Aliases & Classifications for Synesthesia

MalaCards integrated aliases for Synesthesia:

Name: Synesthesia 57 76 13 73
Synsth 57

External Ids:

OMIM 57 612759
UMLS 73 C0233778

Summaries for Synesthesia

OMIM : 57 Synesthesia is broadly defined as the experience of involuntary sensory crossactivation in which the presentation of a particular stimulus elicits a secondary sensory-perceptual experience (Barnett et al., 2008). Although this phenomenon can be acquired or transient due to trauma or drugs, there is a congenital or developmental form that shows familial patterns. Synesthesia can occur between any 2 sensory modalities, but the most common and best-studied forms of synesthesia involve the association of color with linguistic stimuli such as letters, numbers, or words, or with music ('colored hearing,' 'colored music'; Baron-Cohen et al., 1996). Other less common forms include the induction of tastes by words, the induction of touch by vision, the induction of shapes by tastes, and the personification of numbers (Barnett et al., 2008). (612759)

MalaCards based summary : Synesthesia, also known as synsth, is related to musical perfect pitch and irritable bowel syndrome. An important gene associated with Synesthesia is SYNSTH (Synesthesia). The drugs Mannitol and Ketanserin have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, testes and eye.

Wikipedia : 76 Synesthesia is a perceptual phenomenon in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to... more...

Related Diseases for Synesthesia

Diseases related to Synesthesia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 musical perfect pitch 10.3
2 irritable bowel syndrome 10.2
3 autism 10.0
4 aging 10.0
5 asperger syndrome 10.0
6 charles bonnet syndrome 10.0

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Synesthesia:



Diseases related to Synesthesia

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Synesthesia

Clinical features from OMIM:

612759

Drugs & Therapeutics for Synesthesia

Drugs for Synesthesia (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 10)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Mannitol Approved, Investigational Early Phase 1 69-65-8 453 6251
2
Ketanserin Investigational Early Phase 1 74050-98-9 3822
3 Antihypertensive Agents Early Phase 1
4 Psychotropic Drugs Early Phase 1
5 Serotonin Antagonists Early Phase 1
6 Hallucinogens Early Phase 1
7 Serotonin Agents Early Phase 1
8 Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors Early Phase 1
9 Neurotransmitter Agents Early Phase 1
10
Serotonin Investigational, Nutraceutical Early Phase 1 50-67-9 5202

Interventional clinical trials:


# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Role of the Serotonin 5-HT2A Receptor in LSD-induced Altered States of Consciousness (LDR-Study) Recruiting NCT03321136 Early Phase 1 LSD;LSD;LSD;LSD;LSD;Placebo

Search NIH Clinical Center for Synesthesia

Genetic Tests for Synesthesia

Anatomical Context for Synesthesia

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Synesthesia:

41
Brain, Testes, Eye, Spinal Cord, Cortex, Thalamus, Parietal Lobe

Publications for Synesthesia

Articles related to Synesthesia:

(show top 50) (show all 233)
# Title Authors Year
1
Why is the synesthete's "A" red? Using a five-language dataset to disentangle the effects of shape, sound, semantics, and ordinality on inducer-concurrent relationships in grapheme-color synesthesia. ( 29406149 )
2018
2
Top-down signal transmission and global hyperconnectivity in auditory-visual synesthesia: Evidence from a functional EEG resting-state study. ( 29086468 )
2018
3
Synesthesia Occurring after the Use of Japanese Kiken Drugs: a Case Report. ( 29930234 )
2018
4
Rare variants in axonogenesis genes connect three families with sound-color synesthesia. ( 29507195 )
2018
5
Orange Is Less Than Green: An Examination of Bidirectionality in Grapheme-Color Synesthesia. ( 29804495 )
2018
6
Transthesia: Comparing the Prevalence of Synesthesia in Transgender and Cisgender Individuals. ( 30182062 )
2018
7
Absolute pitch is not necessary for pitch class-color synesthesia. ( 30195144 )
2018
8
Synesthesia improves sensory memory, when perceptual awareness is high. ( 30240716 )
2018
9
When synesthesia and savant abilities are mistaken for hallucinations and delusions: contribution of a cognitive approach for their differential diagnosis. ( 28276863 )
2017
10
From mirror-touch synesthesia to models of vicarious experience: A reply to commentaries. ( 28524804 )
2017
11
Synesthesia and the McCollough Effect. ( 28607666 )
2017
12
Multilevel analysis of individual differences in regularities of grapheme-color associations in synesthesia. ( 28666185 )
2017
13
Beyond the subjective experience of colour: An experimental case study of grapheme-texture synesthesia. ( 29052461 )
2017
14
A Case of Reverse Word Synesthesia in a Young Woman. ( 28314092 )
2017
15
The Role of Sensory Perception, Emotionality and Lifeworld in Auditory Word Processing: Evidence from Congenital Blindness and Synesthesia. ( 28643033 )
2017
16
Creating Colored Letters: Familial Markers of Grapheme-Color Synesthesia in Parietal Lobe Activation and Structure. ( 28195520 )
2017
17
Musical pitch classes have rainbow hues in pitch class-color synesthesia. ( 29259260 )
2017
18
One-shot Synesthesia. ( 29188078 )
2017
19
Do graphemes attract spatial attention in grapheme-color synesthesia? ( 28263797 )
2017
20
Projectors, associators, visual imagery, and the time course of visual processing in grapheme-color synesthesia. ( 28697672 )
2017
21
Synesthesia strengthens sound-symbolic cross-modal correspondences. ( 27564319 )
2016
22
Mirror Neurons and Mirror-Touch Synesthesia. ( 27242280 )
2016
23
Synesthesia for manual alphabet letters and numeral signs in second-language users of signed languages. ( 27351751 )
2016
24
Seeing the sound after visual loss: functional MRI in acquired auditory-visual synesthesia. ( 27761598 )
2016
25
Multicolored words: Uncovering the relationship between reading mechanisms and synesthesia. ( 26794531 )
2016
26
Color Processing in Synesthesia: What Synesthesia Can and Cannot Tell Us About Mechanisms of Color Processing. ( 27943645 )
2016
27
The linguistic and cognitive factors associated with lexical-gustatory synesthesia: A case study. ( 27155162 )
2016
28
Influence of the body schema on mirror-touch synesthesia. ( 28073044 )
2016
29
Non-optic vision: Beyond synesthesia? ( 27363006 )
2016
30
What spatial coordinate defines color-space synesthesia? ( 27107251 )
2016
31
Why Saturday could be both green and red in synesthesia. ( 27306654 )
2016
32
Representational Account of Memory: Insights from Aging and Synesthesia. ( 27458751 )
2016
33
Beyond visual imagery: how modality-specific is enhanced mental imagery in synesthesia? ( 25460242 )
2015
34
Synesthesia and release phenomena in sensory and motor grounding. Cases of disinhibited embodiment? ( 25688227 )
2015
35
Color synesthesia. Insight into perception, emotion, and consciousness. ( 25545055 )
2015
36
A critical review of the neuroimaging literature on synesthesia. ( 25873873 )
2015
37
A task control theory of mirror-touch synesthesia. ( 26114543 )
2015
38
Validating a standardised test battery for synesthesia: Does the Synesthesia Battery reliably detect synesthesia? ( 25734257 )
2015
39
Causal mechanisms of mirror-touch synesthesia: Clues from neuropsychology. ( 26218326 )
2015
40
Synesthesia in twins: Incomplete concordance in monozygotes suggests extragenic factors. ( 25704836 )
2015
41
Relation between synesthetic grapheme-color associations and the sub-types of synesthesia. ( 26325820 )
2015
42
Cross-modal, bidirectional priming in grapheme-color synesthesia. ( 25704552 )
2015
43
Implicit interactions between number and space in digit-color synesthesia. ( 25498947 )
2015
44
Synesthesia induced colors do not bias attention in the same manner as physical colors do. ( 26325754 )
2015
45
Grapheme-color synesthesia subtypes: Stable individual differences reflected in posterior alpha-band oscillations. ( 25833734 )
2015
46
Simner, J. & Hubbard, E. M. (Eds.) (2013). The Oxford handbook of synesthesia. ( 26562872 )
2015
47
Cognitive neuroscience of synesthesia: Introduction to the special issue. ( 26274902 )
2015
48
Components of Attention in Grapheme-Color Synesthesia: A Modeling Approach. ( 26252019 )
2015
49
Assessment of the hemispheric lateralization of grapheme-color synesthesia with stroop-type tests. ( 25793307 )
2015
50
How mirror-touch informs theories of synesthesia. ( 26118388 )
2015

Variations for Synesthesia

Expression for Synesthesia

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Synesthesia.

Pathways for Synesthesia

GO Terms for Synesthesia

Sources for Synesthesia

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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