MCID: SCR015
MIFTS: 40

Scarlet Fever

Categories: Infectious diseases, Respiratory diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Scarlet Fever

MalaCards integrated aliases for Scarlet Fever:

Name: Scarlet Fever 12 76 55 3 44 15 63 73
Scarlatina 12

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:8596
ICD10 33 A38 A38.9
ICD9CM 35 034 034.1
MeSH 44 D012541
NCIt 50 C94575

Summaries for Scarlet Fever

PubMed Health : 63 About scarlet fever: Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection that mainly affects children. It usually causes a typical rash, fever and a sore throat.Thanks to antibiotics like penicillin, scarlet fever is easy to treat. Antibiotics can also reduce the time during which children with scarlet fever are contagious. The infection is spread through bacteria-containing droplets and close physical contact.Before the development of penicillin, scarlet fever sometimes led to serious complications. But it’s usually quite a mild illness nowadays. It’s still important to try to stop it from spreading to other people, though. One thing you can do is wash your hands often.Unlike with many other childhood diseases, having had scarlet fever in the past doesn't make you immune to future scarlet fever infections. So people can have it more than once in their lives.

MalaCards based summary : Scarlet Fever, also known as scarlatina, is related to impetigo and staphylococcal scarlet fever. An important gene associated with Scarlet Fever is EDNRA (Endothelin Receptor Type A), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Endothelins and Endothelin Pathways. The drugs Amoxicillin and Anti-Bacterial Agents have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include eye, tongue and lymph node, and related phenotype is muscle.

Disease Ontology : 12 An upper respiratory tract disease described as an acute contagious disease caused by Group A bacteria of the genus Streptococcus (especially various strains of S. pyogenes) and characterized by inflammation of the nose, throat, and mouth, generalized toxemia, and a red rash.

CDC : 3 Group A Streptococcus (group A strep) is a bacterium that can cause many different infections, including strep throat, scarlet fever, impetigo, and others. The bacteria live in the nose and throat. When someone who is infected coughs or sneezes, the bacteria travel in small droplets of water called respiratory droplets. One of the ways you can get sick is if you breathe in those droplets or if you touch something that has the droplets on it and then touch your mouth, nose, or eyes.

Wikipedia : 76 Scarlet fever is a disease which can occur as a result of a group A streptococcus (group A strep)... more...

Related Diseases for Scarlet Fever

Diseases related to Scarlet Fever via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 79)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 impetigo 31.7 EDNRB MYOM2
2 staphylococcal scarlet fever 12.4
3 rheumatic fever 11.4
4 necrotizing fasciitis 11.0
5 diphtheria 10.5
6 measles 10.4
7 bullous impetigo 10.3 EDNRA EDNRB
8 rheumatic fever-related antigen 10.3
9 perinephritis 10.3 EDNRA EDNRB
10 ritter's disease 10.2 EDNRA EDNRB
11 aging 10.2
12 tonsillitis 10.2
13 mastoiditis 10.2
14 purpura 10.2
15 radiation proctitis 10.2 EDNRA EDNRB
16 otitis media 10.2
17 hepatitis 10.2
18 pertussis 10.1
19 toxic shock syndrome 10.1
20 pharyngitis 10.1
21 erysipelas 10.1
22 glomerulonephritis 10.0
23 sinusitis 10.0
24 purpura fulminans 10.0
25 thrombosis 10.0
26 cellulitis 10.0
27 acute articular rheumatism 10.0
28 streptococcal group a invasive disease 10.0
29 hepatopulmonary syndrome 10.0 EDNRA EDNRB
30 commensal bacterial infectious disease 10.0 EDNRB MYOM2
31 nasopharyngitis 9.9
32 heart disease 9.9
33 hepatitis a 9.9
34 typhoid fever 9.9
35 pericarditis 9.9
36 laryngitis 9.9
37 pneumonia 9.9
38 myocarditis 9.9
39 chickenpox 9.9
40 rubella 9.9
41 psoriasis 9.9
42 meningitis 9.9
43 streptococcal toxic-shock syndrome 9.9
44 streptococcal meningitis 9.9 MYOM2 SPEG
45 autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease 9.9 EDNRA EDNRB
46 atrial standstill 1 9.8
47 thrombocytopenic purpura, autoimmune 9.8
48 asthma 9.8
49 kawasaki disease 9.8
50 exanthem 9.8

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Scarlet Fever:



Diseases related to Scarlet Fever

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Scarlet Fever

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Scarlet Fever:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 muscle MP:0005369 8.92 HOXD13 SPEG EDNRA EDNRB

Drugs & Therapeutics for Scarlet Fever

PubMedHealth treatment related to Scarlet Fever: 63

Scarlet fever is treated with antibiotics – also because that means you will no longer be contagious after 24 hours. They make the symptoms go away a little faster and help to prevent possible complications too. The most commonly used antibiotics for the treatment of scarlet fever are penicillin-based. They are taken two or three times a day for ten days. If someone is allergic to penicillin or it is not well-tolerated, they can take other antibiotics. The possible side effects include nausea, diarrhea and a rash. It’s important to keep taking all the antibiotics even if your symptoms have already gone away. That’s the only way to make sure that all of the germs are killed.Symptoms like a sore throat or fever can be relieved by taking medicine such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen (paracetamol). Other things that may have a soothing effect include sucking throat lozenges, drinking tea or using home remedies such as neck wraps.

Drugs for Scarlet Fever (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 9)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Amoxicillin Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 26787-78-0 33613
2 Anti-Bacterial Agents Phase 4
3 Antibiotics, Antitubercular Phase 4
4 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 4
5 Rho(D) Immune Globulin Phase 3
6 gamma-Globulins Phase 3
7 Antibodies Phase 3
8 Immunoglobulins Phase 3
9 Immunoglobulins, Intravenous Phase 3

Interventional clinical trials:


# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Group A Pharyngitis in Children: The GASPARD Study Recruiting NCT03264911 Phase 4 Amoxicillin or Placebo
2 Intravenous Immunoglobulin for PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated With Streptococcal Infections) Unknown status NCT01281969 Phase 3 Gamunex Intravenous Immunoglobulin;Placebo
3 Characterization of Childhood-Onset Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Completed NCT00044239

Search NIH Clinical Center for Scarlet Fever

Cochrane evidence based reviews: scarlet fever

Genetic Tests for Scarlet Fever

Anatomical Context for Scarlet Fever

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Scarlet Fever:

41
Eye, Tongue, Lymph Node, Testes, Tonsil, Heart, Bone

Publications for Scarlet Fever

Articles related to Scarlet Fever:

(show top 50) (show all 532)
# Title Authors Year
1
Constantly high incidence of scarlet fever in Germany. ( 29695362 )
2018
2
Increasing Number of Scarlet Fever Cases, South Korea, 2011-2016. ( 29260684 )
2018
3
Complete Genome Sequence of a Streptococcus pyogenes Serotype M12 Scarlet Fever Outbreak Isolate from China, Compiled Using Oxford Nanopore and Illumina Sequencing. ( 29724853 )
2018
4
Scarlet fever makes a comeback. ( 29191627 )
2018
5
Lichen striatus following scarlet fever in a 3-year-old female patient. ( 29655190 )
2018
6
Resurgence of scarlet fever in China: a 13-year population-based surveillance study. ( 29858148 )
2018
7
Resurgence of scarlet fever in England, 2014-16: a population-based surveillance study. ( 29191628 )
2018
8
Outbreak Investigation of Scarlet Fever in a Kindergarten. ( 29637758 )
2018
9
Impact of meteorological factors on scarlet fever in Jiangsu province, China. ( 29909092 )
2018
10
The resurgence of scarlet fever in China. ( 29858151 )
2018
11
Scarlet Fever Epidemic in China Caused by Streptococcus pyogenes Serotype M12: Epidemiologic and Molecular Analysis. ( 29342444 )
2018
12
Investigation of Scarlet Fever Outbreak in a Kindergarten. ( 29637751 )
2018
13
The Comeback of Scarlet Fever. ( 29396303 )
2018
14
Unusual case of suspected recurrent scarlet fever in a UK serviceman. ( 29653937 )
2018
15
Scarlet Fever ( 29939666 )
2018
16
Effects of meteorological factors on incidence of scarlet fever during different periods in different districts of China. ( 28073056 )
2017
17
Incidence and Characteristics of Scarlet Fever, South Korea, 2008-2015. ( 28322696 )
2017
18
Epidemiology of Reemerging Scarlet Fever, Hong Kong, 2005-2015. ( 28930009 )
2017
19
Genome analysis following a national increase in Scarlet Fever in England 2014. ( 28283023 )
2017
20
Scarlet fever: a guide for general practitioners. ( 29081840 )
2017
21
Spatiotemporal epidemiology of scarlet fever in Jiangsu Province, China, 2005-2015. ( 28854889 )
2017
22
Scarlet Fever. ( 28514617 )
2017
23
Managing scarlet fever. ( 28882851 )
2017
24
Scarlet fever in Poland in 2014 ( 27779834 )
2016
25
Spatiotemporal Pattern Analysis of Scarlet Fever Incidence in Beijing, China, 2005-2014. ( 26784213 )
2016
26
Pharyngitis and Scarlet Fever ( 26866221 )
2016
27
Scarlet Fever Upsurge in England and Molecular-Genetic Analysis in North-West London, 2014. ( 27192393 )
2016
28
Impact of meteorological changes on the incidence of scarlet fever in Hefei City, China. ( 26932715 )
2016
29
Effect of administration of Streptococcus salivarius K12 on the occurrence of streptococcal pharyngo-tonsillitis, scarlet fever and acute otitis media in 3 years old children. ( 27874935 )
2016
30
Scarlet fever warning as number of cases jumps to highest level since the 1960s. ( 27156406 )
2016
31
Re-emergence of scarlet fever: old players return? ( 27249582 )
2016
32
Scarlet fever. ( 27191292 )
2016
33
Increasing prevalence of scarlet fever in China. ( 27188472 )
2016
34
The Association between Environmental Factors and Scarlet Fever Incidence in Beijing Region: Using GIS and Spatial Regression Models. ( 27827946 )
2016
35
Sixty seconds on . . . scarlet fever. ( 27009299 )
2016
36
Operation Pied Piper: a geographical reappraisal of the impact of wartime evacuation on scarlet fever and diphtheria rates in England and Wales, 1939-1945. ( 25703695 )
2015
37
Scarlet fever: A not so typical exanthematous pharyngotonsillitis (based on 171 cases). ( 26585817 )
2015
38
Scarlet fever in Poland in 2013. ( 26233076 )
2015
39
Transfer of scarlet fever-associated elements into the group A Streptococcus M1T1 clone. ( 26522788 )
2015
40
PHE issues scarlet fever guidance for schools. ( 24974543 )
2014
41
At a glance: scarlet fever in children. ( 24941729 )
2014
42
Scarlet Fever in an adult. ( 24429462 )
2014
43
Spectral analysis based on fast Fourier transformation (FFT) of surveillance data: the case of scarlet fever in China. ( 23746087 )
2014
44
Increase in scarlet fever notifications in the United Kingdom, 2013/2014. ( 24698137 )
2014
45
Scarlet fever in Poland in 2012. ( 25135501 )
2014
46
Scarlet fever. ( 24823566 )
2014
47
Emergence of scarlet fever Streptococcus pyogenes emm12 clones in Hong Kong is associated with toxin acquisition and multidrug resistance. ( 25401300 )
2014
48
Scarlet fever is caused by a Limited Number of Streptococcus pyogenes Lineages and is Associated with the Exotoxin Genes ssa, speA and speC. ( 24168973 )
2013
49
Molecular Epidemiological Characteristics of Streptococcus pyogenes Strains Involved in an Outbreak of Scarlet Fever in China, 2011. ( 24331532 )
2013
50
Outbreak of scarlet fever in Pudong New Area of Shanghai, China: a case-control study. ( 23328828 )
2013

Variations for Scarlet Fever

Expression for Scarlet Fever

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Scarlet Fever.

Pathways for Scarlet Fever

Pathways related to Scarlet Fever according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 10.88 EDNRA EDNRB
2 10.49 EDNRA EDNRB
3 10.1 EDNRA EDNRB

GO Terms for Scarlet Fever

Biological processes related to Scarlet Fever according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 regulation of blood pressure GO:0008217 9.26 EDNRA EDNRB
2 vasoconstriction GO:0042310 9.16 EDNRA EDNRB
3 enteric nervous system development GO:0048484 8.96 EDNRA EDNRB
4 endothelin receptor signaling pathway GO:0086100 8.62 EDNRA EDNRB

Molecular functions related to Scarlet Fever according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 endothelin receptor activity GO:0004962 8.62 EDNRA EDNRB

Sources for Scarlet Fever

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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