Aliases & Classifications for Synesthesia

MalaCards integrated aliases for Synesthesia:

Name: Synesthesia 57 73 13 70
Synsth 57

External Ids:

OMIM® 57 612759
MedGen 41 C0233778
UMLS 70 C0233778

Summaries for Synesthesia

OMIM® : 57 Synesthesia is broadly defined as the experience of involuntary sensory crossactivation in which the presentation of a particular stimulus elicits a secondary sensory-perceptual experience (Barnett et al., 2008). Although this phenomenon can be acquired or transient due to trauma or drugs, there is a congenital or developmental form that shows familial patterns. Synesthesia can occur between any 2 sensory modalities, but the most common and best-studied forms of synesthesia involve the association of color with linguistic stimuli such as letters, numbers, or words, or with music ('colored hearing,' 'colored music'; Baron-Cohen et al., 1996). Other less common forms include the induction of tastes by words, the induction of touch by vision, the induction of shapes by tastes, and the personification of numbers (Barnett et al., 2008). (612759) (Updated 05-Apr-2021)

MalaCards based summary : Synesthesia, also known as synsth, is related to autism and autism spectrum disorder. An important gene associated with Synesthesia is SYNSTH (Synesthesia). Affiliated tissues include cortex, parietal lobe and eye.

Wikipedia : 73 Synesthesia or synaesthesia is a perceptual phenomenon in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive... more...

Related Diseases for Synesthesia

Diseases related to Synesthesia via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 21)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 autism 10.1
2 autism spectrum disorder 10.1
3 musical perfect pitch 10.0
4 arts syndrome 10.0
5 yemenite deaf-blind hypopigmentation syndrome 10.0
6 asperger syndrome 10.0
7 dyscalculia 10.0
8 post-traumatic stress disorder 10.0
9 irritable bowel syndrome 10.0
10 hand skill, relative 9.9
11 migraine with or without aura 1 9.9
12 polykaryocytosis inducer 9.9
13 schizophrenia 9.9
14 aging 9.9
15 amnestic disorder 9.9
16 optic nerve disease 9.9
17 mood disorder 9.9
18 acute stress disorder 9.9
19 charles bonnet syndrome 9.9
20 head injury 9.9
21 spinal cord injury 9.9

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Synesthesia:



Diseases related to Synesthesia

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Synesthesia

Clinical features from OMIM®:

612759 (Updated 05-Apr-2021)

Drugs & Therapeutics for Synesthesia

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Synesthesia

Genetic Tests for Synesthesia

Anatomical Context for Synesthesia

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Synesthesia:

40
Cortex, Parietal Lobe, Eye, Spinal Cord, Thalamus

Publications for Synesthesia

Articles related to Synesthesia:

(show top 50) (show all 408)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Rare variants in axonogenesis genes connect three families with sound-color synesthesia. 61 57
29507195 2018
2
Absolute pitch exhibits phenotypic and genetic overlap with synesthesia. 57 61
23406871 2013
3
A whole-genome scan and fine-mapping linkage study of auditory-visual synesthesia reveals evidence of linkage to chromosomes 2q24, 5q33, 6p12, and 12p12. 57 61
19200526 2009
4
Familial patterns and the origins of individual differences in synaesthesia. 57
17586484 2008
5
Synaesthesia: when coloured sounds taste sweet. 57
15744291 2005
6
Unconscious priming eliminates automatic binding of colour and alphanumeric form in synaesthesia. 57
11279495 2001
7
Synaesthesia: prevalence and familiality. 57
8983047 1996
8
The physiology of coloured hearing. A PET activation study of colour-word synaesthesia. 57
7600084 1995
9
Death due to consumption of ibogaine: case report. 61
33433774 2021
10
Consistency of synesthetic association varies with grapheme familiarity: A longitudinal study of grapheme-color synesthesia. 61
33588151 2021
11
Temporal dissociation of neural activity underlying synesthetic and perceptual colors. 61
33526693 2021
12
Idiosyncratic spatial representations of the days of the week in individuals without synesthesia. 61
33187639 2021
13
"Mickey Mousing" in the Brain: Motion-Sound Synesthesia and the Subcortical Substrate of Audio-Visual Integration. 61
33658913 2021
14
Synesthesia, hallucination, and autism. 61
33049694 2021
15
Perceptual Gains and Losses in Synesthesia and Schizophrenia. 61
33150444 2020
16
Recognizing synesthesia on the international stage: The first scientific symposium on synesthesia (at The International Conference of Physiological Psychology, Paris, 1889). 61
32407641 2020
17
Enhanced spatial navigation skills in sequence-space synesthetes. 61
32640374 2020
18
Grapheme-Color Synesthesia in an Abugida: a Bengali Case Study. 61
33706269 2020
19
Grapheme-color associations can transfer to novel graphemes when synesthetic colors function as grapheme "discriminating markers". 61
32291649 2020
20
Association between synesthetic colors and sensitivity to physical colors changed by type of synesthetic experience in grapheme-color synesthesia. 61
32570155 2020
21
The evolution of the concept of synesthesia in the nineteenth century as revealed through the history of its name. 61
31702956 2020
22
Synesthesia in children with difficulties in written language learning. 61
32446188 2020
23
Synesthesia as (Multimodal) Mental Imagery. 61
33706281 2020
24
A case of co-occuring synesthesia, autism, prodigious talent and strong structural brain connectivity. 61
32605557 2020
25
The functional effects of voluntary and involuntary phantom color on conscious awareness. 61
31535877 2020
26
Reduced perceptual narrowing in synesthesia. 61
32321833 2020
27
The "golden age" of synesthesia inquiry in the late nineteenth century (1876-1895). 61
31356144 2020
28
The MULTISENSE Test of Lexical-Gustatory Synaesthesia: An automated online diagnostic. 61
31161427 2020
29
Constructing calendars in the brain. 61
31762380 2020
30
Substantiating synesthesia: a novel aid in a case of grapheme-colour synesthesia and concomitant dyscalculia. 61
31774036 2020
31
Evaluation of Effective Connectivity Between Brain Areas Activated During Simulated Driving Using Dynamic Causal Modeling. 61
33173471 2020
32
Enhanced self-reported affect and prosocial behaviour without differential physiological responses in mirror-sensory synaesthesia. 61
31630658 2019
33
Implicit and explicit spatial-numerical representations diverge in number-form synesthetes. 61
31518970 2019
34
Novel clinical features of glycine receptor antibody syndrome: A series of 17 cases. 61
31355325 2019
35
Double-blind study of visual imagery in grapheme-color synesthesia. 61
30952052 2019
36
Cross-modal associations and synesthesia: Categorical perception and structure in vowel-color mappings in a large online sample. 61
30945162 2019
37
Synesthetes perseverate in implicit learning: Evidence from a non-stationary statistical learning task. 61
30537900 2019
38
Taste Modulator Influences Rare Case of Color-Gustatory Synesthesia. 61
31370186 2019
39
A colorful advantage in iconic memory. 61
30802627 2019
40
Superior learning in synesthetes: Consistent grapheme-color associations facilitate statistical learning. 61
30763803 2019
41
Automaticity of pitch class-color synesthesia as revealed by a Stroop-like effect. 61
30978617 2019
42
Behavioral phenotyping of calcium channel (CACN) subunit α2δ3 knockout mice: Consequences of sensory cross-modal activation. 61
29305318 2019
43
Inducing synesthesia in non-synesthetes: Short-term visual deprivation facilitates auditory-evoked visual percepts. 61
30852449 2019
44
Synesthesia & autistic features in a large family: Evidence for spatial imagery as a common factor. 61
30639511 2019
45
Assessing Lateral Interaction in the Synesthetic Visual Brain. 61
31735808 2019
46
Brief Sensory Training Narrows the Temporal Binding Window and Enhances Long-Term Multimodal Speech Perception. 61
31749748 2019
47
Mandarin Chinese modality exclusivity norms. 61
30785906 2019
48
Fully immersed: State absorption and electrophysiological effects of the OVO Whole-Body Perceptual Deprivation chamber. 61
30732836 2019
49
Grapheme-Color Synesthesia is Associated with PTSD Among Deployed Veterans: Confirmation of Previous Findings and Need for Additional Research. 61
31285710 2019
50
Synesthesia improves sensory memory, when perceptual awareness is high. 61
30240716 2018

Variations for Synesthesia

Expression for Synesthesia

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Synesthesia.

Pathways for Synesthesia

GO Terms for Synesthesia

Sources for Synesthesia

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
20 GARD
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HMDB
31 HPO
32 ICD10
33 ICD10 via Orphanet
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 KEGG
37 LifeMap
39 LOVD
41 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
53 NINDS
54 Novoseek
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 05-Apr-2021)
61 PubMed
63 QIAGEN
68 SNOMED-CT via HPO
69 Tocris
70 UMLS
71 UMLS via Orphanet
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