Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Categories: Neuronal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

MalaCards integrated aliases for Spastic Cerebral Palsy:

Name: Spastic Cerebral Palsy 12 15 74
Palsy, Cerebral, Spastic 41


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Disease Ontology 12 DOID:0050669
UMLS 74 C0338596

Summaries for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Disease Ontology : 12 A cerebral palsy that is caused by damage in the outer layer of the brain, the cerebral cortex, which results in increased tone, or tension, in a muscle causing abnormal movements.

MalaCards based summary : Spastic Cerebral Palsy, also known as palsy, cerebral, spastic, is related to spastic diplegia and cerebral palsy. An important gene associated with Spastic Cerebral Palsy is ALDH3A2 (Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 3 Family Member A2), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Butanoate metabolism and Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism. The drugs Baclofen and Acetylcholine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include cortex, brain and bone, and related phenotypes are behavior/neurological and nervous system

Wikipedia : 77 Spastic cerebral palsy is the type of cerebral palsy wherein spasticity is the exclusive impairment... more...

Related Diseases for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Diseases related to Spastic Cerebral Palsy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 50)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 spastic diplegia 33.1 ALDH3A2 RAB3GAP1
2 cerebral palsy 32.7 DMRT3 F5 GAD1 PLP1
3 spastic quadriplegia 31.8 PLP1 SLC16A2 WDR45B
4 stiff-person syndrome 30.2 GAD1 GAD2
5 cerebral palsy, spastic quadriplegic, 1 12.0
6 cerebral palsy, ataxic, autosomal recessive 11.4
7 cerebral palsy, spastic quadriplegic, 2 11.3
8 spastic paraplegia 51, autosomal recessive 11.3
9 spastic paraplegia 47, autosomal recessive 11.3
10 spastic paraplegia 52, autosomal recessive 11.3
11 spastic paraplegia 20, autosomal recessive 11.2
12 spastic paraplegia 2, x-linked 11.2
13 hereditary spastic paraplegia 11.2
14 spastic hemiplegia 11.2
15 spastic monoplegia 11.2
16 spasticity 10.5
17 autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome 10.3 GAD1 GAD2
18 autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome, type ii 10.3 GAD1 GAD2
19 gamma-amino butyric acid metabolism disorder 10.3 ALDH3A2 GAD1
20 autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome, type i, with or without reversible metaphyseal dysplasia 10.3 GAD1 GAD2
21 diabetes mellitus, ketosis-prone 10.3 GAD1 GAD2
22 succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency 10.3 ALDH3A2 GAD1
23 limbic encephalitis 10.2 GAD1 GAD2
24 alpha/beta t-cell lymphopenia with gamma/delta t-cell expansion, severe cytomegalovirus infection, and autoimmunity 10.2 GAD1 GAD2
25 dyskinetic cerebral palsy 10.2
26 scoliosis 10.2
27 rasmussen encephalitis 10.2 GAD1 IL18
28 corneal ectasia 10.1 ALDH3A2 RAB3GAP1
29 epilepsy 10.1
30 constipation 10.1
31 microcephaly 10.1
32 dysphagia 10.1
33 cerebral visual impairment 10.1
34 pelizaeus-merzbacher-like disease 10.0 PLP1 SLC16A2
35 renpenning syndrome 1 9.9 PQBP1 SLC16A2
36 schizencephaly 9.9
37 dystonia 9 9.9
38 polyglucosan body myopathy 1 with or without immunodeficiency 9.9
39 brain injury 9.9
40 traumatic brain injury 9.9
41 microphthalmia 9.9
42 movement disease 9.9
43 dystonia 9.9
44 neuropathy 9.9
45 hip subluxation 9.9
46 bunion 9.9
47 partington x-linked mental retardation syndrome 9.9 PQBP1 SLC16A2
48 quadriplegia 9.8 ALDH3A2 PLP1 SLC16A2
49 pelizaeus-merzbacher disease 9.8 PLP1 SLC16A2
50 x-linked recessive disease 9.7 PLP1 SLC16A2

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Spastic Cerebral Palsy:

Diseases related to Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Spastic Cerebral Palsy:

# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 behavior/neurological MP:0005386 9.56 ALDH3A2 DMRT3 F5 GAD1 GAD2 IL18
2 nervous system MP:0003631 9.32 ALDH3A2 DMRT3 F5 GAD1 GAD2 IL18

Drugs & Therapeutics for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Drugs for Spastic Cerebral Palsy (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 27)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
Baclofen Approved Phase 4 1134-47-0 2284
Acetylcholine Approved, Investigational Phase 2,Not Applicable 51-84-3 187
Darbepoetin alfa Approved, Investigational Phase 2 209810-58-2, 11096-26-7
Metformin Approved Phase 2 657-24-9 14219 4091
5 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 2,Not Applicable
6 Acetylcholine Release Inhibitors Phase 2,Not Applicable
7 abobotulinumtoxinA Phase 2,Not Applicable
8 Neuromuscular Agents Phase 2,Not Applicable
9 Botulinum Toxins, Type A Phase 2,Not Applicable
10 Peripheral Nervous System Agents Phase 2,Not Applicable
11 Cholinergic Agents Phase 2,Not Applicable
12 Botulinum Toxins Phase 2,Not Applicable
13 Hematinics Phase 2
14 Hypoglycemic Agents Phase 2
15 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 2
tannic acid Approved Not Applicable 1401-55-4
Benzocaine Approved, Investigational Not Applicable 1994-09-7, 94-09-7 2337
Magnesium Sulfate Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved 7487-88-9 24083
Morphine Approved, Investigational Not Applicable 57-27-2 5288826
20 incobotulinumtoxinA Not Applicable
21 Anesthetics Not Applicable
22 Complement System Proteins
23 Complement C3 Not Applicable
24 Narcotics Not Applicable
25 Central Nervous System Depressants Not Applicable
26 Analgesics Not Applicable
27 Analgesics, Opioid Not Applicable

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 55)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Recurrent Crying Spells in Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT01955655 Phase 4 Baclofen
2 Lateral Cord Magnetic Stimulation For Refractory Spastic Cerebral Palsy Not yet recruiting NCT03676439 Phase 2, Phase 3
3 Prospective Studies of the Use of Self Hypnosis, Acupuncture and Osteopathic Manipulation on Muscle Tension in Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT00011024 Phase 2
4 A Randomized Study of Autologous Umbilical Cord Blood Reinfusion in Children With Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT01147653 Phase 2
5 Darbepoetin for Ischemic Neonatal Stroke to Augment Regeneration Recruiting NCT03171818 Phase 2 Darbepoetin Alfa;Saline
6 Efficacy of Allogeneic Umbilical Cord Derived Hematopoietic and Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Cerebral Palsy Active, not recruiting NCT03795974 Phase 2
7 Children With Hemiparesis Arm and Hand Movement Project (CHAMP Study) Active, not recruiting NCT01895660 Phase 2
8 Metformin for Motor and Cognitive Improvement in Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Feasibility Study Not yet recruiting NCT03710343 Phase 2 Metformin;Placebo Oral Tablet
9 Botulinum Toxin-A as a Treatment for Chronic Muscle-Related Pain in Adults With Spastic Cerebral Palsy: a Randomized Controlled Trial Terminated NCT02434549 Phase 2 Dysport®;Normal saline
10 Effect of Human Amniotic Epithelial Cells on Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy Unknown status NCT03107975 Phase 1
11 Effects of Mirror Therapy Combined With Progressive Strength Training in Unilateral Spastic Cerebral Palsy Unknown status NCT02458612 Not Applicable
12 Effects of Altering Handle Height of Posterior Walkers Unknown status NCT02467829 Not Applicable
13 Spastic Cerebral Palsy and Slackline Completed NCT03486483 Not Applicable
14 Effects of Pediatric Aquatic Therapy in Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT01049581 Not Applicable
15 Analyzing the Effect of Trunk Training on Limbs in Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT02643160 Not Applicable
16 Role Of Physical Therapy In Relieving Constipation In Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT03379038 Not Applicable
17 Effect of Botulinum Toxin Type A Associated With Physical Therapy on Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT03704155 Not Applicable Botulinum toxin type A
18 Progressive Functional Strength Training in Unilateral Spastic Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT02460406 Not Applicable
19 Power Wheelchair Joystick Use in Spastic Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT00337688
20 Therapeutic Potential of Myofascial Structural Integration in Children With Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT01815814 Not Applicable
21 Stretching and Strength Training for Improved Gait Function in Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT02917330 Not Applicable
22 Effect of Post Isometric Relaxation Technique & Eccentric Muscle Contraction on Hamstring Spasticity in CP Completed NCT03708757 Not Applicable
23 A Pilot Study of the Effect of Botulinum Toxin Type a (Dysport®, Abobotulinum Toxin A) Injection on Changes in Musculotendinous Length and Dynamics of Hamstring Muscles During Gait in Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy Walking With Excessive Knee Flexion Completed NCT02917967 Not Applicable Botulinum toxin injection
24 Radial Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy for Spastic Plantar Flexor Muscles in Young Children With Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT02719483 Not Applicable
25 Evidence-based Physical Therapy in Children With Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT02193386 Not Applicable
26 Loading Gait in Spatic Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT02010736 Not Applicable
27 Cerebral Palsy: Short-burst Interval Training Completed NCT03373890 Not Applicable
28 Influence of the Spinal Manipulation on Muscle Spasticity and Manual Dexterity in Cerebral Palsy. Completed NCT03005938 Not Applicable
29 Chewing Disorders, Gross Motor Function and Trunk Control in Cerebral Palsy Completed NCT03241160
30 Upper Extremity Function In Cerebral Palsy And Its Association With Balance And Trunk Control Completed NCT03179124
31 The Effects of Functional Strengthening in Spastic Cerebral Palsy Recruiting NCT03901703 Not Applicable
32 Progressive Supervised Home-based Strength Training in Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy Recruiting NCT03863197 Not Applicable
33 "Be an Airplane Pilot": A Bimanual 3D Motion Analysis in Children With Unilateral Cerebral Palsy Recruiting NCT03888443
34 The Effects of Intensive Therapy on Quantitative and Qualitative Parameters of Trunk and Lower Limbs in Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy. Recruiting NCT03449498 Not Applicable
35 Rehabilitation Specific Gaming in CP Recruiting NCT03403010 Not Applicable
36 Functional Electrical Stimulation During Walking in Cerebral Palsy Recruiting NCT03440632 Not Applicable
37 Efficacy of a Long Term, High Intensity and Long Time Stretch Training Program on Viscoelasticity Plantarflexors Muscle in Children With Cerebral Palsy (CP). Recruiting NCT03565172 Not Applicable
38 Therapeutic Effects of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy on Young Children With Cerebral Palsy Recruiting NCT03858335 Not Applicable
39 Dynamic Gait Index in Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy Recruiting NCT03662139
40 A Pilot Study of Hand Function in Children With Cerebral Palsy Undergoing Intensive Neurophysiological Rehabilitation Recruiting NCT03454412
41 Effect of Vibration on Muscle Properties, Physical Activity and Balance in Children With Cerebral Palsy Recruiting NCT03484078 Not Applicable
42 tDCS and Bimanual Therapy for Children With Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy Recruiting NCT03402854 Not Applicable
43 Walking Inclined Plane Recruiting NCT02988557 Not Applicable
44 Outcomes of the Evans Calcaneal Lengthening Based on Bone Grafting Material Recruiting NCT02075853
45 Effect of Botulinum Toxin on Muscles of Children With Cerebral Palsy Recruiting NCT02853240 Not Applicable
46 Reliability and Validity of Strength Measurements of the Lower Limbs in Children With Bilateral Spastic Cerebral Palsy. Active, not recruiting NCT03818152 Not Applicable
47 Muscle Elastography in Spastic Cerebral Palsy Enrolling by invitation NCT03112434 Botulinum toxin type A
48 Lateral Cord Stimulation as a New Treatment for Refractory Spastic Cerebral Palsy Not yet recruiting NCT02199015 Not Applicable
49 The Effect of Botulinum Toxin Injection at Hip Adductor Muscles in Patients With Spastic Cerebral Palsy, Pilot Study Not yet recruiting NCT03680196 Not Applicable medication Botulinum A injection.
50 Robotic Rehabilitation of Cerebral Palsy Not yet recruiting NCT02359799 Not Applicable

Search NIH Clinical Center for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Genetic Tests for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Anatomical Context for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Spastic Cerebral Palsy:

Cortex, Brain, Bone, Testes, Skeletal Muscle, T Cells, Bone Marrow

Publications for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Articles related to Spastic Cerebral Palsy:

(show top 50) (show all 621)
# Title Authors Year
Children with dyskinetic cerebral palsy are severely affected as compared to bilateral spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30933377 )
Selective dorsal rhizotomy improves muscle forces during walking in children with spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30953917 )
Rehabilitation with a combination of scalp acupuncture and exercise therapy in spastic cerebral palsy. ( 31003673 )
Examination of touch-coordinate errors of adolescents with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy at an aiming-tapping task. ( 31033458 )
Prevalence and classification of equinus foot in bilateral spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30830663 )
Role of femoral derotation on gait after selective dorsal rhizotomy in children with spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30834521 )
The Immediate Effects of a Dynamic Orthosis on Gait Patterns in Children With Unilateral Spastic Cerebral Palsy: A Kinematic Analysis. ( 30847335 )
Stiffness of hip adductor myofibrils is decreased in children with spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30853092 )
Spinal dorsal rhizotomy plus concurrent left and right gastrocnemii releases in a 7-year-old child with haemophilia A and spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30866113 )
Modulation of gait inter-limb coordination in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy after intensive upper extremity intervention. ( 30888460 )
Management of the Knee Problems in Spastic Cerebral Palsy. ( 30905982 )
Reliability of maximum isometric arm, grip and pinch strength measurements in children (7-12 years) with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30623690 )
Dose, timing, and source of protein intake of young people with spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30696294 )
Voluntary Elbow Extension-Flexion Using Single Joint Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL) for Patients of Spastic Cerebral Palsy: Two Cases Report. ( 30723447 )
Interest of children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy in bimanual daily activities. ( 30734615 )
The Effect of Functional Home-Based Strength Training Programs on the Mechano-Morphological Properties of the Plantar Flexor Muscle-Tendon Unit in Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy. ( 30424684 )
Full Activation Profiles and Integrity of Corticospinal Pathways in Adults With Bilateral Spastic Cerebral Palsy. ( 30595088 )
Bimanual coordination during a physically coupled task in unilateral spastic cerebral palsy children. ( 30606226 )
Measuring levels of muscle fatigue in spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30246367 )
Hand function in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30256057 )
Kinematic adaptation and changes in gait classification in running compared to walking in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30312847 )
Voluntary Cough and Clinical Swallow Function in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy and Healthy Controls. ( 30088088 )
Are Seating Systems With a Medial Knee Support Really Helpful for Hip Displacement in Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy GMFCS IV and V? ( 30102899 )
Selective motor control and gross motor function in bilateral spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30203469 )
sEMG Based Gait Phase Recognition for Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy. ( 30218222 )
Decline in severe spastic cerebral palsy at term in Denmark 1999-2007. ( 30241693 )
Self-report of pain in young people and adults with spastic cerebral palsy: interrater reliability of the revised Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, and Consolability (r-FLACC) scale ratings. ( 30051908 )
Learning to cope with mirror movements in unilateral spastic cerebral palsy: a brief report. ( 29787338 )
Trunk control and functionality in children with spastic cerebral palsy. ( 29652201 )
A Randomized Control Trial of Botulinum Toxin A Administration under Ultrasound Guidance against Manual Palpation in Spastic Cerebral Palsy. ( 30937086 )
Impairments of Visuospatial Attention in Children with Unilateral Spastic Cerebral Palsy. ( 30647728 )
Effects of Vojta approach on diaphragm movement in children with spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30656162 )
Statistical Models to Assess Leg Muscle Mass in Ambulatory Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy Using Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry. ( 30661746 )
Greater Visceral Fat but No Difference in Measures of Total Body Fat in Ambulatory Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy Compared to Typically Developing Children. ( 30425006 )
Correction of Toe-Walking Gait in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy by using Electrical Stimulation Therapy. ( 30441140 )
Influence of accuracy constraints on bimanual coordination and gait performance in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30469104 )
Gait parameters in children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. ( 30484877 )
Early Diagnosis of Spastic Cerebral Palsy in Infants with Periventricular White Matter Injury Using Diffusion Tensor Imaging. ( 30545838 )
Effects of backward-downhill treadmill training versus manual static plantarflexor stretching on muscle-joint pathology and function in children with spastic Cerebral Palsy. ( 30558918 )
Rehabilitation treatment of spastic cerebral palsy with radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy and rehabilitation therapy. ( 30572548 )
Evidence Supporting Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy for Treatment of Spastic Cerebral Palsy. ( 30585282 )
Glutaric Aciduria Type 1 with Microcephaly: Masquerading as Spastic Cerebral Palsy. ( 30271473 )
Medial gastrocnemius volume and echo-intensity after botulinum neurotoxin A interventions in children with spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30320442 )
Interaction between muscle tone, short-range stiffness and increased sensory feedback gains explains key kinematic features of the pendulum test in spastic cerebral palsy: A simulation study. ( 30335860 )
Effects of an underwear-type hip abduction orthosis on sitting balance and sit-to-stand activities in children with spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30349168 )
Postanesthesia alteration of lower limb contractures in children with spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30395002 )
Intramuscular botulinum toxin prior to comprehensive rehabilitation has no added value for improving motor impairments, gait kinematics and goal attainment in walking children with spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30080235 )
Simultaneous Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy and Baclofen Pump Removal Improve Ambulation in Patients with Spastic Cerebral Palsy. ( 30112267 )
Correction to: Muscle and tendon morphology alterations in children and adolescents with mild forms of spastic cerebral palsy. ( 30121074 )
Neuromodulatory effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation pulses on functional motor performances of spastic cerebral palsy children. ( 30175934 )

Variations for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Expression for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

LifeMap Discovery
Genes differentially expressed in tissues of Spastic Cerebral Palsy patients vs. healthy controls: 35
# Gene Description Tissue Up/Dn Fold Change (log2) P value
1 ATRNL1 attractin-like 1 Skeletal Muscle - 3.34 0.002
2 AMFR autocrine motility factor receptor, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase Skeletal Muscle - 3.25 0.001
Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Spastic Cerebral Palsy.

Pathways for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

GO Terms for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Cellular components related to Spastic Cerebral Palsy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 inhibitory synapse GO:0060077 8.96 GAD1 GAD2
2 clathrin-sculpted gamma-aminobutyric acid transport vesicle membrane GO:0061202 8.62 GAD1 GAD2

Biological processes related to Spastic Cerebral Palsy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 chemical synaptic transmission GO:0007268 9.43 GAD1 GAD2 PLP1
2 carboxylic acid metabolic process GO:0019752 9.16 GAD1 GAD2
3 neurotransmitter biosynthetic process GO:0042136 8.96 GAD1 GAD2
4 glutamate decarboxylation to succinate GO:0006540 8.62 GAD1 GAD2

Molecular functions related to Spastic Cerebral Palsy according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 pyridoxal phosphate binding GO:0030170 9.26 GAD1 GAD2
2 carboxy-lyase activity GO:0016831 9.16 GAD1 GAD2
3 glutamate binding GO:0016595 8.96 GAD1 GAD2
4 glutamate decarboxylase activity GO:0004351 8.62 GAD1 GAD2

Sources for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
20 FMA
29 GO
30 GTR
33 HPO
34 ICD10
35 ICD10 via Orphanet
39 LifeMap
43 MedGen
45 MeSH
46 MESH via Orphanet
47 MGI
50 NCI
51 NCIt
56 Novoseek
59 OMIM via Orphanet
63 PubMed
71 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
73 Tocris
75 UMLS via Orphanet
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