SMA3
MCID: SPN394
MIFTS: 52

Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii (SMA3)

Categories: Genetic diseases, Muscle diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases, Respiratory diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

MalaCards integrated aliases for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii:

Name: Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii 56
Kugelberg-Welander Disease 12 53 58 29 6
Sma3 56 12 52 58 73
Juvenile Spinal Muscular Atrophy 12 58 15 71
Kugelberg-Welander Syndrome 56 52 73
Sma Iii 56 73 54
Kws 56 52 73
Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Mild Childhood and Adolescent Form 56 52
Muscular Atrophy, Juvenile 56 52
Spinal Muscular Atrophy-3 56 13
Spinal Muscular Atrophy Mild Childhood and Adolescent Form 73
Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii, Modifier of 56
Proximal Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 3 58
Spinal Muscular Atrophy of Childhood 12
Wohlfart-Kugelberg-Welander Disease 73
Atrophy, Muscular, Spinal, Type Iii 39
Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Familial 12
Kugelberg-Welander Syndrome; Kws 56
Type Iii Spinal Muscular Atrophy 12
Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type Iii 73
Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 3 52
Spinal Muscular Atrophy 3 73
Sma Type Iii 58
Sma Type 3 58
Sma-Iii 58
Sma 3 52

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

58
proximal spinal muscular atrophy type 3
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive; Age of onset: Childhood; Age of death: normal life expectancy;

OMIM:

56
Inheritance:
autosomal recessive

Miscellaneous:
progressive disorder
onset usually in childhood or adolescence
presentation after 18 months
individuals develop ability to stand and walk
deletions in naip gene found in 18% of sma2 patients


HPO:

31
spinal muscular atrophy, type iii:
Inheritance autosomal recessive inheritance
Onset and clinical course progressive


Classifications:

Orphanet: 58  
Rare neurological diseases


External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:12376
OMIM 56 253400
ICD9CM 34 335.11
MeSH 43 D014897
SNOMED-CT 67 54280009
ICD10 via Orphanet 33 G12.1
UMLS via Orphanet 72 C0152109
Orphanet 58 ORPHA83419
MedGen 41 C0152109
UMLS 71 C0152109 C0700595

Summaries for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

NIH Rare Diseases : 52 The following summary is from Orphanet , a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Orpha Number: 83419 Definition Proximal spinal muscular atrophy type 3 (SMA3) is a relatively mild form of proximal spinal muscular atrophy (see this term) characterized by muscle weakness and hypotonia resulting from the degeneration and loss of the lower motor neurons in the spinal cord and the brain stem nuclei. Epidemiology Prevalence is estimated at around 1/375,000. Clinical description The disease manifests after 12 months of age (usually between childhood and adolescence), after ambulation has been acquired. Two subtypes (SMA3a and SMA3b) have been distinguished by some authors: SMA3a defines patients with onset before the age of 3 years, whereas SMA3b defines patients with onset after 3 years. Difficulties walking, running, and going up and down stairs are common. The muscle weakness predominantly affects the legs and hip muscles and then progresses to the shoulders and arms. Legs are always more severely affected than arms. Weak finger trembling and scoliosis are frequent and the patellar reflex is absent. Etiology As for other forms of SMA, SMA3 is primarily caused by deletions in the SMN1 gene (5q12.2-q13.3) encoding the SMN (survival motor neuron) protein . Although there is some variation, disease severity in SMA is inversely correlated with the number of copies of the second SMN gene (SMN2 ; 5q13.2), with patients with MSA3 having three (SMA3a) or four (SMA3b) SMN2 copies. Deletions of the NAIP (5q13.1) gene, which may play a role in modifying disease severity, have also been identified in SMA3 patients but are less frequent than in individuals with SMA1 and 2. Diagnostic methods Diagnosis is based on clinical history and examination but is confirmed by genetic testing . Electromyography and muscle biopsy may be necessary. Differential diagnosis Differential diagnoses include amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, congenital muscular dystrophies, congenital myopathies, primary lateral sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, and carbohydrate metabolism disorders (see these terms). Antenatal diagnosis Antenatal diagnosis is possible through molecular analysis of amniocytes or chorionic villus samples. Genetic counseling Transmission is autosomal recessive but around 2% of cases are caused by de novo mutations . Genetic counseling should be offered to patients and their families. Management and treatment Clinical trials to identify specific drug treatments for SMA are ongoing, and preliminary studies have indicated that valproic acid (as a histone deacetylase inhibitor) may improve quantitative muscle strength and subjective motor function in SMA3 patients. However, at present, management is symptomatic, involving a multidisciplinary approach aiming to improve quality of life. Physiotherapy and occupational therapies are recommended. Prognosis A wheelchair may be required during childhood for some patients (more commonly those with SMA3a), whilst others retain the ability to walk into adulthood (more commonly those with SMA3b). SMA3 progresses slowly and life expectancy is usually normal. However, deformities of the vertebral column are frequent and complications may lead to respiratory restriction. Visit the Orphanet disease page for more resources.

MalaCards based summary : Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii, also known as kugelberg-welander disease, is related to spinal muscular atrophy and proximal spinal muscular atrophy, and has symptoms including muscle cramp and tremor of hands. An important gene associated with Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii is SMN1 (Survival Of Motor Neuron 1, Telomeric), and among its related pathways/superpathways are ALK1 signaling events and Differentiation of white and brown adipocyte. The drugs Acetaminophen and Analgesics, Non-Narcotic have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include spinal cord, brain and tongue, and related phenotypes are emg abnormality and tongue fasciculations

OMIM : 56 SMA is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder characterized by progressive proximal muscle weakness and atrophy affecting the upper and lower limbs. By convention, SMA is classified into 4 types: I (SMA1; 253300), II (SMA2; 253550), III (SMA3), and IV (271150), by increasing age at onset and decreasing clinical severity. SMA1 is the most severe form of the disorder and often results in death in early childhood. SMA3, known as the juvenile form, tends to show onset in childhood or adolescence (summary by Fraidakis et al., 2012). (253400)

NINDS : 53 Spinal Muscular Atrophy refers to a group of hereditary diseases that damages and kills specialized nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord (called motor neurons). Motor neurons control movement in the arms, legs, face, chest, throat, and tongue, as well as skeletal muscle activity including speaking, walking, swallowing, and breathing. The most common form of SMA is caused by an abnormal or missing gene known as the survival motor neuron gene 1 (SMN1), which is responsible for the production of a protein essential to motor neurons. This form of SMA has four types: • Type l, also called Werdnig-Hoffman disease or infantile-onset SMA, is usually evident before 6 months of age. The most severely affected children will have reduced movement and chronic shortening of muscles or tendons (called contractures). Other children may have symptoms including reduced muscle tone, lack of tendon reflexes, twitching, skeletal abnormalities, and problems swallowing and feeding. Without treatment, many affected children die before age 2 years. • SMA Type ll is usually first noticed between the 6 and 18 months of age. Children can sit without support but are unable to stand or walk unaided. Children also may have respiratory difficulties. Life expectancy is reduced but most individuals live into adolescence or young adulthood. • SMA Type lll (Kugelberg-Welander disease) is seen after age 18 months. Children can walk independently but may have difficulty walking or running, rising from a chair, or climbing stairs. Other complications may include curvature of the spine, contractures, and respiratory infections. With treatment, most individuals can have a normal lfespan. • Individuals with SMA Type IV develop symptoms after age 21 years, with mild to moderate leg muscle weakness and other symptoms.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 73 Spinal muscular atrophy 3: An autosomal recessive form of spinal muscular atrophy, a neuromuscular disorder characterized by degeneration of the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord, leading to symmetrical muscle weakness and atrophy. Onset is after 18 months. Patients develop ability to stand and walk and survive into adulthood.

Related Diseases for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

Diseases in the Spinal Muscular Atrophy family:

Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type I Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii
Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Ii Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iv
Congenital Benign Spinal Muscular Atrophy Dominant

Diseases related to Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 111)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 spinal muscular atrophy 33.1 SMN2 SMN1 SERF1B SERF1A NAIP IGHMBP2
2 proximal spinal muscular atrophy 32.6 SMN2 SMN1 NAIP
3 spinal muscular atrophy, type iv 32.6 SMN2 SMN1 NAIP
4 muscular atrophy 31.4 SMN2 SMN1 SERF1A NAIP IGHMBP2 GTF2H2
5 survival motor neuron spinal muscular atrophy 31.4 TUBB SNORD63 SMN2 SMN1 SMAD5 SMAD1
6 spinal muscular atrophy, type ii 31.3 SMN2 SMN1 NAIP
7 neuromuscular disease 30.9 SMN2 SMN1 NAIP IGHMBP2 CHKB
8 anterior horn cell disease 30.7 SMN2 SMN1 IGHMBP2
9 progressive muscular atrophy 30.3 SMN2 SMN1
10 spinal muscular atrophy, type i 30.2 SMN2 SMN1 SERF1B SERF1A NAIP IGHMBP2
11 spinal muscular atrophy, distal, autosomal recessive, 3 11.8
12 neuronopathy, distal hereditary motor, type i 11.7
13 amyotrophy, monomelic 11.5
14 spinal muscular atrophy, distal, x-linked 3 11.5
15 spinal muscular atrophy, lower extremity-predominant, 1, autosomal dominant 11.4
16 spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance 11.4
17 atrioventricular block 10.6
18 form agnosia 10.5 SERF1B SERF1A
19 atrial standstill 1 10.5
20 dilated cardiomyopathy 10.5
21 atrial standstill 10.5
22 culler-jones syndrome 10.5 SMN2 SMN1
23 spinal disease 10.4 SMN2 SMN1 NAIP
24 spinal muscular atrophy, distal, autosomal recessive, 1 10.4 SMN2 SMN1 IGHMBP2
25 nephrolithiasis/osteoporosis, hypophosphatemic, 2 10.4 SMN2 SMN1
26 amelogenesis imperfecta, type ia 10.4 SMN2 SMN1
27 cataract 37 10.4 OR6C3 OR6C2
28 muscular disease 10.3 SMN2 SMN1 NAIP IGHMBP2
29 progressive familial heart block, type ia 10.3
30 facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy 1 10.3
31 spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy, x-linked 1 10.3
32 kearns-sayre syndrome 10.3
33 progressive familial heart block, type ib 10.3
34 nephrotic syndrome 10.3
35 right bundle branch block 10.3
36 glomerulonephritis 10.3
37 limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 10.3
38 wallerian degeneration 10.3
39 syncope 10.3
40 spinal muscular atrophy, late-onset, finkel type 10.3
41 strabismus 10.3
42 muscular dystrophy, duchenne type 10.3
43 pallister w syndrome 10.3
44 b-cell immunodeficiency, distal limb anomalies, and urogenital malformations 10.3
45 scoliosis 10.3
46 ptosis 10.3
47 lipoid nephrosis 10.3
48 alternating exotropia 10.3
49 exotropia 10.3
50 myopia 10.3

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii:



Diseases related to Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

Human phenotypes related to Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii:

31 (show all 10)
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 emg abnormality 31 HP:0003457
2 tongue fasciculations 31 HP:0001308
3 spinal muscular atrophy 31 HP:0007269
4 areflexia of lower limbs 31 HP:0002522
5 hyporeflexia 31 HP:0001265
6 proximal muscle weakness 31 HP:0003701
7 limb fasciculations 31 HP:0007289
8 hand tremor 31 HP:0002378
9 degeneration of anterior horn cells 31 HP:0002398
10 muscle spasm 31 HP:0003394

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

56
Muscle Soft Tissue:
muscle cramps
proximal muscle weakness and atrophy
chronic denervation seen on emg
neuropathic process seen on muscle biopsy

Neurologic Central Nervous System:
hand tremor
degeneration of anterior horn cells
muscle weakness, symmetric, proximal (lower limbs more affected than upper limbs) due to motor neuronopathy
tongue fasciculation/fibrillation
limb fasciculation

Neurologic Peripheral Nervous System:
hyporeflexia
areflexia of the lower limbs

Clinical features from OMIM:

253400

UMLS symptoms related to Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii:


muscle cramp, tremor of hands

Drugs & Therapeutics for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

Drugs for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 29)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Acetaminophen Approved Phase 4 103-90-2 1983
2 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 4
3 Analgesics Phase 4
4 Antipyretics Phase 4
5
4-Aminopyridine Approved Phase 2, Phase 3 504-24-5 1727
6 Potassium Channel Blockers Phase 2, Phase 3
7
Hydroxyurea Approved Phase 1, Phase 2 127-07-1 3657
8
Valproic acid Approved, Investigational Phase 2 99-66-1 3121
9
Amifampridine Approved, Investigational Phase 2 54-96-6 5918
10 Pyridostigmine Bromide Phase 2 101-26-8
11 Cholinergic Agents Phase 2
12 Bromides Phase 2
13 Cholinesterase Inhibitors Phase 2
14 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 2
15 Anticonvulsants Phase 2
16 Central Nervous System Depressants Phase 2
17 carnitine Phase 2
18 GABA Agents Phase 2
19 Tranquilizing Agents Phase 2
20 Antimanic Agents Phase 2
21 Psychotropic Drugs Phase 2
22 Neuromuscular Agents Phase 2
23
Dexmedetomidine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 1 113775-47-6 68602 5311068
24 Anesthetics Phase 1
25 Adrenergic Agonists Phase 1
26 Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists Phase 1
27 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 1
28 Hypnotics and Sedatives Phase 1
29 Adrenergic Agents Phase 1

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 17)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Treatment With Paracetamol in Children and Adults With Spinal Muscular Atrophy and Cerebral Palsy Recruiting NCT03648658 Phase 4 Paracetamol 120Mg/5mL Oral Suspension
2 Columbia SMA Project: 4-AP as a Potential SMA Therapeutic Agent and Biological Mechanisms of Action Completed NCT01645787 Phase 2, Phase 3 4-aminopyridine;Placebo
3 Safety and Efficacy Study of Anti-cholinesterase Therapy on the Motor Functions in Patients With Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 3. Unknown status NCT02227823 Phase 2 Pyridostigmine Bromide
4 A Pilot Therapeutic Trial Using Hydroxyurea in Type II and Type III Spinal Muscular Atrophy Patients Completed NCT00568802 Phase 1, Phase 2 Hydroxyurea;Placebo to match hydroxyurea
5 Multi-center Phase II Trial of Valproic Acid and Carnitine in Patients With Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA CARNI-VAL Trial) Completed NCT00227266 Phase 2 Valproic Acid and Levocarnitine;Placebo
6 A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Amifampridine Phosphate in Ambulatory Patients With Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) Type 3 Recruiting NCT03781479 Phase 2 Amifampridine Phosphate;Placebo Oral Tablet
7 Long Term Safety Study of Amifampridine Phosphate in Ambulatory Patients With Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) Type 3 Enrolling by invitation NCT03819660 Phase 2 Amifampridine Phosphate 10 MG Oral Tablet
8 Effect and Placental Transfer of Dexmedetomidine During Caesarean Section Under Epidural Anaesthesia Completed NCT02715154 Phase 1 Dexmedetomidine;Placebo
9 A Dose - Dependent Study of Dexmedetomidine in Suppressing Cardiovascular and Hormonal Responses for Cesarean Delivery Completed NCT01005433 Phase 1 Dexmedetomidine;Placebo
10 Assessment of Motor Development Related to Use of Orthoses in SMA II and III Unknown status NCT00961103
11 A Pilot Study of Biomarkers for Spinal Muscular Atrophy Completed NCT00756821
12 Aerobic Training Improves Oxidative Capacity, But Not Function in Spinal Muscular Atrophy III Completed NCT02003937
13 International Spinal Muscular Atrophy Patient Registry Completed NCT00466349
14 Wearable Technology to Assess Gait Function in Spinal Muscle Atrophy and Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Recruiting NCT04193085
15 Evaluation of Oxidative Capacity and Exercise Tolerance in Ambulatory Patients With Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) Recruiting NCT02895789
16 Prospective Evaluation of Infants With Spinal Muscular Atrophy: SPOT SMA Recruiting NCT02831296
17 Effect of Whole Body Vibration Therapy on Muscle Function, Gross Motor Function and Bone Mineral Density in Children With Spinal Muscular Atrophy - a Feasibility Study Terminated NCT03056144

Search NIH Clinical Center for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

Genetic Tests for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

Genetic tests related to Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Kugelberg-Welander Disease 29 SMN1 SMN2

Anatomical Context for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii:

40
Spinal Cord, Brain, Tongue, Testes, Skeletal Muscle, Heart, Bone

Publications for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

Articles related to Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii:

(show top 50) (show all 101)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Genotype-phenotype relationship in 2 SMA III patients with novel mutations in the Tudor domain. 56 6
22323744 2012
2
Quantitative analyses of SMN1 and SMN2 based on real-time lightCycler PCR: fast and highly reliable carrier testing and prediction of severity of spinal muscular atrophy. 54 56
11791208 2002
3
Molecular analysis of candidate genes on chromosome 5q13 in autosomal recessive spinal muscular atrophy: evidence of homozygous deletions of the SMN gene in unaffected individuals. 54 56
8595417 1995
4
Neurocalcin Delta Suppression Protects against Spinal Muscular Atrophy in Humans and across Species by Restoring Impaired Endocytosis. 56
28132687 2017
5
A population-based study of autosomal-recessive disease-causing mutations in a founder population. 56
22981120 2012
6
A common spinal muscular atrophy deletion mutation is present on a single founder haplotype in the US Hutterites. 56
21610747 2011
7
A humanized Smn gene containing the SMN2 nucleotide alteration in exon 7 mimics SMN2 splicing and the SMA disease phenotype. 56
20705738 2010
8
Association of plastin 3 expression with disease severity in spinal muscular atrophy only in postpubertal females. 56
20937953 2010
9
Ciliary neurotrophic factor-induced sprouting preserves motor function in a mouse model of mild spinal muscular atrophy. 56
20022887 2010
10
A positive modifier of spinal muscular atrophy in the SMN2 gene. 56
19716110 2009
11
Differences in SMN1 allele frequencies among ethnic groups within North America. 56
19625283 2009
12
Unaffected patients with a homozygous absence of the SMN1 gene. 56
18337729 2008
13
Consensus statement for standard of care in spinal muscular atrophy. 6
17761659 2007
14
Valproate may improve strength and function in patients with type III/IV spinal muscle atrophy. 56
16775228 2006
15
In vivo activation of SMN in spinal muscular atrophy carriers and patients treated with valproate. 56
16607616 2006
16
Mildly affected patients with spinal muscular atrophy are partially protected by an increased SMN2 copy number. 56
16508748 2006
17
Hydroxyurea enhances SMN2 gene expression in spinal muscular atrophy cells. 56
16049920 2005
18
Molecular and functional analysis of intragenic SMN1 mutations in patients with spinal muscular atrophy. 6
15580564 2005
19
Phenylbutyrate increases SMN expression in vitro: relevance for treatment of spinal muscular atrophy. 56
14560316 2004
20
Valproic acid increases the SMN2 protein level: a well-known drug as a potential therapy for spinal muscular atrophy. 56
12915451 2003
21
A genetic and phenotypic analysis in Spanish spinal muscular atrophy patients with c.399_402del AGAG, the most frequently found subtle mutation in the SMN1 gene. 6
12872254 2003
22
Premature termination mutations in exon 3 of the SMN1 gene are associated with exon skipping and a relatively mild SMA phenotype. 6
11313744 2001
23
Spinal Muscular Atrophy 6
20301526 2000
24
A single nucleotide in the SMN gene regulates splicing and is responsible for spinal muscular atrophy. 6
10339583 1999
25
Abnormal phenotypes in uniparental disomy (UPD): fundamental aspects and a critical review with bibliography of UPD other than 15. 56
10215553 1999
26
Intragenic telSMN mutations: frequency, distribution, evidence of a founder effect, and modification of the spinal muscular atrophy phenotype by cenSMN copy number. 6
9837824 1998
27
Spinal muscular atrophy due to an isolated deletion of exon 8 of the telomeric survival motor neuron gene. 6
9818944 1998
28
Missense mutations in exon 6 of the survival motor neuron gene in patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). 6
9158159 1997
29
Apparent autosomal recessive inheritance in families with proximal spinal muscular atrophy affecting individuals in two generations. 56
8900246 1996
30
Unusual molecular findings in autosomal recessive spinal muscular atrophy. 56
8782046 1996
31
A frame-shift deletion in the survival motor neuron gene in Spanish spinal muscular atrophy patients. 6
7581461 1995
32
Pulmonary function in spinal muscular atrophy. 56
7930415 1994
33
Paternal isodisomy for chromosome 5 in a child with spinal muscular atrophy. 56
8116617 1994
34
Genetic mapping of chronic childhood-onset spinal muscular atrophy to chromosome 5q11.2-13.3. 56
2320125 1990
35
Becker's allelic model to explain unusual pedigrees with spinal muscular atrophy. 56
3594936 1987
36
Chronic proximal spinal muscular atrophy of childhood and adolescence: problems of classification and genetic counselling. 56
4078864 1985
37
Chronic proximal spinal muscular atrophy of childhood and adolescence: sex influence. 56
6512833 1984
38
A genetic study of subacute and chronic spinal muscular atrophy in childhood. A nosological analysis of 124 index patients. 56
681978 1978
39
A clinical and genetic study of chronic proximal spinal muscular atrophy. 56
1182487 1975
40
Chronic spinal muscular atrophy in adults. 1. The Kugelberg-Welander syndrome. 56
5367043 1969
41
Kugelberg-Welander disease with particular reference to sex-influenced manifestations. 56
5675302 1968
42
THE WOHLFART-KUGELBERG-WELANDER DISEASE; REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND REPORT OF A CASE. 56
14288637 1965
43
Neurogenic, familial, girdle type muscular atrophy. (Clinical, electromyographic and pathological study). 56
13990174 1963
44
[Apropos of heredofamilial juvenile muscular atrophy]. 56
13961045 1962
45
Heredofamilial juvenile muscular atrophy simulating muscular dystrophy. 56
13312732 1956
46
Reduced survival motor neuron (Smn) gene dose in mice leads to motor neuron degeneration: an animal model for spinal muscular atrophy type III. 54 61
10655542 2000
47
Segmental distribution of muscle weakness in SMA III: implications for deterioration in muscle strength with time. 54 61
9447610 1997
48
Inhospital Complications of Patients With Neuromuscular Disorders Undergoing Total Joint Arthroplasty. 61
30285988 2019
49
Exercise Combined with Electrotherapy Enhances Motor Function in an Adolescent with Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type III. 61
31428487 2019
50
Safety and Treatment Effects of Nusinersen in Longstanding Adult 5q-SMA Type 3 - A Prospective Observational Study. 61
31594243 2019

Variations for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii:

6 (show all 17) ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎ ‎‎
# Gene Name Type Significance ClinVarId dbSNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 SMN1 NM_000344.3(SMN1):c.5C>G (p.Ala2Gly)SNV Pathogenic 9168 rs1554066397 5:70220935-70220935 5:70925108-70925108
2 SMN1 SMN1, EX8DELdeletion Pathogenic 9169
3 SMN1 SMN1, IVS7DS, T-G, +6SNV Pathogenic 9170
4 SMN1 NM_000344.3(SMN1):c.131A>T (p.Asp44Val)SNV Pathogenic 9172 rs104893931 5:70234715-70234715 5:70938888-70938888
5 SMN1 NM_000344.3(SMN1):c.305G>A (p.Trp102Ter)SNV Pathogenic 9173 rs77804083 5:70238216-70238216 5:70942389-70942389
6 SMN1 NM_000344.3(SMN1):c.283G>C (p.Gly95Arg)SNV Pathogenic 9176 rs104893927 5:70238194-70238194 5:70942367-70942367
7 SMN1 NM_000344.3(SMN1):c.784A>G (p.Ser262Gly)SNV Pathogenic 9178 rs104893932 5:70241953-70241953 5:70946126-70946126
8 SMN1 NM_000344.3(SMN1):c.389A>G (p.Tyr130Cys)SNV Pathogenic 39512 rs397514517 5:70238300-70238300 5:70942473-70942473
9 SMN1 NM_000344.3(SMN1):c.388T>C (p.Tyr130His)SNV Pathogenic 39513 rs397514518 5:70238299-70238299 5:70942472-70942472
10 SMN1 SMN1, DELdeletion Pathogenic 39514
11 SMN1 deletion Pathogenic 431179 rs1554082110 5:70241892-70242002 5:70946065-70946175
12 SMN1 NM_022874.2(SMN1):c.397_398AG[1] (p.Glu134fs)short repeat Pathogenic 634947 5:70238308-70238311 5:70942481-70942484
13 SMN1 NM_000344.3(SMN1):c.724-2A>GSNV Pathogenic 634942 rs1561500842 5:70241891-70241891 5:70946064-70946064
14 SMN2 NM_017411.3(SMN2):c.859G>C (p.Gly287Arg)SNV Pathogenic,risk factor 7962 rs121909192 5:69372372-69372372 5:70076545-70076545
15 SMN1 NM_000344.3(SMN1):c.785G>T (p.Ser262Ile)SNV Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic 9165 rs1554066659 5:70241954-70241954 5:70946127-70946127
16 SMN1 NM_000344.3(SMN1):c.821C>T (p.Thr274Ile)SNV Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity 9164 rs1554066666 5:70241990-70241990 5:70946163-70946163
17 SMN1 NM_000344.3(SMN1):c.278A>C (p.Lys93Thr)SNV Uncertain significance 638580 5:70238189-70238189 5:70942362-70942362

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii:

73
# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 SMN1 p.Ala2Gly VAR_005615 rs75030631
2 SMN1 p.Ser262Ile VAR_005616 rs75660264
3 SMN1 p.Thr274Ile VAR_005618 rs76871093
4 SMN1 p.Gly275Ser VAR_005619 rs77301881
5 SMN1 p.Gly279Cys VAR_007990 rs77969175
6 SMN1 p.Pro245Leu VAR_010051 rs75586164
7 SMN1 p.Asp44Val VAR_034804 rs104893931
8 SMN1 p.Gly95Arg VAR_034805 rs104893927
9 SMN1 p.Ser262Gly VAR_034809 rs104893932

Expression for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii.

Pathways for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

Pathways related to Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
10.75 SMAD5 SMAD1
2 10.65 SMAD5 SMAD1
3 10.5 SMAD5 SMAD1
4 10.07 SMAD5 SMAD1
5 9.66 SMAD5 SMAD1

GO Terms for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

Cellular components related to Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 protein-containing complex GO:0032991 9.83 TUBB SMAD5 SMAD1 SERF1B SERF1A
2 SMN-Sm protein complex GO:0034719 9.4 SMN2 SMN1
3 transcription factor TFIIH holo complex GO:0005675 9.37 GTF2H2C GTF2H2
4 cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein granule GO:0036464 9.33 TUBB SMN2 SMN1
5 Gemini of coiled bodies GO:0097504 9.32 SMN2 SMN1
6 SMN complex GO:0032797 9.26 SMN2 SMN1
7 transcription factor TFIIH core complex GO:0000439 8.96 GTF2H2C GTF2H2
8 SMAD protein complex GO:0071141 8.62 SMAD5 SMAD1

Biological processes related to Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 nervous system development GO:0007399 9.65 SMN2 SMN1 SERF1B SERF1A NAIP
2 spliceosomal snRNP assembly GO:0000387 9.43 SMN2 SMN1
3 spliceosomal complex assembly GO:0000245 9.4 SMN2 SMN1
4 embryonic pattern specification GO:0009880 9.37 SMAD5 SMAD1
5 import into nucleus GO:0051170 9.32 SMN2 SMN1
6 amyloid fibril formation GO:1990000 9.16 SERF1B SERF1A
7 DNA-templated transcription, termination GO:0006353 8.96 SMN2 SMN1
8 positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter involved in cellular response to chemical stimulus GO:1901522 8.62 SMAD5 SMAD1

Molecular functions related to Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 DEAD/H-box RNA helicase binding GO:0017151 8.96 SMAD5 SMAD1
2 transforming growth factor beta receptor, pathway-specific cytoplasmic mediator activity GO:0030618 8.62 SMAD5 SMAD1

Sources for Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type Iii

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
50 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM
57 OMIM via Orphanet
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 TGDB
70 Tocris
71 UMLS
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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