MCID: URT037
MIFTS: 45

Urethral Stricture

Categories: Nephrological diseases
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Aliases & Classifications for Urethral Stricture

MalaCards integrated aliases for Urethral Stricture:

Name: Urethral Stricture 11 53 5 43 14 71 75 31 33
Stricture of Urinary Meatus 33
Constriction of Urethra 33
Contraction of Urethra 33
Urethral Obliteration 33
Urethral Contracture 33
Urethral Obstruction 33
Meatal Stenosis Nos 33
Urethral Narrowing 33
Pinhole Meatus Nos 33
Urethral Occlusion 33
Urethral Stenosis 33
Pinpoint Meatus 33
Ankylurethria 33

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 11 DOID:1829
ICD9CM 34 598.8
MeSH 43 D014525
ICD10 31 N35 N35.9
ICD11 33 611219038
UMLS 71 C0029752 C0041974

Summaries for Urethral Stricture

MalaCards based summary: Urethral Stricture, also known as stricture of urinary meatus, is related to urethral syndrome and bladder neck obstruction. An important gene associated with Urethral Stricture is KLK3 (Kallikrein Related Peptidase 3), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Adhesion and Angiotensin II receptor type 1 pathway. The drugs Bupivacaine and Celecoxib have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include prostate, spinal cord and skin.

Wikipedia: 75 A urethral stricture is a narrowing of the urethra, the tube connected to the bladder that allows the... more...

Related Diseases for Urethral Stricture

Diseases related to Urethral Stricture via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 291)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 urethral syndrome 31.4 UPK3A PDE5A KLK3 CRP BOLL
2 bladder neck obstruction 31.1 PDE5A KLK3
3 urinary tract infection 30.9 UPK3A KLK3 CRP
4 urethritis 30.9 KLK3 CRP
5 prostatic hyperplasia, benign 30.9 PDE5A KLK3 FOLH1
6 impotence 30.8 TGFB1 PDE5A KLK3 ADRA1D
7 urethral diverticulum 30.6 UPK3A KLK3 BOLL
8 prostatitis 30.5 TGFB1 PDE5A KLK3
9 epididymo-orchitis 30.5 KLK3 CRP
10 urethra cancer 30.2 UPK3A KLK3
11 urinary tract obstruction 30.1 UPK3A TGFB1 KLK3 CRP CCN2
12 vesicoureteral reflux 30.0 UPK3A UPK2 CRP
13 renal fibrosis 30.0 TGFB1 MIR21 CCN2
14 chronic kidney disease 30.0 TGFB1 MIR21 CRP CCN2
15 pyuria 29.9 UPK3A KLK3 CRP
16 neurogenic bladder 29.8 UPK3A PDE5A KLK3 CRP
17 transitional cell carcinoma 29.8 UPK3A UPK2 KLK3
18 hydronephrosis 29.8 UPK3A UPK2 TGFB1 KLK3 CRP
19 phimosis 29.7 FERMT1 CRP
20 prostatic hypertrophy 29.7 PDE5A KLK3 FOLH1 CRP ADRA1D
21 skin disease 29.3 PLEC MIR21 FERMT1 CRP CCN2
22 cervical ribs, sprengel anomaly, anal atresia, and urethral obstruction 11.4
23 partington syndrome 11.2
24 infective urethral stricture 11.2
25 anterior urethral valve 11.1
26 epidermolysis bullosa simplex 5c, with pyloric atresia 11.1
27 lower urinary tract obstruction, congenital 11.1
28 dyskeratosis congenita 11.1
29 prostate embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma 11.1
30 hypospadias 10.7
31 lichen sclerosus et atrophicus 10.7
32 common cold 10.4
33 sexual health disorder 10.4
34 prostate cancer 10.3
35 cystitis 10.3
36 female stress incontinence 10.3 PDE5A KLK3
37 nodular prostate 10.3 KLK3 FOLH1
38 prostate cancer, hereditary, 8 10.3
39 prostate cancer, hereditary, 6 10.3
40 balanitis 10.3
41 balanitis xerotica obliterans 10.3
42 urethral calculus 10.3
43 prostatic acinar adenocarcinoma 10.3 KLK3 FOLH1
44 prostate small cell carcinoma 10.3 KLK3 FOLH1
45 peyronie disease 10.3 TGFB1 PDE5A
46 cystitis cystica 10.2 UPK2 KLK3
47 prostate neuroendocrine neoplasm 10.2 KLK3 FOLH1
48 castration-resistant prostate carcinoma 10.2 KLK3 FOLH1
49 urinary tract infections, recurrent 10.2
50 orchitis 10.2

Comorbidity relations with Urethral Stricture via Phenotypic Disease Network (PDN): (show all 25)


Acute Cystitis Acute Kidney Failure
Balanoposthitis Bladder Cancer
Bladder Neck Obstruction Chronic Kidney Disease
Cystitis Cystitis Cystica
Deficiency Anemia Epididymo-Orchitis
Hydronephrosis Nephrolithiasis, X-Linked Recessive, with Renal Failure
Neurogenic Bladder Peyronie's Disease
Prostate Calculus Prostate Cancer
Prostatic Hypertrophy Prostatitis
Radiation Cystitis Trigonitis
Ureterolithiasis Urethral Calculus
Urethral Gland Abscess Urethritis
Urinary Tract Obstruction

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Urethral Stricture:



Diseases related to Urethral Stricture

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Urethral Stricture

Drugs & Therapeutics for Urethral Stricture

Drugs for Urethral Stricture (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 49)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1
Bupivacaine Approved, Investigational Phase 4 2180-92-9, 38396-39-3 2474
2
Celecoxib Approved, Investigational Phase 4 169590-42-5 2662
3
Dexamethasone acetate Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 1177-87-3 3680
4
Dexamethasone Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Phase 4 50-02-2 3003 5743
5
Acetaminophen Approved Phase 4 103-90-2 1983
6
Ibuprofen Approved Phase 4 15687-27-1 3672
7
Oxycodone Approved, Illicit, Investigational Phase 4 76-42-6 5284603
8
Gabapentin Approved, Investigational Phase 4 60142-96-3 3446
9 Anesthetics, Local Phase 4
10 Antirheumatic Agents Phase 4
11 Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal Phase 4
12 Antipyretics Phase 4
13 Hormones Phase 4
14 Hormone Antagonists Phase 4
15 Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors Phase 4
16 Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors Phase 4
17 Antiemetics Phase 4
18 Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal Phase 4
19 glucocorticoids Phase 4
20 BB 1101 Phase 4
21 Analgesics, Opioid Phase 4
22 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Phase 4
23 Anti-Inflammatory Agents Phase 4
24 Gastrointestinal Agents Phase 4
25 Narcotics Phase 4
26 Analgesics Phase 4
27 Neurotransmitter Agents Phase 4
28 Anti-Anxiety Agents Phase 4
29 Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists Phase 4
30 Psychotropic Drugs Phase 4
31 Anticonvulsants Phase 4
32
Silicon Approved, Investigational Phase 2, Phase 3 7440-21-3 4082203
33
Racepinephrine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 3 51-43-4, 329-65-7 838 5816
34
Lidocaine Approved, Vet_approved Phase 3 137-58-6 3676
35 Pharmaceutical Solutions Phase 3
36 Epinephryl borate Phase 3
37 Hemostatics Phase 3
38
Mitomycin Approved Phase 1, Phase 2 50-07-7 5746
39 Anti-Bacterial Agents Phase 1, Phase 2
40 Alkylating Agents Phase 1, Phase 2
41 Antibiotics, Antitubercular Phase 1, Phase 2
42 Fibrin Tissue Adhesive Phase 1
43
Triamcinolone Approved, Vet_approved 124-94-7 31307
44
Paclitaxel Approved, Vet_approved 33069-62-4 36314
45
Triamcinolone hexacetonide
46
Triamcinolone diacetate
47
Triamcinolone Acetonide 6436
48 Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
49 Anesthetics

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 43)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Cold vs. Laser Internal Urethrotomy Treatment of Urethral Strictures Unknown status NCT01196572 Phase 4
2 Efficacy of Opioid-limiting Pain Management Protocol in Men Undergoing Urethroplasty Recruiting NCT03859024 Phase 4 Oxycodone;Acetaminophen;Gabapentin;celebrex;Bupivacaine;Ibuprofen 800 mg;Dexamethasone
3 Optilume PoST AppRoval Clinical Evaluation of Andrology ParaMeters Recruiting NCT05383274 Phase 4
4 Effect of Preoperative Gabapentin on Postoperative Pain Associated With Ureteroscopy and Stents Insertion: a Double Blind, Randomized, Placebo Controlled Trial Terminated NCT03151746 Phase 4 Placebo;Gabapentin
5 Diagnosis of Urethral Stricture With Sono-urethrography vs Conventional Urethrography: Evaluation of the Diagnostic Value and Evaluation of the Reduction of the Radiation Dose With Sono-urethrography (SONO-URETHRA) Unknown status NCT01790776 Phase 3
6 Liposomal Bupivacaine To Control Post-Operative Pain Following Buccal Mucosal Graft Harvesting Completed NCT03720223 Phase 3 Liposomal Bupivacaine
7 Holmium: YAG Versus Cold Knife Internal Urethrotomy in Management of Short Urethral Strictures: A Randomized Controlled Trial Completed NCT04650347 Phase 2, Phase 3
8 Prospective, Randomized, Controlled, Multicenter Trial of the Memokath® 044TW Thermo-Expandable Stent for Maintaining Urethral Patency in Patients After Dilation or Internal Urethrotomy of Recurrent Stricture of the Bulbar Urethra Completed NCT00270504 Phase 3
9 Peri-operative Oral Pain Control Following Buccal Graft Urethroplasty: Randomized Control Trial of Harvest Site Anesthetic Recruiting NCT05300685 Phase 3 Standard Buccal Harvest;Basic buccal procedure + Long acting local;Basic buccal procedure + Buccal block
10 Effectiveness and Safety of Endoscopically-Assisted Submucosal Administration of Autologous Adipose-Derived Regenerative Cells for the Treatment of Urethral Strictures Unknown status NCT01889888 Phase 1, Phase 2
11 POIROT TRIAL: Post-Operative Imaging After Urethroplasty With Peri-catheter Retrograde Urethrography Or Trial of Voiding With Voiding Cysto-urethrography Unknown status NCT04307537 Phase 2
12 Effect of Mitomycin C on Urethral Stricture Recurrence After Internal Urethrotomy Unknown status NCT00918528 Phase 1, Phase 2 Mitomycin C - local injection
13 Role of Uttarbasti in the Management of Mutra Marga Sankoch (Urethral Stricture) Completed NCT00535717 Phase 2
14 Clostridium Histolyticum Collagenase Injection Treatment for Urethral Disease: a Prospective, Single-center, Open-label Study Recruiting NCT02948842 Phase 2 Clostridium Histolyticum Collagenase
15 Endoscopic Buccal Mucosal Graft Urethroplasty or Bladder Neck Reconstruction Unknown status NCT03061344 Phase 1
16 A Phase 1 Pilot Safety and Feasibility Study of Autologous Engineered Urethral Not yet recruiting NCT03258658 Phase 1
17 An Open Prospective Clinical Study on Safety and Efficacy of Surgical Treatment of Patients With Anterior Urethral Stricture Using a Tissue-engineered Construct Based on Autologous Buccal Mucosa Cells and Matrix From Reconstituted Collagen and Reinforcing Polylactoglycolide Fibers Unknown status NCT03205670 Early Phase 1
18 Prospective Long-term Single Center Cohort Study Assessing Functional Outcome of Urethral Reconstructive Surgery Completed NCT01982136
19 Factors Predicting Urethral Stricture Recurrence After Dorsal Onlay Augmented, Buccal Mucosal Graft Urethroplasty Completed NCT04357080
20 Role of Oral Steroids in Reducing Recurrence of Urethral Stricture After Direct Vision Internal Urethrotomy Completed NCT05069883 Steroid Drug;No steroid
21 Scandinavian Urethroplasty Study. A Multicentre, Prospective, Randomized Study Comparing Bulbar Urethroplasty With Excision and Primary Anastomosis or With an Onlay Grafting Procedure Using Buccal Mucosa. Completed NCT02321670
22 PASTIS-Trial: Pre-operative Assessment by Sonourethrography Only in Anterior Urethral Strictures: A Prospective Feasibility Trial Completed NCT04452890
23 Urethral Stricture Repair: A Prospective Randomized Analysis Between Jugal or Labial Graft in Buccal Mucosa Urethroplasty Completed NCT03973619
24 Efficacy of Holmium Laser Uretherotomy in Combination With Intralesional Steroids in the Treatment of Bulbar Uretheral Stricture Completed NCT05078788
25 Feasibility and Therapeutic Potential of Free Fat Grafts in the Treatment of Urethral Strictures Recruiting NCT04161365
26 DoVe Trial: a Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Dorsal Onlay Versus Ventral Onlay in Isolated Bulbar Urethral Strictures Recruiting NCT04551417
27 Hormonal Status and Coagulative Disorders as Risk Factors for Urethral Stricture After Transurethral Resection of the Prostate/Bladder: A Prospective Study Recruiting NCT04795570
28 VeSpAR: A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Vessel-Sparing Anastomotic Repair and Transecting Anastomotic Repair in Isolated Short Bulbar Urethral Strictures Recruiting NCT03572348
29 Bioengineered Collagen Scaffold Implant as an Alternative to Conventional Buccal Mucosa for Substitution Urethroplasty of Distal Urethral Strictures. - A Pilot Stud Recruiting NCT05463991
30 Nonfat Grafting in Male and Female Genital Lichen Sclerosus Recruiting NCT05464290
31 MAGIC I TRIAL - Multi-stage Urethroplasty With Augmentation Using a Dorsal Graft Inlay Technique Comparing Graft Use in First or Second Stage: a Randomized Controlled Pilot Study Recruiting NCT04965025
32 New Autologous Fat Graft for the Treatment of Urethral Stricture Recruiting NCT05451732
33 Validation of the Standardized Prenatal Clinical Management of Fetuses With Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction (LUTO) Recruiting NCT02315521
34 Re-establishing Flow Via Drug Coated Balloon For The Treatment Of Urethral Stricture Disease Active, not recruiting NCT03270384
35 ROBUST III - Re-Establishing Flow Via Drug Coated Balloon For The Treatment Of Urethral Stricture Disease - A Randomized Control Trial Active, not recruiting NCT03499964
36 ROBUST I Pilot Study, ROBUST I Study, Re-Establishing Flow Via Drug Coated Balloon For The Treatment Of Urethral Stricture Disease Active, not recruiting NCT03014726
37 The Diagnostic Accuracy of Pulsed Fluoroscopy Retrograde Urethrogram Vs the Traditional Retrograde Urethrogram In Diagnosing Urethral Stricture: A Randomized Prospective Comparative Study Not yet recruiting NCT05519566
38 9000 URETHRA STUDY: a Prospective, Observational Study About Urethroplasty for Urethral Stricture Disease Not yet recruiting NCT04071925
39 European Clinical Registry for Optilume Urethral Drug Coated Balloon Not yet recruiting NCT05479422
40 A Randomized Study of Dorsal Versus Ventral Buccal Mucosa Graft Onlay for Bulbar Urethroplasty Terminated NCT02634619
41 A Randomized Study of Dorsal Versus Ventral Buccal Mucosa Graft Onlay for Bulbar Urethroplasty Terminated NCT02551783
42 Fetal Cystoscopy for Severe Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction - a Prospective Trial Terminated NCT02446184
43 Re-Establishing Flow Via Drug Coated Balloon for the Treatment of Urethral Stricture Disease - Registry Study Withdrawn NCT03851952

Search NIH Clinical Center for Urethral Stricture

Cochrane evidence based reviews: urethral stricture

Genetic Tests for Urethral Stricture

Anatomical Context for Urethral Stricture

Organs/tissues related to Urethral Stricture:

MalaCards : Prostate, Spinal Cord, Skin, Smooth Muscle, Bone Marrow, Kidney, Testis

Publications for Urethral Stricture

Articles related to Urethral Stricture:

(show top 50) (show all 4978)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Factors affecting urethral stricture development after radical retropubic prostatectomy. 53 62
19165616 2009
2
Short-term results of rotoresection for benign prostatic hyperplasia: a prospective study of safety and efficacy. 53 62
14616452 2003
3
Biomarkers in Urethral Stricture Disease and Benign Lower Urinary Tract Disease. 62
36424081 2023
4
Circular RNA ACTR2 activates M2 polarization of macrophages through activating Yes-associated protein signalling and contributes to renal fibrosis. 62
36069177 2022
5
Urologic dermatology: a comprehensive foray into the noninfectious etiologies of balanitis. 62
34826136 2022
6
Effect of intermittent bladder flushing on recurrence rate in feline urethral obstruction: 72 cases. 62
36467381 2022
7
Erectile and voiding function outcomes after buccal mucosa graft urethroplasty for long-segment bulbar urethral stricture: ventral versus dorsal onlay technique. 62
36460798 2022
8
A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Two Different Local Intraurethral Anesthetics in Optical Internal Urethrotomy at the Outpatient Clinic. 62
36195164 2022
9
The application of 3D bioprinting in urological diseases. 62
35967737 2022
10
Treatment strategies for hyperkalemia secondary to urethral obstruction in 50 male cats: 2002-2017. 62
36350735 2022
11
The Outcomes of Pelvic Fracture Urethral Injuries Stratified by Urethral Injury Severity: A Prospective Multi-institutional Genitourinary Trauma Study (MiGUTS). 62
36152870 2022
12
Neutering is not associated with early-onset urethral obstruction in cats. 62
36453601 2022
13
Sources, Selection, and Microenvironmental Preconditioning of Cells for Urethral Tissue Engineering. 62
36430557 2022
14
Posterior urethral stenosis: a comparative review of the guidelines. 62
36018366 2022
15
Ventral onlay graft urethroplasty using bladder mucosa in a cat with a urethral stricture. 62
36351592 2022
16
[Urethroplasty technological changes for the treatment of male urethral stricture]. 62
36323579 2022
17
Addressing the Relationship Between Testosterone Levels and Urethral Stricture: A Case-Control Study. 62
35913438 2022
18
A novel case of female urethral stricture and repair. 62
36248779 2022
19
Male urethral diverticulum without having urethral stricture: A rare case. 62
36420477 2022
20
Predictive value of systemic immune-inflammation index in recurrent urethral strictures. 62
36321780 2022
21
Urethral Cancer After Urethroplasty: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. 62
35914585 2022
22
Oncological and urinary outcomes following low-dose-rate brachytherapy with a median follow-up of 11.8 years. 62
35791775 2022
23
Evaluating Tools for Characterizing Anterior Urethral Stricture Disease: A Comparison of the LSE System and the Urethral Stricture Score. 62
35913433 2022
24
Preputial urethrostomy with preservation of the local anatomy in 4 dogs. 62
36069396 2022
25
Clinical spectrum and management options for prostatic utricle in children. 62
35101262 2022
26
Prospective Assessment of Genital Pain in Patients With Urethral Stricture: Incidence, Associations, and Impact of Urethroplasty. 62
36343864 2022
27
Long-term outcomes of Blocksom vesicostomy for elderly patients with chronic urinary retention. 62
35945167 2022
28
Long-term treatment outcomes/toxicities of definite chemoradiotherapy (intensity-modulated radiation therapy) for early-stage "bulky" cervical cancer and survival impact of histological subtype. 62
36379808 2022
29
Technical details and long-term outcomes of P.A.D.U.A. for congenital urethral narrowing; a case series and review of the literature. 62
36424292 2022
30
Which Are the Commonest Sites and Characteristics of Post-Transurethral Prostate Surgery Strictures in a High-Volume Reconstructive Center? 62
35699078 2022
31
The use of a modified tanagho flap in the repair of posterior urethral stricture after primary exstrophy closure. 62
36369236 2022
32
The effectiveness and safety of three surgical procedures for the treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia: A network meta-analysis. 62
36267366 2022
33
Urethral and bladder neck stenosis after thulium laser enucleation of the prostate: Analysis of risk factors in a series of 1003 patients. 62
35789109 2022
34
The Long-term Effects of Transurethral Bladder Neck Incision in the Treatment of Female Bladder Neck Obstruction. 62
36242528 2022
35
Sodium butyrate ameliorates erectile dysfunction through fibrosis in a rat model of partial bladder outlet obstruction. 62
35852413 2022
36
Assessments of ReDo buccal mucosal urethroplasty in terms of functional outcomes. 62
35838830 2022
37
Morphological and histological changes in the urethra after intraurethral nonablative erbium YAG laser therapy: an experimental study in beagle dogs. 62
35614283 2022
38
Engraftment of Transplanted Buccal Epithelial Cells onto the Urethrotomy Site, Proven Immunohistochemically in Rabbit Model; a Feat to Prevent Urethral Stricture Recurrence. 62
36306011 2022
39
An Update on Female Urethral Stricture Disease. 62
36308672 2022
40
Outcomes Following Gender Affirming Phalloplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. 62
36031521 2022
41
Quality and content analysis of female urethroplasty videos on YouTube. 62
36310521 2022
42
Three-Piece Inflatable Penile Prosthesis Implantation for the Treatment of Severe Erectile Dysfunction Following a Complex Pelvic Fracture: A Case Report. 62
36238423 2022
43
Assessment of serum symmetric dimethylarginine and creatinine concentrations in cats with urethral obstruction. 62
34894831 2022
44
Irreversible Electroporation Balloon Therapy for Palliative Treatment of Obstructive Urethral Transitional Cell Carcinoma in Dogs. 62
36049240 2022
45
[Use of urethral stents for urethral strictures]. 62
36098603 2022
46
Anterior substitutional urethroplasty using a biomimetic poly-l-lactide nanofiber membrane: Preclinical and clinical outcomes. 62
36176613 2022
47
A Novel Technique of Urethroplasty Could Reduce Urethra-Related Complications in Phalloplasty With Urethral Lengthening. 62
36182727 2022
48
Clinical application of a double-modified sulfated bacterial cellulose scaffold material loaded with FGFR2-modified adipose-derived stem cells in urethral reconstruction. 62
36068613 2022
49
Prospects and Challenges of Electrospun Cell and Drug Delivery Vehicles to Correct Urethral Stricture. 62
36142432 2022
50
Urethral Stricture/Stenosis as a Complication of High Intensity Focused Ultrasound of the Prostate (HIFU): What is the Overall Patient Experience? 62
35680051 2022

Variations for Urethral Stricture

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Urethral Stricture:

5
# Gene Name Type Significance ClinVarId dbSNP ID Position
1 TBXAS1 GRCh37/hg19 7q34(chr7:139478979-139550968) CN GAIN Uncertain Significance
638674 GRCh37: 7:139478979-139550968
GRCh38:
2 GABRG3 GRCh37/hg19 15q12(chr15:27462869-27544157) CN GAIN Uncertain Significance
638675 GRCh37: 15:27462869-27544157
GRCh38:

Expression for Urethral Stricture

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Urethral Stricture.

Pathways for Urethral Stricture

Pathways related to Urethral Stricture according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 11.01 PLEC KLK3 FERMT1 CCN2
2 10.4 TGFB1 CCN2

GO Terms for Urethral Stricture

Biological processes related to Urethral Stricture according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cell morphogenesis GO:0000902 9.35 UPK3A TGFB1 PLEC
2 connective tissue development GO:0061448 8.62 TGFB1 CCN2

Sources for Urethral Stricture

2 CDC
6 CNVD
8 Cosmic
9 dbSNP
10 DGIdb
16 EFO
17 ExPASy
18 FMA
19 GARD
27 GO
28 GTR
29 HMDB
30 HPO
31 ICD10
32 ICD10 via Orphanet
33 ICD11
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 LifeMap
38 LOVD
40 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
50 NDF-RT
52 NINDS
53 Novoseek
55 ODiseA
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 08-Dec-2022)
61 PubChem
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 Tocris
71 UMLS
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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