Swallowing Disorders

Categories: Gastrointestinal diseases, Neuronal diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Swallowing Disorders

MalaCards integrated aliases for Swallowing Disorders:

Name: Swallowing Disorders 54 43
Deglutition Disorders 72


External Ids:

UMLS 72 C0011168

Summaries for Swallowing Disorders

NINDS : 54 Having trouble swallowing (dysphagia) is a symptom that accompanies a number of neurological disorders. The problem can occur at any stage of the normal swallowing process as food and liquid move from the mouth, down the back of the throat, through the esophagus and into the stomach. Difficulties can range from a total inability to swallow, to coughing or choking because the food or liquid is entering the windpipe, which is referred to as aspiration. When aspiration is frequent a person can be at risk of developing pneumonia. Food may get "stuck" in the throat or individuals may drool because they cannot swallow their saliva. Neurological conditions that can cause swallowing difficulties are: stroke (the most common cause of dysphagia); traumatic brain injury; cerebral palsy; Parkinson disease and other degenerative neurological disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease), multiple sclerosis, progressive supranuclear palsy, Huntington disease, and myasthenia gravis. Muscular dystrophy and myotonic dystrophy are accompanied by dysphagia, which is also the cardinal symptom of oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy, a rare, progressive genetic disorder.

MalaCards based summary : Swallowing Disorders, also known as deglutition disorders, is related to sucking/swallowing disorder not related with pierre robin syndrome and rare sucking/swallowing disorder, and has symptoms including seizures, nausea and vomiting and constipation. The drugs Acetaminophen and Remifentanil have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, tongue and testes.

MedlinePlus : 43 If you have a swallowing disorder, you may have difficulty or pain when swallowing. Some people cannot swallow at all. Others may have trouble swallowing liquids, foods, or saliva. This makes it hard to eat. Often, it can be difficult to take in enough calories and fluids to nourish your body. Anyone can have a swallowing disorder, but it is more common in older adults. It often happens because of other conditions, including Nervous system disorders, such as Parkinson's disease and cerebral palsy Problems with your esophagus, including GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) Stroke Head or spinal cord injury Cancer of the head, neck, or esophagus Medicines can help some people, while others may need surgery. Swallowing treatment with a speech-language pathologist can help. You may find it helpful to change your diet or hold your head or neck in a certain way when you eat. In very serious cases, people may need feeding tubes. NIH: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Wikipedia : 75 Dysphagia is difficulty in swallowing. Although classified under "symptoms and signs" in ICD-10, in some... more...

Related Diseases for Swallowing Disorders

Diseases related to Swallowing Disorders via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 103)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 sucking/swallowing disorder not related with pierre robin syndrome 12.3
2 rare sucking/swallowing disorder 12.2
3 sucking/swallowing disorder associated with a neuromuscular disease 12.2
4 sucking/swallowing disorder associated with cerebellar anomalies 12.2
5 sucking/swallowing disorder associated with posterior fossa anomalies 12.2
6 sucking/swallowing disorder associated with basal ganglia anomalies 12.2
7 sucking/swallowing disorder associated with suprabulbar anomalies 12.2
8 sucking/swallowing disorder associated with neurologic anomalies 12.2
9 sucking/swallowing disorder associated to cervicofacial or esophageal malformation 12.2
10 syndromic sucking/swallowing disorder with unidentifyed syndrome 12.2
11 sucking/swallowing disorder associated to a chromosomal anomaly 12.2
12 sucking/swallowing disorder associated with an identified syndrome 12.2
13 dysphagia 10.8
14 aspiration pneumonia 10.4
15 cerebrovascular disease 10.2
16 stroke, ischemic 10.2
17 gastroesophageal reflux 10.1
18 neuromuscular disease 10.1
19 brain injury 10.0
20 parkinson disease, late-onset 10.0
21 aphasia 10.0
22 dementia 10.0
23 myopathy 10.0
24 dystonia 10.0
25 speech disorder 10.0
26 oral cancer 10.0
27 head injury 10.0
28 tracheoesophageal fistula with or without esophageal atresia 9.9
29 ocular motor apraxia 9.9
30 pierre robin syndrome 9.9
31 tardive dyskinesia 9.9
32 speech and communication disorders 9.9
33 esophageal atresia 9.9
34 respiratory failure 9.9
35 cerebral palsy 9.9
36 hyperostosis 9.9
37 pneumonia 9.9
38 oropharynx cancer 9.9
39 myotonic dystrophy 9.9
40 isolated pierre robin sequence 9.9
41 traumatic brain injury 9.9
42 alcohol dependence 9.7
43 autoimmune disease 9.7
44 machado-joseph disease 9.7
45 esophageal cancer 9.7
46 huntington disease 9.7
47 lymphatic malformation 5 9.7
48 oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy 9.7
49 rheumatoid arthritis 9.7
50 schizophrenia 9.7

Comorbidity relations with Swallowing Disorders via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN): (show top 50) (show all 60)

Active Peptic Ulcer Disease Acute Cystitis
Acute Kidney Failure Alzheimer Disease
Bronchitis Bronchopneumonia
Cerebral Atherosclerosis Cerebral Degeneration
Cerebrovascular Disease Conjunctivitis
Decubitus Ulcer Deficiency Anemia
Dyskinesia of Esophagus Encephalopathy
Epilepsy, Focal, with Speech Disorder and with or Without Mental Retardation Esophageal Cancer
Esophageal Candidiasis Esophageal Disease
Esophagitis Facial Paralysis
Familial Atrial Fibrillation Generalized Atherosclerosis
Heart Disease Hypertension, Essential
Hypothyroidism Intermittent Claudication
Intracranial Embolism Intracranial Thrombosis
Iron Deficiency Anemia Kidney Disease
Kwashiorkor Larynx Cancer
Major Depressive Disorder Malignant Essential Hypertension
Marasmus Megaesophagus
Myasthenia Gravis Congenital Neurogenic Bladder
Neuromuscular Disease Nutritional Deficiency Disease
Obstructive Hydrocephalus Ocular Motor Apraxia
Oral Candidiasis Osteoporosis
Paralytic Ileus Parkinson Disease, Late-Onset
Peripheral Vascular Disease Pharyngitis
Pharynx Cancer Progressive Bulbar Palsy

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Swallowing Disorders:

Diseases related to Swallowing Disorders

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Swallowing Disorders

UMLS symptoms related to Swallowing Disorders:

seizures, nausea and vomiting, constipation, vomiting, abdominal pain, headache, diarrhea, nausea, pseudobulbar signs, icterus, signs and symptoms, digestive, dyspepsia, heartburn, gastrointestinal gas, digestive system symptom, flatulence, eructation, and gas pain, symptoms involving digestive system, other symptoms involving digestive system, odynophagia, pain in esophagus (finding), absent deglutition, swallowing problems, choking sensation, symptom as reason for upper g.i. examination, dysphagia, pharyngeal phase, dysphagia, pharyngoesophageal phase

Drugs & Therapeutics for Swallowing Disorders

Drugs for Swallowing Disorders (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show top 50) (show all 188)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
Acetaminophen Approved Phase 4 103-90-2 1983
Remifentanil Approved Phase 4 132875-61-7 60815
Oxycodone Approved, Illicit, Investigational Phase 4 76-42-6 5284603
Histamine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 51-45-6 774
Cyproheptadine Approved Phase 4 129-03-3 2913
Lisinopril Approved, Investigational Phase 4 83915-83-7, 76547-98-3 5362119
7 Antipyretics Phase 4
8 Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium Phase 4
9 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 4
10 Dermatologic Agents Phase 4
11 Antipruritics Phase 4
12 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 4
13 Serotonin Agents Phase 4
14 Serotonin Antagonists Phase 4
15 Anti-Allergic Agents Phase 4
16 Histamine Antagonists Phase 4
17 Histamine H1 Antagonists Phase 4
Histamine Phosphate Phase 4 51-74-1 65513
19 Protective Agents Phase 4
20 Cardiotonic Agents Phase 4
21 Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors Phase 4
22 Antihypertensive Agents Phase 4
Serotonin Investigational, Nutraceutical Phase 4 50-67-9 5202
Rabeprazole Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 117976-89-3 5029
Zinc Approved, Investigational Phase 3 7440-66-6 32051
Cisplatin Approved Phase 3 15663-27-1 84093 441203 2767
Fluorouracil Approved Phase 3 51-21-8 3385
Prednisolone phosphate Approved, Vet_approved Phase 3 302-25-0
Methylprednisolone hemisuccinate Approved Phase 3 2921-57-5
Methylprednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 3 83-43-2 6741
Prednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Phase 3 50-24-8 5755
Polaprezinc Experimental Phase 3 107667-60-7
Prednisolone hemisuccinate Experimental Phase 3 2920-86-7
34 Immunologic Factors Phase 3
35 Immunosuppressive Agents Phase 3
36 Antimetabolites Phase 3
37 Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic Phase 3
38 Neuroprotective Agents Phase 3
39 Methylprednisolone Acetate Phase 3
40 Prednisolone acetate Phase 3
41 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 3
Menthol Approved Phase 2 2216-51-5 16666
Paclitaxel Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2 33069-62-4 36314
Carboplatin Approved Phase 2 41575-94-4 10339178 498142 38904
Omeprazole Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 2 73590-58-6 4594
Capsaicin Approved Phase 2 404-86-4 1548943
Modafinil Approved, Investigational Phase 2 68693-11-8 4236
Lidocaine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 2 137-58-6 3676
Prucalopride Approved Phase 2 179474-81-8
Esomeprazole Approved, Investigational Phase 2 119141-88-7, 161796-78-7, 161973-10-0 9568614 4594

Interventional clinical trials:

(show top 50) (show all 312)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Does Opioid Induced Swallowing Difficulty Lead to Elevated Risk for Pulmonary Aspiration? Completed NCT01495377 Phase 4 Remifentanil;Placebo;Technetium
2 Evaluation of Two Different Thickening Products in Patients With Dysphagia Completed NCT01651975 Phase 4
3 Effect of Pharyngeal Inhibition Induced by Repetitive Transcranial Stimulation in Post Stroke Dysphagia Completed NCT01081444 Phase 4
4 Efficacy of IV vs Oral Administration of Acetaminophen for Pain Control Following Tonsillectomy With or Without Adenoidectomy Completed NCT01721486 Phase 4 IV acetaminophen;PO acetaminophen
5 Neuromuscular Electroestimulation and Respiratory Muscle Training in the Management of Dysphagia of Subacute Stroke Patients Completed NCT02473432 Phase 4
6 Pediatric Dysphagia Outcomes After Injection Laryngoplasty for Type I Laryngeal Cleft Completed NCT01507207 Phase 4
7 Effect of Early Nutritional Therapy on Frailty, Functional Outcomes and Recovery of Undernourished Medical Inpatients Trial: The EFFORT Trial Completed NCT02517476 Phase 4
8 Impact of Single Dose Perioperative Steroids on Dysphagia Following Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: A Randomized, Prospective, Double-Blind Study Recruiting NCT03711474 Phase 4 Dexamethasone;Saline
9 Use of Xtampza ER to Overcome Difficulties in Swallowing Opioid Pills Recruiting NCT03588806 Phase 4 Xtampza ER (oxycodone)
10 Effects of Cyproheptadine on Growth and Behavior in Pediatric Feeding Disorders Not yet recruiting NCT02568007 Phase 4 Cyproheptadine
11 A Randomized Placebo Controlled Trial of Low Dose Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor to Prevent Pneumonia in Older People Who Require Tube Feeding Because of Neurological Dysphagia Terminated NCT02358642 Phase 4 Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (Lisinopril);Placebo
12 The Comparison of Value of Brachytherapy and Endoscopic Stenting With SEMS in Palliative Treatment of Dysphagia Resulting From Adenocarcinoma of the Esophago-Gastric Junction Unknown status NCT01786278 Phase 2, Phase 3
13 Impact of Early Percutaneous Tracheostomy on the Incidence of Swallowing Dysfunction in Critically Ill Patients on Mechanical Ventilation. A Randomized Clinical Trial Unknown status NCT01268423 Phase 3
14 A Randomised Controlled Trial of Dysphagia Therapies for Swallowing Disorders Following Stroke. Completed NCT00257764 Phase 2, Phase 3
15 Muscle Preservation and Swallow Function Following Radiotherapy: A Dose Response Study Completed NCT01279837 Phase 2, Phase 3
16 A Randomized, Prospective Trial of Electrosurgical Incision Followed by Rabeprazole Versus Bougie Dilation Followed by Rabeprazole of Symptomatic Lower Esophageal (Schatzki's) Rings Completed NCT00204750 Phase 2, Phase 3
17 Study for the Evaluation of the Impact of HEPILOR on the Possible Delay in the Development of Dysphagia in Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Adjuvant Radiotherapy on the Breast/Thoracic Wall and Lymph Node Drainage. Completed NCT03997188 Phase 3
18 A Randomised Phase III Study in Advanced Oesophageal Cancer to Compare Quality of Life and Palliation of Dysphagia in Patients Treated With Radiotherapy vs ChemoRadiotherapy. Completed NCT00193882 Phase 3 Cisplatin;5-Fluorouracil
19 A Randomized Controlled Trial of NMES vs. Traditional Dysphagia Therapy After Stroke Completed NCT01279824 Phase 2, Phase 3
20 Evaluation of the Effect of the Consumption of a Hypercaloric/Hyperproteic Formula in the Coverage of Nutritional Requirements in Patients With Chewing/Swallowing Problems That Require a Shredded Diet. Active, not recruiting NCT03727191 Phase 3
21 The Effects of Intraoperative Local and Systemic Corticosteroid Administration on Postoperative Dysphagia After Anterior Cervical Fusion Active, not recruiting NCT03311425 Phase 3 Methylprednisolone;Dexamethasone
22 Evaluation of Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation in Post Stroke Dysphagia Terminated NCT01971320 Phase 3
23 Effect of Intravenous Corticosteroid Injections on Dysphagia After Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: a Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study Terminated NCT02266797 Phase 3 Dexamethasone
24 Randomized Study of Two Interventions for Liquid Aspiration: Short-Term and Long-Term Effects Terminated NCT00000362 Phase 3
25 The Efficacy of Intensive Nutritional Supplement in Patient With Stroke: a Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial Terminated NCT01810263 Phase 2, Phase 3
26 Phase 2 Study of rTMS on Poststroke Dysphagia Unknown status NCT02090231 Phase 2
27 Swallowing Rehabilitation of Dysphagic Tracheostomized Patients Under Mechanical Ventilation at Intensive Care Unit Unknown status NCT01496924 Phase 2
28 Effectiveness of Acupuncture-like Transcutaneous Nerve Stimulation (ALTENS) in Improving Dysphagia and Associated Symptoms of Chemotherapy and/or Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) for Head and Neck Cancers: A Pilot Study Unknown status NCT01697891 Phase 1, Phase 2
29 Effect of Natural Agonists of TRPV1 in the Treatment of Functional Oropharyngeal Dysphagia in Neurological Diseases and the Elderly: Piperine Completed NCT01383694 Phase 1, Phase 2 Piperine
30 Effects of Age and Age-Related Diseases on Swallowing Completed NCT00038350 Phase 2
31 Treatment of Dysphagia in Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy by Autologous Transplantation of Myoblasts Completed NCT00773227 Phase 2
32 A Comparison of an Implanted Neuroprosthesis With Sensory Training for Improving Airway Protection in Chronic Dysphagia Completed NCT00376506 Phase 2
33 Pilot Study of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Facilitating Swallowing Improvement After an Acute Unilateral Hemispheric Infarction Completed NCT01132066 Phase 1, Phase 2
34 Effect of Oral Menthol on the Swallow Response of Patients With Oropharyngeal Dysphagia Associated With Neurological Diseases and Aging Completed NCT03050957 Phase 2
35 Treatment of Dysphagia Using the Mendelsohn Maneuver Completed NCT00592761 Phase 1, Phase 2
36 Swallow Exercise as Prophylaxis of Dysphagia After Radiotherapy Completed NCT00332865 Phase 1, Phase 2
37 Efficacy of Functional Electrical Stimulation in Dysphagia of Nasopharyngeal Cancer Post Radiotherapy Completed NCT00815087 Phase 2
38 Randomized Phase II Trial: Swallowing Speech Pathology Intervention During Radiochemotherapy on Patients With Head and Neck Cancer Completed NCT02075385 Phase 2
39 A Phase 2 Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Palifermin (Recombinant Human Keratinocyte Growth Factor) in the Reduction of Dysphagia in Patients Receiving Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy Followed by Consolidation Chemotherapy for Locally Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Completed NCT00094861 Phase 2 Palifermin;Placebo;Paclitaxel;Carboplatin
40 Pharmacokinetics of Enteral Omeprazole Suspension in Patients With Cerebral Palsy and Mental Retardation Completed NCT00426595 Phase 2 Administration of omeprazole suspension;omeprazole administered as a multi-unit-pellet system
41 Effectiveness of a New Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) Treatment Technique (VitalStim® Therapy) in the Management of Young Infants With Severe Dysphagia: a Prospective Pilot Study Completed NCT01723358 Phase 2
42 Effect of Afferent Oropharyngeal Pharmacological and Electrical Stimulation on Swallow Response and on Activation of Human Cortex in Stroke Patients With Oropharyngeal Dysphagia (OD). A Randomized Controlled Trial. Completed NCT01777672 Phase 2
43 Identifying and Treating Arousal Related Deficits in Neglect and Dysphagia Completed NCT01085903 Phase 2 Modafinil;Placebo
44 Respiratory-Swallow Training in Veterans With Oropharyngeal Cancer Completed NCT01032928 Phase 2
45 Tongue Pressure Profile Training for Dysphagia Post Stroke Completed NCT01370083 Phase 2
46 Phase II Randomized Trial of Prophylactic Manuka Honey for the Reduction of Chemoradiation Therapy Induced Esophagitis-Related Pain During the Treatment of Lung Cancer Completed NCT01262560 Phase 2 Manuka honey in liquid form;Manuka honey in lozenge form;Standard supportive care
47 Induction of Volitional Swallowing in Chronic Dysphagia Post Stroke: A Novel Mechanism-Based Intervention Completed NCT00306501 Phase 2
48 Novel Management of Airway Protection in Parkinson's Disease: A Clinical Trial Recruiting NCT02927691 Phase 2
49 Mobile Delivery of an Adherence Program for Head and Neck Cancer Patients Being Treated in Community Care Settings Recruiting NCT04003051 Phase 2
50 Therapeutic Impact of tDCS on Dysphagia in the Acute Phase of Stroke / Impact thérapeutique de la tDCS Sur la Dysphagie en Phase Aigue de l'Accident Vasculaire cérébral Active, not recruiting NCT01758991 Phase 1, Phase 2

Search NIH Clinical Center for Swallowing Disorders

Genetic Tests for Swallowing Disorders

Anatomical Context for Swallowing Disorders

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Swallowing Disorders:

Brain, Tongue, Testes, Spinal Cord, Lung, Cortex, Bone

Publications for Swallowing Disorders

Articles related to Swallowing Disorders:

(show top 50) (show all 1178)
# Title Authors PMID Year
Effect of Peroral Endoscopic Myotomy vs Pneumatic Dilation on Symptom Severity and Treatment Outcomes Among Treatment-Naive Patients With Achalasia: A Randomized Clinical Trial. 17
31287522 2019
A huge retropharyngeal lipoma: a rare cause of dysphagia: a case report and literature review. 17
31303957 2019
Dysphagia revealing diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis: report of two cases and literature review. 17
31312301 2019
Resolution of anemia and improved quality of life following laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair. 38
31399944 2019
Interventions for Feeding and Swallowing Disorders in Adults with Intellectual Disability: A Systematic Review of the Evidence. 38
31372756 2019
Enhancement of swallowing motor activity by the ACE inhibitor imidapril in an arterially perfused rat preparation. 38
31421086 2019
Predictive Factors of Swallowing Disorders and Bronchopneumonia in Acute Ischemic Stroke. 38
31129105 2019
Clinical Approaches to Assess Post-extubation Dysphagia (PED) in the Critically Ill. 38
30684017 2019
Swallowing disorders in an older fractured hip population. 38
31429141 2019
Swallowing Disorders in the Older Population. 38
31430395 2019
Cervical Deformity Patients Have Baseline Swallowing Dysfunction but Surgery Does Not Increase Dysphagia at 3 Months: Results From a Prospective Cohort Study. 38
31431877 2019
Neck sensor-supported hyoid bone movement tracking during swallowing. 38
31417694 2019
Community service speech language therapists practising in adult dysphagia: Is the healthcare system failing them? 38
31368317 2019
A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial to Determine the Preventive Effect of Hangekobokuto on Aspiration Pneumonia in Patients Undergoing Cardiovascular Surgery. 38
31316037 2019
Swallowing disorders after treatment for head and neck cancer. 38
31194691 2019
High elevation training mask as a respiratory muscle strength training tool for dysphagia. 38
31035838 2019
Sarcopenia and swallowing disorders in older people. 38
30671866 2019
Deglutition disorders as a consequence of head and neck cancer therapies: a systematic review and meta-analysis. 38
31230120 2019
Can We Reduce Frame Rate to 15 Images per Second in Pediatric Videofluoroscopic Swallow Studies? 38
31165922 2019
High-Resolution Pharyngeal Manometry and Impedance: Protocols and Metrics-Recommendations of a High-Resolution Pharyngeal Manometry International Working Group. 38
31168756 2019
Using Wearable and Non-Invasive Sensors to Measure Swallowing Function: Detection, Verification, and Clinical Application. 38
31181864 2019
[Swallowing disorders, training and assessment of geriatric practices]. 38
31084806 2019
The role of body mass index in determining clinical and quality of life outcomes after laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery. 38
31062159 2019
Correlation Between Clinical Signs and High-resolution Manometry Data in Children. 38
30628985 2019
Systematic review of case reports of oropharyngeal dysphagia following the use of antipsychotics. 38
30470564 2019
Reconsideration of three screening tests for dysphagia in patients with cerebrovascular disease performed by non-expert examiners. 38
31037446 2019
Effects of electromyographic biofeedback as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of swallowing disorders: a systematic review of the literature. 38
30771061 2019
Age-related alterations in swallowing biomechanics. 38
30633957 2019
Jejunostomy or nasojejunal tube after esophagectomy: a review of the literature. 38
31080663 2019
Complications and outcome of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in a high-volume centre. 38
30905223 2019
Dose-volume relationship for laryngeal substructures and aspiration in patients with locally advanced head-and-neck cancer. 38
30885235 2019
Construct validity of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10). 38
29117726 2019
Technology-enabled management of communication and swallowing disorders in Parkinson's disease: a systematic scoping review. 38
29923267 2019
Long-term evaluation of satisfaction and side effects after modified uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. 38
30861139 2019
Clinical identification of feeding and swallowing disorders in 0-6 month old infants with Down syndrome. 38
30588741 2019
Dysphagia Management in Iran: Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Healthcare Providers. 38
29931606 2019
Expiratory muscle strength training improves swallowing and respiratory outcomes in people with dysphagia: A systematic review. 38
29090601 2019
Safety and Tolerability of Pharyngeal High-Resolution Manometry. 38
30515521 2019
A novel fluoroscopic method for multidimensional evaluation of swallowing function. 38
29753584 2019
Effects of Motor Imagery and Visual Neurofeedback on Activation in the Swallowing Network: A Real-Time fMRI Study. 38
30771088 2019
Speech-language therapy offer and primary health care in Brazil: an analysis based on socioeconomic development. 38
30758397 2019
Predictive PBPK modeling as a tool in the formulation of the drug candidate TMP-001. 38
30453024 2019
Dosage form suitability in vulnerable populations: A focus on paracetamol acceptability from infants to centenarians. 38
31430323 2019
Intermittent Theta-Burst Stimulation Reverses the After-Effects of Contralateral Virtual Lesion on the Suprahyoid Muscle Cortex: Evidence From Dynamic Functional Connectivity Analysis. 38
31105511 2019
A Device that Models Human Swallowing. 38
30673839 2019
Dysphagia Following Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: Assessment Using an Abridged SWAL-QOL. 38
30805293 2019
Usefulness of a modified questionnaire as a screening tool for swallowing disorders in Parkinson disease: A pilot study. 38
30860108 2019
Dysphagia after anterior cervical discectomy and interbody fusion - prospective study with 1-year follow-up. 38
31018643 2019
Multi-disciplinary clinical protocol for the diagnosis of bulbar amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. 38
29699694 2019
Dysphagia and aspiration pneumonia in elderly hospitalization stroke patients: Risk factors, cerebral infarction area comparison. 38
30223382 2019

Variations for Swallowing Disorders

Expression for Swallowing Disorders

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Swallowing Disorders.

Pathways for Swallowing Disorders

GO Terms for Swallowing Disorders

Sources for Swallowing Disorders

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
38 LifeMap
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
55 Novoseek
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
71 Tocris
73 UMLS via Orphanet
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