Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Categories: Bone diseases, Muscle diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

MalaCards integrated aliases for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome:

Name: Shoulder Impingement Syndrome 12 44 15 17 70
Impingement Syndrome of Shoulder Region 12
Subacromial Impingement 12


External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:14276
MeSH 44 D019534
SNOMED-CT 67 128498000
ICD10 32 M75.4
UMLS 70 C0376685

Summaries for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

MalaCards based summary : Shoulder Impingement Syndrome, also known as impingement syndrome of shoulder region, is related to tendinitis and bursitis, and has symptoms including arthralgia and metatarsalgia. An important gene associated with Shoulder Impingement Syndrome is LAPTM4A (Lysosomal Protein Transmembrane 4 Alpha). The drugs Dexamethasone acetate and Dexamethasone have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include spinal cord and bone.

Wikipedia : 73 Shoulder impingement syndrome is a syndrome involving tendonitis (inflammation of tendons) of the... more...

Related Diseases for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Diseases related to Shoulder Impingement Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 59)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 tendinitis 30.7 TNMD TAC1
2 bursitis 30.7 TAC1 LAPTM4A
3 myofascial pain syndrome 30.2 TAC1 LAPTM4A
4 frozen shoulder 10.4
5 rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma 10.3
6 tendinopathy 10.3
7 multinucleated neurons, anhydramnios, renal dysplasia, cerebellar hypoplasia, and hydranencephaly 10.2
8 allergic disease 10.2
9 calcific tendinitis 10.2
10 osteoarthritis 10.2
11 synovial chondromatosis 10.2
12 lipomatosis, multiple 10.2
13 tendinosis 10.2
14 pleomorphic lipoma 10.2
15 patellofemoral pain syndrome 10.1 TAC1 LAPTM4A
16 facial neuralgia 10.1 TAC1 LAPTM4A
17 plantar fasciitis 10.1 TAC1 LAPTM4A
18 spondylosis 10.1 MKX LAPTM4A
19 reflex sympathetic dystrophy 10.1 TAC1 LAPTM4A
20 arthrogryposis, renal dysfunction, and cholestasis 1 10.0
21 anxiety 10.0
22 neurodevelopmental, jaw, eye, and digital syndrome 10.0
23 fibroma 10.0
24 mononeuropathy 10.0
25 plica syndrome 10.0
26 hypermobility syndrome 10.0
27 hereditary multiple exostoses 10.0
28 synovitis 10.0
29 periarthritis 10.0
30 infiltrating lipoma 10.0
31 herpes zoster 10.0
32 tenosynovitis 10.0
33 hereditary multiple osteochondromas 10.0
34 hypermobile ehlers-danlos syndrome 10.0
35 osteochondroma 10.0
36 chronic pain 10.0
37 paresthesia 10.0
38 spinal cord injury 10.0
39 whiplash 10.0
40 hutterite cerebroosteonephrodysplasia syndrome 10.0
41 exostosis 10.0
42 central nervous system disease 10.0
43 nervous system disease 10.0
44 trichorhinophalangeal syndrome 10.0
45 48,xyyy 10.0
46 radiculopathy 10.0 TAC1 LAPTM4A
47 leber congenital amaurosis 17 10.0 GDF7 GDF6
48 microphthalmia, isolated 4 10.0 GDF7 GDF6
49 bruxism 10.0 TAC1 LAPTM4A
50 microphthalmia, syndromic 6 10.0 GDF7 GDF6

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Shoulder Impingement Syndrome:

Diseases related to Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

UMLS symptoms related to Shoulder Impingement Syndrome:

arthralgia; metatarsalgia

Drugs & Therapeutics for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Drugs for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 76)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
Dexamethasone acetate Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 1177-87-3
Dexamethasone Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-02-2 5743
Racepinephrine Approved Phase 4 329-65-7 838
Epinephrine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 4 51-43-4 5816
Tranexamic Acid Approved Phase 4 1197-18-8 5526
6 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 4
7 Antiemetics Phase 4
8 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Phase 4
9 BB 1101 Phase 4
10 Epinephryl borate Phase 4
11 Adrenergic alpha-Agonists Phase 4
12 Vasoconstrictor Agents Phase 4
13 Adrenergic beta-Agonists Phase 4
14 Anti-Asthmatic Agents Phase 4
15 Respiratory System Agents Phase 4
16 Sympathomimetics Phase 4
17 Mydriatics Phase 4
18 Adrenergic Agents Phase 4
19 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 4
20 Antifibrinolytic Agents Phase 4
21 Hemostatics Phase 4
22 Coagulants Phase 4
23 Bronchodilator Agents Phase 4
24 Adrenergic Agonists Phase 4
Ketorolac Approved Phase 3 74103-06-3, 66635-83-4 3826
Hyaluronic acid Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2, Phase 3 9004-61-9 53477741
Triamcinolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 3 124-94-7 31307
Glycolic acid Approved, Investigational Phase 3 79-14-1 757
29 Protective Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
30 Adjuvants, Immunologic Phase 2, Phase 3
31 Viscosupplements Phase 2, Phase 3
32 Mitogens Phase 3
33 Triamcinolone diacetate Phase 3
34 triamcinolone acetonide Phase 3
35 Triamcinolone hexacetonide Phase 3
36 Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium Phase 3
Ethanol Approved Phase 2 64-17-5 702
Benzyl alcohol Approved Phase 2 100-51-6 244
Tetracaine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2 94-24-6 5411
Prednisolone acetate Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2 52-21-1
Methylprednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2 83-43-2 6741
Prednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2 50-24-8 5755
Prednisolone phosphate Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2 302-25-0
Methylprednisolone hemisuccinate Approved Phase 2 2921-57-5
Prednisolone hemisuccinate Experimental Phase 2 2920-86-7
46 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 2
47 Antirheumatic Agents Phase 2
48 Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors Phase 2
49 Analgesics Phase 2
50 Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal Phase 2

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 166)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Effect of Low Level Laser Therapy Associated With Exercise in Subacromial Impingement Syndrome: a Randomized, Double-blind Study Completed NCT02725749 Phase 4
2 High Dose Dexamethasone as Pain Treatment After Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery: A Randomised, Blinded Clinical Trial Completed NCT01414569 Phase 4 Dexamethasone
3 A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study of Radio-frequency Treatment for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome Completed NCT01554670 Phase 4
4 The Use of Tranexamic Acid in Irrigation Fluid to Improve Arthroscopic Visualization in Shoulder Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial Recruiting NCT04594408 Phase 4 Epinephrine;Tranexamic acid;Epinephrine and Tranexamic Acid
5 Evaluating the Efficacy of Ultrasonography Guided Subacromial Sodium Hyaluronate Injection in the Treatment of Rotator Cuff Disease Unknown status NCT01735058 Phase 2, Phase 3 Sodium Hyaluronate;Normal saline
6 Treatment of Subacromial Shoulder Pain Unknown status NCT01441830 Phase 3
7 A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing the Effectiveness of Subacromial Decompression (Acromioplasty) Versus Subacromial Bursectomy (no Acromioplasty) in the Arthroscopic Treatment of Patients With Rotator Cuff Tendinosis Unknown status NCT00196573 Phase 3
8 Efficacy of Intra-articular NSAID Versus Corticosteroid in the Treatment of Shoulder and Knee Conditions: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Prospective Study Unknown status NCT03616340 Phase 3 Shoulder injection;knee injection
9 Supervised Exercises Compared With Radial Extracorporal Shock Wave Therapy (rESWT) in Patients With Subacromial Impingement Syndrome: A Single Blind Clinical Randomized Study Unknown status NCT00653081 Phase 3
10 Results of Subacromial Surgery; The Influence of Growth Factors (PDGF), Applied as Autologous Thrombocyte Concentrate, on Functional Recovery Completed NCT01510639 Phase 3
11 Use of Extended Release Triamcinolone in the Treatment of Rotator Cuff Disease Recruiting NCT04094298 Phase 3 FX006 Injection
12 Heated Lidocaine Patch Compared to Subacromial Injections in the Treatment of Pain Associated With Shoulder Impingement Syndrome, A Pilot Unknown status NCT01544283 Phase 2 Synera® (lidocaine 70 mg and tetracaine 70 mg) topical patch;Triamcinolone Acetonide
13 Effectiveness of Rehabilitation for Subacromial Impingement Syndrome Completed NCT00632996 Phase 2
14 An Open-Label Pilot Study Evaluating Synera® in the Treatment of Patients With Shoulder Impingement Syndrome Completed NCT01055444 Phase 2 Heated lidocaine and tetracaine topical patch
15 The Addition of Cervical Unilateral Posterior Anterior Mobilization (UPA) in the Treatment of Patients With Shoulder Impingement Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial Completed NCT01744002 Phase 2
16 Subacromial Injection of Methylprednisolone Versus Ketorolac to Treat Shoulder Impingement: a Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial Recruiting NCT03913702 Phase 2 Ketorolac Tromethamine;Methylprednisolone Acetate
17 The Clinical Efficacy of Belting Stabilization for Shoulder Pain: A Double Blinded Randomized Clinical Trial Completed NCT00826293 Phase 1
18 Shoulder Impingement: A By-Product of Cervical Spine Dysfunction? Terminated NCT00764764 Phase 1
19 Improving Quality of Treatment for Shoulder Patients Unknown status NCT03815669
20 The Effectiveness of Treatment for Posterior Shoulder Tightness in Combination With 'Best Care' Compared With 'Best Care' Alone in Individuals With Shoulder Impingement Syndrome: A Feasibility Study Unknown status NCT02598947
21 Efficacy of Electrotherapy in Subacromial Impingement Syndrome: Randomised Placebo-controlled Clinical Trial Unknown status NCT01073956
22 Comparing Two Methods of Subacromial Space Injection - A Randomised Blinded Trial Unknown status NCT03692091
23 The Subacromial Shoulder Pain and Central Nervous System Sensitization Trial (SAP-CNSS):Central Nervous System Sensitization, Muscle Function, and Pain Profiling in Patients With Subacromial Pain and in Healthy Controls. Unknown status NCT03326466
24 The Effectiveness of Exercise in the Physiotherapy Management of Subacromial Impingement Syndrome Unknown status NCT01691157
25 Effectiveness of Teres Major Muscle Specific Treatment in Patients Diagnosed With Subacromial Impingement Syndrome Unknown status NCT02374125
26 Evaluation of the Difference in the Acromion Humerus Gap at Sitting,Lying Unknown status NCT01264926
27 Effect of Exercise Programs on 3-dimensional Scapular Kinematics, Disability and Pain in Subjects With Shoulder Impingement Unknown status NCT02286310
28 Conservative or Operative Treatment for the Shoulder Impingement Syndrome? A Randomized Controlled Trial of 140 Patients Followed Up for Two Years. Unknown status NCT00349648
29 ArthroPlanner: A Surgical Planning Solution for Acromioplasty Unknown status NCT02725346
30 Effectiveness of Telerehabilitation Program Following Surgery Procedures in Subacromial Syndrome Compared With Traditional Therapy. A Randomized Clinical Trial (Telerehab) Unknown status NCT02909920
31 Functional and Clinical Screening Assesment of the Shoulder Complex A New Methodological Model for Injury Management of Work Related Injuries Unknown status NCT02732002
32 Freehand Ultrasound to Evaluate Scapular Kinematics in People With Paraplegia Unknown status NCT02357914
33 What Factors Are Associated With Prognosis of Rotator Cuff Disorder After Subacromial Hyaluronic Acid Injection Unknown status NCT03677895 Hyaluronic Acid
34 The Relative Effect of Handgrip Strengthening Exercise in Treatment of the Patients With Primary Sub-Acromial Impingement Syndrome Unknown status NCT03468088
35 Treatment of Rotator Cuff Syndrome With Injection of Autologous Platelet Rich Plasma Completed NCT01123889 corticosteroid injection
36 Effectiveness of Passive Mobilization of Glenohumeral Joint in Patients With Subacromial Syndrome: a Randomized Controlled Trial Completed NCT03568006
37 Effects of Cryotherapy on Inflammatory Mediators, Joint Function and Pressure Pain Threshold in Patients With Subacromial Impingement Syndrome. Completed NCT02351986
38 The Effects of Different Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Patterns on Pain, Postural Changes and Functionality in Patients With Subacromial Impingement Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial Completed NCT04794933
39 Randomized Clinical Trial of Rehabilitation for Subacromial Impingement Syndrome: A Comparison of Manual Therapy + Exercise to Exercise Only Completed NCT00633451
40 Effects of Supervised Physical Therapy With Early Activation of the Rotator Cuff Versus Home Exercises in Patients After Arthroscopic Subacromial Decompression Completed NCT01054326
41 Changes in Preference for Surgery of Patients Signed up for Arthroscopic Procedures: COVID-19 Effect on Arthroscopic Patients in a University Hospital in Denmark Completed NCT04370678
42 The Effect of Scapular Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Techniques on Pain and Functionality in Subacromial Impingement Syndrome Completed NCT04273568
43 Comparison of an Eccentric Exercise Intervention to a Concentric Exercise Intervention in Adults With Subacromial Impingement Syndrome Completed NCT01508715
44 Is Supervised Exercise Therapy a Better Option Than Home Exercises for Patients With Subacromial Impingement When Looking at Pain and Function? Completed NCT01257113
45 The Influence of Resistance Training Biceps as an Adjunct to Rehabilitation of the Shoulder in Subacromial Impingement Syndrome (SIS) Completed NCT01314196
46 The Effect of Axioscapular and Rotator Cuff Exercise Training Sequence in Patients With Subacromial Impingement Syndrome: A Randomized Crossover Trial Completed NCT02478567
47 The Short-term Effects of a Conservative Physiotherapy Method in Subacromial Impingement Syndrome and Its Relation to Acromion Morphology Completed NCT04392934
48 Effectiveness of Eccentric and Concentric Strength Training in Patients With Subacromial Impingement Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial Completed NCT03186287
49 The Immediate Effects of a Seated Versus Supine Upper Thoracic Spine Thrust Manipulation Compared to Sham Manipulation in Individuals With Subacromial Pain Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial Completed NCT03109704
50 Comparison of Dry Needling and Deep Friction Massage in Patients With Subacromial Pain Syndrome: 1-year Follow-up of a Randomized Controlled Trial Completed NCT03888586

Search NIH Clinical Center for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Cochrane evidence based reviews: shoulder impingement syndrome

Genetic Tests for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Anatomical Context for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Shoulder Impingement Syndrome:

Spinal Cord, Bone

Publications for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Articles related to Shoulder Impingement Syndrome:

(show top 50) (show all 1105)
# Title Authors PMID Year
Effectiveness and safety of fluoroscopy-guided acupuncture for subacromial impingement syndrome: A randomized, patient-assessor blind, parallel clinical trial. 61
33665091 2021
To explore the reasonable selection of clavicular hook plate to reduce the occurrence of subacromial impingement syndrome after operation. 61
33750451 2021
The effects of a single-dose subacromial injection of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug in geriatric patients with subacromial impingement syndrome: a randomized double-blind study. 61
33652505 2021
Diagnostic Labels for Rotator Cuff Disease Can Increase People's Perceived Need for Shoulder Surgery: An Online Randomized Controlled Experiment. 61
33789444 2021
Tension band suture technique for the fixation of a displaced posterolateral acromion process fracture with subacromial impingement. 61
33653872 2021
Comparison of Kinesiotaping, Exercise and Subacromial Injection Treatments on Functionality and Life Quality in Shoulder Impingement Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Study. 61
33569114 2021
The effect of continuity of care on medical costs in patients with chronic shoulder pain. 61
33603083 2021
Bicipital groove cross-sectional area on ultrasonography: Does a correlation to intra-articular tendon pathology exist? 61
33333282 2021
Subacromial impingement by a lipoma arborescens. 61
33704057 2021
Comparison of the effect of two different types of dry-needling techniques on subacromial impingement syndrome. 61
33714508 2021
The effectiveness of high-intensity laser therapy on pain, range of motion, functional capacity, quality of life, and muscle strength in subacromial impingement syndrome: a 3-month follow-up, double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. 61
33400012 2021
The role of 18F-FDG PET/CT in the diagnosis of frozen shoulder. 61
32170356 2021
Subacromial decompression versus diagnostic arthroscopy for shoulder impingement: a 5-year follow-up of a randomised, placebo surgery controlled clinical trial. 61
33020137 2021
Comments on Effects of routine physiotherapy with and without neuromobilization in the management of internal shoulder impingement syndrome: A randomized controlled trial. 61
33437296 2021
Recruitment of Shoulder Complex and Torso Stabilizer Muscles With Rowing Exercises Using a Suspension Strap Training System. 61
32940548 2021
The Efficacy of Injections for Partial Rotator Cuff Tears: A Systematic Review. 61
33375716 2020
Effects of Ultrasound-Guided Peritendinous and Intrabursal Corticosteroid Injections on Shoulder Tendon Elasticity: A Post Hoc Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial. 61
33338463 2020
33344025 2020
Collagens in primary frozen shoulder: expression of collagen mRNA isoforms in the different phases of the disease. 61
33347577 2020
Efficacy of low-level laser therapy combined with exercise for subacromial impingement syndrome: A randomised controlled trial. 61
33307783 2020
Acromial morphology and morphometry associated with subacromial impingement syndrome. 61
32963132 2020
The effectiveness of routine physiotherapy with and without neuromobilization in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. 61
33475536 2020
Chronic subacromial impingement leads to supraspinatus muscle functional and morphological changes: Evaluation in a murine model. 61
33336819 2020
Expression of alarmins in a murine rotator cuff tendinopathy model. 61
32285963 2020
Comparing the effects of no intervention with therapeutic exercise, and exercise with additional Kinesio tape in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. A three-arm randomized controlled trial. 61
33155484 2020
The effectiveness of routine physiotherapy with and without neuromobilization on pain and functional disability in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome; a randomized control clinical trial. 61
33220710 2020
Effect of the acromial inferolateral tilt on subacromial impingement syndrome: a retrospective magnetic resonance imaging assessment. 61
33304003 2020
Third-generation intramedullary nailing for displaced proximal humeral fractures in the elderly: quality of life, clinical results, and complications. 61
33175196 2020
Surgical management of 2- or 3-part proximal humeral fractures: comparison of plate, nail and K-wires. 61
33257999 2020
Acromial morphology is not associated with rotator cuff tearing or repair healing. 61
32417045 2020
Long-term clinical and radiological results after hook plate osteosynthesis of lateral clavicle fractures. 61
33177428 2020
Prediction of Rotator Cuff Injury Associated with Acromial Morphology: A Three-Dimensional Measurement Study. 61
33200577 2020
Plate Fixation versus Arthroscopic-Assisted Plate Fixation for Isolated Medium-Sized Fractures of the Greater Tuberosity: A Retrospective Study. 61
33073535 2020
Where and what damage occurs at the acromial undersurface in patients with rotator cuff tears? 61
32414611 2020
Evaluation of the effectiveness of dexamethasone iontophoresis in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. 61
33127212 2020
Ultrasound-Guided Versus Anatomic Landmark-Guided Steroid Injection of the Subacromial Bursa in the Management of Subacromial Impingement: A Systematic Review of Randomised Control Studies. 61
32952904 2020
Relationship Between Intensity of Neck Pain and Disability and Shoulder Pain and Disability in Individuals With Subacromial Impingement Symptoms: A Cross-Sectional Study. 61
32861520 2020
Genome-Wide Association Analysis Identified ANXA1 Associated with Shoulder Impingement Syndrome in UK Biobank Samples. 61
32690583 2020
Effects of Thoracic Mobilization and Extension Exercise on Thoracic Alignment and Shoulder Function in Patients with Subacromial Impingement Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. 61
32887287 2020
Intra- and Inter-Rater Reliability of Ultrasound Measurements of Supraspinatus Tendon Thickness, Acromiohumeral Distance, and Occupation Ratio in Patients With Shoulder Impingement Syndrome. 61
33458662 2020
Effect of reverse manual wheelchair propulsion on shoulder kinematics, kinetics and muscular activity in persons with paraplegia. 61
30768378 2020
[Self-made dentation hook plate associated with hot-air balloon technique on treatment of Mutch Ⅰ or Ⅱ type isolated greater tuberosity fractures of humerus]. 61
32929904 2020
A new low-profile anatomic locking plate for fixation of comminuted, displaced greater tuberosity fractures of the proximal humerus. 61
32949759 2020
Measurement of biceps tendon retraction after arthroscopic tenotomy. 61
32919051 2020
Subacromial Impingment Syndrome does not alter muscle onset activation patterns during shoulder cardinal movement at different speed and load. 61
32560865 2020
The Effectiveness of Individual or Group Physiotherapy in the Management of Sub-Acromial Impingement: A Randomised Controlled Trial and Health Economic Analysis. 61
32752234 2020
Acromioplasty rates in patients with shoulder disorders with and without acupuncture treatment: a retrospective propensity score-matched cohort study. 61
32310005 2020
Anatomical variations of the acromial and coracoid process: clinical relevance. 61
32418123 2020
Axillary Peripheral Nerve Stimulation for Chronic Shoulder Pain: A Retrospective Case Series. 61
31930660 2020
The effect of injection volume on long-term outcomes of US-guided subacromial bursa injections. 61
32540584 2020

Variations for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Expression for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome.

Pathways for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

GO Terms for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Biological processes related to Shoulder Impingement Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 BMP signaling pathway GO:0030509 9.32 GDF7 GDF6
2 SMAD protein signal transduction GO:0060395 9.26 GDF7 GDF6
3 positive regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation GO:0010862 9.16 GDF7 GDF6
4 activin receptor signaling pathway GO:0032924 8.96 GDF7 GDF6
5 pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation GO:0060389 8.62 GDF7 GDF6

Sources for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
37 LifeMap
41 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 05-Apr-2021)
61 PubMed
69 Tocris
71 UMLS via Orphanet
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