MCID: RTN014
MIFTS: 48

Retinal Artery Occlusion

Categories: Blood diseases, Cardiovascular diseases, Eye diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Retinal Artery Occlusion

MalaCards integrated aliases for Retinal Artery Occlusion:

Name: Retinal Artery Occlusion 12 55 15 73

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:8483
MeSH 44 D015356
NCIt 50 C34978
UMLS 73 C0035302

Summaries for Retinal Artery Occlusion

MalaCards based summary : Retinal Artery Occlusion is related to branch retinal artery occlusion and retinal vascular occlusion, and has symptoms including amaurosis fugax An important gene associated with Retinal Artery Occlusion is APOH (Apolipoprotein H), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Response to elevated platelet cytosolic Ca2+ and Collagen chain trimerization. The drugs Ranibizumab and Angiogenesis Inhibitors have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include eye, brain and lung, and related phenotypes are homeostasis/metabolism and cardiovascular system

Related Diseases for Retinal Artery Occlusion

Diseases in the Retinal Artery Occlusion family:

Central Retinal Artery Occlusion

Diseases related to Retinal Artery Occlusion via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 339)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 branch retinal artery occlusion 33.9 APOH F2 MTHFR SERPINC1
2 retinal vascular occlusion 32.3 APOH F2 F5 MTHFR SERPINC1 VEGFA
3 amaurosis fugax 30.3 F5 MTHFR SERPINE1
4 neuroretinitis 30.2 ACE VEGFA
5 nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy 30.2 ACE F2 F5 MTHFR SERPINC1
6 antiphospholipid syndrome 30.2 APOH F2 F5 MTHFR SERPINC1
7 patent foramen ovale 30.2 APOH F2 F5 MTHFR SERPINC1
8 macular retinal edema 30.1 IL6 VEGFA
9 homocystinuria 30.1 F5 MTHFR SERPINC1
10 sneddon syndrome 30.1 APOH F2 SERPINC1
11 ischemic optic neuropathy 30.1 ACE APOH F2 F5 MTHFR SERPINC1
12 catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome 30.0 APOH F5 MTHFR SERPINE1
13 protein s deficiency 30.0 APOH F2 F5 MTHFR SERPINC1
14 arteriovenous fistula 29.9 APOH IL6
15 endocarditis 29.9 APOH F2 IL6 SERPINC1
16 infective endocarditis 29.9 APOH F2 IL6 SERPINE1
17 microvascular complications of diabetes 5 29.8 ACE SERPINE1 VEGFA
18 retinal vein occlusion 29.8 APOH F2 F5 IL6 MTHFR SERPINC1
19 arteries, anomalies of 29.8 ACE IL6 SERPINC1 SERPINE1 VEGFA
20 homocysteinemia 29.8 F2 F5 MTHFR SERPINC1
21 central retinal vein occlusion 29.7 APOH F2 F5 IL6 MTHFR SERPINC1
22 buerger disease 29.7 APOH F2 MTHFR SERPINE1
23 arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy 29.7 ACE F2 F5 MTHFR
24 retinal vascular disease 29.7 ACE MTHFR VEGFA
25 purpura 29.6 APOH F2 IL6 SERPINC1
26 coronary artery anomaly 29.6 ACE F2 F5 SERPINE1
27 stroke, ischemic 29.6 ACE APOH F2 F5 MTHFR SERPINC1
28 poems syndrome 29.4 IL6 VEGFA
29 thrombosis 29.1 APOH F2 F5 F8 F9 MTHFR
30 myocardial infarction 29.0 ACE F2 F5 F8 IL6 MTHFR
31 thrombophilia 28.9 APOH F2 F5 F8 F9 MTHFR
32 central retinal artery occlusion 12.9
33 transient retinal arterial occlusion 12.4
34 retinal ischemia 11.8
35 partial arterial retinal occlusion 11.7
36 susac syndrome 11.6
37 optic nerve disease 10.5
38 neuropathy 10.5
39 temporal arteritis 10.4
40 churg-strauss syndrome 10.3
41 vasculitis 10.3
42 allergic angiitis 10.3
43 quebec platelet disorder 10.3 F5 SERPINE1
44 purpura fulminans 10.3 F2 SERPINC1
45 esophageal varix 10.3 F2 SERPINC1
46 hypersplenism 10.3 F2 SERPINC1
47 anterior spinal artery syndrome 10.3 F2 SERPINC1
48 lemierre's syndrome 10.3 MTHFR SERPINE1
49 paracetamol poisoning 10.3 F2 F5
50 may-thurner syndrome 10.3 APOH F5

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Retinal Artery Occlusion:



Diseases related to Retinal Artery Occlusion

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Retinal Artery Occlusion

UMLS symptoms related to Retinal Artery Occlusion:


amaurosis fugax

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Retinal Artery Occlusion:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 10.11 ACE APOH F2 F5 F8 F9
2 cardiovascular system MP:0005385 10.09 ACE ACTA2 F2 F5 F9 IL6
3 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 10.01 ACE F2 F8 F9 IL6 SERPINC1
4 immune system MP:0005387 9.92 ACE F2 F8 F9 IL6 SERPINC1
5 liver/biliary system MP:0005370 9.76 ACE F5 F9 IL6 MTHFR SERPINC1
6 integument MP:0010771 9.73 F2 F5 IL6 MTHFR SERPINE1 VEGFA
7 mortality/aging MP:0010768 9.7 ACE APOH F2 F5 F8 F9
8 reproductive system MP:0005389 9.17 ACE F2 F8 IL6 MTHFR SERPINC1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Retinal Artery Occlusion

Drugs for Retinal Artery Occlusion (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 66)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Ranibizumab Approved Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Not Applicable 347396-82-1 459903
2 Angiogenesis Inhibitors Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Not Applicable
3 Angiogenesis Modulating Agents Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Not Applicable
4 Immunologic Factors Phase 4,Phase 2,Phase 3,Not Applicable
5 Insulin, Globin Zinc Phase 4
6 insulin Phase 4
7 Anticoagulants Phase 4,Phase 3
8 Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors Phase 4,Phase 3
9 Fibrinolytic Agents Phase 4,Phase 3
10
Salicylic acid Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 3 69-72-7 338
11
Aspirin Approved, Vet_approved Phase 3 50-78-2 2244
12
Apixaban Approved Phase 3 503612-47-3 10182969
13
Phenindione Approved, Investigational Phase 3 83-12-5 4760
14
Thrombin Approved, Investigational Phase 3
15
Acenocoumarol Approved, Investigational Phase 3 152-72-7 9052 54676537
16
Rivaroxaban Approved Phase 3 366789-02-8
17 Edoxaban Approved Phase 3 480449-70-5
18
Warfarin Approved Phase 3 81-81-2 6691 54678486
19
Phytonadione Approved, Investigational Phase 3 84-80-0 4812 5284607
20
Acetazolamide Approved, Vet_approved Phase 3 59-66-5 1986
21
Heparin Approved, Investigational Phase 3 9005-49-6 772 46507594
22
Serine Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 3 56-45-1 5951
23
Menadione Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 3 58-27-5 4055
24 Tissue Plasminogen Activator Phase 3
25 Analgesics Phase 3
26 Antirheumatic Agents Phase 3
27 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 3
28 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 3
29 Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal Phase 3
30 Antipyretics Phase 3
31 Plasminogen Phase 3
32 Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors Phase 3
33 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 3
34 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 3
35 HIV Protease Inhibitors Phase 3
36
protease inhibitors Phase 3
37 naphthoquinone Phase 3
38 Vitamin K Phase 3
39 Vitamins Phase 3
40 Antithrombins Phase 3
41 Dabigatran Phase 3
42 Menaquinone Phase 3
43 Factor Xa Inhibitors Phase 3
44 Serine Proteinase Inhibitors Phase 3
45 Antithrombin III Phase 3
46 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 3,Phase 2
47 Adrenergic Agents Phase 3
48 diuretics Phase 3
49 Anticonvulsants Phase 3
50 Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors Phase 3

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 32)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Influence of Diabetes Control on Treatment of Diabetic Macular Edema With Ranibizumab Recruiting NCT02665689 Phase 4 ranibizumab
2 Study of Antithrombotic Treatment After Intracerebral Haemorrhage Not yet recruiting NCT03186729 Phase 4 Antithrombotic Agent
3 Double-dose Ranibizumab for Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy Unknown status NCT02769169 Phase 2, Phase 3 Lucentis® (Raibizumab) double-dose;Lucentis® (Raibizumab) regular-dose
4 A Phase III Randomized, Blind, Double Dummy, Multicenter Study Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of IV THrombolysis (Alteplase) in Patients With acutE Central retInal Artery Occlusion Recruiting NCT03197194 Phase 3 Alteplase;acetylsalicylic acid;Placebo Oral Tablet;placebo IV
5 Start or STop Anticoagulants Randomised Trial (SoSTART) Recruiting NCT03153150 Phase 3 Apixaban;Rivaroxaban;Edoxaban;Dabigatran;Acenocoumarol;Phenindione;Warfarin
6 EAGLE - Multicenter Study of the European Assessment Group for Lysis in the Eye Terminated NCT00637468 Phase 3 Intravenous injection of heparin;Intravenous injection of acetazolamide;Topical use of beta-blocker;Isovolaemic haemodilution;Acetylsalicylic acid
7 The Effect of Transcorneal Stimulation in Cases of Central Retinal Artery Occlusion Using a New Waveform Unknown status NCT00802698 Phase 1, Phase 2
8 Hyperbaric Chamber for Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO) Patients Unknown status NCT02405741 Phase 2
9 The Effect of A2A Adrenoceptor Stimulation on the Diameter of Retinal Arterioles During Hypoxia in Vivo Recruiting NCT03090087 Phase 2 Regadenoson
10 Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Retinal Vein Occlusion, Retinal Artery Occlusion Unknown status NCT01291862 Not Applicable
11 Retinal Oxygen Saturation, Blood Flow, Vascular Function and High Resolution Morphometric Imaging in the Living Human Eye Unknown status NCT01348633
12 Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography of the Eye Unknown status NCT02614625
13 Reconstruction of Pathological Changes of the Ophthalmic Artery in Patients With Retinal Artery Occlusion Completed NCT02679716 Not Applicable
14 Ocular Discomfort Assessment After Intravitreal Injections Completed NCT02806830 Not Applicable Optive
15 Transcorneal Electrical Stimulation Therapy for Retinal Disease Completed NCT00804102 Not Applicable
16 Intra-arterial Melphalan in Treating Younger Patients With Unilateral Retinoblastoma Completed NCT02097134 Not Applicable Melphalan
17 Plaque Prolapse Prevention Carotid Artery Stenting (3PCAS) Completed NCT02665585 Not Applicable
18 Intravitreal Ranibizumab in Exudative Age-related Macular Degeneration With Posterior Vitreomacular Adhesion Completed NCT01291121 Not Applicable
19 Study of Arterial Recanalization of the Central Retinal Artery Occlusions Recruiting NCT03049514
20 Pre and Post-arterial Recanalization Imaging of Central Retinal Artery Occlusions (CRAO) Recruiting NCT03313817
21 Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in Retinal Vessel Occlusion Recruiting NCT03061526
22 OCT in Rare Chorioretinal Diseases Recruiting NCT02141308
23 New Non-invasive Modalities for Assessing Retinal Structure and Function Recruiting NCT03475173 Not Applicable
24 Epidemiological, Clinical and Etiological Features of SUSAC's Syndrome Recruiting NCT01481662
25 Investigation of Biomarkers in Susac Syndrome Recruiting NCT01273792
26 Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Examinations in Chronic Retinal Artery Occlusion Active, not recruiting NCT03357146
27 Changes in the Diameter of Retinal Vessels After Remote Ischemic Conditioning Active, not recruiting NCT02898480 Not Applicable
28 Philadelphia Telemedicine Glaucoma Detection and Follow-Up Study Active, not recruiting NCT02390245 Not Applicable
29 Ocular Manifestations in Rheumatic Diseases Active, not recruiting NCT03753893
30 Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Registry Enrolling by invitation NCT02483650
31 Objective Assessment of Macular Function at Retinal and Cortical Levels Not yet recruiting NCT03517241
32 Comparison of Phase-variance Optical Coherence Tomography and Fluorescein Angiography in Retinovascular Imaging Terminated NCT01717937

Search NIH Clinical Center for Retinal Artery Occlusion

Genetic Tests for Retinal Artery Occlusion

Anatomical Context for Retinal Artery Occlusion

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Retinal Artery Occlusion:

41
Eye, Brain, Lung, Bone, Heart, Lymph Node, Spinal Cord

Publications for Retinal Artery Occlusion

Articles related to Retinal Artery Occlusion:

(show top 50) (show all 867)
# Title Authors Year
1
Central Retinal Artery Occlusion with Cilioretinal Artery sparing; imaging by smartphone. ( 29921543 )
2018
2
Bilateral central retinal artery occlusion as presenting manifestation of human immunodeficiency virus infection. ( 29480272 )
2018
3
Central retinal artery occlusion following orbital biopsy. ( 29664557 )
2018
4
RECURRENT BRANCH RETINAL ARTERY OCCLUSION FROM SUSAC SYNDROME: CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF LITERATURE. ( 29870024 )
2018
5
Calcified amorphous tumor: A rare cause of central retinal artery occlusion. ( 29780907 )
2018
6
Intra-Arterial Thrombolysis for Acute Central Retinal Artery Occlusion: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. ( 29527185 )
2018
7
Atypical central retinal artery occlusion as the first presentation of POEMS syndrome: a case report. ( 29739345 )
2018
8
Central retinal artery occlusion secondary to Barlow's disease. ( 29780944 )
2018
9
Central retinal artery occlusion during vitrectomy: Immediate retinal revascularization following induction of posterior vitreous detachment. ( 29468216 )
2018
10
Treatment of Nonarteritic Acute Central Retinal Artery Occlusion. ( 29717825 )
2018
11
Branch retinal artery occlusion as a clinical manifestation of hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome) in pregnancy. ( 29068144 )
2018
12
Optic nerve avulsion associated with central retinal artery occlusion following rotational globe injury. ( 29941768 )
2018
13
Clinical presentation of multiple cerebral emboli and central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) as signs of cardiac myxoma. ( 29942186 )
2018
14
Visibility of Blood Flow on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in a Case of Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion. ( 29403595 )
2018
15
Optical Coherence Tomography-Based Angiography in Retinal Artery Occlusion in Children. ( 29393247 )
2018
16
Erratum: Intra-Arterial Thrombolytic Therapy Is Not a Therapeutic Option for Filler-Related Central Retinal Artery Occlusion. ( 29763939 )
2018
17
MULTIMODAL IMAGING IN A CASE OF CENTRAL RETINAL ARTERY OCCLUSION IN THE PRESENCE OF TYPE 2 MACULAR TELANGIECTASIA. ( 29905668 )
2018
18
Current treatment of central retinal artery occlusion: a national survey. ( 29236169 )
2018
19
Differentiating Occult Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion from Primary Open-angle Glaucoma. ( 29370018 )
2018
20
Branch retinal artery occlusion post-penetrating globe injury with intraocular foreign body. ( 29283146 )
2018
21
Central Retinal Artery Occlusion with Sparing of Cilioretinal Artery Post Pulmonary Artery Stenting. ( 29607276 )
2018
22
Intra-Arterial Thrombolytic Therapy Is Not a Therapeutic Option for Filler-Related Central Retinal Artery Occlusion. ( 29378380 )
2018
23
Thrombus in Lamina Cribrosa Seen Using Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography in Eye With Central Retinal Artery Occlusion. ( 29360684 )
2018
24
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography of central retinal artery occlusion in the patent cilioretinal artery: a case report. ( 29924197 )
2018
25
Central retinal artery occlusion - rethinking retinal survival time. ( 29669523 )
2018
26
Ophthalmic artery MRI in an arteritis-related central retinal artery occlusion. ( 29358510 )
2018
27
Intravenous thrombolysis in acute central retinal artery occlusion - A prospective interventional case series. ( 29813111 )
2018
28
Ischemic Stroke Risk in Medicare Beneficiaries with Central Retinal Artery Occlusion: A Retrospective Cohort Study. ( 29574676 )
2018
29
Central retinal artery occlusion showing features of paracentral acute middle maculopathy following uncomplicated pterygium surgery. ( 29962106 )
2018
30
Retinal artery occlusion during carotid artery stenting with distal embolic protection device. ( 29862882 )
2018
31
Management of central retinal artery occlusion following successful hyperbaric oxygen therapy: case report. ( 29571239 )
2018
32
Susac's syndrome: isolated retinal artery occlusion after 10 years of remission. ( 29846415 )
2018
33
Bilateral central retinal artery occlusion from catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome. ( 30420561 )
2018
34
Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion. ( 29988838 )
2018
35
Hereditary spherocytosis presenting with branch retinal artery occlusion. ( 30247736 )
2018
36
A case report of branch retinal artery occlusion in a teenager due to hyperhomocysteinaemia; the interplay of genetic and nutritional defects. ( 30255822 )
2018
37
Longitudinal Changes of Retinal Thicknesses in Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion: Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Study. ( 30267095 )
2018
38
Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia presenting as branch retinal artery occlusion and optic disc infiltration. ( 30317214 )
2018
39
Hereditary spherocytosis presenting with branch retinal artery occlusion. ( 30418630 )
2018
40
Combined central retinal vein occlusion and branch retinal artery occlusion. ( 30451204 )
2018
41
Intra-retinal Arterial Cannulation using a Microneedle for Central Retinal Artery Occlusion. ( 29358594 )
2018
42
Central retinal artery occlusion and traumatic optic neuropathy following blunt ocular trauma. ( 29862194 )
2018
43
Retinal Endovascular Surgery with Tissue Plasminogen Activator Injection for Central Retinal Artery Occlusion. ( 30022948 )
2018
44
Central Retinal Artery Occlusion Due to Intraorbital Ophthalmic Artery Aneurysm. ( 30052553 )
2018
45
Is Management of Central Retinal Artery Occlusion the Next Frontier in Cerebrovascular Diseases? ( 30060907 )
2018
46
Optical Coherence Tomography Measurement and Visual Outcome in Acute Central Retinal Artery Occlusion. ( 30091309 )
2018
47
Amalric triangular sign in a case of central retinal artery occlusion combined with posterior ciliary artery occlusion - Case report. ( 30094393 )
2018
48
CENTRAL RETINAL ARTERY OCCLUSION WITH CILIORETINAL ARTERY SPARING AFTER LASER-ASSISTED IN SITU KERATOMILEUSIS. ( 30106799 )
2018
49
Stroke Risk and Risk Factors in Patients With Central Retinal Artery Occlusion. ( 30153430 )
2018
50
Central retinal artery occlusion in a young child secondary to resistance to activated protein C. ( 30217606 )
2018

Variations for Retinal Artery Occlusion

Expression for Retinal Artery Occlusion

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Retinal Artery Occlusion.

Pathways for Retinal Artery Occlusion

Pathways related to Retinal Artery Occlusion according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
12.84 APOH F2 F5 F8 F9 SERPINC1
2
Show member pathways
12.44 F2 F5 F8 F9 SERPINC1
3
Show member pathways
11.89 F2 IL6 MTHFR SERPINE1
4
Show member pathways
11.63 F2 F5 F8 F9 SERPINC1 SERPINE1
5 11.58 IL6 SERPINE1 VEGFA
6 11.54 IL6 SERPINE1 VEGFA
7 11.24 F2 F5 F8 F9 SERPINC1 SERPINE1
8 10.97 IL6 MTHFR
9 10.87 SERPINC1 VEGFA
10 10.61 F2 F9

GO Terms for Retinal Artery Occlusion

Cellular components related to Retinal Artery Occlusion according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular exosome GO:0070062 9.87 ACE ACTA2 APOH F2 F9 SERPINC1
2 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.85 ACE APOH F2 F5 F8 F9
3 platelet alpha granule lumen GO:0031093 9.56 F5 F8 SERPINE1 VEGFA
4 endoplasmic reticulum lumen GO:0005788 9.43 F2 F5 F8 F9 IL6 SERPINC1
5 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.36 ACE ACTA2 APOH F2 F5 F8

Biological processes related to Retinal Artery Occlusion according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 17)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 regulation of signaling receptor activity GO:0010469 9.85 F2 IL6 SERPINE1 VEGFA
2 cellular protein metabolic process GO:0044267 9.8 F2 F5 IL6 SERPINC1
3 ER to Golgi vesicle-mediated transport GO:0006888 9.78 F2 F5 F8 F9
4 blood coagulation GO:0007596 9.72 F2 F5 F8 F9 SERPINC1
5 platelet activation GO:0030168 9.7 F2 F8 IL6
6 acute-phase response GO:0006953 9.61 F2 F8 IL6
7 positive regulation of blood coagulation GO:0030194 9.58 APOH F2 SERPINE1
8 positive regulation of JAK-STAT cascade GO:0046427 9.57 F2 IL6
9 fibrinolysis GO:0042730 9.56 F2 SERPINE1
10 platelet degranulation GO:0002576 9.55 APOH F5 F8 SERPINE1 VEGFA
11 negative regulation of blood coagulation GO:0030195 9.54 APOH SERPINE1
12 regulation of blood coagulation GO:0030193 9.54 APOH F2 SERPINC1
13 neutrophil mediated immunity GO:0002446 9.51 ACE IL6
14 positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine autophosphorylation GO:1900086 9.46 ACE VEGFA
15 negative regulation of fibrinolysis GO:0051918 9.43 APOH F2 SERPINE1
16 blood coagulation, intrinsic pathway GO:0007597 9.26 APOH F2 F8 F9
17 hemostasis GO:0007599 9.02 F2 F5 F8 F9 SERPINC1

Molecular functions related to Retinal Artery Occlusion according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 growth factor activity GO:0008083 9.13 F2 IL6 VEGFA
2 heparin binding GO:0008201 8.92 APOH F2 SERPINC1 VEGFA

Sources for Retinal Artery Occlusion

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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