MCID: RTN016
MIFTS: 56

Retinal Degeneration

Categories: Eye diseases, Genetic diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Retinal Degeneration

MalaCards integrated aliases for Retinal Degeneration:

Name: Retinal Degeneration 12 75 29 55 6 44 15 40 72
Degeneration of Retina 12
Retina Degeneration 12

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:8466
MeSH 44 D012162
NCIt 50 C34979
SNOMED-CT 68 95695004
UMLS 72 C0035304

Summaries for Retinal Degeneration

Disease Ontology : 12 A retinal disease that is characterized by deterioration of the retina caused by the progressive and eventual death of the cells of the retina.

MalaCards based summary : Retinal Degeneration, also known as degeneration of retina, is related to peripheral retinal degeneration and macular degeneration, age-related, 1. An important gene associated with Retinal Degeneration is RPE65 (Retinoid Isomerohydrolase RPE65), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Phototransduction and Metabolism of fat-soluble vitamins. The drugs Dorzolamide and Dopamine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include retina, eye and brain, and related phenotypes are nervous system and pigmentation

Wikipedia : 75 Retinopathy is any damage to the retina of the eyes, which may cause vision impairment. Retinopathy... more...

Related Diseases for Retinal Degeneration

Diseases in the Retinal Degeneration family:

Late-Onset Retinal Degeneration

Diseases related to Retinal Degeneration via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 539)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 peripheral retinal degeneration 34.8 RPGR PRPH2
2 macular degeneration, age-related, 1 33.5 RPE65 RHO PRPH2 CRB1 ABCA4
3 goldmann-favre syndrome 33.3 NRL NR2E3
4 degeneration of macula and posterior pole 32.8 RPE65 RHO ABCA4
5 retinitis 32.6 RPGR RHO PRPH2
6 cone-rod dystrophy 2 32.1 TULP1 RPGR RPE65 RHO PRPH2 NR2E3
7 yemenite deaf-blind hypopigmentation syndrome 31.5 RPGR RPE65 RHO MYO7A CRB1 ABCA4
8 night blindness 31.5 RPE65 RHO PDE6B
9 retinitis pigmentosa 31.2 TULP1 RPGR RPE65 RHO RD3 PRPH2
10 leber congenital amaurosis 12 31.1 RPE65 RD3
11 stargardt macular degeneration 30.9 RHO PRPH2 ABCA4
12 leber congenital amaurosis 30.9 TULP1 RPGR RPE65 RHO RD3 PRPH2
13 cancer-associated retinopathy 30.9 TULP1 RHO
14 leber congenital amaurosis 1 30.8 TULP1 RD3
15 achromatopsia 30.8 RPGR RPE65 NRL NR2E3 MFRP
16 fundus albipunctatus 30.7 RPE65 RHO PRPH2 PDE6B MFRP
17 leber congenital amaurosis 9 30.7 TULP1 RPE65 CRB1
18 achromatopsia 2 30.7 PITPNM1 MFRP
19 congenital stationary night blindness 30.6 RPE65 RHO PDE6B ABCA4
20 macular retinal edema 30.6 MFRP CRB1
21 athetosis 30.6 CP ACO2
22 stargardt disease 30.6 RPGR RPE65 RHO PRPH2 MYO7A CRB1
23 retinal disease 30.4 TULP1 RPGR RPE65 RHO PRPH2 PDE6B
24 nephronophthisis 3 30.3 NRL ACO2
25 fundus dystrophy 29.7 TULP1 RPGR RPE65 RHO PRPH2 PDE6B
26 late-onset retinal degeneration 12.8
27 infantile cerebellar-retinal degeneration 12.8
28 retinal degeneration with nanophthalmos, cystic macular degeneration, and angle closure glaucoma 12.6
29 encephalopathy with intracranial calcification, growth hormone deficiency, microcephaly, and retinal degeneration 12.4
30 lattice degeneration of retina leading to retinal detachment 12.4
31 cobblestone retinal degeneration 12.3
32 senile reticular retinal degeneration 12.2
33 cystoid macular retinal degeneration 12.2
34 microphthalmia with hyperopia, retinal degeneration, macrophakia, and dental anomalies 12.2
35 retinal degeneration and epilepsy 12.2
36 retinitis pigmentosa 27 12.2
37 spastic paraplegia 15, autosomal recessive 12.2
38 spinocerebellar ataxia 7 12.1
39 spastic paraplegia 15 12.1
40 oliver-mcfarlane syndrome 11.9
41 retinitis pigmentosa 41 11.7
42 blessig's cysts 11.7
43 enhanced s-cone syndrome 11.6
44 abetalipoproteinemia 11.5
45 kuhnt-junius degeneration 11.5
46 aceruloplasminemia 11.4
47 bardet-biedl syndrome 11.4
48 choroideremia 11.4
49 nephronophthisis 11.4
50 autoimmune retinopathy 11.4

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Retinal Degeneration:



Diseases related to Retinal Degeneration

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Retinal Degeneration

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Retinal Degeneration:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 nervous system MP:0003631 10.06 ABCA4 ATXN7 C1QTNF5 CP CRB1 MFRP
2 pigmentation MP:0001186 9.77 ABCA4 C1QTNF5 CP CRB1 MFRP MYO7A
3 vision/eye MP:0005391 9.55 ABCA4 ATXN7 C1QTNF5 CP CRB1 MFRP

Drugs & Therapeutics for Retinal Degeneration

Drugs for Retinal Degeneration (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 133)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Dorzolamide Approved Phase 4 120279-96-1 3154 5284549
2
Dopamine Approved Phase 4 51-61-6, 62-31-7 681
3
Pramipexole Approved, Investigational Phase 4 104632-26-0 59868 119570
4
Bromocriptine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 25614-03-3 31101
5
Dexamethasone Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-02-2 5743
6
Dexamethasone acetate Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 1177-87-3
7
Rasagiline Approved Phase 4 136236-51-6 3052776
8
Histidine Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 4 71-00-1 6274
9 Antihypertensive Agents Phase 4
10 Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors Phase 4
11 Sympathomimetics Phase 4
12 Cardiotonic Agents Phase 4
13 Dopamine Agents Phase 4
14 Hormones Phase 4
15 Dopamine agonists Phase 4
16 Hormone Antagonists Phase 4
17 Antiparkinson Agents Phase 4
18 Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists Phase 4
19 Dexamethasone 21-phosphate Phase 4
20 Antiemetics Phase 4
21 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 4
22 HIV Protease Inhibitors Phase 4
23 glucocorticoids Phase 4
24
protease inhibitors Phase 4
25 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Phase 4
26 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 4
27 BB 1101 Phase 4
28 Protective Agents Phase 4
29 Neuroprotective Agents Phase 4
30 Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors Phase 4
31
Tocopherol Approved, Investigational Phase 3 1406-66-2, 54-28-4 14986
32
Vitamin A Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 3 22737-96-8, 11103-57-4, 68-26-8 9904001 445354
33
Lutein Approved, Investigational, Nutraceutical Phase 3 127-40-2 6433159
34
Vitamin D Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 3 1406-16-2
35
Vitamin E Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 3 59-02-9 14985
36 Tocotrienol Investigational Phase 3 6829-55-6
37 retinol Phase 3
38 Retinol palmitate Phase 3
39 Calciferol Phase 3
40 Bone Density Conservation Agents Phase 3
41 Tocotrienols Phase 3
42 Tocopherols Phase 3
43
Coal tar Approved Phase 1, Phase 2 8007-45-2
44
Valproic acid Approved, Investigational Phase 2 99-66-1 3121
45
Verteporfin Approved, Investigational Phase 2 129497-78-5
46
Methylcobalamin Approved, Experimental, Investigational Phase 2 13422-55-4
47
Hydroxocobalamin Approved Phase 2 13422-51-0 11953898 15589840
48
Sirolimus Approved, Investigational Phase 1, Phase 2 53123-88-9 6436030 5284616 46835353
49
Everolimus Approved Phase 1, Phase 2 159351-69-6 6442177 70789204
50
Miconazole Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 1, Phase 2 22916-47-8 4189

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 118)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Treatment of Cystoid Macular Edema in Patients With Retinal Degeneration Unknown status NCT00716586 Phase 4 dorzolamide
2 Clinical and Genetic Assessment of Treatment Response in Patients With Age-related Macular Degeneration Using Intravitreal Aflibercept Injection Unknown status NCT02689518 Phase 4 Intravitreal aflibercept injection
3 Matched Pair, Assessor Blinded, Open Label Clinical Trial to Assess the Ophthalmologic Safety of Long Term Oral Treatment With Pramipexole Compared to Bromocriptine or Other Dopamine Agonists in Patients With Parkinson's Disease Completed NCT02233023 Phase 4 Pramipexole;Bromocriptine and other dopamine agonists
4 Pain Perception at Laser Treatment of Peripheral Retinal Degenerations With Green and Infrared Wavelengths Completed NCT01033968 Phase 4
5 An Open-label, Multi-center, 6-month Extension Study Comparing the Long-term Efficacy and Safety of Lucentis (Ranibizumab) Intravitreal Injections Versus Ozurdex (Dexamethasone) Intravitreal Implant in Patients With Visual Impairment Due to Macular Edema Following Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion (BRVO) or Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO) Who Have Completed the Respective Core Study (CRFB002EDE17 or CRFB002EDE18) Completed NCT01580020 Phase 4 Dexamethasone
6 Rasagiline (Azilect) - Neuroprotection for Macula-off Retinal Detachment Terminated NCT02068625 Phase 4 Rasagiline;Placebo
7 A Phase III b, Multicenter Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Aflibercept Switch in Patients With Exudative AMD With Detachment of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium and Previously Treated With Ranibizumab Intravitreal Injection. (ARI2) Completed NCT02157077 Phase 3 Aflibercept
8 Randomized Clinical Trial for Retinitis Pigmentosa Completed NCT00346333 Phase 3 Lutein
9 Randomized Trial of Vitamin A and Vitamin E Supplementation for Retinitis Pigmentosa Completed NCT00000114 Phase 3 Vitamin E;Vitamin A
10 The Effect of Oral Administration of 9-cis β Carotene Rich Powder of the Alga Dunaliella Bardawil on Visual Functions in Patients With Retinitis Pigmentosa Recruiting NCT01680510 Phase 2, Phase 3
11 A Single-Arm, Open-Label, Multicenter, Phase IIIb Study to Collect Safety and Electrocardiogram Data on Brolucizumab 6 mg Intravitreal Treatment in Patients With Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration Not yet recruiting NCT03954626 Phase 3
12 A 64-week, Two-arm, Randomized, Double-masked, Multicenter, Phase IIIb Study Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of Brolucizumab 6 mg Compared to Aflibercept 2 mg in a Treat-to-control Regimen in Patients With Neovascular Agerelated Macular Degeneration (TALON) Not yet recruiting NCT04005352 Phase 3
13 Safety and Effectiveness, in a Multi-Center, Randomized, Sham Controlled Investigation for Dry, Non-Exudative Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)Using Rheopheresis Suspended NCT00460967 Phase 3
14 Argus® II Retinal Stimulation System Feasibility Protocol Unknown status NCT00407602 Phase 2
15 A Safety and Feasibility Study of the TheraSight(TM) Ocular Brachytherapy System for Treatment of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Unknown status NCT00100087 Phase 1, Phase 2
16 Effectiveness and Safety of Subtenon Administration of Autologous Adipose-Derived Regenerative Cells for Treatment of Glaucomatous Neurodegeneration Unknown status NCT02144103 Phase 1, Phase 2
17 Stem Cell Derived Retinal Pigmented Epithelium Implantation in Patients With Outer Retinal Degenerations: Phase I/II Clinical Trial Unknown status NCT02903576 Phase 1, Phase 2
18 A Novel Therapeutic Strategy Targeting Photoreceptor Oxidative Damage in ABCR-related Retinal Degenerations Unknown status NCT01278277 Phase 1, Phase 2
19 An Open-label Dose Escalation Study of an Adeno-associated Virus Vector (AAV2/2-hRPE65p-hRPE65) for Gene Therapy of Severe Early-onset Retinal Degeneration Completed NCT00643747 Phase 1, Phase 2
20 Efficacy and Safety of Oral Valproic Acid for Retinitis Pigmentosa Completed NCT01399515 Phase 2 Valproic Acid
21 Prospective Monocentric Open Label Non Randomized Uncontrolled Phase I/II Clinical Gene Therapy Protocol for the Treatment of Retinal Dystrophy Caused by Defects in RPE65 Completed NCT01496040 Phase 1, Phase 2 rAAV2/4.hRPE65
22 A Phase I/II Controlled Dose-escalating Trial to Establish the Baseline Safety and Efficacy of a Single Subretinal Injection of rAAV.sFlt-1 Into Eyes of Patients With Exudative Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) Completed NCT01494805 Phase 1, Phase 2
23 An Open Label Dose Escalation Phase 1 Clinical Trial of Retinal Gene Therapy for Choroideraemia Using an Adeno-associated Viral Vector (AAV2) Encoding Rab-escort Protein 1 (REP1) Completed NCT01461213 Phase 1, Phase 2 rAAV2.REP1
24 A Prospective Masked Pilot Study Comparing Group 1 Triple Therapy - PDT Plus IVD and Intravitreal Ranibizumab Versus Group 2 Monotherapy - Intravitreal Ranibizumab Alone. Completed NCT00390208 Phase 2 ranibizumab, dexamethasone and verteporfin;Ranibizumab
25 Phase 2, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Clinical Trial of EPI-743 in Subjects With Cobalamin C Defect Completed NCT01793090 Phase 2 Epi-743
26 A Phase II Study of OT-551 Antioxidant Eye Drop in Participants With Bilateral Geographic Atrophy Associated With Age-Related Macular Degeneration Completed NCT00306488 Phase 2 OT-551 antioxidant eye drop
27 Pilot Study of the Evaluation of Intravitreal Sirolimus in the Treatment of Bilateral Geographic Atrophy Associated With Age-Related Macular Degeneration Completed NCT01445548 Phase 1, Phase 2 Sirolimus
28 Pilot Study of the Evaluation of Subconjunctival Sirolimus in the Treatment of Bilateral Geographic Atrophy Associated With Age-Related Macular Degeneration Completed NCT00766649 Phase 1, Phase 2 Sirolimus
29 Open-Label, Single Ascending Dose Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of AGN-151587 (EDIT-101) in Adult and Pediatric Participants With Leber Congenital Amaurosis Type 10 (LCA10), With Centrosomal Protein 290 (CEP290)-Related Retinal Degeneration Caused by a Compound Heterozygous or Homozygous Mutation Involving c.2991+1655A>G in Intron 26 (IVS26) of the CEP290 Gene ("LCA10-IVS26") Recruiting NCT03872479 Phase 1, Phase 2 AGN-151587
30 FocuS: An Open Label First in Human Phase 1/2 Multicentre Study to Evaluate the Safety, Dose Response and Efficacy of GT005 Administered as a Single Subretinal Injection in Subjects With Macular Atrophy Due to AMD Recruiting NCT03846193 Phase 1, Phase 2
31 A Phase 1/2a, Open-Label, Non-Randomized, Dose-Escalation Study to Evaluate the Safety and Tolerability of GS030 in Subjects With Retinitis Pigmentosa Recruiting NCT03326336 Phase 1, Phase 2
32 Safety and Efficacy of a Unilateral Subretinal Administration of HORA-PDE6B in Patients With Retinitis Pigmentosa Harbouring Mutations in the PDE6B Gene Leading to a Defect in PDE6ß Expression Recruiting NCT03328130 Phase 1, Phase 2
33 An Open-Label Dose Escalation Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of AGTC-501 (rAAV2tYF-GRK1-RPGR) in Subjects With X-linked Retinitis Pigmentosa Caused by RPGR Mutations Recruiting NCT03316560 Phase 1, Phase 2
34 Cholesterol and Antioxidant Treatment in Patients With Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome (SLOS) Recruiting NCT01773278 Phase 2 Antioxidants;Cholesterol
35 Evaluation of Oral Minocycline in the Treatment of Geographic Atrophy Associated With Age-Related Macular Degeneration Recruiting NCT02564978 Phase 2 Minocycline
36 A Multiple-Site, Phase 1/2, Safety and Efficacy Trial of a Recombinant Adeno-associated Virus Vector Expressing Retinoschisin (rAAV2tYF-CB-hRS1) in Patients With X-linked Retinoschisis Active, not recruiting NCT02416622 Phase 1, Phase 2
37 Efficacy of Biweekly Ranibizumab (0.5 mg) for Exudative Macular Degeneration Retinal Edema Refractory to Anti-VEGF Therapy Comparing Syringe Preparation Time Using Ranibizumab Vial and Pre-filled Syringe Active, not recruiting NCT03071055 Phase 2 Ranibizumab Injection [Lucentis]
38 THOR - Tübingen Choroideremia Gene Therapy Trial Open Label Phase 2 Clinical Trial Using an Adeno-associated Viral Vector (AAV2) Encoding Rab-escort Protein 1 (REP1) Active, not recruiting NCT02671539 Phase 2
39 A Phase 2, Prospective, Randomized, Double-masked, Active Comparator-controlled, Multi-center Study to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of Repeated Intravitreal Administration of KSI-301 in Subjects With Neovascular (Wet) Age-related Macular Degeneration. Not yet recruiting NCT04049266 Phase 2 KSI-301;Aflibercept
40 The Effect of Oral Administration of 9-cis β Carotene Rich Powder of the Alga Dunaliella Bardawil on Visual Functions in Adolescent Patients With Retinitis Pigmentosa Not yet recruiting NCT02018692 Phase 1, Phase 2
41 A Randomized, Double-Masked, Placebo-Controlled, Dose- Finding, Non-Inferiority Study of X-82 Plus Prn Intravitreal (Ivt) Anti-VEGF Compared to Prn Ivt Anti-VEGF Monotherapy in Neovascular AMD Terminated NCT02348359 Phase 2 X-82;Anti-VEGF;Placebo
42 A Phase I/II Open Label, Multicenter Study of the Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy of Multiple Intravitreal Injections of (Super-dose Anti-VEgf SAVE Trial) 2.0mg Ranibizumab in Subjects With Chronic Fluid on OCT Post Multiple Injections With Ranibizumab Terminated NCT01025232 Phase 1, Phase 2 Ranibizumab
43 Pilot Phase I/II Study of the Evaluation of Interferon Gamma-1b Administered Topically for Macular Edema/Intraretinal Schisis Cysts in Rod-Cone Dystrophy (RCD) and Enhanced S-Cone Syndrome (ESCS) Terminated NCT02338973 Phase 1, Phase 2 Interferon gamma-1b
44 Intravitreal Autologous Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients With Advanced Glaucoma. Phase I: Safety Study. Completed NCT02330978 Phase 1
45 A Phase I, Double-masked, Placebo-controlled Study Evaluating The Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, And Immunogenicity Of Single Escalating Doses Of Rn6g In Patients With Dry, Age-related Macular Degeneration (Amd) Completed NCT00877032 Phase 1
46 A Phase 1, Double-Masked, Placebo-Controlled Study Evaluating The Safety, Tolerability, Immunogenicity, Pharmacokinetics, And Pharmacodynamics Of Multiple Escalating Dosages Of RN6G In Subjects With Advanced Dry, Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) Including Geographic Atrophy Completed NCT01003691 Phase 1
47 A Phase I Open-Label, Dose Escalation Trial of QPI-1007 Delivered by a Single Intravitreal Injection to Patients With Optic Nerve Atrophy (Stratum I) and Acute Non-Arteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (NAION) (Stratum II) Completed NCT01064505 Phase 1 QPI-1007 at various doses
48 A Phase 1 Dose Escalation Study Evaluating the Safety, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of OPT-302 in Combination With Ranibizumab in Subjects With Wet AMD Completed NCT02543229 Phase 1 OPT-302;Lucentis™
49 A Phase 1, Open-Label, Multi-Center, Dose-Escalating, Safety and Tolerability Study of a Single Intravitreal Injection of AAV2-sFLT01 in Patients With Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration Completed NCT01024998 Phase 1
50 A Phase I Study of NT-501-10 and NT-501-6A.02, Implants of Encapsulated Human NTC-210 Cells Releasing Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor (CNTF), in Patients With Retinitis Pigmentosa Completed NCT00063765 Phase 1 Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor Implant NT-501

Search NIH Clinical Center for Retinal Degeneration

Cochrane evidence based reviews: retinal degeneration

Genetic Tests for Retinal Degeneration

Genetic tests related to Retinal Degeneration:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Retinal Degeneration 29

Anatomical Context for Retinal Degeneration

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Retinal Degeneration:

41
Retina, Eye, Brain, Bone, Cortex, Testes, Bone Marrow

Publications for Retinal Degeneration

Articles related to Retinal Degeneration:

(show top 50) (show all 6096)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
FATP1 inhibits 11-cis retinol formation via interaction with the visual cycle retinoid isomerase RPE65 and lecithin:retinol acyltransferase. 9 38
20356843 2010
2
Molecular modeling of retinoschisin with functional analysis of pathogenic mutations from human X-linked retinoschisis. 9 38
20061330 2010
3
Gene delivery to mitotic and postmitotic photoreceptors via compacted DNA nanoparticles results in improved phenotype in a mouse model of retinitis pigmentosa. 9 38
19952284 2010
4
The dependence of retinal degeneration caused by the rhodopsin P23H mutation on light exposure and vitamin a deprivation. 9 38
19933196 2010
5
Deafness and retinal degeneration in a novel USH1C knock-in mouse model. 9 38
20095043 2010
6
Morphological alterations in retinal neurons in the S334ter-line3 transgenic rat. 9 38
20127257 2010
7
Morphological changes of short-wavelength cones in the developing S334ter-3 transgenic rat. 9 38
20114037 2010
8
CNTF induces regeneration of cone outer segments in a rat model of retinal degeneration. 9 38
20209167 2010
9
Gene therapy with a promoter targeting both rods and cones rescues retinal degeneration caused by AIPL1 mutations. 9 38
19710705 2010
10
Gene therapy in the Retinal Degeneration Slow model of retinitis pigmentosa. 9 38
20238065 2010
11
Novel functions of photoreceptor guanylate cyclases revealed by targeted deletion. 9 38
20012162 2010
12
CREB1/ATF1 activation in photoreceptor degeneration and protection. 9 38
19643965 2009
13
Light responses in rods of vitamin A-deprived Xenopus. 9 38
19407019 2009
14
Expression of cadherin 23 isoforms is not conserved: implications for a mouse model of Usher syndrome type 1D. 9 38
19756182 2009
15
Mutations in the GUCA1A gene involved in hereditary cone dystrophies impair calcium-mediated regulation of guanylate cyclase. 9 38
19459154 2009
16
Dual transgenic reporter mice as a tool for monitoring expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein. 9 38
19457099 2009
17
[Gene therapy for inherited retinal dystrophies]. 9 38
19820803 2009
18
A common allele in RPGRIP1L is a modifier of retinal degeneration in ciliopathies. 9 38
19430481 2009
19
Stable retinal gene expression in nonhuman primates via subretinal injection of SIVagm-based lentiviral vectors. 9 38
19257835 2009
20
Development of lead hammerhead ribozyme candidates against human rod opsin mRNA for retinal degeneration therapy. 9 38
19094986 2009
21
Effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide and its fragments on retinal degeneration induced by neonatal monosodium glutamate treatment. 9 38
19456357 2009
22
A homozygous missense mutation in the IRBP gene (RBP3) associated with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa. 9 38
19074801 2009
23
Ciliary targeting motif VxPx directs assembly of a trafficking module through Arf4. 9 38
19153612 2009
24
Accumulation of rhodopsin in late endosomes triggers photoreceptor cell degeneration. 9 38
19214218 2009
25
An USH2A founder mutation is the major cause of Usher syndrome type 2 in Canadians of French origin and confirms common roots of Quebecois and Acadians. 9 38
18665195 2009
26
Usher syndrome and Leber congenital amaurosis are molecularly linked via a novel isoform of the centrosomal ninein-like protein. 9 38
18826961 2009
27
Mutation of a TADR protein leads to rhodopsin and Gq-dependent retinal degeneration in Drosophila. 9 38
19074021 2008
28
Rescue of volume-regulated anion current by bestrophin mutants with altered charge selectivity. 9 38
18955594 2008
29
Restoration of visual function in retinal degeneration mice by ectopic expression of melanopsin. 9 38
18836071 2008
30
Developmental impairments of select neurotransmitter systems in brains of Cln3(Deltaex7/8) knock-in mice, an animal model of juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. 9 38
18265413 2008
31
Overexpression of Pax6 results in microphthalmia, retinal dysplasia and defective retinal ganglion cell axon guidance. 9 38
18507827 2008
32
Survival and remodeling of melanopsin cells during retinal dystrophy. 9 38
18442436 2008
33
Retinitis Pigmentosa GTPase Regulator (RPGR) protein isoforms in mammalian retina: insights into X-linked Retinitis Pigmentosa and associated ciliopathies. 9 38
17904189 2008
34
On the role of CNTF as a potential therapy for retinal degeneration: Dr. Jekyll or Mr. Hyde? 9 38
18188927 2008
35
Chronic intravitreous infusion of ciliary neurotrophic factor modulates electrical retinal stimulation thresholds in the RCS rat. 9 38
18172115 2008
36
A novel form of transducin-dependent retinal degeneration: accelerated retinal degeneration in the absence of rod transducin. 9 38
18055791 2007
37
Novel TULP1 mutation causing leber congenital amaurosis or early onset retinal degeneration. 9 38
17962469 2007
38
Increased expression of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor protects against oxidative damage-induced retinal degeneration. 9 38
17935603 2007
39
Drosophila bestrophin-1 chloride current is dually regulated by calcium and cell volume. 9 38
17968025 2007
40
The rdgB gene of Drosophila: a link between vision and olfaction. 9 38
18161590 2007
41
Clinical and molecular genetics of Leber's congenital amaurosis: a multicenter study of Italian patients. 9 38
17724218 2007
42
Constitutive excitation by Gly90Asp rhodopsin rescues rods from degeneration caused by elevated production of cGMP in the dark. 9 38
17699662 2007
43
Dark rearing rescues P23H rhodopsin-induced retinal degeneration in a transgenic Xenopus laevis model of retinitis pigmentosa: a chromophore-dependent mechanism characterized by production of N-terminally truncated mutant rhodopsin. 9 38
17715341 2007
44
Mutation in the PYK2-binding domain of PITPNM3 causes autosomal dominant cone dystrophy (CORD5) in two Swedish families. 9 38
17377520 2007
45
Autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa in Norway: a 20-year clinical follow-up study with molecular genetic analysis. Two novel rhodopsin mutations: 1003delG and I179F. 9 38
17488458 2007
46
Prominin-2 is a cholesterol-binding protein associated with apical and basolateral plasmalemmal protrusions in polarized epithelial cells and released into urine. 9 38
17109118 2007
47
The role of anti-alpha-enolase autoantibodies in pathogenicity of autoimmune-mediated retinopathy. 9 38
17235687 2007
48
Targeted inactivation of synaptic HRG4 (UNC119) causes dysfunction in the distal photoreceptor and slow retinal degeneration, revealing a new function. 9 38
17174953 2007
49
Evidence for a molecular link between the tuberous sclerosis complex and the Crumbs complex. 9 38
17234746 2007
50
Molecular and cellular alterations induced by sustained expression of ciliary neurotrophic factor in a mouse model of retinitis pigmentosa. 9 38
17325188 2007

Variations for Retinal Degeneration

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Retinal Degeneration:

6 (show top 50) (show all 85)
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 RPE65 NM_000329.3(RPE65): c.1338+1G> A single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs1057518922 1:68896964-68896964 1:68431281-68431281
2 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-1513+11C> G single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs199473709 11:119214515-119214515 11:119343805-119343805
3 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.629G> T (p.Gly210Val) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs150902999 11:119216142-119216142 11:119345432-119345432
4 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-1864-9C> T single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs187321874 11:119215476-119215476 11:119344766-119344766
5 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.*34C> G single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs200181343 11:119210007-119210007 11:119339297-119339297
6 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-48G> C single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs185696769 11:119211409-119211409 11:119340699-119340699
7 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-662G> A single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs377666251 11:119212023-119212023 11:119341313-119341313
8 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.191G> A (p.Arg64His) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs149376662 11:119216836-119216836 11:119346126-119346126
9 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.190C> T (p.Arg64Cys) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs147490836 11:119216837-119216837 11:119346127-119346127
10 C1QTNF5 NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.63C> A (p.Phe21Leu) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs868687394 11:119217076-119217076 11:119346366-119346366
11 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.58G> A (p.Glu20Lys) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs529716845 11:119217081-119217081 11:119346371-119346371
12 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-2744G> A single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs143241967 11:119217331-119217331 11:119346621-119346621
13 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.*251C> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047816 11:119209790-119209790 11:119339080-119339080
14 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-2685G> A single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs201954533 11:119217272-119217272 11:119346562-119346562
15 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-771G> C single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047827 11:119212132-119212132 11:119341422-119341422
16 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.1475T> A (p.Ile492Asn) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047830 11:119212607-119212607 11:119341897-119341897
17 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-1662+10G> A single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047832 11:119215015-119215015 11:119344305-119344305
18 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.583G> A (p.Ala195Thr) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047833 11:119216188-119216188 11:119345478-119345478
19 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.505C> T (p.His169Tyr) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047834 11:119216266-119216266 11:119345556-119345556
20 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.415G> A (p.Val139Ile) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs368962202 11:119210358-119210358 11:119339648-119339648
21 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.214+9G> A single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs771777653 11:119210885-119210885 11:119340175-119340175
22 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-2C> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs751853220 11:119211109-119211109 11:119340399-119340399
23 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-245G> A single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047824 11:119211606-119211606 11:119340896-119340896
24 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-2693C> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs139821533 11:119217280-119217280 11:119346570-119346570
25 C1QTNF5 NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-2701G> A single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs883246 11:119217288-119217288 11:119346578-119346578
26 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-32A> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs752870533 11:119211139-119211139 11:119340429-119340429
27 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.128G> A (p.Ser43Asn) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047819 11:119210980-119210980 11:119340270-119340270
28 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-43-13G> A single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047821 11:119211163-119211163 11:119340453-119340453
29 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-68G> A single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047822 11:119211429-119211429 11:119340719-119340719
30 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-165G> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047823 11:119211526-119211526 11:119340816-119340816
31 C1QTNF5 NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-1661-14A> C single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs200069261 11:119214688-119214688 11:119343978-119343978
32 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.807G> A (p.Gln269=) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs371537663 11:119215433-119215433 11:119344723-119344723
33 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.786T> A (p.His262Gln) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs751729583 11:119215454-119215454 11:119344744-119344744
34 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.456G> C (p.Arg152Ser) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs756071297 11:119216315-119216315 11:119345605-119345605
35 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-2366+10C> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs554865241 11:119216746-119216746 11:119346036-119346036
36 C1QTNF5 NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.192C> G (p.Arg64=) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs200143181 11:119216835-119216835 11:119346125-119346125
37 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.1014C> A (p.Ser338Arg) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs145319149 11:119214636-119214636 11:119343926-119343926
38 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.796C> T (p.Arg266Cys) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs138295825 11:119215444-119215444 11:119344734-119344734
39 C1QTNF5 NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.*345G> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs551431328 11:119209696-119209696 11:119338986-119338986
40 C1QTNF5 NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.*158C> A single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047817 11:119209883-119209883 11:119339173-119339173
41 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.644T> C (p.Ile215Thr) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs779732274 11:119210129-119210129 11:119339419-119339419
42 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.567C> T (p.Ala189=) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs371634525 11:119210206-119210206 11:119339496-119339496
43 C1QTNF5 NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-719C> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047826 11:119212080-119212080 11:119341370-119341370
44 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-836G> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs752071088 11:119212197-119212197 11:119341487-119341487
45 C1QTNF5 NM_015645.5(C1QTNF5): c.-888C> G single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047828 11:119212249-119212249 11:119341539-119341539
46 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.1560G> C (p.Leu520=) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047829 11:119212438-119212438 11:119341728-119341728
47 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.1461C> A (p.Ile487=) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs202139926 11:119212621-119212621 11:119341911-119341911
48 C1QTNF5 NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.1366G> A (p.Gly456Ser) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs369531002 11:119213327-119213327 11:119342617-119342617
49 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.1106C> T (p.Ala369Val) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886047831 11:119214544-119214544 11:119343834-119343834
50 C1QTNF5 ; MFRP NM_031433.4(MFRP): c.971A> G (p.Gln324Arg) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs142198552 11:119215029-119215029 11:119344319-119344319

Copy number variations for Retinal Degeneration from CNVD:

7
# CNVD ID Chromosom Start End Type Gene Symbol CNVD Disease
1 66270 12 27288374 27369795 Insertion STK38L retinal degeneration

Expression for Retinal Degeneration

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Retinal Degeneration.

Pathways for Retinal Degeneration

GO Terms for Retinal Degeneration

Cellular components related to Retinal Degeneration according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 apical plasma membrane GO:0016324 9.56 MYO7A MFRP CRB1 C1QTNF5
2 photoreceptor disc membrane GO:0097381 9.33 RHO PDE6B ABCA4
3 photoreceptor inner segment GO:0001917 9.26 TULP1 RHO MYO7A CRB1
4 photoreceptor outer segment GO:0001750 9.1 TULP1 RPGR RHO PRPH2 MYO7A ABCA4

Biological processes related to Retinal Degeneration according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 16)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 response to stimulus GO:0050896 9.91 TULP1 RPGR RPE65 RHO RD3 PDE6B
2 retinoid metabolic process GO:0001523 9.67 RPE65 RHO ABCA4
3 photoreceptor cell maintenance GO:0045494 9.65 TULP1 RHO ABCA4
4 phototransduction GO:0007602 9.61 RHO PITPNM1 NR2E3
5 response to light stimulus GO:0009416 9.56 RPE65 RHO
6 retina development in camera-type eye GO:0060041 9.56 TULP1 RPE65 RHO RD3 PRPH2 PDE6B
7 regulation of rhodopsin mediated signaling pathway GO:0022400 9.55 RHO PDE6B
8 eye photoreceptor cell development GO:0042462 9.55 TULP1 NR2E3 MYO7A MFRP CRB1
9 detection of light stimulus involved in visual perception GO:0050908 9.54 TULP1 RPE65
10 sensory perception of light stimulus GO:0050953 9.52 RHO MYO7A
11 rhodopsin mediated signaling pathway GO:0016056 9.51 RHO PDE6B
12 phototransduction, visible light GO:0007603 9.5 RHO PDE6B ABCA4
13 detection of light stimulus GO:0009583 9.46 RHO PDE6B
14 visual perception GO:0007601 9.44 TULP1 RPGR RPE65 RHO RD3 PRPH2
15 regulation of rhodopsin gene expression GO:0007468 9.4 RPE65 NRL
16 positive regulation of rhodopsin gene expression GO:0045872 9.37 NRL NR2E3

Molecular functions related to Retinal Degeneration according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 phosphatidylcholine binding GO:0031210 8.96 RPE65 PITPNM1
2 phospholipid transporter activity GO:0005548 8.62 PITPNM1 ABCA4

Sources for Retinal Degeneration

3 CDC
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