Categories: Infectious diseases, Mental diseases, Skin diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Scabies

MalaCards integrated aliases for Scabies:

Name: Scabies 12 74 42 3 44 15 71 32
Infestation by Sarcoptes Scabiei Var Hominis 12
Infestation by Sarcoptes Scabiei 12
Sarcoptic Itch 12


External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:8295
ICD9CM 34 133.0
MeSH 44 D012532
NCIt 50 C34998
SNOMED-CT 67 266224002
ICD10 32 B86
UMLS 71 C0036262

Summaries for Scabies

MedlinePlus : 42 Scabies is an itchy skin condition caused by the microscopic mite Sarcoptes scabei. It is common all over the world, and can affect anyone. Scabies spreads quickly in crowded conditions where there is frequent skin-to-skin contact between people. Hospitals, child-care centers, and nursing homes are examples. Scabies can easily infect sex partners and other household members. Sharing clothes, towels, and bedding can sometimes spread scabies. This can happen much more easily when the infested person has crusted scabies. You cannot get scabies from a pet. Pets get a different mite infection called mange. Symptoms are Pimple-like irritations or a rash Intense itching, especially at night Sores caused by scratching Your health care provider diagnoses scabies by looking at the skin rash and finding burrows in the skin. Several lotions are available to treat scabies. The infected person's clothes, bedding and towels should be washed in hot water and dried in a hot dryer. Treatment is also recommended for household members and sexual partners. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

MalaCards based summary : Scabies, also known as infestation by sarcoptes scabiei var hominis, is related to norwegian scabies and hypereosinophilic syndrome, and has symptoms including fever, pruritus and exanthema. An important gene associated with Scabies is IL10 (Interleukin 10), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Innate Immune System and ERK Signaling. The drugs Azithromycin and Anti-Bacterial Agents have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include skin, liver and spinal cord, and related phenotype is immune system.

Disease Ontology : 12 A mite infestation that is a contagious ectoparasite skin infection caused by human itch mite Sarcoptes scabiei type hominis, which burrows into the upper layer of the skin but never below the stratum corneum causing severe itching and a rash found on the hands, folds of the wrist, elbow or knee, penis, breast, and shoulder blades.

CDC : 3 Scabies is an infestation of the skin by the human itch mite (Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis). The microscopic scabies mite burrows into the upper layer of the skin where it lives and lays its eggs. The most common symptoms of scabies are intense itching and a pimple-like skin rash. The scabies mite usually is spread by direct, prolonged, skin-to-skin contact with a person who has scabies. Scabies is found worldwide and affects people of all races and social classes. Scabies can spread rapidly under crowded conditions where close body and skin contact is frequent. Institutions such as nursing homes, extended-care facilities, and prisons are often sites of scabies outbreaks. Child-care facilities also are a common site of scabies infestations.

Wikipedia : 74 Scabies (also known as the seven-year itch) is a contagious skin infestation by the mite Sarcoptes... more...

Related Diseases for Scabies

Diseases related to Scabies via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 529)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 norwegian scabies 32.5 CD4 AADACL3
2 hypereosinophilic syndrome 30.7 IL10 CXCL8 CCL11
3 pustulosis of palm and sole 30.7 CXCL8 CCR6
4 pyoderma 30.7 CXCL8 CSF3 CCR6
5 rheumatic fever 30.6 MBL2 IL1A IL10
6 exanthem 30.1 IL10 CXCL8 CSF3 CD4 CCR6
7 chronic graft versus host disease 30.1 IL1A IL10
8 irritant dermatitis 30.1 IL31 IL1A CXCL8
9 mite infestation 30.1 IL31 CD4 AADACL3
10 dermatitis herpetiformis 30.0 IL31 IL10 CXCL8 CCL11
11 candidiasis 30.0 MBL2 IL10 CXCL8
12 acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 30.0 IL10 GSTM1 CD4 CCR6
13 dermatophytosis 30.0 CD4 CCR6
14 leprosy 3 29.9 IL10 CXCL8 CD4 CCR6
15 endocarditis 29.9 IL1A IL10 CXCL8
16 tinea corporis 29.9 IL31 AADACL3
17 interstitial lung disease 29.8 IL1A IL10 CXCL8
18 severe acute respiratory syndrome 29.7 MBL2 IL10 CXCL8
19 cellulitis 29.7 CSF3 CD4 CCR6
20 osteomyelitis 29.7 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CSF3
21 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 29.7 IL10 CFP CD4 CCL11
22 disease by infectious agent 29.7 MBL2 IL10 CD4 CCR6
23 skin disease 29.7 IL31 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CD4 CCR6
24 autoimmune disease 29.6 MBL2 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CCR6
25 chickenpox 29.6 IL10 CD4 CCR6
26 rosacea 29.6 GSTM1 CXCL8 CCR6
27 bacterial vaginosis 29.6 MBL2 IL1A IL10 CXCL8
28 pyomyositis 29.6 CSF3 CD4
29 severe congenital neutropenia 29.5 KITLG IL1A CXCL8 CSF3
30 hyper ige syndrome 29.5 IL10 CXCL8 CCR6 CCL11
31 tungiasis 29.5 IL10 CXCL8 CD4
32 urethritis 29.5 IL10 CXCL8 CD4
33 immune deficiency disease 29.3 MBL2 IL1A IL10 CD4 CCR6
34 lung disease 29.3 MBL2 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CSF3
35 psoriasis 29.3 IL31 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CD4 CCR6
36 dermatitis 29.3 IL31 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CD4 CCR6
37 genital herpes 29.3 IL10 CD4 CCR6
38 immunodysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, and enteropathy, x-linked 29.3 IL10 CD4 CCR6
39 herpes zoster 29.2 IL10 CD4 CCR6
40 folliculitis 29.2 CD4 CCR6 CCL11
41 neutropenia 29.2 MBL2 KITLG IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CSF3
42 pneumocystosis 29.2 CSF3 CD4 CCR6
43 contact dermatitis 29.2 IL31 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CD4 CCR6
44 chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis 29.2 IL10 CD4 CCR6
45 allergic contact dermatitis 29.1 IL31 IL10 CXCL8 CD4 CCR6
46 immunoglobulin alpha deficiency 29.1 MBL2 CD4 CCR6
47 lymphadenitis 29.1 IL10 CXCL8 CD4 CCR6
48 parasitic helminthiasis infectious disease 29.1 IL10 CD4 CCR6 CCL11
49 myelodysplastic syndrome 29.0 KITLG IL1A IL10 GSTM1 CXCL8 CSF3
50 bacterial infectious disease 29.0 MBL2 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CSF3 CFP

Comorbidity relations with Scabies via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN):

Acute Cystitis Alzheimer Disease
Decubitus Ulcer Deficiency Anemia
Heart Disease Protein-Energy Malnutrition
Schizophreniform Disorder

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Scabies:

Diseases related to Scabies

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Scabies

UMLS symptoms related to Scabies:

fever, pruritus, exanthema

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Scabies:

# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 immune system MP:0005387 9.28 CCL11 CCR6 CD4 CFP CSF3 IL10

Drugs & Therapeutics for Scabies

Drugs for Scabies (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 25)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
Azithromycin Approved Phase 4 83905-01-5 55185 447043
2 Anti-Bacterial Agents Phase 4
Diethylcarbamazine Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 3 90-89-1 3052
Albendazole Approved, Vet_approved Phase 3 54965-21-8 2082
Malathion Approved, Investigational Phase 3 121-75-5 4004
Ivermectin Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 3 70288-86-7 6474909
Permethrin Approved, Investigational Phase 3 52645-53-1 40326
8 Anthelmintics Phase 3
9 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 3
10 Cholinesterase Inhibitors Phase 3
11 Cholinergic Agents Phase 3
12 Antimitotic Agents Phase 3
13 Antiprotozoal Agents Phase 3
14 Tubulin Modulators Phase 3
15 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 3
16 Antiparasitic Agents Phase 3
17 Emollients Phase 3
Benzocaine Approved, Investigational Phase 2 1994-09-7, 94-09-7 2337
tannic acid Approved Phase 2 1401-55-4
Fennel Approved, Experimental Phase 2
21 Milbemycin Phase 2
22 English Lavender Phase 2
23 Liver Extracts
24 Vaccines
25 Dermatologic Agents

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 24)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Impact of Combined Azithromycin and Ivermectin Mass Drug Administration for Yaws and Scabies - Impact on Impetigo and Skin Microbiology Completed NCT02775617 Phase 4 Ivermectin;Azithromycin;Permethrin
2 A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing the Effectiveness of Individual vs. Household Treatment for Scabies in Lambaréné, Gabon Completed NCT04205669 Phase 4 Benzyl Benzoate 25% Topical Application Lotion
3 Oral Ivermectin Versus Topical Permethrin to Treat Scabies in Children: a Cluster Multicenter Randomized Trial Unknown status NCT02407782 Phase 3 Ivermectin;Permethrin
4 A Randomized, Double-Blind, Parallel-Design, Multiple-Site Study to Evaluate the Therapeutic Equivalence of Permethrin Cream, 5% to Elimite™ Cream 5% in the Treatment of Scabies Completed NCT02572986 Phase 3 Permethrin
5 A Double Blind, Two Arm, Multicenter, Randomized, Parallel Group, Bioequivalence Study With Clinical Endpoints to Evaluate the Safety and Therapeutic Equivalence of Permethrin Cream 5% & Elimite™ in Subjects With Scabies Completed NCT03973775 Phase 3 Permethrin Cream 5%
6 A Randomized, Double-Blind, Parallel-Design, Multiple-Site Study to Evaluate the Therapeutic Equivalence of Permethrin Cream, 5% (Encube Ethicals) Compared to Elimite™ Cream (Permethrin) 5% (Prestium Pharma, Inc.) in the Treatment of Scabies Completed NCT03178942 Phase 3 Permethrin Cream, 5%;Elimite™ Cream (permethrin) 5%
7 A Phase 3, Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Assess the Safety, Efficacy and Pharmacokinetics of Natroba™ (Spinosad) for the Treatment of Scabies Completed NCT02485717 Phase 3 spinosad topical suspension, 0.9%
8 A Phase 3, Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Natroba™ (Spinosad) for the Treatment of Scabies Completed NCT02485704 Phase 3 spinosad topical suspension, 0.9%
9 A Multi-center, Double-blind, Randomized, Parallel-group Study Comparing Permethrin Cream, 5% With Elimite™ in Patients With Active Scabies. Completed NCT02978508 Phase 3 Permethrin Cream, 5%;Elimite
10 Impact of Community Scabies Treatment on Head Lice Prevalence in the Solomon Islands Completed NCT03236168 Phase 3 Ivermectin;Permethrin 5%;Malathion Shampoo 0.5%
11 A Cluster Randomised Trial of the Safety of Co-Administration of IDA (Ivermectin, Diethylcarbamazine and Albendazole) & Azithromycin for Integrated Treatment of Neglected Tropical Diseases Completed NCT03676140 Phase 3 Albendazole on Day 1;Ivermectin on Day 1;Diethylcarbamazine on day 1;Azithromycin on Day 1;Azithromycin on Day 8
12 A Randomized Controlled Double-blind Trial Assessing the Efficacy of a 400µg/kg Ivermectin /5% Permethrin / Emollient Cream Regimen in Patients With Crusted Scabies as Compared to a 200µg/kg Ivermectin /5% Permethrin /Emollient Cream Regimen Recruiting NCT02841215 Phase 3 Ivermectin 200 µg/kg;Ivermectin 400 µg/kg
13 A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Parallel Group Comparison Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Permethrin Foam, 5% Versus Permethrin Foam, 4% Versus Vehicle in Subjects With Sarcoptes Scabiei Completed NCT02094716 Phase 2 Permethrin Foam 4%;Permethrin Foam 5%;Vehicle Foam
14 A Randomised, Double Blind, Double Dummy Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of a Single Administration of Ivermectin to a Single Administration of Permethrin for the Treatment of Scabies Completed NCT00262418 Phase 2 Administration of ivermectin or permethrin
15 A Phase II, Randomized, Double-blind, Parallel Group Dose Finding Study of Single Oral Doses of Moxidectin in Adults With Scabies Recruiting NCT03905265 Phase 2 Moxidectin Oral Product
16 A Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial to Assess the Safety, Pharmacokinetics, and Efficacy of Escalating Doses of Oral Ivermectin in Scabies Infected Children Weighing 5 to Less Than 15 Kilograms Not yet recruiting NCT04332068 Phase 2 Oral ivermectin;Permethrin Cream
17 Community Based Safety Study of 2-drug (Diethylcarbamazine and Albendazole) Versus 3-drug (Ivermectin, Diethylcarbamazine and Albendazole) Therapy for Lymphatic Filariasis, Scabies and Soil Transmitted Helminths in Fiji Completed NCT03177993 3 drug dose - IDA;3 drug dose - IDA with second dose of ivermectin;2 drug dose - DA
18 Veron Scabies Education and Eradication Program Completed NCT00604084 Ivermectin;Permethrin 5% lotion
19 PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) Assay for Diagnosis of Sarcoptes Scabiei Completed NCT02254564
20 East Arnhem Healthy Skin Project: A Regional Collaboration to Reduce Scabies, Skin Sores and Associated Chronic Diseases, Including Rheumatic Fever and Renal Disease, Among Australian Aboriginal Communities Completed NCT00884728
21 The Epidemiology of Group A Streptococcal Infections in Fiji (Fiji GrASP) Part 3: The Incidence of Group A Streptococcal Pharyngitis and the Prevalence of Pyoderma and Scabies in School Children in Fiji, and Establishing Immunologic Correlates of Protection for a J8 Vaccine Completed NCT00284882
22 The Epidemiology of Group A Streptococcal Infections in Fiji (Fiji GrASP) Part 1: The Prevalence of Rheumatic Heart Disease, Pyoderma and Scabies in School Children in Fiji Completed NCT00284843
23 The Epidemiology of Group A Streptococcal Infections in Fiji (Fiji GrASP) - Part 4 -The Prevalence of Group A Streptococcal Pyoderma and Scabies in Infants in Fiji Completed NCT00436891
24 Contagious Itch, Disgust and Empathy in Patients and Medical Staff Recruiting NCT04557644

Search NIH Clinical Center for Scabies

Inferred drug relations via UMLS 71 / NDF-RT 51 :

Piperonyl Butoxide

Cochrane evidence based reviews: scabies

Genetic Tests for Scabies

Anatomical Context for Scabies

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Scabies:

Skin, Liver, Spinal Cord, Bone Marrow, T Cells, Endothelial, Thymus

Publications for Scabies

Articles related to Scabies:

(show top 50) (show all 3637)
# Title Authors PMID Year
Case Report: Scabies Invading Gingival Tissue. 61 42
33258442 2021
Lepromatous Leprosy with Crusted Scabies. 42 61
33269674 2020
Disseminated crusted scabies in an elderly patient. 42 61
33338113 2020
Estimating the global burden of scabies: what else do we need? 61
32358799 2021
[Parasitoses in childhood]. 61
33599802 2021
Scabies outbreak in Turkey in 2018-2019. 61
33539599 2021
[Scabies-Renaissance of an ectoparasite infection : Diagnosis and therapy-How to proceed in practice]. 61
33346858 2021
Predators in northern Germany are reservoirs for parasites of One Health concern. 61
33547507 2021
Scabies-induced lichen simplex chronicus misdiagnosed as psychogenic pruritus: a case report. 61
33593424 2021
A novel deletion mutation in the ATP2C1 gene in a case of generalized Hailey-Hailey disease possibly aggravated by scabies infection. 61
33580912 2021
[Palmoplantar dermatoses in children]. 61
33580281 2021
Public Interest in Dermatologic Symptoms, Conditions, Treatments, and Procedures during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Insights from Google Trends. 61
33595849 2021
[Usefulness of dermoscopy in the diagnosis of scabies]. 61
32811754 2021
The ink test for scabies. 61
33446379 2021
In vivo reflectance confocal microscopy for the diagnosis of scabies. 61
33495171 2021
Mapping the DNA-Binding Motif of Scabin Toxin, a Guanine Modifying Enzyme from Streptomyces scabies. 61
33450958 2021
Common sites for the gray-edged line sign in patients with scabies. 61
33458847 2021
Oral ivermectin for a scabies outbreak in a long-term-care facility: Potential value in preventing COVID-19 and associated mortality? 61
33454964 2021
Treatment practices in the management of scabies in infants younger than two months. 61
33486822 2021
Management of an outbreak of invasive Kingella kingae skeletal infections in a day care center. 61
33309121 2021
Case series of elderly patients with scabies topically applied with ivermectin via whole-body bathing. 61
33410137 2021
Review of Scabies Infestation and Selected Common Cutaneous Infections. 61
33386302 2021
Scabies-infested pregnant women: A critical therapeutic challenge. 61
33411710 2021
Itch in Scabies-What Do We Know? 61
33598472 2021
Prevalence of scratching during examination among patients with scabies and among patients with other pruritic dermatoses. 61
33252818 2021
A unique group of scabies mite pseudoproteases promotes cutaneous blood coagulation and delays plasmin-induced fibrinolysis. 61
33406071 2021
Clinical, Parasitological, and Serological Follow-Up of Dogs with Sarcoptic Mange Treated Orally with Lotilaner. 61
33575060 2021
A review of ethnomedicinal uses of shea butter for dermatoses in Sub-Saharan Africa. 61
33480103 2021
Scabies with Secondary Infection Resembling Kerion-Type Tinea Capitis. 61
33488115 2021
Live-interactive teledermatology program in Taiwan: One-year experience serving a district hospital in rural Taitung County. 61
32563581 2021
A comprehensive entomological survey and evaluation of the efficacy of different therapies on a suspected delusional parasitosis case. 61
33174366 2021
[Noninvasive diagnostic imaging in pediatric skin lesions]. 61
33471130 2021
Antimycobacterial, Cytotoxic, and Antioxidant Activities of Abietane Diterpenoids Isolated from Plectranthus madagascariensis. 61
33477744 2021
Detailed analysis of the fatty acid composition of six plant-pathogenic bacteria. 61
33373896 2021
Ivermectin, a potential anticancer drug derived from an antiparasitic drug. 61
32971268 2021
Health Disparities among Australia's Remote-Dwelling Aboriginal People: A Report from 2020. 61
33241298 2021
Scabies involving palms in older children and adults: a changing scenario. 61
33393684 2021
Scabies: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Update. 61
32998532 2021
Scabies outbreak during home confinement due to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. 61
32810303 2020
Scabies coexisting with other dermatoses: the importance of recognizing multiple pathologies in resource-poor settings. 61
32640041 2020
Fluorescence advanced videodermatoscopy for the rapid and safe diagnosis of misdiagnosed scabies. 61
33300166 2020
The Incidence of Scabies and Head Lice and Their Associated Risk Factors among Displaced People in Cham Mishko Camp, Zakho City, Duhok Province, Iraq. 61
33574874 2020
Serum thymus and activation-regulated chemokine levels before and after treatment for pruritic scabies. 61
32484992 2020
Molecular drug targets for scabies: a medicinal chemistry perspective. 61
33243012 2020
Population pharmacokinetics of ivermectin for the treatment of scabies in Indigenous Australian children. 61
33284799 2020
Community perspectives on scabies, impetigo and mass drug administration in Fiji: A qualitative study. 61
33275592 2020
Development and efficacy of a nested real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction to identify the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene of Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis for diagnosis and monitoring of ordinary scabies. 61
32594512 2020
A scabies outbreak in the North East Region of Ghana: The necessity for prompt intervention. 61
33351803 2020
An extraordinary outbreak of scabies in Turkey. 61
32491243 2020
An Increasing Scabies Incidence in Croatia: A Call for Coordinated Action Among Dermatologists, Physicians and Epidemiologists. 61
33133283 2020

Variations for Scabies

Expression for Scabies

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Scabies.

Pathways for Scabies

Pathways related to Scabies according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 23)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
Show member pathways
Show member pathways
Show member pathways
13.49 IL31 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CSF3 CD4
Show member pathways
Show member pathways
Show member pathways
Show member pathways
12.7 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CD4 CCL11
Show member pathways
12.17 IL10 CXCL8 CCR6 CCL11
Show member pathways
10 11.92 IL10 CXCL8 CD4
11 11.86 KITLG IL10 CSF3 CD4
12 11.84 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CCL11
13 11.73 KITLG IL1A CSF3 CD4
14 11.68 IL10 CD4 CCR6
15 11.66 KITLG GSTM1 CD4
16 11.64 IL1A IL10 CXCL8
17 11.54 CXCL8 CSF3 CCL11
18 11.4 IL10 CXCL8 CSF3
19 11.37 KITLG IL1A CSF3
20 11.15 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CSF3
21 10.92 IL31 IL10 CD4 CCL11
22 10.84 KITLG IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CSF3 CCL11
23 10.39 IL1A IL10 CSF3 CD4

GO Terms for Scabies

Cellular components related to Scabies according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.61 MBL2 KITLG IL31 IL1A IL10 CXCL8
2 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.28 MBL2 KITLG IL31 IL1A IL10 CXCL8

Biological processes related to Scabies according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 signal transduction GO:0007165 9.98 KITLG IL10 CXCL8 CSF3 CD4 CCR6
2 positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation GO:0050731 9.58 KITLG CSF3 CD4
3 chemokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0070098 9.5 CXCL8 CCR6 CCL11
4 cytokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0019221 9.5 IL31 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CSF3 CD4
5 cellular response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0071222 9.46 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CSF3
6 response to molecule of bacterial origin GO:0002237 9.37 IL10 CXCL8
7 ectopic germ cell programmed cell death GO:0035234 9.26 KITLG IL1A
8 immune response GO:0006955 9.23 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CSF3 CFP CD4

Molecular functions related to Scabies according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cytokine activity GO:0005125 9.17 KITLG IL31 IL1A IL10 CXCL8 CSF3

Sources for Scabies

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
37 LifeMap
41 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 05-Mar-2021)
61 PubMed
70 Tocris
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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