Status Epilepticus (SE)

Categories: Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Status Epilepticus

MalaCards integrated aliases for Status Epilepticus:

Name: Status Epilepticus 12 52 29 54 6 43 15 17 71 32
Grand Mal Status Epilepticus 71 32
Generalized Convulsive Status Epilepticus 52
Grand Mal Status 12
Gcse 52
Se 52


External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:1824
MeSH 43 D013226
NCIt 49 C85079
SNOMED-CT 67 13973009
ICD10 32 G41 G41.0 G41.9
UMLS 71 C0038220 C0311335

Summaries for Status Epilepticus

MalaCards based summary : Status Epilepticus, also known as grand mal status epilepticus, is related to febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome and lennox-gastaut syndrome, and has symptoms including seizures and symptomatic seizures. An important gene associated with Status Epilepticus is GALC (Galactosylceramidase), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Circadian entrainment and Neuropathic Pain-Signaling in Dorsal Horn Neurons. The drugs Oxcarbazepine and Carbamazepine have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, temporal lobe and cortex, and related phenotypes are behavior/neurological and growth/size/body region

Wikipedia : 74 Status epilepticus (SE) is a single epileptic seizure lasting more than five minutes or two or more... more...

Related Diseases for Status Epilepticus

Diseases related to Status Epilepticus via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 783)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome 34.7 SCN1A POLG PCDH19
2 lennox-gastaut syndrome 33.4 SCN1A POLG PCDH19 GRIN2B
3 epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 6 33.4 SCN1A PVALB PCDH19 LGI1 GRIN2B
4 early myoclonic encephalopathy 31.4 SCN1A POLG PCDH19
5 brain injury 31.3 GFAP ENO2 BDNF
6 limbic encephalitis 31.3 LGI1 GRIN2B GRIA1
7 creutzfeldt-jakob disease 31.3 PVALB GFAP ENO2 BDNF
8 traumatic brain injury 31.2 GFAP ENO2 BDNF
9 temporal lobe epilepsy 31.1 SCN1A PVALB NTRK2 NPY LGI1 GRIN2B
10 epilepsy, idiopathic generalized 31.0 SCN1A PVALB POLG PCDH19 LGI1
11 epilepsy 30.8 SCN1A PVALB POLG PCDH19 NPY LGI1
12 west syndrome 30.8 SCN1A PVALB POLG PCDH19 NTRK2 GRIN2B
13 depression 30.8 GRIA2 GRIA1 BDNF
14 amnestic disorder 30.8 LGI1 GRIN2B GRIA1 FOS BDNF
15 benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes 30.7 SCN1A PCDH19 LGI1 BDNF
16 hydrocephalus 30.6 NPY GFAP ENO2 BDNF
17 childhood absence epilepsy 30.6 SCN1A PVALB PCDH19 LGI1
18 toxic encephalopathy 30.6 GRIN2B GRIA1 GFAP BDNF
19 migraine with or without aura 1 30.6 SCN1A POLG NPY GRIN2B FOS BDNF
20 focal epilepsy 30.5 SCN1A PVALB PCDH19 NPY LGI1 GRIN2B
21 dystonia 30.5 PVALB POLG NPY GRIN2B BDNF
22 ganglioglioma 30.5 PVALB NTRK2 GFAP ENO2
23 electroclinical syndrome 30.5 SCN1A PVALB POLG PCDH19 LGI1
24 anxiety 30.5 NTRK2 NPY GRIN2B BDNF
25 mental depression 30.4 NTRK2 GRIN2B GRIA1 BDNF
26 psychotic disorder 30.3 PVALB GRIN2B GRIA1 BDNF
27 fragile x syndrome 30.3 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1 BDNF
28 generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus 30.2 SCN1A PVALB PCDH19 LGI1
29 autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy 30.2 SCN1A PCDH19 LGI1
30 attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder 30.1 NTRK2 NPY GRIN2B FOS BDNF
31 retrograde amnesia 30.1 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1 FOS BDNF
32 optic nerve disease 30.0 POLG LGI1 JUN GFAP BDNF
33 bipolar disorder 30.0 PVALB POLG NTRK2 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1
34 obsessive-compulsive disorder 30.0 NTRK2 NPY GRIN2B GRIA2 BDNF
35 early infantile epileptic encephalopathy 29.9 SCN1A PVALB POLG PCDH19 LGI1 GRIN2B
36 major depressive disorder 29.8 NTRK2 NPY GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1 BDNF
37 alzheimer disease 29.5 PVALB NTRK2 NPY JUN GRIN2B GRIA2
38 autism spectrum disorder 29.4 SCN1A PCDH19 NPY GRIN2B GFAP GABRA4
39 schizophrenia 29.3 PVALB NTRK2 NPY GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1
40 autism 29.2 SCN1A PCDH19 NTRK2 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1
41 neuroblastoma 29.2 NTRK2 NPY LGI1 JUN GFAP GAP43
42 new-onset refractory status epilepticus 13.0
43 acute encephalopathy with inflammation-mediated status epilepticus 12.6
44 ring chromosome 20 11.8
45 epilepsy, pyridoxine-dependent 11.8
46 epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 68 11.8
47 progressive myoclonus epilepsy, lafora type 11.8
48 benign childhood occipital epilepsy, panayiotopoulos type 11.7
49 mitochondrial dna depletion syndrome 4a 11.7
50 malignant migrating partial seizures of infancy 11.7

Comorbidity relations with Status Epilepticus via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN): (show all 17)

Acute Cystitis Alzheimer Disease
Bronchitis Cerebral Atherosclerosis
Decubitus Ulcer Deficiency Anemia
Encephalopathy Epilepsy, Focal, with Speech Disorder and with or Without Mental Retardation
Familial Atrial Fibrillation Heart Disease
Hypertension, Essential Hypothyroidism
Protein-Energy Malnutrition Respiratory Failure
Schizophreniform Disorder Swallowing Disorders
Transient Cerebral Ischemia

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Status Epilepticus:

Diseases related to Status Epilepticus

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Status Epilepticus

UMLS symptoms related to Status Epilepticus:

seizures, symptomatic seizures

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Status Epilepticus:

# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 behavior/neurological MP:0005386 10.41 BDNF CALB1 ENO2 FOS GABRA4 GALC
2 growth/size/body region MP:0005378 10.28 BDNF ENO2 FOS GALC GAP43 GFAP
3 nervous system MP:0003631 10.26 BDNF CALB1 ENO2 FOS GABRA4 GALC
4 cellular MP:0005384 10.21 BDNF ENO2 FOS GALC GAP43 GFAP
5 mortality/aging MP:0010768 10.17 BDNF FOS GALC GAP43 GFAP GRIA2
6 hearing/vestibular/ear MP:0005377 9.85 BDNF CALB1 FOS GRIA2 NTRK2 POLG
7 no phenotypic analysis MP:0003012 9.76 BDNF GABRA4 GRIA1 GRIA2 GRIN2B JUN
8 normal MP:0002873 9.73 BDNF CALB1 FOS GABRA4 GFAP GRIA1
9 vision/eye MP:0005391 9.28 BDNF FOS GALC GAP43 GFAP JUN

Drugs & Therapeutics for Status Epilepticus

Drugs for Status Epilepticus (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 118)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
Oxcarbazepine Approved Phase 4 28721-07-5 34312
Carbamazepine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 298-46-4 2554
Cisatracurium Approved Phase 4 96946-41-7
Atracurium Approved, Experimental, Investigational Phase 4 64228-79-1 47319
5 Tranquilizing Agents Phase 4
6 Sodium Channel Blockers Phase 4
7 Psychotropic Drugs Phase 4
8 Antimanic Agents Phase 4
9 Diuretics, Potassium Sparing Phase 4
10 Central Nervous System Depressants Phase 4
11 Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inducers Phase 4
12 Analgesics Phase 4
13 Neuromuscular Agents Phase 4
14 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 4
15 Neuromuscular Blocking Agents Phase 4
16 Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents Phase 4
17 Cholinergic Agents Phase 4
18 Cholinergic Antagonists Phase 4
Paraldehyde Approved, Investigational Phase 3 123-63-7 31264
Topiramate Approved Phase 3 97240-79-4 5284627
gamma-Aminobutyric acid Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 56-12-2 119
Valproic acid Approved, Investigational Phase 3 99-66-1 3121
Fosphenytoin Approved, Investigational Phase 3 93390-81-9 56339
Clonazepam Approved, Illicit Phase 3 1622-61-3 2802
Propofol Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 3 2078-54-8 4943
Thiopental Approved, Vet_approved Phase 3 76-75-5 3000715
Diazepam Approved, Illicit, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 2, Phase 3 439-14-5 3016
Pentobarbital Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 3 76-74-4 4737
Acetazolamide Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2, Phase 3 59-66-5 1986
Clobazam Approved, Illicit Phase 3 22316-47-8 2789
Carvedilol Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 72956-09-3 2585
Aspartic acid Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 2, Phase 3 56-84-8 5960
Glutamic acid Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 2, Phase 3 56-86-0 33032
Calcium Approved, Nutraceutical Phase 2, Phase 3 7440-70-2 271
35 Hypoglycemic Agents Phase 3
36 Soy Bean Phase 2, Phase 3
37 N-Methylaspartate Phase 2, Phase 3
38 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
39 Antiemetics Phase 2, Phase 3
40 Anti-Anxiety Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
41 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
42 Autonomic Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
43 Immunologic Factors Phase 2, Phase 3
44 Adjuvants, Anesthesia Phase 3
45 Natriuretic Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
46 Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors Phase 2, Phase 3
47 diuretics Phase 2, Phase 3
48 GABA-A Receptor Agonists Phase 3
49 GABA Agonists Phase 3
50 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 2, Phase 3

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 110)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Effect of Carbamazepine and Oxcarbazepine on Serum Neuron-specific Enolase and S100B in Focal Seizures Completed NCT02705768 Phase 4 Carbamazepine;Oxcarbazepine
2 The Study of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of a Loading Dose Cisatracurium in Critically Ill Patients Completed NCT03337373 Phase 4 cisatracurium
3 Levetiracetam Versus Phenytoin in Management of Pediatric Status Epilepticus: a Randomized Clinical Trial Recruiting NCT04176887 Phase 4 Levetiracetam Injection;Phenytoin Injection
4 Efficacy of Low Glycemic Index Diet Therapy in Children With Refractory Epilepsy - A Randomized Controlled Trial Unknown status NCT01645072 Phase 3
5 Refractory Status Epilepticus: Plasmatic Levels Monitorization Utility Completed NCT01586208 Phase 3 valproic acid (VPA)
6 Comparison Between Lorazepam, Clonazepam and Clonazepam + Fosphenytoin for the Treatment of Out-of-hospital Generalized Status Epilepticus in Adults Patients Completed NCT01870024 Phase 3 Clonazepam;Fosphenytoin;Placebo;Lorazepam
7 A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of SAGE-547 Injection in the Treatment of Subjects With Super-Refractory Status Epilepticus Completed NCT02477618 Phase 3 SAGE-547;Placebo
8 Efficiency of Levetiracetam Intravenous in Association With Clonazepam Versus Clonazepam Alone in Prehospital Care of Generalised Tonicoclonic Status Epilepticus Completed NCT01150331 Phase 3 Levetiracetam/Clonazepam;Clonazepam/Placebo levetiracetam IV
9 Phase III Randomized Study of Diazepam Vs Lorazepam Vs Placebo for Prehospital Treatment of Status Epilepticus Completed NCT00004297 Phase 3 diazepam;lorazepam
10 A Multi-center, Open-label, Non-controlled Study To Evaluate The Efficacy And Safety Of Lorazepam Intravenously Administered In Subjects With Status Epilepticus Or Repetitive Status Epilepticus Completed NCT02239380 Phase 3 Lorazepam
11 A Randomised Trial to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Intranasal Lorazepam and Intramuscular Paraldehyde in the Treatment of Convulsions in Children Completed NCT00116064 Phase 3 intranasal lorazepam;intramuscular paraldehyde
12 Intra-Nasal vs. Intra-Venous Lorazepam for Control of Acute Seizures in Children: Prospective Open Labeled Randomized Equivalence Trial Completed NCT00735527 Phase 3 Lorazepam;Lorazepam
13 Evaluation of the Interests of a Therapeutic Hypothermia Procedure in Convulsive Status EPILEPTICUS in Adults in Intensive Care - HYBERNATUS Study Completed NCT01359332 Phase 3
14 The Study of NPC-06 - Investigation of Safety, Efficacy and Pharmacokinetics of Fosphenytoin Completed NCT00908453 Phase 3 fosphenytoin
15 Use Of Lorazepam For The Treatment Of Pediatric Status Epilepticus: A Randomized, Double-Blinded Trial Of Lorazepam And Diazepam Completed NCT00621478 Phase 2, Phase 3 lorazepam or diazepam
16 A Double-blind Randomized Clinical Trial of the Efficacy of IM Midazolam Versus IV Lorazepam in the Pre-hospital Treatment of Status Epilepticus by Paramedics Completed NCT00809146 Phase 3 Intramuscular route of active treatment;Intravenous route of active treatment
17 Childhood Convulsive Status Epilepticus - In Search Of Optimal Drug Management In A Resource Limited Setting Completed NCT03650270 Phase 3 Phenobarbital
18 Internet Administration of the Modified Atkins Diet for Adults With Intractable Epilepsy Completed NCT00436631 Phase 3
19 Single Center TOPAMAX� (Topiramate) Monotherapy Trial in Subjects With Refractory Partial Onset Seizures Completed NCT00266591 Phase 3 topiramate
20 Evaluation Of The Efficacy Of The Modified Atkins Diet In Children With Refractory Epilepsy: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Completed NCT00836836 Phase 2, Phase 3
21 Efficacy of Ketamine in Refractory Convulsive Status Epilepticus in Children: a Multicenter, Randomized, Controlled, Open-label, No-profit, With Sequential Design Study. Recruiting NCT02431663 Phase 3 Ketamine
22 A Phase 3, Multicenter, Open-label Study to Determine the Efficacy, Safety, and Pharmacokinetics of Buccally Administered MHOS/SHP615 in Pediatric Patients With Status Epilepticus (Convulsive) in the Hospital or Emergency Room Recruiting NCT03336645 Phase 3 SHP615
23 A Phase 3, Multicenter, Open-label Extension Study of Buccally Administered MHOS/SHP615 in Pediatric Patients With Status Epilepticus (Convulsive) in Community Settings Recruiting NCT03336450 Phase 3 SHP615;MHOS/SHP615
24 Efficacy of Ketamine Infusion Compared With Traditional Anti-epileptic Agents in Refractory Status Epilepticus- a Pilot Study Recruiting NCT03115489 Phase 2, Phase 3 Traditional Treatment (Group T);Ketamine Infusion (Group K)
25 Voices of Patients' Relatives to Support Weaning From Mechanical Ventilation in Patients With Severe Brain Injury - VOICE-WEANING, a Randomized Clinical Trial Recruiting NCT03795623 Phase 2, Phase 3
26 A Multicenter, Randomized, Blinded, Comparative Effectiveness Study of Fosphenytoin, Valproic Acid, or Levetiracetam in the Emergency Department Treatment of Patients With Benzodiazepine-refractory Status Epilepticus. Active, not recruiting NCT01960075 Phase 3 Fosphenytoin;Levetiracetam;Valproic acid
27 A Randomized Clinical Trial for the Treatment of Refractory Status Epilepticus Terminated NCT00265616 Phase 3 propofol;thiopental/pentobarbital
28 Non-inferiority Prospective Randomized Trial of Acetazolamide Versus Diazepam in Patients With Continuous Spike and Wave in Sleep (CSWS)/Landau Kleffner Syndrome (LKS) Terminated NCT02904265 Phase 2, Phase 3 Diazepam;Acetazolamide
29 Buccal, Intranasal or Intravenous Lorazepam for the Treatment of Acute Convulsions in Children in Blantyre, Malawi: a Randomized Trial Terminated NCT00343096 Phase 3 Lorazepam
30 A Phase III, Randomized, Open Label, Single Center, Study on the Effects of Treatment of Epilepsia Partialis Continua With Clobazam Compared to Treatment With or in Addition to Lorazepam and/or Clonazepam Terminated NCT02134366 Phase 3 Clobazam;Clonazepam;Lorazepam
31 An Open-label Pilot Study Using Carvedilol-CR as a P-glycoprotein Inhibitor as Adjunct Therapy in the Treatment of Medically-refractory Epilepsy Terminated NCT00524134 Phase 2, Phase 3 Carvedilol-CR
32 Evaluation of Efficacy and Safety of Levetiracetam, Lacosamide and Ketamine as Adjunctive Treatment of Refractory Status Epilepticus Withdrawn NCT02726867 Phase 3 levetiracetam;lacosamide;Ketamine;Phenobarbital
33 Safety and Tolerability of Add-on Levetiracetam in Status Epilepticus Unknown status NCT00362141 Phase 2 levetiracetam (add-on)
34 Treatment of Nodding Syndrome - A Randomized Blinded Placebo-Controlled Crossover Trial of Oral Pyridoxine and Conventional Anti-Epileptic Therapy, in Northern Uganda — 2012 Unknown status NCT01730313 Phase 2 Pyridoxine;Sodium Valproate;Phenytoin;Placebo
35 Levetiracetam Versus Sodium Valproate in Children With Refractory Generalized Convulsive Status Epilepticus : An Open Randomized Study Completed NCT02920060 Phase 2 Intravenous levetiracetam;Sodium valproate
36 An Open-label Study to Evaluate the Safety, Efficacy, and Pharmacokinetics of SAGE-547 Injection as Adjunctive Therapy for the Treatment of Super-Refractory Status Epilepticus Completed NCT02052739 Phase 1, Phase 2 SAGE-547
37 Open-label, Single-arm, Multi-center, Pharmacokinetic, Safety and Tolerability Study of Levetiracetam Intravenous Infusion in Children (4 - 16 Years Old) With Epilepsy. Completed NCT00535392 Phase 2 Levetiracetam
38 Open-label, Single-arm, Multi-center, Pharmacokinetic, Safety and Tolerability Study of Levetiracetam Intravenous Infusion in Children (1 Month- 4 Years Old) With Epilepsy Completed NCT00505934 Phase 2 Levetiracetam
39 Impact of microEEG on Clinical Management and Outcomes of Emergency Department (ED) Patients With Altered Mental Status Completed NCT01671475 Phase 2
40 Phenobarbital Versus Valproate for Generalized Convulsive Status Epilepticus in Adults: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial in China Recruiting NCT03025906 Phase 2 Phenobarbital;Valproate
41 A Double-Blind Randomized, Placebo Controlled Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, Efficacy, and Pharmacokinetics of Intravenous Ganaxolone as Adjunctive Therapy to Treat Subjects With Status Epilepticus Recruiting NCT03350035 Phase 2 Ganaxolone;Placebo
42 An Open-label Non-randomized Phase IIa Trial to Evaluate Safety of Early Intervention in Asymptomatic Subarachnoid Neurocysticercosis Not yet recruiting NCT03950037 Phase 2 Albendazole
43 Intravenous Levetiracetam as First-line Anticonvulsive Treatment in Patients With Non-convulsive Status Epilepticus Withdrawn NCT00603135 Phase 2 first-line i/v-levetiracetam
44 Use of Lorazepam for the Treatment of Status Epilepticus Completed NCT00114569 Phase 1 lorazepam
45 High Definition Cathodal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Treatment of Refractory Partial Onset Epilepsy Completed NCT02264652 Phase 1
46 Administration of Autologous CAR-T Cells Targeting the CD19 Antigen and Containing the Inducible caspase9 Safety Switch in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Recruiting NCT03016377 Phase 1 Rimiducid;Cyclophosphamide;Fludarabine
47 Safety and Efficacy of Intravenous Valproate in Pediatric Status Epilepticus and Acute Repetitive Seizures Unknown status NCT01268904 Valproate
48 Management of Non Convulsive Status Epilepticus Unknown status NCT03245099
49 A Multi-center Clinical Study of Children With Status Epilepticus in China Unknown status NCT03378687
50 Assessment of Severity and Prognosis for Patients With Status Epileptics Unknown status NCT02269137

Search NIH Clinical Center for Status Epilepticus

Inferred drug relations via UMLS 71 / NDF-RT 50 :

Amobarbital Sodium
Fosphenytoin sodium
Midazolam Hydrochloride
Pentobarbital Sodium

Cochrane evidence based reviews: status epilepticus

Genetic Tests for Status Epilepticus

Genetic tests related to Status Epilepticus:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Status Epilepticus 29

Anatomical Context for Status Epilepticus

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Status Epilepticus:

Brain, Temporal Lobe, Cortex, Liver, Amygdala, Heart, Kidney

Publications for Status Epilepticus

Articles related to Status Epilepticus:

(show top 50) (show all 11769)
# Title Authors PMID Year
POLG DNA testing as an emerging standard of care before instituting valproic acid therapy for pediatric seizure disorders. 54 61
20138553 2010
Vascular changes in epilepsy: functional consequences and association with network plasticity in pilocarpine-induced experimental epilepsy. 54 61
20004712 2010
The unfolding clinical spectrum of POLG mutations. 54 61
19578034 2009
Elevated serum neuron-specific enolase in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy: a video-EEG study. 54 61
18595663 2008
Homozygous W748S mutation in the POLG1 gene in patients with juvenile-onset Alpers syndrome and status epilepticus. 54 61
18294203 2008
Cyclophosphamide for anti-GAD antibody-positive refractory status epilepticus. 54 61
18177354 2008
Nuclear factor-kappa B regulates seizure threshold and gene transcription following convulsant stimulation. 54 61
17727632 2007
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-induced synthesis of early growth response factor 3 (Egr3) controls the levels of type A GABA receptor alpha 4 subunits in hippocampal neurons. 54 61
16901909 2006
Histone modifications in status epilepticus induced by kainate. 54 61
16598677 2006
Activation of the cannabinoid type-1 receptor mediates the anticonvulsant properties of cannabinoids in the hippocampal neuronal culture models of acquired epilepsy and status epilepticus. 54 61
16469864 2006
Egr3 stimulation of GABRA4 promoter activity as a mechanism for seizure-induced up-regulation of GABA(A) receptor alpha4 subunit expression. 54 61
16091474 2005
Reciprocal changes of CD44 and GAP-43 expression in the dentate gyrus inner molecular layer after status epilepticus in mice. 54 61
15191797 2004
Use of neuron-specific enolase for assessing the severity and outcome in patients with neurological disorders. 54 61
14689039 2004
Transient downregulation of Sema3A mRNA in a rat model for temporal lobe epilepsy. A novel molecular event potentially contributing to mossy fiber sprouting. 54 61
12821384 2003
Serum neuron-specific enolase in children with febrile seizures: time profile and prognostic implications. 54 61
12767459 2003
Normal CSF neuron-specific enolase and S-100 protein levels in patients with recent non-complicated tonic-clonic seizures. 54 61
11166790 2001
Knockdown of AMPA receptor GluR2 expression causes delayed neurodegeneration and increases damage by sublethal ischemia in hippocampal CA1 and CA3 neurons. 54 61
10531425 1999
Serum neuron-specific enolase in the major subtypes of status epilepticus. 54 61
10078721 1999
Status epilepticus increases CSF levels of neuron-specific enolase and alters the blood-brain barrier. 54 61
9595992 1998
Selective reduction of GluR2 protein in adult hippocampal CA3 neurons following status epilepticus but prior to cell loss. 54 61
9825961 1998
Serum NSE in status epilepticus. 54 61
8649598 1996
The GluR2 hypothesis: Ca(++)-permeable AMPA receptors in delayed neurodegeneration. 54 61
9246466 1996
Serum neuron-specific enolase in human status epilepticus. 54 61
7783877 1995
Is c-Jun involved in nerve cell death following status epilepticus and hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury? 54 61
8326831 1993
Optimal concentration of necrostatin-1 for protecting against hippocampal neuronal damage in mice with status epilepticus. 61
31719260 2020
Reversible splenial lesion in a patient with new-onset refractory status epilepticus (NORSE). 61
31909228 2020
Tocilizumab in pediatric refractory status epilepticus and acute epilepsy: Experience in two patients. 61
31935626 2020
Admission patterns and survival from status epilepticus in critical care in the UK: an analysis of the Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre Case Mix Programme database. 61
31621142 2020
Anesthesia for Neurosurgical Emergencies. 61
32008658 2020
Isobolographic Analysis of Antiseizure Activity of the GABA Type A Receptor-Modulating Synthetic Neurosteroids Brexanolone and Ganaxolone with Tiagabine and Midazolam. 61
31843812 2020
Encephalopathy related to status epilepticus during slow sleep (ESES) as atypical evolution of Panayiotopoulos syndrome: an EEG and neuropsychological study. 61
32020894 2020
Genetic and molecular basis of epilepsy-related cognitive dysfunction. 61
32028124 2020
Diapocynin, an NADPH oxidase inhibitor, counteracts diisopropylfluorophosphate-induced long-term neurotoxicity in the rat model. 61
32037612 2020
Delayed midazolam dose effects against soman in male and female plasma carboxylesterase knockout mice. 61
32027397 2020
Epidemiology of status epilepticus in adults: Apples, pears, and oranges - A critical review. 61
31902646 2020
Importance of understanding the real cause of death in status epilepticus. 61
31874732 2020
Status Epilepticus Increases Cell Proliferation and Neurogenesis in the Developing Rat Cerebellum. 61
31656012 2020
Treatment of status epilepticus in children: where in the world are we now? 61
31922270 2020
Factors affecting mortality of refractory status epilepticus. 61
31550052 2020
Early seizures after ischemic stroke: focus on thrombolysis. 61
30915936 2020
Ketamine Infusion for Super Refractory Status Epilepticus in Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood. 61
32016945 2020
CB2R orchestrates neuronal autophagy through regulation of the mTOR signaling pathway in the hippocampus of developing rats with status epilepticus. 61
31894322 2020
Limitations for using secondary data and death certificate to identify causes of death in patients with status epilepticus. 61
31932180 2020
Neuroprognostication Practices in Postcardiac Arrest Patients: An International Survey of Critical Care Providers. 61
31939809 2020
Cardiorespiratory depression from brainstem seizure activity in freely moving rats. 61
31669732 2020
Diagnostic evaluation and management of seizures and status epilepticus in children with known epilepsy or new-onset seizures: A retrospective and comparative analysis. 61
31964545 2020
Capsaicin Exerts Anti-convulsant and Neuroprotective Effects in Pentylenetetrazole-Induced Seizures. 61
32036609 2020
Breakdown of spatial coding and interneuron synchronization in epileptic mice. 61
31907437 2020
Human Herpesvirus-6 may be Neurologically Injurious in Some Immunocompetent Children. 61
31635508 2020
Archivist: Benzodiazepine-refractory status epilepticus. 61
31900249 2020

Variations for Status Epilepticus

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Status Epilepticus:

6 ‎‎ ‎‎
# Gene Name Type Significance ClinVarId dbSNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 GALC NM_000153.4(GALC):c.850G>A (p.Gly284Ser)SNV Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic 374024 rs377274761 14:88434737-88434737 14:87968393-87968393
2 GALC NM_000153.4(GALC):c.196G>A (p.Ala66Thr)SNV Likely pathogenic 374023 rs1057518843 14:88454867-88454867 14:87988523-87988523

Expression for Status Epilepticus

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Status Epilepticus.

Pathways for Status Epilepticus

Pathways related to Status Epilepticus according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 15)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
Show member pathways
Show member pathways
Show member pathways
Show member pathways
Show member pathways
12 11.26 JUN FOS CALB1
14 10.69 NTRK2 BDNF
15 10.59 JUN FOS

GO Terms for Status Epilepticus

Cellular components related to Status Epilepticus according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 14)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cell junction GO:0030054 9.98 NTRK2 LGI1 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1 GAP43
2 neuron projection GO:0043005 9.91 GRIN2B GRIA1 GABRA4 FOS CALB1
3 neuronal cell body GO:0043025 9.89 SCN1A PVALB GRIA1 ENO2 CALB1
4 postsynaptic density GO:0014069 9.8 NTRK2 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1 GAP43
5 dendritic spine GO:0043197 9.78 NTRK2 GRIA2 GRIA1 CALB1
6 GABA-ergic synapse GO:0098982 9.71 GAP43 GABRA4 CALB1
7 postsynaptic membrane GO:0045211 9.65 NTRK2 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1 GABRA4
8 axon GO:0030424 9.63 SCN1A PVALB NTRK2 GAP43 CALB1 BDNF
9 postsynapse GO:0098794 9.62 GRIA2 GRIA1 GABRA4 CALB1
10 postsynaptic density membrane GO:0098839 9.54 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1
11 cuticular plate GO:0032437 9.52 PVALB CALB1
12 dendrite GO:0030425 9.5 TRAK1 NTRK2 GRIA2 GRIA1 GAP43 CALB1
13 transcription factor AP-1 complex GO:0035976 9.46 JUN FOS
14 synapse GO:0045202 9.28 NTRK2 NPY LGI1 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1

Biological processes related to Status Epilepticus according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 13)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 nervous system development GO:0007399 9.91 NTRK2 LGI1 GAP43 FOS BDNF
2 regulation of postsynaptic membrane potential GO:0060078 9.61 GRIA2 GRIA1 GABRA4
3 long-term synaptic potentiation GO:0060291 9.58 NTRK2 GRIN2B GFAP
4 chemical synaptic transmission GO:0007268 9.55 NPY GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1 GABRA4
5 central nervous system neuron development GO:0021954 9.52 NTRK2 NPY
6 synaptic transmission, glutamatergic GO:0035249 9.5 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1
7 regulation of postsynaptic cytosolic calcium ion concentration GO:0099566 9.49 GRIA1 CALB1
8 neuronal action potential propagation GO:0019227 9.48 SCN1A NTRK2
9 positive regulation of non-membrane spanning protein tyrosine kinase activity GO:1903997 9.46 NTRK2 BDNF
10 regulation of NMDA receptor activity GO:2000310 9.43 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1
11 brain-derived neurotrophic factor receptor signaling pathway GO:0031547 9.37 NTRK2 BDNF
12 ionotropic glutamate receptor signaling pathway GO:0035235 9.13 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1
13 modulation of chemical synaptic transmission GO:0050804 8.92 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1 BDNF

Molecular functions related to Status Epilepticus according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 amyloid-beta binding GO:0001540 9.58 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1
2 ligand-gated ion channel activity GO:0015276 9.5 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1
3 glutamate receptor activity GO:0008066 9.43 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1
4 AMPA glutamate receptor activity GO:0004971 9.37 GRIA2 GRIA1
5 ion channel activity GO:0005216 9.35 SCN1A GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1 GABRA4
6 ionotropic glutamate receptor activity GO:0004970 9.33 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1
7 transmitter-gated ion channel activity involved in regulation of postsynaptic membrane potential GO:1904315 8.92 GRIN2B GRIA2 GRIA1 GABRA4

Sources for Status Epilepticus

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
37 LifeMap
41 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
54 Novoseek
57 OMIM via Orphanet
61 PubMed
70 Tocris
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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