Swallowing Disorders

Categories: Gastrointestinal diseases, Neuronal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Swallowing Disorders

MalaCards integrated aliases for Swallowing Disorders:

Name: Swallowing Disorders 53 42
Deglutition Disorders 70


External Ids:

UMLS 70 C0011168

Summaries for Swallowing Disorders

NINDS : 53 Having trouble swallowing (dysphagia) is a symptom that accompanies a number of neurological disorders. The problem can occur at any stage of the normal swallowing process as food and liquid move from the mouth, down the back of the throat, through the esophagus and into the stomach. Difficulties can range from a total inability to swallow, to coughing or choking because the food or liquid is entering the windpipe, which is referred to as aspiration. When aspiration is frequent a person can be at risk of developing pneumonia. Food may get "stuck" in the throat or individuals may drool because they cannot swallow their saliva. Neurological conditions that can cause swallowing difficulties are: stroke (the most common cause of dysphagia); traumatic brain injury; cerebral palsy; Parkinson disease and other degenerative neurological disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease), multiple sclerosis, progressive supranuclear palsy, Huntington disease, and myasthenia gravis. Muscular dystrophy and myotonic dystrophy are accompanied by dysphagia, which is also the cardinal symptom of oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy, a rare, progressive genetic disorder.

MalaCards based summary : Swallowing Disorders, also known as deglutition disorders, is related to traumatic brain injury and dysphagia, and has symptoms including seizures, nausea and vomiting and constipation. The drugs Remifentanil and Acetaminophen have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include tongue, spinal cord and cortex.

MedlinePlus : 42 If you have a swallowing disorder, you may have difficulty or pain when swallowing. Some people cannot swallow at all. Others may have trouble swallowing liquids, foods, or saliva. This makes it hard to eat. Often, it can be difficult to take in enough calories and fluids to nourish your body. Anyone can have a swallowing disorder, but it is more common in older adults. It often happens because of other conditions, including Nervous system disorders, such as Parkinson's disease and cerebral palsy Problems with your esophagus, including GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) Stroke Head or spinal cord injury Cancer of the head, neck, or esophagus Medicines can help some people, while others may need surgery. Swallowing treatment with a speech-language pathologist can help. You may find it helpful to change your diet or hold your head or neck in a certain way when you eat. In very serious cases, people may need feeding tubes. NIH: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Wikipedia : 73 Dysphagia is difficulty in swallowing. Although classified under "symptoms and signs" in ICD-10, in some... more...

Related Diseases for Swallowing Disorders

Diseases related to Swallowing Disorders via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 84)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 traumatic brain injury 10.9
2 dysphagia 10.8
3 aspiration pneumonia 10.4
4 gastroesophageal reflux 10.1
5 neuromuscular disease 10.1
6 aphasia 10.1
7 parkinsonism 10.1
8 cerebral palsy 10.1
9 parkinson disease, late-onset 10.0
10 speech and communication disorders 10.0
11 respiratory failure 10.0
12 myopathy 10.0
13 dystonia 10.0
14 pneumonia 10.0
15 speech disorder 10.0
16 oral cancer 10.0
17 head injury 10.0
18 ocular motor apraxia 9.9
19 pierre robin syndrome 9.9
20 stroke, ischemic 9.9
21 disease by infectious agent 9.9
22 esophageal atresia 9.9
23 dementia 9.9
24 cerebrovascular disease 9.9
25 oropharynx cancer 9.9
26 isolated pierre robin sequence 9.9
27 brain injury 9.9
28 alcohol dependence 9.8
29 autoimmune disease 9.8
30 machado-joseph disease 9.8
31 esophageal cancer 9.8
32 huntington disease 9.8
33 lymphatic malformation 5 9.8
34 oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy 9.8
35 rheumatoid arthritis 9.8
36 schizophrenia 9.8
37 tracheoesophageal fistula with or without esophageal atresia 9.8
38 down syndrome 9.8
39 charge syndrome 9.8
40 multinucleated neurons, anhydramnios, renal dysplasia, cerebellar hypoplasia, and hydranencephaly 9.8
41 sjogren syndrome 9.8
42 tardive dyskinesia 9.8
43 ataxia and polyneuropathy, adult-onset 9.8
44 granulomatosis with polyangiitis 9.8
45 esophagitis, eosinophilic, 1 9.8
46 alacrima, achalasia, and mental retardation syndrome 9.8
47 focal dystonia 9.8
48 oromandibular dystonia 9.8
49 apraxia 9.8
50 muscular disease 9.8

Comorbidity relations with Swallowing Disorders via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN): (show top 50) (show all 59)

Active Peptic Ulcer Disease Acute Cystitis
Acute Kidney Failure Alzheimer Disease
Bronchitis Bronchopneumonia
Cerebral Atherosclerosis Cerebral Degeneration
Cerebrovascular Disease Conjunctivitis
Decubitus Ulcer Deficiency Anemia
Dyskinesia of Esophagus Encephalopathy
Epilepsy, Focal, with Speech Disorder and with or Without Mental Retardation Esophageal Cancer
Esophageal Candidiasis Esophageal Disease
Esophagitis Facial Paralysis
Familial Atrial Fibrillation Generalized Atherosclerosis
Heart Disease Hypertension, Essential
Hypothyroidism Intermittent Claudication
Intracranial Embolism Intracranial Thrombosis
Iron Deficiency Anemia Kidney Disease
Kwashiorkor Larynx Cancer
Major Depressive Disorder Malignant Essential Hypertension
Marasmus Megaesophagus
Neurogenic Bladder Neuromuscular Disease
Nutritional Deficiency Disease Obstructive Hydrocephalus
Ocular Motor Apraxia Oral Candidiasis
Osteoporosis Paralytic Ileus
Parkinson Disease, Late-Onset Peripheral Vascular Disease
Pharyngitis Pharynx Cancer
Progressive Bulbar Palsy Protein-Energy Malnutrition

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Swallowing Disorders:

Diseases related to Swallowing Disorders

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Swallowing Disorders

UMLS symptoms related to Swallowing Disorders:

seizures; nausea and vomiting; constipation; vomiting; abdominal pain; headache; diarrhea; pseudobulbar signs; nausea; dyspepsia; odynophagia; icterus; signs and symptoms, digestive; heartburn; gastrointestinal gas; digestive system symptom; flatulence, eructation, and gas pain; symptoms involving digestive system; other symptoms involving digestive system; pain in esophagus (finding); absent deglutition; swallowing problems; choking sensation; symptom as reason for upper g.i. examination; dysphagia, pharyngeal phase; dysphagia, pharyngoesophageal phase

Drugs & Therapeutics for Swallowing Disorders

Drugs for Swallowing Disorders (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 154)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
Remifentanil Approved Phase 4 132875-61-7 60815
Acetaminophen Approved Phase 4 103-90-2 1983
Oxycodone Approved, Illicit, Investigational Phase 4 76-42-6 5284603
Lisinopril Approved, Investigational Phase 4 83915-83-7, 76547-98-3 5362119
5 Antipyretics Phase 4
6 Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium Phase 4
7 Narcotics Phase 4
8 Analgesics, Opioid Phase 4
9 Analgesics Phase 4
protease inhibitors Phase 4
11 HIV Protease Inhibitors Phase 4
12 Protective Agents Phase 4
13 Cardiotonic Agents Phase 4
14 Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors Phase 4
15 Antihypertensive Agents Phase 4
Fluorouracil Approved Phase 3 51-21-8 3385
Rabeprazole Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 117976-89-3 5029
Acetylcholine Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 51-84-3 187
Ketorolac Approved Phase 3 74103-06-3, 66635-83-4 3826
Dexamethasone Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 3 50-02-2 5743
Dexamethasone acetate Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 3 1177-87-3
Polaprezinc Experimental Phase 3 107667-60-7
23 Neuroprotective Agents Phase 3
24 Immunosuppressive Agents Phase 3
25 Antimetabolites Phase 3
26 Immunologic Factors Phase 3
27 Anesthetics Phase 2, Phase 3
28 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 3
29 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
30 abobotulinumtoxinA Phase 2, Phase 3
31 Cholinergic Agents Phase 2, Phase 3
32 Botulinum Toxins, Type A Phase 2, Phase 3
33 Botulinum Toxins Phase 2, Phase 3
34 Antirheumatic Agents Phase 3
35 Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal Phase 3
36 Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors Phase 3
37 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 3
38 Hormones Phase 3
39 Antiemetics Phase 3
40 Hormone Antagonists Phase 3
41 glucocorticoids Phase 3
42 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Phase 3
43 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 3
Menthol Approved Phase 2 2216-51-5 16666
Lidocaine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2 137-58-6 3676
Modafinil Approved, Investigational Phase 2 68693-11-8 4236
Paclitaxel Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2 33069-62-4 36314
Carboplatin Approved Phase 2 41575-94-4 10339178 498142 38904
Prucalopride Approved Phase 2 179474-81-8
Capsaicin Approved Phase 2 404-86-4 1548943

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 353)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Does Opioid Induced Swallowing Difficulty Lead to Elevated Risk for Pulmonary Aspiration? Completed NCT01495377 Phase 4 Remifentanil;Placebo;Technetium
2 Effect of Pharyngeal Inhibition Induced by Repetitive Transcranial Stimulation in Post Stroke Dysphagia Completed NCT01081444 Phase 4
3 Efficacy of IV vs Oral Administration of Acetaminophen for Pain Control Following Tonsillectomy With or Without Adenoidectomy Completed NCT01721486 Phase 4 IV acetaminophen;PO acetaminophen
4 Evaluation of Two Different Thickening Products in Patients With Dysphagia Completed NCT01651975 Phase 4
5 Neuromuscular Electroestimulation and Respiratory Muscle Training in the Management of Dysphagia of Subacute Stroke Patients Completed NCT02473432 Phase 4
6 Pediatric Dysphagia Outcomes After Injection Laryngoplasty for Type I Laryngeal Cleft Completed NCT01507207 Phase 4
7 Impact of Single Dose Perioperative Steroids on Dysphagia Following Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: A Randomized, Prospective, Double-Blind Study Recruiting NCT03711474 Phase 4 Dexamethasone;Saline
8 Use of Xtampza ER to Overcome Difficulties in Swallowing Opioid Pills Terminated NCT03588806 Phase 4 Xtampza ER (oxycodone)
9 A Randomized Placebo Controlled Trial of Low Dose Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor to Prevent Pneumonia in Older People Who Require Tube Feeding Because of Neurological Dysphagia Terminated NCT02358642 Phase 4 Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (Lisinopril);Placebo
10 Impact of Early Percutaneous Tracheostomy on the Incidence of Swallowing Dysfunction in Critically Ill Patients on Mechanical Ventilation. A Randomized Clinical Trial Unknown status NCT01268423 Phase 3
11 Evaluation of the Effect of the Consumption of a Hypercaloric/Hyperproteic Formula in the Coverage of Nutritional Requirements in Patients With Chewing/Swallowing Problems That Require a Shredded Diet. Unknown status NCT03727191 Phase 3
12 The Comparison of Value of Brachytherapy and Endoscopic Stenting With SEMS in Palliative Treatment of Dysphagia Resulting From Adenocarcinoma of the Esophago-Gastric Junction Unknown status NCT01786278 Phase 2, Phase 3
13 Muscle Preservation and Swallow Function Following Radiotherapy: A Dose Response Study Completed NCT01279837 Phase 2, Phase 3
14 A Randomised Controlled Trial of Dysphagia Therapies for Swallowing Disorders Following Stroke. Completed NCT00257764 Phase 2, Phase 3
15 A Randomized Controlled Trial of NMES vs. Traditional Dysphagia Therapy After Stroke Completed NCT01279824 Phase 2, Phase 3
16 Study for the Evaluation of the Impact of HEPILOR on the Possible Delay in the Development of Dysphagia in Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Adjuvant Radiotherapy on the Breast/Thoracic Wall and Lymph Node Drainage. Completed NCT03997188 Phase 3
17 The Effects of Intraoperative Local and Systemic Corticosteroid Administration on Postoperative Dysphagia After Anterior Cervical Fusion Completed NCT03311425 Phase 3 Methylprednisolone;Dexamethasone
18 A Randomised Phase III Study in Advanced Oesophageal Cancer to Compare Quality of Life and Palliation of Dysphagia in Patients Treated With Radiotherapy vs ChemoRadiotherapy. Completed NCT00193882 Phase 3 Cisplatin;5-Fluorouracil
19 A Randomized, Prospective Trial of Electrosurgical Incision Followed by Rabeprazole Versus Bougie Dilation Followed by Rabeprazole of Symptomatic Lower Esophageal (Schatzki's) Rings Completed NCT00204750 Phase 2, Phase 3
20 Efficacy and Safety of Onabotulinum Toxin A (Botox) Injections in the Upper Esophageal Sphincter for the Treatment of Pharyngo-esophageal Dysphagia Due to Cricopharyngeal Dysfunction- A Randomized Double Blinded Placebo Controlled Trial Not yet recruiting NCT04695600 Phase 2, Phase 3 Botulinum Toxin Type A Injection [Botox]
21 The Effect of Intravenous Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Intravenous Corticosteroids on the Likelihood of Dysphagia and Dysphonia Following Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Not yet recruiting NCT04650893 Phase 3 Intravenous Ketorolac;Intravenous Dexamethasone;Placebo
22 Effect of Intravenous Corticosteroid Injections on Dysphagia After Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: a Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study Terminated NCT02266797 Phase 3 Dexamethasone
23 Evaluation of Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation in Post Stroke Dysphagia Terminated NCT01971320 Phase 3
24 Effectiveness of Acupuncture-like Transcutaneous Nerve Stimulation (ALTENS) in Improving Dysphagia and Associated Symptoms of Chemotherapy and/or Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) for Head and Neck Cancers: A Pilot Study Unknown status NCT01697891 Phase 1, Phase 2
25 Phase 2 Study of rTMS on Poststroke Dysphagia Unknown status NCT02090231 Phase 2
26 Swallowing Rehabilitation of Dysphagic Tracheostomized Patients Under Mechanical Ventilation at Intensive Care Unit Unknown status NCT01496924 Phase 2
27 Effect of Natural Agonists of TRPV1 in the Treatment of Functional Oropharyngeal Dysphagia in Neurological Diseases and the Elderly: Piperine Completed NCT01383694 Phase 1, Phase 2 Piperine
28 Effect of Oral Menthol on the Swallow Response of Patients With Oropharyngeal Dysphagia Associated With Neurological Diseases and Aging Completed NCT03050957 Phase 2
29 Treatment of Dysphagia in Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy by Autologous Transplantation of Myoblasts Completed NCT00773227 Phase 2
30 Effectiveness of a New Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) Treatment Technique (VitalStim® Therapy) in the Management of Young Infants With Severe Dysphagia: a Prospective Pilot Study Completed NCT01723358 Phase 2
31 Phase II Randomized Trial of Prophylactic Manuka Honey for the Reduction of Chemoradiation Therapy Induced Esophagitis-Related Pain During the Treatment of Lung Cancer Completed NCT01262560 Phase 2 Manuka honey in liquid form;Manuka honey in lozenge form;Standard supportive care
32 Efficacy of Functional Electrical Stimulation in Dysphagia of Nasopharyngeal Cancer Post Radiotherapy Completed NCT00815087 Phase 2
33 Treatment of Dysphagia Using the Mendelsohn Maneuver Completed NCT00592761 Phase 1, Phase 2
34 Identifying and Treating Arousal Related Deficits in Neglect and Dysphagia Completed NCT01085903 Phase 2 Modafinil;Placebo
35 Respiratory-Swallow Training in Veterans With Oropharyngeal Cancer Completed NCT01032928 Phase 2
36 Tongue Pressure Profile Training for Dysphagia Post Stroke Completed NCT01370083 Phase 2
37 Pilot Study of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Facilitating Swallowing Improvement After an Acute Unilateral Hemispheric Infarction Completed NCT01132066 Phase 1, Phase 2
38 Swallow Exercise as Prophylaxis of Dysphagia After Radiotherapy Completed NCT00332865 Phase 1, Phase 2
39 A Phase 2 Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Palifermin (Recombinant Human Keratinocyte Growth Factor) in the Reduction of Dysphagia in Patients Receiving Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy Followed by Consolidation Chemotherapy for Locally Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Completed NCT00094861 Phase 2 Palifermin;Placebo;Paclitaxel;Carboplatin
40 Induction of Volitional Swallowing in Chronic Dysphagia Post Stroke: A Novel Mechanism-Based Intervention Completed NCT00306501 Phase 2
41 Effects of Age and Age-Related Diseases on Swallowing Completed NCT00038350 Phase 2
42 Randomized Phase II Trial: Swallowing Speech Pathology Intervention During Radiochemotherapy on Patients With Head and Neck Cancer Completed NCT02075385 Phase 2
43 A Comparison of an Implanted Neuroprosthesis With Sensory Training for Improving Airway Protection in Chronic Dysphagia Completed NCT00376506 Phase 2
44 Effect of Afferent Oropharyngeal Pharmacological and Electrical Stimulation on Swallow Response and on Activation of Human Cortex in Stroke Patients With Oropharyngeal Dysphagia (OD). A Randomized Controlled Trial. Completed NCT01777672 Phase 2
45 Treatment of Dysphagia and Ineffective Esophageal Motility With Prucalopride: A Pilot Study Completed NCT03244553 Phase 2 Prucalopride
46 Impact of Novel Rehabilitative Approaches for Dysphagia in Patients With Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias Recruiting NCT03682081 Phase 2
47 Novel Management of Airway Protection in Parkinson's Disease: A Clinical Trial Recruiting NCT02927691 Phase 2
48 Therapeutic Impact of tDCS on Dysphagia in the Acute Phase of Stroke / Impact thérapeutique de la tDCS Sur la Dysphagie en Phase Aigue de l'Accident Vasculaire cérébral Active, not recruiting NCT01758991 Phase 1, Phase 2
49 Capsaicin for Post-stroke Dysphagia Not yet recruiting NCT04470752 Phase 2 Capsaicin 1% oral solution;InOrpha Solution
50 Randomized Pilot Trial of Chemoradiation Plus or Minus Amifostine to Assess Potential Nutritional, Inflammatory and Physical Outcomes Related to Xerostomia, Mucositis and Dysphagia Terminated NCT00503776 Phase 2 amifostine trihydrate

Search NIH Clinical Center for Swallowing Disorders

Genetic Tests for Swallowing Disorders

Anatomical Context for Swallowing Disorders

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Swallowing Disorders:

Tongue, Spinal Cord, Cortex, Lymph Node, Subthalamic Nucleus, Brain, Breast

Publications for Swallowing Disorders

Articles related to Swallowing Disorders:

(show top 50) (show all 1310)
# Title Authors PMID Year
Effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation associated with swallowing-related muscle training for post-stroke dysphagia: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis. 42
33725989 2021
The modified water swallowing test score is the best predictor of postoperative pneumonia following extubation in cardiovascular surgery: A retrospective cohort study. 42
33530263 2021
An Unusual Cause of Impaired Speech and Swallowing. 42
33637171 2020
Moving Forward with Dysphagia Care: Implementing Strategies during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond. 61
32519150 2021
Surgical rehabilitation of swallowing with polydimethylsiloxane injections after open partial horizontal laryngectomy: Long-term functional results and quality of life. 61
33355954 2021
The Role of Speech-Language Pathologists in Otolaryngology Resident Education. 61
32885990 2021
Visualizing the Esophagus During Modified Barium Swallow Studies: A Systematic Review. 61
33734825 2021
Profiles of polypharmacy in older adults and medication associations with signs of aspiration. 61
33764819 2021
High-Fidelity Simulation Improves Long-Term Knowledge of Clinical Swallow Evaluation. 61
33705671 2021
[Sonography of the prevertebral region in swallowing disorders after cervical interventions]. 61
33445198 2021
Bolus rheology of texture-modified food - effect of degree of modification. 61
33760231 2021
White Paper by the European Society for Swallowing Disorders: Screening and Non-instrumental Assessment for Dysphagia in Adults. 61
33787994 2021
[Diagnosis and treatment of acute ischemic insults]. 61
33598821 2021
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on the Supplementary Motor Area Changes Brain Connectivity in Functional Dysphagia. 61
33781085 2021
Rheological and Nutritional Assessment of Dysphagia-Oriented New Food Preparations. 61
33808873 2021
PICA injury secondary to anterior odontoid screw fixation: Case report of an exceptional complication. 61
33753130 2021
Post-stroke Complications and Mortality in Burkinabè Hospitals: Relationships with Deglutition Disorders and Nutritional Status. 61
32303906 2021
Estimation of laryngeal closure duration during swallowing without invasive X-rays. 61
33100445 2021
Diagnosis and management of aspiration using fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing in a Pediatric Pulmonology Unit. 61
33620151 2021
Physical properties of a model set of solid, texture-modified foods. 61
33599283 2021
Atropine-induced toxicity after off-label sublingual administration of eyedrop for sialorrhoea treatment in neurological disabled patients. 61
33521988 2021
Accurate Tongue-Palate Pressure Sensing Device to Study Speech Production and Swallowing in Patients with Complete Denture. 61
33412608 2021
Swallowing function after severe COVID-19: early videofluoroscopic findings. 61
33388981 2021
Subcutaneous Antibiotic Therapy: The Why, How, Which Drugs and When. 61
32674952 2021
What are the implications of climate change for speech and language therapists? 61
33258529 2021
Detection of swallowing disorders using a multiple channel surface electromyography sheet: A preliminary study. 61
33384793 2021
Effects of aging on brain networks during swallowing: general linear model and independent component analyses. 61
33441738 2021
The presence of dysphagia in patients with cerebellar ataxia, neuropathy and vestibular areflexia syndrome (CANVAS): a subjective and objective study. 61
33433750 2021
A Comparative Analysis of Chewing Function and Feeding Behaviors in Children with Autism. 61
33427955 2021
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) type I (Werdnig-Hoffmann disease). 61
33357591 2020
Recurrent aspiration pneumonia precipitated by obstructive sleep apnea. 61
33298340 2020
Tracheoesophageal Diversion and Puncture for Preserving Phonation in Intractable Aspiration: A Case Series. 61
33369756 2020
Aspects of the assessment and management of pharyngoesophageal dysphagia. 61
32794195 2020
[Classic and new-generation commercial thickeners. Organoleptic qualities and usefulness in the diagnostic tests of dysphagia]. 61
33054312 2020
A 69-Year-Old Man With Chronic Cough and Recurrent Pneumonia. 61
33280770 2020
Laryngoscopic Examination During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Turkish Voice Speech and Swallowing Disorders Society and Turkish Professional Voice Society Recommendations. 61
33554203 2020
Validation of the Yale Swallow Protocol in Post-Acute Care: A Prospective, Double-Blind, Multirater Study. 61
32717153 2020
Oral Nutrition during and after Critical Illness: SPICES for Quality of Care! 61
33202634 2020
Creation and Initial Validation of the Caregiver Analysis of Reported Experiences with Swallowing Disorders (CARES) Screening Tool. 61
33049154 2020
Ischemic Lesion Location Based on the ASPECT Score for Risk Assessment of Neurogenic Dysphagia. 61
33159258 2020
A retrospective review of speech-language therapy services provided to adult inpatients at a central-level hospital in Gauteng, South Africa. 61
33314954 2020
Relationship between tongue pressure and functional oral intake scale diet type in patients with neurological and neuromuscular disorders. 61
32980799 2020
Relationship between polypharmacy, xerostomia, gustatory sensitivity, and swallowing complaints in the elderly: A multidisciplinary approach. 61
33191538 2020
Screening of dysphagia by DYMUS (Dysphagia in multiple sclerosis) and SWALQoL (Swallowing quality of life) surveys in patients with multiple sclerosis. 61
32707530 2020
ESSD Commentary on Dysphagia Management During COVID Pandemia. 61
33111204 2020
Management of oral antiretroviral administration in patients with swallowing disorders or with an enteral feeding tube. 61
31722864 2020
The Occurrence Rate of Swallowing Disorders After Stroke Patients in Asia: A PRISMA-Compliant Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. 61
32912517 2020
Bolus rheology and ease of swallowing of particulated semi-solid foods as evaluated by an elderly panel. 61
32936178 2020
Sensitivity and Specificity of Bedside Screening Tests for Detection of Aspiration in Patients Admitted to a Public Rehabilitation Hospital. 61
33052481 2020
Variations in the amplitude and duration of hyolaryngeal elevation during swallow: Effect of sour and carbonated liquid bolus. 61
32590092 2020

Variations for Swallowing Disorders

Expression for Swallowing Disorders

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Swallowing Disorders.

Pathways for Swallowing Disorders

GO Terms for Swallowing Disorders

Sources for Swallowing Disorders

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
37 LifeMap
41 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 20-May-2021)
61 PubMed
69 Tocris
71 UMLS via Orphanet
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