TMBTS
MCID: TMP011
MIFTS: 34

Temple-Baraitser Syndrome (TMBTS)

Categories: Fetal diseases, Genetic diseases, Mental diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases, Skin diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

MalaCards integrated aliases for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome:

Name: Temple-Baraitser Syndrome 57 53 59 75 29 6 40 73
Tmbts 57 53 59 75
Severe Intellectual Disability-Aplasia/hypoplasia of Thumb and Hallux Syndrome 53 59
Mental Retardation, Severe, and Absent Nails of Hallux and Pollex 57 75
Severe Mental Retardation and Absent Nails of Hallux and Pollex 75
Tbs 75

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

59
temple-baraitser syndrome
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant; Prevalence: <1/1000000 (Worldwide); Age of onset: Infancy,Neonatal;

OMIM:

57
Inheritance:
autosomal dominant

Miscellaneous:
onset in infancy
most mutations occur de novo


HPO:

32
temple-baraitser syndrome:
Onset and clinical course infantile onset
Inheritance autosomal recessive inheritance autosomal dominant inheritance


Classifications:



Summaries for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

NIH Rare Diseases : 53 The following summary is from Orphanet, a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.Orpha Number: 420561Disease definitionTemple-Baraitser syndrome is a rare developmental anomalies syndrome characterized by severe intellectual disability and distal hypoplasia of digits, particularly of thumbs and halluces, with nail aplasia or hypoplasia. Facial dysmorphism with a pseudo-myopathic appearance has been reported, which may include high anterior hairline or low frontal hairline with central cowlick, flat forehead, ptosis, hypertelorism, downslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, ears with thick helices, broad depressed nasal bridge with anteverted nares, short columella, long philtrum, high-arched palate, broad mouth with thick vermilion border of the upper or the lower lip and downturned corners. Marked hypotonia, seizures and global developmental delay have been reported, associated with autistic spectrum disorder manifestations in some patients.Visit the Orphanet disease page for more resources.

MalaCards based summary : Temple-Baraitser Syndrome, also known as tmbts, is related to mycobacterium tuberculosis 1 and tuberculous meningitis, and has symptoms including seizures An important gene associated with Temple-Baraitser Syndrome is KCNH1 (Potassium Voltage-Gated Channel Subfamily H Member 1). Affiliated tissues include skin and bone, and related phenotypes are hypertelorism and seizures

OMIM : 57 Temple-Baraitser syndrome is a rare developmental disorder characterized by severe mental retardation and anomalies of the first ray of the upper and lower limbs with absence/hypoplasia of the nails. Most patients also have seizures; various dysmorphic facial features have been reported (summary by Jacquinet et al., 2010). (611816)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 75 Temple-Baraitser syndrome: A developmental disorder characterized by intellectual disability, epilepsy, hypoplasia or aplasia of the thumb and great toe nails, and broadening and/or elongation of the thumbs and halluces, which have a tubular aspect. Some patients show facial dysmorphism.

Related Diseases for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

Diseases related to Temple-Baraitser Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 144)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 mycobacterium tuberculosis 1 12.3
2 tuberculous meningitis 11.8
3 multidrug-resistant tuberculosis 11.8
4 townes-brocks syndrome 11.7
5 extrapulmonary tuberculosis 11.6
6 pulmonary tuberculosis 11.5
7 autosomal dominant deafness-onychodystrophy syndrome 11.4
8 miliary tuberculosis 11.3
9 tuberculous peritonitis 11.2
10 duane-radial ray syndrome 11.0
11 horns in sheep 10.5
12 epilepsy 10.4
13 zimmermann-laband syndrome 1 10.3
14 zimmermann-laband syndrome 10.3
15 meningitis 10.2
16 hepatitis 10.2
17 pleural tuberculosis 10.1
18 uveitis 10.1
19 lymphadenitis 10.1
20 viral hepatitis 10.1
21 osteoporotic fracture 10.1
22 arthritis 10.1
23 rheumatoid arthritis 10.0
24 human immunodeficiency virus infectious disease 10.0
25 pneumonia 10.0
26 osteomyelitis 10.0
27 pleurisy 10.0
28 choroiditis 10.0
29 infertility 10.0
30 alcohol dependence 9.9
31 osteoporosis 9.9
32 pelger-huet anomaly 9.9
33 pulmonary hemosiderosis 9.9
34 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 9.9
35 crohn's disease 9.9
36 diabetes mellitus 9.9
37 primary hyperparathyroidism 9.9
38 hemosiderosis 9.9
39 hyperparathyroidism 9.9
40 orchitis 9.9
41 spondylitis 9.9
42 epididymo-orchitis 9.9
43 mycobacterium kansasii 9.9
44 polymyositis 9.9
45 sarcoidosis 1 9.8
46 smith-magenis syndrome 9.8
47 leprosy 3 9.8
48 welander distal myopathy 9.8
49 bone mineral density quantitative trait locus 8 9.8
50 bone mineral density quantitative trait locus 15 9.8

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Temple-Baraitser Syndrome:



Diseases related to Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

57
Head And Neck Eyes:
hypertelorism
epicanthal folds
poor visual contact

Head And Neck Nose:
depressed nasal bridge
thick nasal alae
broad nose

Head And Neck Mouth:
wide mouth
downturned corners of the mouth
thick vermilion border of the lips

Skeletal Feet:
broad halluces
hypoplasia of terminal phalanges
abnormal secondary ossification center of distal phalanges of thumbs
long great toes
central translucency of distal phalanges of halluces

Neurologic Central Nervous System:
seizures
hypotonia
mental retardation, severe
delayed psychomotor development

Head And Neck Face:
long philtrum
myopathic facies
flat forehead

Skeletal Hands:
broad thumbs
adducted thumbs
proximal implantation of thumb
hypoplasia of terminal phalanges
central translucency of distal phalanges of thumbs
more
Skin Nails Hair Nails:
hypoplastic/aplastic thumb nails
hypoplastic/aplastic nails of halluces


Clinical features from OMIM:

611816

Human phenotypes related to Temple-Baraitser Syndrome:

32 (show all 24)
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 hypertelorism 32 HP:0000316
2 seizures 32 HP:0001250
3 muscular hypotonia 32 HP:0001252
4 global developmental delay 32 HP:0001263
5 depressed nasal bridge 32 HP:0005280
6 thick vermilion border 32 HP:0012471
7 broad thumb 32 HP:0011304
8 intellectual disability, severe 32 HP:0010864
9 long philtrum 32 HP:0000343
10 thick nasal alae 32 HP:0009928
11 epicanthus 32 HP:0000286
12 intellectual disability, progressive 32 HP:0006887
13 wide mouth 32 HP:0000154
14 downturned corners of mouth 32 HP:0002714
15 adducted thumb 32 HP:0001181
16 short distal phalanx of finger 32 HP:0009882
17 wide nose 32 HP:0000445
18 myopathic facies 32 HP:0002058
19 generalized hypotonia 32 HP:0001290
20 flat forehead 32 HP:0004425
21 broad hallux 32 HP:0010055
22 pseudoepiphysis of the thumb 32 HP:0009693
23 hypoplastic thumbnail 32 HP:0012553
24 absent nail of hallux 32 HP:0012555

UMLS symptoms related to Temple-Baraitser Syndrome:


seizures

Drugs & Therapeutics for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

Search Clinical Trials , NIH Clinical Center for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

Genetic Tests for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

Genetic tests related to Temple-Baraitser Syndrome:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Temple-Baraitser Syndrome 29 KCNH1

Anatomical Context for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Temple-Baraitser Syndrome:

41
Skin, Bone

Publications for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

Articles related to Temple-Baraitser Syndrome:

# Title Authors Year
1
Temple-Baraitser Syndrome and Zimmermann-Laband Syndrome: one clinical entity? ( 27282200 )
2016
2
Mutations in the voltage-gated potassium channel gene KCNH1 cause Temple-Baraitser syndrome and epilepsy. ( 25420144 )
2015
3
Corrigendum: Mutations in the voltage-gated potassium channel gene KCNH1 cause Temple-Baraitser syndrome and epilepsy. ( 25711872 )
2015
4
Two cases of Temple-Baraitser syndrome: natural history and further delineation of the clinical and radiologic phenotypes. ( 25629734 )
2015
5
Report of a patient with Temple-Baraitser syndrome. ( 24357613 )
2014
6
Temple-Baraitser syndrome: a rare and possibly unrecognized condition. ( 20683999 )
2010
7
A second case of severe mental retardation and absent nails of hallux and pollex (Temple-Baraitser syndrome). ( 18203178 )
2008

Variations for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome:

75
# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 KCNH1 p.Lys217Asn VAR_072612 rs727502822
2 KCNH1 p.Leu489Phe VAR_072613
3 KCNH1 p.Ile494Val VAR_072614 rs727502819
4 KCNH1 p.Gln503Arg VAR_072615 rs727502821

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome:

6
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 KCNH1 NM_172362.2(KCNH1): c.1480A> G (p.Ile494Val) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs727502819 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 210977491: 210977491
2 KCNH1 NM_172362.2(KCNH1): c.1480A> G (p.Ile494Val) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs727502819 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 210804149: 210804149
3 KCNH1 NM_172362.2(KCNH1): c.1546C> T (p.Leu516Phe) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs727502820 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 210977425: 210977425
4 KCNH1 NM_172362.2(KCNH1): c.1546C> T (p.Leu516Phe) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs727502820 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 210804083: 210804083
5 KCNH1 NM_172362.2(KCNH1): c.1508A> G (p.Gln503Arg) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs727502821 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 210977463: 210977463
6 KCNH1 NM_172362.2(KCNH1): c.1508A> G (p.Gln503Arg) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs727502821 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 210804121: 210804121
7 KCNH1 NM_172362.2(KCNH1): c.651G> C (p.Lys217Asn) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs727502822 GRCh37 Chromosome 1, 211192506: 211192506
8 KCNH1 NM_172362.2(KCNH1): c.651G> C (p.Lys217Asn) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs727502822 GRCh38 Chromosome 1, 211019164: 211019164

Expression for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome.

Pathways for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

GO Terms for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

Sources for Temple-Baraitser Syndrome

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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