and risks. 61
31352575 2020
9
The effect of remote ischemic conditioning on blood coagulation function and cerebral blood flow in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. 61
31605259 2020
10
Women in European neurosurgery. 61
31832848 2020
11
Corrigendum: Oral Presentations in Clinical Neurosurgery 2019. 61
31612962 2020
12
Academic productivity of neurosurgery residents in Europe. 61
31863298 2020
13
Academic productivity of neurosurgery residents in Europe. 61
31863302 2020
14
Introduction. Advances and future directions in brain mapping in neurosurgery. 61
32006943 2020
15
Establishment and validation of a delirium prediction model for neurosurgery patients in intensive care. 61
32011790 2020
16
Dopaminergic Hyperactivity in Neurological Patients with Delirium. 61
32018069 2020
17
Outcome and factors of patients with nosocomial meningitis by multi-drug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria in a tertiary hospital in China: a retrospective study. 61
32031020 2020
18
Biopsy in diffuse pontine gliomas: expert neurosurgeon opinion-a survey from the SIOPE brain tumor group. 61
32020269 2020
19
Implementation of duty of candour within neurosurgery: a national survey and framework for improved application in clinical practice. 61
31755728 2020
20
Comparative study of the Ambu® AuraOnce™ laryngeal mask and endotracheal intubation in anesthesia airway management during neurosurgery. 61
32036718 2020
21
Global macroeconomic burden of epilepsy and the role for neurosurgery: a modelling study based upon the 2016 Global Burden of Disease data. 61
31549472 2020
22
Neuroimaging of Deep Brain Stimulation. 61
31761059 2020
23
Safety and efficacy of independent allied healthcare professionals in the assessment and management of plagiocephaly patients. 61
31728704 2020
24
Neuropathology in Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital: Past, present and prospect. 61
31802544 2020
25
Interrater reliability in pupillary assessment among intensive care nurses. 61
32035804 2020
26
The Risk Assessment and Prediction Tool (RAPT) for Discharge Planning in a Posterior Lumbar Fusion Population. 61
31599332 2020
27
Development and comparison of population pharmacokinetic models of vancomycin in neurosurgical patients based on two different renal function markers. 61
31463971 2020
28
General anesthesia risk across pediatric surgical specialties: Low in otolaryngology. 61
31756661 2020
29
Mapping cognitive and emotional networks in neurosurgical patients using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. 61
32006946 2020
30
A practical guide for anesthetic management during intraoperative motor evoked potential monitoring. 61
31630259 2020
31
Measuring the electrophysiological effects of direct electrical stimulation after awake brain surgery. 61
31778987 2020
32
Surgical boot camp for fourth-year medical students: Impact on objective skills and subjective confidence. 61
31427073 2020
33
Erratum to: "In Reply: The Safety and Efficacy of Continuous Tirofiban as a Monoantiplatelet Therapy in the Management of Ruptured Aneurysms Treated Using Stent-Assisted Coiling or Flow Diversion and Requiring Ventricular Drainage" by Zanaty et al. Neurosurgery, 2019, nyz460, https://doi.org/10.1093/neuros/nyz460. 61
31696921 2020
34
Comparison of Three Manual Therapy Techniques as Trigger Point Therapy for Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial. 61
32023423 2020
35
Integrity of dural closure after autologous platelet rich fibrin augmentation: an in vitro study. 61
32034495 2020
36
Validation of high precision robot-assisted methods for intracranial applications: Preliminary study. 61
32032794 2020
37
Stereoscopy in Surgical Neuroanatomy: Past, Present, and Future. 61
31214715 2020
38
Head-Mounted Display Use in Surgery: A Systematic Review. 61
31514682 2020
39
Transcallosal Interforniceal Approach for a Large Choroid Plexus Tumor in a 4-Month-Old Boy: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. 61
32016378 2020
40
Neurosurgery Resident Wellness and Recovery from Burnout: A 39-Year Single Institution Experience. 61
32036066 2020
41
Geographic Distribution Of International Medical Graduate Residents In United States Neurosurgery Training Programs. 61
32032791 2020
42
Commentary: What We Might or Might Not Know About Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in Neurosurgery. 61
32022235 2020
43
Mapping of language and motor function during awake neurosurgery with intraoperative optical imaging. 61
32006940 2020
44
Innovation, Royalties, and Introduction of the Patent h-Index within US Academic Neurosurgery. 61
32035202 2020
45
Women in German Neurosurgery: Status and Representation at Annual National Meetings. 61
31848790 2020
46
Women in German neurosurgery: status and representation at annual national meetings. 61
31863301 2020
47
Cost Analysis of Single-Level Lumbar Fusions. 61
32002348 2020
48
Cortical mapping of receptive language processing in children using navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation. 61
31839497 2020
49
Corrigendum to: "A Comparison of Ventriculoperitoneal and Ventriculoatrial Shunts in a Population of 544 Consecutive Pediatric Patients" by Rymarczuk et al. Neurosurgery, 2019, nyz387, https://doi.org/10.1093/neuros/nyz387. 61
31690943 2020
50
Full-field swept-source optical coherence tomography and neural tissue classification for deep brain imaging. 61
31710771 2020

Variations for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

Expression for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease.

Pathways for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

GO Terms for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

Sources for Rare Surgical Neurologic Disease

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
50 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM
57 OMIM via Orphanet
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 TGDB
70 Tocris
71 UMLS
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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