MCID: UPP004
MIFTS: 47

Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

Categories: Respiratory diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

MalaCards integrated aliases for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease:

Name: Upper Respiratory Tract Disease 12 15

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:974
ICD9CM 36 478.1 478.19
ICD10 34 J39.8
UMLS 74 C0029581

Summaries for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

Disease Ontology : 12 A respiratory system disease which involves the upper respiratory tract.

MalaCards based summary : Upper Respiratory Tract Disease is related to common cold and tonsillitis. An important gene associated with Upper Respiratory Tract Disease is IL5 (Interleukin 5), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Innate Immune System and ERK Signaling. The drugs Sulfamethoxazole and Trimethoprim have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include eye, t cells and testes, and related phenotypes are hematopoietic system and growth/size/body region

Related Diseases for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

Diseases related to Upper Respiratory Tract Disease via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 333)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 common cold 32.1 CCL11 CXCL8 IL13 IL5 RNASE3 TSLP
2 tonsillitis 32.0 CXCL8 IFNG IL4 IL6 TNF
3 chlamydia 30.5 CXCL8 IFNG IL10 IL4 IL6 TNF
4 ige responsiveness, atopic 30.2 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL4 IL5 MS4A2
5 conjunctivitis 30.0 CCL11 CXCL8 HRH1 IFNG IL13 IL4
6 adenoiditis 11.1
7 laryngotracheitis 11.1
8 uvulitis 11.1
9 adenoid hypertrophy 11.1
10 acute laryngopharyngitis 11.1
11 pharyngitis 11.1
12 scarlet fever 11.1
13 epiglottitis 11.1
14 loeffler endocarditis 10.7 IL5 RNASE3
15 pemphigoid gestationis 10.7 CCL11 IL5
16 cytokine deficiency 10.7 IL13 IL5
17 ascaridiasis 10.6 IL10 IL13
18 eosinophilic fasciitis 10.6 IFNG IL5
19 tracheitis 10.6 RHNO1 TNF
20 borderline leprosy 10.6 MLLT1 SDHD
21 palladium allergic contact dermatitis 10.6 IL10 IL17A
22 multifocal choroiditis 10.6 IL10 TNF
23 punctate inner choroidopathy 10.6 IL10 TNF
24 exudative glomerulonephritis 10.6 CXCL8 TNF
25 pollen allergy 10.6 IL13 IL5 RNASE3
26 intestinal schistosomiasis 10.6 IL13 IL4 IL5
27 chronic tic disorder 10.6 IL13 IL4 IL5
28 gaucher disease, type ii 10.6 IL10 IL4 IL5
29 critical limb ischemia 10.6 IL6 TNF
30 intrinsic asthma 10.6 IL4 IL5 RNASE3
31 eye lymphoma 10.6 IL10 IL6
32 filarial elephantiasis 10.6 IL10 IL4 IL5
33 recurrent corneal erosion 10.6 CXCL8 IL6
34 night blindness, congenital stationary, type 1a 10.6 CCL11 IL13 IL5
35 immune deficiency disease 10.6 IL10 IL13 IL4
36 acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis 10.6 CXCL8 IL17A
37 beta-lactam allergy 10.6 IL10 IL13 IL4
38 sinusitis 10.6 CXCL8 IL5 RNASE3
39 staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome 10.6 IFNG TNF
40 bullous pemphigoid 10.6 CCL11 IL5 RNASE3
41 leukomalacia 10.6 IL6 TNF
42 chronic eosinophilic pneumonia 10.6 CCL11 IL5 RNASE3
43 scorpion envenomation 10.6 IL6 TNF
44 cellulitis 10.6 IL5 RNASE3 TNF
45 status asthmaticus 10.6 CXCL8 IL5 RNASE3
46 wells syndrome 10.6 CXCL8 IL5 RNASE3
47 trichuriasis 10.6 IL10 IL13 TNF
48 penicillin allergy 10.6 IFNG IL13 IL4
49 sezary's disease 10.6 IFNG IL4 IL5
50 rubella 10.6 IL10 IL4 TNF

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Upper Respiratory Tract Disease:



Diseases related to Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Upper Respiratory Tract Disease:

47
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 10.28 CCL11 CCR6 HRH1 IFNG IL10 IL13
2 growth/size/body region MP:0005378 10.21 HRH1 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A IL4
3 immune system MP:0005387 10.17 CCL11 CCR6 HRH1 IFNG IL10 IL13
4 homeostasis/metabolism MP:0005376 10.15 CCR6 HRH1 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A
5 digestive/alimentary MP:0005381 10.11 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A IL4 IL5
6 liver/biliary system MP:0005370 9.86 HRH1 IFNG IL10 IL4 IL5 IL6
7 neoplasm MP:0002006 9.7 IFNG IL10 IL5 IL6 MLLT1 SDHD
8 no phenotypic analysis MP:0003012 9.5 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A IL4 KIDINS220
9 respiratory system MP:0005388 9.32 CCL11 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A IL4

Drugs & Therapeutics for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

Drugs for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 21)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Sulfamethoxazole Approved Phase 1, Phase 2 723-46-6 5329
2
Trimethoprim Approved, Vet_approved Phase 1, Phase 2 738-70-5 5578
3
leucovorin Approved Phase 1, Phase 2 58-05-9 143 6006
4
Folic Acid Approved, Nutraceutical, Vet_approved Phase 1, Phase 2 59-30-3 6037
5 Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors Phase 1, Phase 2
6 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 1, Phase 2
7 Anti-Bacterial Agents Phase 1, Phase 2
8 Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary Phase 1, Phase 2
9 Vitamin B9 Phase 1, Phase 2
10 Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination Phase 1, Phase 2
11 Antiparasitic Agents Phase 1, Phase 2
12 Aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, simethicone drug combination Phase 1, Phase 2
13 Antimalarials Phase 1, Phase 2
14 TEMPO Phase 1, Phase 2
15 Antiprotozoal Agents Phase 1, Phase 2
16 Folic Acid Antagonists Phase 1, Phase 2
17 Vitamin B Complex Phase 1, Phase 2
18 Renal Agents Phase 1, Phase 2
19 Folate Phase 1, Phase 2
20
Clarithromycin Approved 81103-11-9 84029
21 Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors

Interventional clinical trials:


# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 TEMPO Study: Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole in Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis Recruiting NCT03919435 Phase 1, Phase 2 Trimethoprim Sulfamethoxazole
2 Diagnosing Respiratory Disease in Children Using Cough Sounds 2 Completed NCT03392363
3 Evaluation of the Treatment With Klacid SR in Patients With Acute Tracheitis, Tracheobronchitis and Bronchitis, Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Bronchitis and Mild Community-acquired Pneumonia in Common Clinical Practice in Ukraine Completed NCT01095978 Clarithromycin (Klacid SR)

Search NIH Clinical Center for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

Genetic Tests for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

Anatomical Context for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Upper Respiratory Tract Disease:

42
Eye, T Cells, Testes, Brain, Skin, Lymph Node, Spinal Cord

Publications for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

Articles related to Upper Respiratory Tract Disease:

(show top 50) (show all 55)
# Title Authors Year
1
Upper respiratory tract disease and associated diagnostic tests of mycoplasmosis in Alabama populations of Gopher tortoises, Gopherus polyphemus. ( 30951541 )
2019
2
High quality draft genome sequences of Mycoplasma agassizii strains PS6T and 723 isolated from Gopherus tortoises with upper respiratory tract disease. ( 29725499 )
2018
3
Prevalence of feline herpesvirus-1, feline calicivirus, Chlamydophila felis and Mycoplasma felis DNA and associated risk factors in cats in Spain with upper respiratory tract disease, conjunctivitis and/or gingivostomatitis. ( 26919892 )
2017
4
Exposure of rhesus monkeys to cowpox virus Brighton Red by large-particle aerosol droplets results in an upper respiratory tract disease. ( 27166137 )
2016
5
Sampling sites for detection of feline herpesvirus-1, feline calicivirus and Chlamydia felis in cats with feline upper respiratory tract disease. ( 25660223 )
2015
6
Detection of feline upper respiratory tract disease pathogens using a commercially available real-time PCR test. ( 26324635 )
2015
7
An association between Helicobacter pylori and upper respiratory tract disease: fact or fiction? ( 24587622 )
2014
8
Mycoplasmosis and upper respiratory tract disease of tortoises: a review and update. ( 24951264 )
2014
9
Surveillance for upper respiratory tract disease and Mycoplasma in free-ranging gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) in Georgia, USA. ( 25098305 )
2014
10
Effects of mycoplasmal upper-respiratory-tract disease on movement and thermoregulatory behavior of gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) in Georgia, USA. ( 25121399 )
2014
11
Impacts of upper respiratory tract disease on olfactory behavior of the Mojave desert tortoise. ( 24506425 )
2014
12
Mycoplasmal upper respiratory tract disease across the range of the threatened Mojave Desert tortoise: associations with thermal regime and natural antibodies. ( 23579813 )
2013
13
Surveillance of upper respiratory tract disease in owned cats in Australia, 2009-2012. ( 23910025 )
2013
14
Comparison of the efficacy of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, cefovecin, and doxycycline in the treatment of upper respiratory tract disease in cats housed in an animal shelter. ( 22765368 )
2012
15
Upper respiratory tract disease in captive orangutans (Pongo sp.): prevalence in 20 European zoos and predisposing factors. ( 21770970 )
2011
16
Detection of bacterial and viral organisms from the conjunctiva of cats with conjunctivitis and upper respiratory tract disease. ( 20817584 )
2010
17
Flow cytometric method for quantifying viable Mycoplasma agassizii, an agent of upper respiratory tract disease in the desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii). ( 20132436 )
2010
18
Effects of mycoplasmal upper respiratory tract disease on morbidity and mortality of gopher tortoises in northern and central Florida. ( 20688675 )
2010
19
Infectious causes for feline upper respiratory tract disease--a case-control study. ( 20851008 )
2010
20
Upper respiratory tract disease, force of infection, and effects on survival of gopher tortoises. ( 19425439 )
2009
21
Descriptive epidemiology of feline upper respiratory tract disease in an animal shelter. ( 19782625 )
2009
22
Efficacy of pradofloxacin in cats with feline upper respiratory tract disease due to Chlamydophila felis or Mycoplasma infections. ( 18289288 )
2008
23
Prevalence of selected infectious organisms and comparison of two anatomic sampling sites in shelter cats with upper respiratory tract disease. ( 18539065 )
2008
24
Risk factors for time to diagnosis of feline upper respiratory tract disease in UK animal adoption shelters. ( 18639946 )
2008
25
An investigation into the role of Chlamydophila spp. in bovine upper respiratory tract disease. ( 16624729 )
2006
26
Nasal levels of nitric oxide as an outcome variable in allergic upper respiratory tract disease: Influence of atopy and hayfever on nNO. ( 17063731 )
2006
27
Factors associated with upper respiratory tract disease caused by feline herpesvirus, feline calicivirus, Chlamydophila felis and Bordetella bronchiseptica in cats: experience from 218 European catteries. ( 15908495 )
2005
28
Correlation of rhinoscopic signs of inflammation with histologic findings in nasal biopsy specimens of cats with or without upper respiratory tract disease. ( 15328715 )
2004
29
Mycoplasma testudineum sp. nov., from a desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) with upper respiratory tract disease. ( 15388705 )
2004
30
Occurrence of infectious upper respiratory tract disease and response to vaccination in horses on six sentinel premises in northern Colorado. ( 12553466 )
2003
31
Upper respiratory tract disease in tortoises. ( 14509583 )
2003
32
An etiological investigation of domestic cats with conjunctivitis and upper respiratory tract disease in Japan. ( 11999440 )
2002
33
Pathology of upper respiratory tract disease of gopher tortoises in Florida. ( 10813609 )
2000
34
Feline upper respiratory tract disease. ( 10907225 )
2000
35
A study of feline upper respiratory tract disease with reference to prevalence and risk factors for infection with feline calicivirus and feline herpesvirus. ( 11716607 )
2000
36
Prevalence of feline Chlamydia psittaci and feline herpesvirus 1 in cats with upper respiratory tract disease. ( 10357102 )
1999
37
Upper respiratory tract disease in the gopher tortoise is caused by Mycoplasma agassizii. ( 10364595 )
1999
38
Seroepidemiology of upper respiratory tract disease in the desert tortoise in the western Mojave Desert of California. ( 10574531 )
1999
39
Comparison of Chlamydia psittaci from cats with upper respiratory tract disease by polymerase chain reaction analysis of the ompA gene. ( 9106964 )
1997
40
Relationship between clinical signs of upper respiratory tract disease and antibodies to Mycoplasma agassizii in desert tortoises from Nevada. ( 9131556 )
1997
41
Upper respiratory tract disease and mycoplasmosis in desert tortoises from Nevada. ( 9391959 )
1997
42
Molecular characterization of Pasteurella testudinis isolated from desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii) with and without upper respiratory tract disease. ( 7563420 )
1995
43
Mycoplasma agassizii causes upper respiratory tract disease in the desert tortoise. ( 7927724 )
1994
44
Detection of antibodies to a pathogenic mycoplasma in desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii) with upper respiratory tract disease. ( 8314986 )
1993
45
Chronic upper respiratory tract disease of free-ranging desert tortoises (Xerobates agassizii). ( 2067052 )
1991
46
Bacterial adherence and upper respiratory tract disease: a correlation between S. pyogenes attachment and recurrent throat infections. ( 3066104 )
1988
47
Epidemiology of equine upper respiratory tract disease on standardbred racetracks. ( 218705 )
1979
48
Intranasal vaccination against upper respiratory tract disease (U.R.D.) in the cat--I. Virological and serological observations in cats suffering from U.R.D. ( 757150 )
1978
49
Intranasal vaccination against upper respiratory tract disease (U.R.D.) in the cat--II. Results of field studies under enzootic conditions in the Netherlands with a combined vaccine containing live attenuated calici- and herpesvirus. ( 757151 )
1978
50
Office diagnosis of streptococcal upper respiratory tract disease. ( 1091982 )
1975

Variations for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

Expression for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease.

Pathways for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

Pathways related to Upper Respiratory Tract Disease according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 61)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
14.1 CCL11 CCR6 CXCL8 ICOSLG IFNG IL10
2
Show member pathways
13.89 CCL11 CCR6 CXCL8 IL10 IL13 IL17A
3
Show member pathways
13.75 CCL11 CCR6 CXCL8 IFNG IL10 IL13
4
Show member pathways
13.62 CCL11 CXCL8 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A
5
Show member pathways
13.49 CCL11 CCR6 CXCL8 IL10 IL13 IL17A
6
Show member pathways
13.45 CCL11 CXCL8 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A
7
Show member pathways
13.38 CCL11 CCR6 CXCL8 IL10 IL13 IL17A
8 12.9 CXCL8 IFNG IL13 IL4 IL5 IL6
9
Show member pathways
12.72 ICOSLG IFNG IL10 IL4 MS4A2 TNF
10
Show member pathways
12.71 CCL11 CXCL8 ICOSLG IFNG IL10 IL13
11
Show member pathways
12.7 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A IL4 IL5
12
Show member pathways
12.67 IFNG IL10 IL17A IL4 IL5 IL6
13
Show member pathways
12.64 IFNG IL10 IL17A IL6 TNF
14
Show member pathways
12.63 IL13 IL4 IL5 MS4A2 TNF
15 12.62 IFNG IL10 IL17A IL4 TNF
16
Show member pathways
12.51 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL4 IL5 IL6
17
Show member pathways
12.42 CCL11 CXCL8 IFNG IL13 IL17A IL4
18
Show member pathways
12.37 CXCL8 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A IL4
19
Show member pathways
12.36 IFNG IL4 IL6 TNF
20
Show member pathways
12.32 CXCL8 IFNG IL6 TNF
21
Show member pathways
12.3 CCL11 CXCL8 IFNG IL4 IL6 TNF
22
Show member pathways
12.29 IFNG IL10 IL4 TNF
23 12.28 CXCL8 IL10 IL13 IL6 TNF
24 12.27 IFNG IL10 IL6 TNF
25
Show member pathways
12.19 CCL11 CXCL8 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A
26
Show member pathways
12.17 IFNG IL10 IL17A IL6 TNF
27
Show member pathways
12.15 IFNG IL13 IL4 IL6 TNF
28 12.13 CXCL8 IFNG IL4 IL6 TNF
29 12.12 IFNG IL10 IL4 IL5 IL6 TNF
30 12.06 CCL11 CXCL8 IL10 IL13 IL17A IL4
31 12.01 CXCL8 IFNG IL10 IL6 TNF
32 11.98 IL4 IL5 IL6 TNF
33 11.98 CXCL8 IFNG IL17A IL6 TNF
34 11.94 CXCL8 IFNG IL13 IL4 IL5 IL6
35
Show member pathways
11.89 CXCL8 IFNG IL4 IL5 TNF
36
Show member pathways
11.87 CXCL8 IL17A IL6
37 11.87 CXCL8 IL10 IL6 TNF
38 11.85 IFNG IL10 IL6 TNF
39 11.84 CXCL8 IFNG IL6
40 11.8 CCL11 CXCL8 IL13 IL4 IL5 IL6
41 11.78 CCL11 IL10 IL4 IL5
42
Show member pathways
11.77 CXCL8 IFNG IL6 TNF
43 11.77 CCL11 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A IL4
44 11.67 CXCL8 IFNG IL10 IL6 TNF
45 11.66 CXCL8 IL10 IL13 IL4 IL6 TNF
46 11.64 CCL11 CXCL8 IL6 TSLP
47 11.63 CXCL8 IFNG IL6
48 11.63 CXCL8 IL6 TNF
49 11.62 CCL11 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL4 IL5
50 11.6 IFNG IL6 TNF

GO Terms for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

Cellular components related to Upper Respiratory Tract Disease according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.73 CCL11 CXCL8 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A
2 external side of plasma membrane GO:0009897 9.63 CCR6 ICOSLG IL13 IL17A MS4A2 TNF
3 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.4 CCL11 CXCL8 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A

Biological processes related to Upper Respiratory Tract Disease according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 34)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cytokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0019221 9.91 CCL11 CXCL8 IL10 IL13 IL17A IL4
2 cellular response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0071222 9.88 CXCL8 IL10 IL6 TNF
3 inflammatory response GO:0006954 9.85 CCL11 CXCL8 HRH1 IL10 IL13 IL17A
4 cellular response to interleukin-1 GO:0071347 9.83 CCL11 CXCL8 IL17A
5 chemokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0070098 9.82 CCL11 CCR6 CXCL8
6 response to glucocorticoid GO:0051384 9.81 IL10 IL6 TNF
7 positive regulation of interleukin-6 production GO:0032755 9.79 IL6 TNF TSLP
8 positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation GO:0048661 9.78 IL13 IL6 TNF
9 positive regulation of DNA-binding transcription factor activity GO:0051091 9.78 IL10 IL5 IL6 TNF
10 positive regulation of B cell proliferation GO:0030890 9.72 IL13 IL4 IL5
11 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein GO:0042531 9.72 IFNG IL13 IL4 IL6 TSLP
12 negative regulation of endothelial cell apoptotic process GO:2000352 9.71 IL10 IL13 IL4
13 regulation of signaling receptor activity GO:0010469 9.7 CCL11 CXCL8 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A
14 humoral immune response GO:0006959 9.67 CCR6 IFNG IL6 TNF
15 positive regulation of immunoglobulin secretion GO:0051024 9.66 IL5 IL6
16 positive regulation of podosome assembly GO:0071803 9.66 IL5 TNF
17 response to molecule of bacterial origin GO:0002237 9.65 CXCL8 IL10
18 negative regulation of lipid storage GO:0010888 9.64 IL6 TNF
19 positive regulation of interleukin-13 production GO:0032736 9.64 IL4 TSLP
20 endothelial cell apoptotic process GO:0072577 9.63 IL10 TNF
21 positive regulation of MHC class II biosynthetic process GO:0045348 9.61 IL10 IL4
22 positive regulation of osteoclast differentiation GO:0045672 9.61 IFNG IL17A TNF
23 negative regulation of cytokine secretion involved in immune response GO:0002740 9.6 IL10 TNF
24 positive regulation of neuroinflammatory response GO:0150078 9.59 IL6 TNF
25 positive regulation of interleukin-23 production GO:0032747 9.58 IFNG IL17A
26 positive regulation of chemokine production GO:0032722 9.58 IL6 TNF TSLP
27 regulation of isotype switching GO:0045191 9.57 IL10 IL4
28 type 2 immune response GO:0042092 9.56 IL10 IL4
29 negative regulation of complement-dependent cytotoxicity GO:1903660 9.52 IL13 IL4
30 positive regulation of calcidiol 1-monooxygenase activity GO:0060559 9.51 IFNG TNF
31 receptor biosynthetic process GO:0032800 9.49 IL10 TNF
32 positive regulation of vitamin D biosynthetic process GO:0060557 9.46 IFNG TNF
33 immune response GO:0006955 9.4 CCL11 CCR6 CXCL8 IFNG IL10 IL13
34 positive regulation of gene expression GO:0010628 10.02 IFNG IL13 IL4 IL6 TNF

Molecular functions related to Upper Respiratory Tract Disease according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cytokine activity GO:0005125 9.36 CCL11 CXCL8 IFNG IL10 IL13 IL17A
2 growth factor activity GO:0008083 9.26 IL10 IL4 IL5 IL6

Sources for Upper Respiratory Tract Disease

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
20 FMA
29 GO
30 GTR
31 HGMD
32 HMDB
33 HPO
34 ICD10
35 ICD10 via Orphanet
36 ICD9CM
37 IUPHAR
38 KEGG
39 LifeMap
41 LOVD
43 MedGen
45 MeSH
46 MESH via Orphanet
47 MGI
50 NCI
51 NCIt
52 NDF-RT
55 NINDS
56 Novoseek
58 OMIM
59 OMIM via Orphanet
63 PubMed
65 QIAGEN
70 SNOMED-CT via HPO
71 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
72 TGDB
73 Tocris
74 UMLS
75 UMLS via Orphanet
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