MCID: TWN003
MIFTS: 58

Townes-Brocks Syndrome

Categories: Rare diseases, Nephrological diseases, Ear diseases, Bone diseases, Fetal diseases, Genetic diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Townes-Brocks Syndrome

MalaCards integrated aliases for Townes-Brocks Syndrome:

Name: Townes-Brocks Syndrome 12 24 53 25 59 37 55 15
Townes Syndrome 53 25 59 29 6
Renal-Ear-Anal-Radial Syndrome 53 25 59
Sensorineural Deafness with Imperforate Anus and Hypoplastic Thumbs 53 59
Imperforate Anus with Hand, Foot and Ear Anomalies 53 59
Rear Syndrome 53 59
Tbs 53 59
Deafness, Sensorineural, with Imperforate Anus and Hypoplastic Thumbs 53
Sensorineural Deafness-Imperforate Anus-Hypoplastic Thumbs Syndrome 25
Deafness-Imperforate Anus-Hypoplastic Thumbs Syndrome 25
Anus, Imperforate, with Hand, Foot and Ear Anomalies 53
Imperforate Anus-Hand and Foot Anomalies Syndrome 25
Anal-Ear-Renal-Radial Malformation Syndrome 25
Syndrome, Townes-Brocks 40

Characteristics:

Orphanet epidemiological data:

59
townes-brocks syndrome
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant; Age of onset: All ages; Age of death: any age;

Classifications:



Summaries for Townes-Brocks Syndrome

NIH Rare Diseases : 53 Townes-Brocks syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by an obstruction of the anal opening (imperforate anus), abnormally shaped ears, and thumb malformations. Most affected individuals have at least two of these three main features. Other signs and symptoms may include kidney abnormalities, hearing loss, heart defects, genital malformations and intellectual disability. The condition is caused by mutations in the SALL1 gene which provides instructions for making proteins that are involved in the formation of tissues and organs before birth. In rare cases, the syndrome may be caused by a mutation in the SALL4 gene. Inheritance is autosomal dominant. Imperforate anus is corrected with surgery as soon as possible, after the baby is born. The hearing loss should be treated early; the thumb malformation is also treated with surgery when needed. 

MalaCards based summary : Townes-Brocks Syndrome, also known as townes syndrome, is related to duane-radial ray syndrome and hemifacial microsomia. An important gene associated with Townes-Brocks Syndrome is SALL1 (Spalt Like Transcription Factor 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Adherens junction and Transcriptional regulation of pluripotent stem cells. The drugs Methyltestosterone and Testosterone have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include kidney, heart and uterus, and related phenotypes are cryptorchidism and hypospadias

Genetics Home Reference : 25 Townes-Brocks syndrome is a genetic condition that affects several parts of the body. The most common features of this condition are an obstruction of the anal opening (imperforate anus), abnormally shaped ears, and hand malformations that most often affect the thumb. Most people with this condition have at least two of these three major features.

Disease Ontology : 12 An autosomal dominant disease that is characterized by imperforate anus, dysplastic ears often associated with sensorineural and/or conductive hearing impairment, and thumb malformations.

Wikipedia : 76 Townes–Brocks syndrome (TBS) is a rare genetic disease that has been described in approximately 200... more...

GeneReviews:

Related Diseases for Townes-Brocks Syndrome

Diseases in the Townes-Brocks Syndrome family:

Townes-Brocks Syndrome 1 Townes-Brocks Syndrome 2

Diseases related to Townes-Brocks Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 76)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 duane-radial ray syndrome 31.0 SALL1 SALL4
2 hemifacial microsomia 29.8 SALL1 SALL4
3 townes-brocks syndrome 1 12.6
4 townes-brocks syndrome 2 12.6
5 mycobacterium tuberculosis 1 11.9
6 tuberculous meningitis 11.7
7 multidrug-resistant tuberculosis 11.6
8 extrapulmonary tuberculosis 11.4
9 pulmonary tuberculosis 11.4
10 tracheobronchomalacia 11.1
11 tuberculous peritonitis 11.1
12 temple-baraitser syndrome 10.9
13 esophageal basaloid squamous cell carcinoma 10.3 CTNNB1 DACT1
14 anus, imperforate 10.2
15 aging 10.2
16 hypothyroidism 10.2
17 branchiootorenal syndrome 10.2 EYA1 SALL1
18 hepatitis 10.1
19 meningitis 10.1
20 duane retraction syndrome 1 10.0
21 ataxia, combined cerebellar and peripheral, with hearing loss and diabetes mellitus 10.0
22 end stage renal failure 10.0
23 thrombocytopenia 10.0
24 congenital hypothyroidism 10.0
25 microphthalmia 10.0
26 mosaic trisomy 8 10.0
27 neonatal hypothyroidism 10.0
28 dysphagia 10.0
29 renal dysplasia 10.0
30 pleural tuberculosis 10.0
31 viral hepatitis 10.0
32 renal hypodysplasia/aplasia 1 10.0 EYA1 SALL1
33 infertility 10.0
34 miliary tuberculosis 10.0
35 rheumatoid arthritis 9.9
36 arthritis 9.9
37 pleurisy 9.9
38 choroiditis 9.9
39 lymphadenitis 9.9
40 orchitis 9.8
41 epididymo-orchitis 9.8
42 mycobacterium kansasii 9.8
43 bronchiolitis obliterans 9.8
44 drug-induced hepatitis 9.8
45 silicosis 9.8
46 abdominal tuberculosis 9.8
47 primary hyperparathyroidism 9.8
48 uveitis 9.8
49 intestinal tuberculosis 9.8
50 hyperparathyroidism 9.8

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Townes-Brocks Syndrome:



Diseases related to Townes-Brocks Syndrome

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Townes-Brocks Syndrome

Human phenotypes related to Townes-Brocks Syndrome:

59 32 (show top 50) (show all 67)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 cryptorchidism 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000028
2 hypospadias 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000047
3 bifid scrotum 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000048
4 vesicoureteral reflux 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000076
5 renal insufficiency 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000083
6 ectopic kidney 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000086
7 renal hypoplasia 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000089
8 abnormality of the uterus 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000130
9 rectovaginal fistula 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000143
10 wide mouth 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000154
11 facial asymmetry 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000324
12 hearing impairment 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000365
13 preauricular skin tag 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0000384
14 overfolded helix 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0000396
15 strabismus 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000486
16 abnormality of vision 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000504
17 cataract 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000518
18 chorioretinal coloboma 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000567
19 microphthalmia 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000568
20 blepharophimosis 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000581
21 iris coloboma 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000612
22 abnormality of the ribs 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000772
23 hypothyroidism 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000821
24 delayed puberty 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0000823
25 epibulbar dermoid 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001140
26 preaxial hand polydactyly 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001177
27 triphalangeal thumb 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001199
28 intellectual disability 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001249
29 agenesis of corpus callosum 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001274
30 subcutaneous nodule 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001482
31 failure to thrive 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001508
32 anteriorly placed anus 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001545
33 atrial septal defect 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001631
34 tetralogy of fallot 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001636
35 patent ductus arteriosus 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001643
36 pes planus 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001763
37 toe syndactyly 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0001770
38 toe clinodactyly 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0001863
39 constipation 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0002019
40 anal atresia 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0002023
41 arnold-chiari malformation 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0002308
42 bowel incontinence 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0002607
43 abnormal vertebral morphology 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0003468
44 clinodactyly of the 5th finger 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0004209
45 short stature 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0004322
46 rectoperineal fistula 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0004792
47 multiple renal cysts 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0005562
48 cranial nerve paralysis 59 32 occasional (7.5%) Occasional (29-5%) HP:0006824
49 microtia 59 32 frequent (33%) Frequent (79-30%) HP:0008551
50 external ear malformation 59 32 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0008572

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Townes-Brocks Syndrome:

46 (show all 12)
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cardiovascular system MP:0005385 10.05 CCP110 CTNNB1 DACT1 EYA1 SALL1 SALL4
2 growth/size/body region MP:0005378 10.03 CCP110 CTNNB1 DACT1 EYA1 LMO7 SALL1
3 digestive/alimentary MP:0005381 10.02 CCP110 CTNNB1 DACT1 EYA1 SALL1 SALL4
4 mortality/aging MP:0010768 10.02 CCP110 CEP97 CTNNB1 DACT1 EYA1 LMO7
5 embryo MP:0005380 10 SALL1 SALL2 SALL4 CCP110 CTNNB1 DACT1
6 nervous system MP:0003631 9.91 CCP110 CTNNB1 DACT1 EYA1 LMO7 SALL1
7 craniofacial MP:0005382 9.89 SALL4 SHOX2 CCP110 CTNNB1 EYA1
8 limbs/digits/tail MP:0005371 9.85 CCP110 CTNNB1 DACT1 SALL1 SALL4 SHOX2
9 hearing/vestibular/ear MP:0005377 9.71 CTNNB1 EYA1 SALL1 SALL4
10 renal/urinary system MP:0005367 9.7 SALL2 SALL4 CCP110 CTNNB1 DACT1 EYA1
11 skeleton MP:0005390 9.5 CCP110 CTNNB1 DACT1 EYA1 SALL1 SALL4
12 vision/eye MP:0005391 9.02 CCP110 CTNNB1 EYA1 LMO7 SALL4

Drugs & Therapeutics for Townes-Brocks Syndrome

Drugs for Townes-Brocks Syndrome (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 11)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Methyltestosterone Approved Phase 3,Phase 2 58-18-4 6010
2
Testosterone Approved, Investigational Phase 3,Phase 2 58-22-0 6013
3
Testosterone enanthate Approved Phase 3,Phase 2 315-37-7 9416
4
Testosterone undecanoate Approved, Investigational Phase 3,Phase 2 5949-44-0
5 Anabolic Agents Phase 3,Phase 2
6 Androgens Phase 3,Phase 2
7 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Phase 3,Phase 2
8 Hormone Antagonists Phase 3,Phase 2
9 Hormones Phase 3,Phase 2
10 Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists Phase 3,Phase 2
11 Testosterone 17 beta-cypionate Phase 3,Phase 2

Interventional clinical trials:


# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Safety and Efficacy of Intranasal TBS-1 Treatment of Male Hypogonadism Completed NCT01446042 Phase 3 Testosterone;Testosterone
2 Efficacy of an Intranasal Testosterone Product Completed NCT01252745 Phase 2 10.0 mg of Testosterone, 4.0% TID;13.5 mg of Testosterone, 4.5% B.I.D;11.25 mg of Testosterone, 4.5% T.I.D
3 Efficacy and Tolerability of an Intra-Nasal Testosterone Product Completed NCT00975650 Phase 2 Nasobol® (Intra-nasal Testosterone);Androderm® (Positive Control)

Search NIH Clinical Center for Townes-Brocks Syndrome

Genetic Tests for Townes-Brocks Syndrome

Genetic tests related to Townes-Brocks Syndrome:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Townes Syndrome 29

Anatomical Context for Townes-Brocks Syndrome

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Townes-Brocks Syndrome:

41
Kidney, Heart, Uterus, Bone, Skin

Publications for Townes-Brocks Syndrome

Articles related to Townes-Brocks Syndrome:

(show top 50) (show all 63)
# Title Authors Year
1
Truncated SALL1 Impedes Primary Cilia Function in Townes-Brocks Syndrome. ( 29395072 )
2018
2
On-Top Index Pollicization After a Partial Amputation of a Syndactylized Hypoplastic Thumb in a Patient With Townes-Brocks Syndrome. ( 28509696 )
2017
3
Heterozygous Pathogenic Variant in DACT1 Causes an Autosomal Dominant Syndrome with Features Overlapping Townes-Brocks Syndrome. ( 28054444 )
2017
4
Delayed diagnosis of Townes-Brocks syndrome with multicystic kidneys and renal failure caused by a novel SALL1 nonsense mutation: A case report. ( 27073431 )
2016
5
Deletion upstream of SALL1 producing Townes-Brocks syndrome. ( 27277004 )
2016
6
A mouse model of Townes-Brocks syndrome expressing a truncated mutant Sall1 protein is protected from acute kidney injury. ( 26311113 )
2015
7
Variable expressivity of renal involvement in a further family with Townes-Brocks syndrome. ( 25192472 )
2014
8
Endocrine abnormalities in Townes-Brocks syndrome. ( 23894113 )
2013
9
Sall1 regulates cortical neurogenesis and laminar fate specification in mice: implications for neural abnormalities in Townes-Brocks syndrome. ( 22228756 )
2012
10
A new syndrome with overlapping features of Townes-brocks syndrome and single median maxillary central incisor syndrome. ( 23716951 )
2012
11
Implications for genotype-phenotype predictions in Townes-Brocks syndrome: case report of a novel SALL1 deletion and review of the literature. ( 22308078 )
2012
12
Phenotypic variability in a family with Townes-Brocks syndrome. ( 20520617 )
2010
13
A family with Townes-Brocks syndrome with congenital hypothyroidism and a novel mutation of the SALL1 gene. ( 21253317 )
2010
14
Somatic mosaicism for the SALL1 mutation p.Ser371X in full-blown Townes-Brocks syndrome with Duane anomaly. ( 19291771 )
2009
15
Obstructive apneas and severe dysphagia in a girl with Townes-Brocks syndrome and atypical feet involvement. ( 19737635 )
2009
16
Townes-Brocks syndrome--airway management conditions improve with age: report of follow up of a single case. ( 19236659 )
2009
17
Nephropathy in Townes-Brocks syndrome (SALL1 mutation): imaging and pathological findings in adulthood. ( 19204018 )
2009
18
Association of a de novo 16q copy number variant with a phenotype that overlaps with Lenz microphthalmia and Townes-Brocks syndromes. ( 20003547 )
2009
19
Two coding single nucleotide polymorphisms in the SALL1 gene in Townes-Brocks syndrome: a case report and review of the literature. ( 18280297 )
2008
20
SALL1 truncated protein expression in Townes-Brocks syndrome leads to ectopic expression of downstream genes. ( 18470945 )
2008
21
Townes-Brocks syndrome. A neonate with extended spectrum and thrombocytopenia. ( 18813423 )
2008
22
The association of an epibulbar dermoid and Duane syndrome in a patient with a SALL1 mutation (Townes-Brocks Syndrome). ( 19005989 )
2008
23
Mouse homolog of SALL1, a causative gene for Townes-Brocks syndrome, binds to A/T-rich sequences in pericentric heterochromatin via its C-terminal zinc finger domains. ( 17295837 )
2007
24
Twenty-one-year-old male with congenital anomalies, obstructive uropathy and chronic renal failure: is this a case of Townes Brocks syndrome? ( 17668723 )
2007
25
Kidney failure in Townes-Brocks syndrome: an under recognized phenomenon? ( 17910067 )
2007
26
Townes-Brocks syndrome with hypothyroidism. ( 17351307 )
2007
27
Townes-Brocks syndrome: twenty novel SALL1 mutations in sporadic and familial cases and refinement of the SALL1 hot spot region. ( 17221874 )
2007
28
Detection of heterozygous SALL1 deletions by quantitative real time PCR proves the contribution of a SALL1 dosage effect in the pathogenesis of Townes-Brocks syndrome. ( 16429401 )
2006
29
Mosaic trisomy 8 and Townes-Brocks syndrome due to a novel SALL1 mutation in the same patient. ( 16470706 )
2006
30
SALL1 mutations in sporadic Townes-Brocks syndrome are of predominantly paternal origin without obvious paternal age effect. ( 16892410 )
2006
31
SALL1 mutation analysis in Townes-Brocks syndrome: twelve novel mutations and expansion of the phenotype. ( 16088922 )
2005
32
Sall1, a causative gene for Townes-Brocks syndrome, enhances the canonical Wnt signaling by localizing to heterochromatin. ( 15158448 )
2004
33
Townes-Brocks syndrome. ( 15297694 )
2004
34
The conserved glutamine-rich region of chick csal1 and csal3 mediates protein interactions with other spalt family members. Implications for Townes-Brocks syndrome. ( 12482848 )
2003
35
Expression of a truncated Sall1 transcriptional repressor is responsible for Townes-Brocks syndrome birth defects. ( 12915476 )
2003
36
Drosophila spalt/spalt-related mutants exhibit Townes-Brocks' syndrome phenotypes. ( 12925729 )
2003
37
High incidence of the R276X SALL1 mutation in sporadic but not familial Townes-Brocks syndrome and report of the first familial case. ( 14627694 )
2003
38
Somatic mosaicism and variable expression of Townes-Brocks syndrome. ( 12210359 )
2002
39
Townes-Brocks syndrome versus expanded spectrum hemifacial microsomia: review of eight patients and further evidence of a "hot spot" for mutation in the SALL1 gene. ( 11478532 )
2001
40
Embryonic expression of the murine homologue of SALL1, the gene mutated in Townes--Brocks syndrome. ( 11404093 )
2001
41
Unique family with Townes-Brocks syndrome, SALL1 mutation, and cardiac defects. ( 11484202 )
2001
42
SALL1, the gene mutated in Townes-Brocks syndrome, encodes a transcriptional repressor which interacts with TRF1/PIN2 and localizes to pericentromeric heterochromatin. ( 11751684 )
2001
43
SALL1 mutations in Townes-Brocks syndrome and related disorders. ( 11102974 )
2000
44
Three novel SALL1 mutations extend the mutational spectrum in Townes-Brocks syndrome. ( 10819639 )
2000
45
Townes-Brocks syndrome and renal dysplasia: a novel mutation in the SALL1 gene. ( 10654325 )
2000
46
Townes-Brocks syndrome. ( 10051003 )
1999
47
Molecular analysis of SALL1 mutations in Townes-Brocks syndrome. ( 9973281 )
1999
48
Two cases of Townes-Brocks syndrome. ( 10631923 )
1999
49
Townes-Brocks syndrome: detection of a SALL1 mutation hot spot and evidence for a position effect in one patient. ( 10533063 )
1999
50
Two cases of Townes-Brocks syndrome with previously undescribed anomalies. ( 9823498 )
1998

Variations for Townes-Brocks Syndrome

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Townes-Brocks Syndrome:

6
(show all 42)
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID Assembly Location
1 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.3120A> G (p.Thr1040=) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs146655918 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51173013: 51173013
2 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.3120A> G (p.Thr1040=) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs146655918 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51139102: 51139102
3 SALL1 NM_001127892.1(SALL1): c.3581A> G (p.Asn1194Ser) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs74499562 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51171126: 51171126
4 SALL1 NM_001127892.1(SALL1): c.3581A> G (p.Asn1194Ser) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs74499562 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51137215: 51137215
5 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.3160C> T (p.Arg1054Ter) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs864321635 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51172973: 51172973
6 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.3160C> T (p.Arg1054Ter) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs864321635 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51139062: 51139062
7 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.292A> G (p.Met98Val) single nucleotide variant Benign rs28643388 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51175841: 51175841
8 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.292A> G (p.Met98Val) single nucleotide variant Benign rs28643388 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51141930: 51141930
9 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.2544A> G (p.Gln848=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs45459896 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51173589: 51173589
10 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.2544A> G (p.Gln848=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs45459896 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51139678: 51139678
11 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.2343G> C (p.Leu781=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs60270998 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51139879: 51139879
12 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.2343G> C (p.Leu781=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs60270998 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51173790: 51173790
13 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.2310C> T (p.Ile770=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs61740811 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51139912: 51139912
14 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.2310C> T (p.Ile770=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs61740811 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51173823: 51173823
15 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.487_489dupGGC (p.Gly163_Ser164insGly) duplication Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs779674923 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51141733: 51141735
16 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.487_489dupGGC (p.Gly163_Ser164insGly) duplication Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs779674923 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51175644: 51175646
17 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.475_477dupAGC (p.Ser159_Gly160insSer) duplication Benign/Likely benign rs113614842 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51141745: 51141747
18 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.475_477dupAGC (p.Ser159_Gly160insSer) duplication Benign/Likely benign rs113614842 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51175656: 51175658
19 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.390G> A (p.Pro130=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs75156807 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51141832: 51141832
20 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.390G> A (p.Pro130=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs75156807 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51175743: 51175743
21 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.3414_3415delAT (p.Cys1139Trpfs) deletion Pathogenic rs1064793257 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51138807: 51138808
22 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.3414_3415delAT (p.Cys1139Trpfs) deletion Pathogenic rs1064793257 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51172718: 51172719
23 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.1214dup (p.Leu406Phefs) duplication Pathogenic GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51174919: 51174919
24 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.1214dup (p.Leu406Phefs) duplication Pathogenic GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51141008: 51141008
25 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.855A> G (p.Leu285=) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs762324270 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51175278: 51175278
26 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.855A> G (p.Leu285=) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs762324270 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51141367: 51141367
27 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.2256delC (p.Tyr753Thrfs) deletion Pathogenic GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51139966: 51139966
28 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.2256delC (p.Tyr753Thrfs) deletion Pathogenic GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51173877: 51173877
29 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.3199C> T (p.Leu1067Phe) single nucleotide variant Likely benign GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51139023: 51139023
30 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.3199C> T (p.Leu1067Phe) single nucleotide variant Likely benign GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51172934: 51172934
31 SALL1 NC_000016.10: g.(?_51137092)_(51151261_?)del deletion Pathogenic GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51137092: 51151261
32 SALL1 NC_000016.10: g.(?_51137092)_(51151261_?)del deletion Pathogenic GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51171003: 51185172
33 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.2356delC (p.Arg786Glufs) deletion Pathogenic GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51173777: 51173777
34 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.2356delC (p.Arg786Glufs) deletion Pathogenic GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51139866: 51139866
35 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.958C> T (p.Gln320Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51141264: 51141264
36 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.958C> T (p.Gln320Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51175175: 51175175
37 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.866T> A (p.Leu289Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51141356: 51141356
38 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.866T> A (p.Leu289Ter) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51175267: 51175267
39 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.264C> T (p.Ser88=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs143501736 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51175869: 51175869
40 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.264C> T (p.Ser88=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs143501736 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51141958: 51141958
41 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.1014T> G (p.Ser338=) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs960886445 GRCh37 Chromosome 16, 51175119: 51175119
42 SALL1 NM_002968.2(SALL1): c.1014T> G (p.Ser338=) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs960886445 GRCh38 Chromosome 16, 51141208: 51141208

Expression for Townes-Brocks Syndrome

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Townes-Brocks Syndrome.

Pathways for Townes-Brocks Syndrome

Pathways related to Townes-Brocks Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 11.01 CTNNB1 LMO7
2
Show member pathways
10.65 SALL1 SALL4
3 10 CTNNB1 SALL4

GO Terms for Townes-Brocks Syndrome

Cellular components related to Townes-Brocks Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 protein-DNA complex GO:0032993 9.32 CTNNB1 EYA1
2 heterochromatin GO:0000792 9.26 SALL1 SALL4
3 NuRD complex GO:0016581 9.16 SALL1 SALL2
4 protein-containing complex GO:0032991 9.02 CCP110 CEP97 CTNNB1 EYA1 SALL4
5 beta-catenin destruction complex GO:0030877 8.96 CTNNB1 DACT1

Biological processes related to Townes-Brocks Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 20)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 multicellular organism development GO:0007275 9.85 DACT1 EYA1 SALL1 SALL2 SALL4 SHOX2
2 positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II GO:0045944 9.73 CTNNB1 EYA1 SALL1 SALL2 SALL4 SHOX2
3 heart development GO:0007507 9.62 CTNNB1 SALL1 SALL4 SHOX2
4 neurogenesis GO:0022008 9.59 SALL1 SALL4
5 somatic stem cell population maintenance GO:0035019 9.58 SALL1 SALL4
6 embryonic digit morphogenesis GO:0042733 9.58 CTNNB1 SALL1
7 embryonic limb morphogenesis GO:0030326 9.57 SALL4 SHOX2
8 stem cell population maintenance GO:0019827 9.56 CTNNB1 SALL4
9 ureteric bud development GO:0001657 9.54 EYA1 SALL1
10 limb development GO:0060173 9.52 CTNNB1 SALL1
11 positive regulation of Wnt signaling pathway GO:0030177 9.51 DACT1 SALL1
12 embryonic forelimb morphogenesis GO:0035115 9.49 CTNNB1 SHOX2
13 ventricular septum development GO:0003281 9.48 SALL1 SALL4
14 positive regulation of mesenchymal cell proliferation GO:0002053 9.46 CTNNB1 SHOX2
15 outer ear morphogenesis GO:0042473 9.43 EYA1 SALL1
16 negative regulation of cilium assembly GO:1902018 9.4 CCP110 CEP97
17 neural tube development GO:0021915 9.33 DACT1 SALL2 SALL4
18 branching involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis GO:0001658 9.13 CTNNB1 EYA1 SALL1
19 negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II GO:0000122 9.1 CTNNB1 DACT1 SALL1 SALL2 SALL4 SHOX2
20 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated GO:0006355 10.02 CTNNB1 EYA1 SALL1 SALL2 SALL4 SHOX2

Molecular functions related to Townes-Brocks Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 RNA polymerase II transcription factor binding GO:0001085 9.16 CTNNB1 DACT1
2 transcription regulatory region DNA binding GO:0044212 9.13 SALL1 SALL2 SALL4
3 sequence-specific DNA binding GO:0043565 8.92 SALL1 SALL2 SALL4 SHOX2

Sources for Townes-Brocks Syndrome

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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