MCID: VRL007
MIFTS: 52

Viral Encephalitis

Categories: Immune diseases, Infectious diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Viral Encephalitis

MalaCards integrated aliases for Viral Encephalitis:

Name: Viral Encephalitis 12 15 17 74
Epidemic Encephalitis 12 77
Encephalitis, Arbovirus 45
Arbovirus Encephalitis 74
Encephalitis Viral 56

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:646
MeSH 45 D004671
NCIt 51 C34576
SNOMED-CT 69 20411005 68197003

Summaries for Viral Encephalitis

Disease Ontology : 12 An encephalitis that involves inflammation of the brain caused by viral infection.

MalaCards based summary : Viral Encephalitis, also known as epidemic encephalitis, is related to cerebral palsy and encephalitis. An important gene associated with Viral Encephalitis is VCAM1 (Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Innate Immune System and ERK Signaling. The drugs Vaccines and Immunologic Factors have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, t cells and monocytes, and related phenotypes are hematopoietic system and immune system

Wikipedia : 77 Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain. Severity is variable. Symptoms may include headache, fever,... more...

Related Diseases for Viral Encephalitis

Diseases in the Encephalitis family:

Viral Encephalitis Autoimmune Encephalitis

Diseases related to Viral Encephalitis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 352)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cerebral palsy 32.0 IL1B IL6 TNF
2 encephalitis 31.5 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B
3 japanese encephalitis 31.3 CCL5 CXCL10 TNF
4 neurosyphilis 30.4 CXCL10 IL10
5 rabies 30.4 CCL5 CXCL10 MX1
6 acute transverse myelitis 30.2 IL10 IL6
7 meningitis 30.0 CCL2 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
8 viral meningitis 29.8 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL6
9 myelitis 29.8 IL6 MBP TNF
10 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation 29.8 IL10 IL6 TNF
11 yellow fever 29.6 CCL2 CCL5 IL6
12 transverse myelitis 29.4 IL10 IL6 MBP TNF
13 meningoencephalitis 29.4 CCL5 IL6 MBP
14 mouth disease 29.3 IL10 IL1B IL6 MX1 TNF
15 demyelinating disease 28.5 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B MBP
16 malaria 28.1 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
17 multiple sclerosis 27.5 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
18 eastern equine encephalitis 11.5
19 tick-borne encephalitis 10.7
20 von economo's disease 10.5
21 encephalopathy, acute, infection-induced 4 10.5
22 diabetic foot ulcers 10.5 CCL2 IL6
23 shwartzman phenomenon 10.5 TNF VCAM1
24 denture stomatitis 10.5 CCL2 IL6
25 encephalitozoonosis 10.5 MX1 TNF
26 anterior uveitis 10.5 CCL2 IL6
27 anthracosis 10.4 CCL2 TNF
28 retinitis pigmentosa 55 10.4 IL6 TNF
29 angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy with dysproteinemia 10.4 IL6 TNF
30 juvenile ankylosing spondylitis 10.4 IL6 TNF
31 japanese spotted fever 10.4 CCL2 CXCL10
32 pericoronitis 10.4 IL1B VCAM1
33 null-cell leukemia 10.4 IL6 TNF
34 autoimmune myocarditis 10.4 IL6 TNF
35 posterior urethral valves 10.4 IL6 TNF
36 cardiogenic shock 10.4 IL6 TNF
37 streptococcal toxic-shock syndrome 10.4 IL6 TNF
38 retinitis pigmentosa 73 10.4 CCL2 IL1B
39 purulent labyrinthitis 10.4 CCL2 IL1B
40 periodontitis, chronic 10.4 IL1B IL6
41 recurrent corneal erosion 10.4 IL1B IL6
42 bagassosis 10.4 IL1B IL6
43 euthyroid sick syndrome 10.4 IL1B IL6
44 retinitis pigmentosa 60 10.4 IL1B TNF
45 burns 10.4 IL1B TNF
46 palladium allergic contact dermatitis 10.4 CCL2 IL10
47 la crosse encephalitis 10.4
48 louping ill 10.4
49 western equine encephalitis 10.4
50 st. louis encephalitis 10.4

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Viral Encephalitis:



Diseases related to Viral Encephalitis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Viral Encephalitis

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Viral Encephalitis:

47
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 9.65 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6 MBP
2 immune system MP:0005387 9.36 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6

Drugs & Therapeutics for Viral Encephalitis

Drugs for Viral Encephalitis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 14)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1 Vaccines Phase 3
2 Immunologic Factors Phase 3,Phase 2
3
Ribavirin Approved Phase 2 36791-04-5 37542
4 Antimetabolites Phase 2
5 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 2
6 Antiviral Agents Phase 2
7 Rho(D) Immune Globulin Phase 2
8 Immunoglobulins Phase 2
9 gamma-Globulins Phase 2
10 Immunoglobulins, Intravenous Phase 2
11 Antibodies Phase 2
12
Maraviroc Approved, Investigational 376348-65-1 3002977
13 Anti-Retroviral Agents
14 Anti-HIV Agents

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 11)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Immunogenicity and Safety of Inactivated Vero Cell Derived Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine in Thai Children Completed NCT01408537 Phase 3
2 Boosterability of Live Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Vaccine in Children Who Have Previously Received Inactivated JE Vaccine Completed NCT00463476 Phase 3
3 Determining Long-Term Safety and Efficacy of Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine When Given With Measles Vaccine Completed NCT00412516 Phase 3
4 Determining Safety and Efficacy of Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine When Given With Measles Vaccine Completed NCT00249769 Phase 3
5 A Clinical Trial for Inactivated Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine in Healthy Chinese Infants Completed NCT02367664 Phase 3
6 Treatment of Japanese Encephalitis Unknown status NCT00216268 Phase 2 Ribavirin
7 Safety and Efficacy Study of Intravenous Immunoglobulin to Treat Japanese Encephalitis Completed NCT01856205 Phase 2 Intravenous immunoglobulin [ImmunoRel™ (batch 20081217)]
8 Rijavithi Viral and Mycobacterium PCR Arrays in CNS Infection Study Completed NCT00807378
9 Prospective Observational Epidemiologic Study of Maraviroc's Safety Completed NCT00665561 Maraviroc along with an optimized background antiretroviral drug regimen;Optimized background antiretroviral drug regimen without maraviroc
10 HIV Cohort Study At Johns Hopkins University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Vanderbilt University Completed NCT01339416
11 Kaiser Permanente HIV Cohort Study Completed NCT01339403

Search NIH Clinical Center for Viral Encephalitis

Cochrane evidence based reviews: encephalitis, arbovirus

Genetic Tests for Viral Encephalitis

Anatomical Context for Viral Encephalitis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Viral Encephalitis:

42
Brain, T Cells, Monocytes, Eye, Testes, Cerebellum, Cortex

Publications for Viral Encephalitis

Articles related to Viral Encephalitis:

(show top 50) (show all 479)
# Title Authors Year
1
A Murine Model of Dengue Virus-induced Acute Viral Encephalitis-like Disease. ( 31081826 )
2019
2
PD-1 Dynamically Regulates Inflammation and Development of Brain-Resident Memory CD8 T Cells During Persistent Viral Encephalitis. ( 31105690 )
2019
3
The role of microglia in viral encephalitis: a review. ( 30967139 )
2019
4
Evaluation of the adjunctive effect of Xing Nao Jing Injection for viral encephalitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. ( 30985707 )
2019
5
Viral encephalitis in Parry-Romberg syndrome. ( 31064793 )
2019
6
Bacteroides fragilis polysaccharide A induces IL-10 secreting B and T cells that prevent viral encephalitis. ( 31089128 )
2019
7
Lesson of the month 1: Neurosyphilis mimicking viral encephalitis and ischaemic stroke. ( 31092522 )
2019
8
Glioblastoma Mimicking Viral Encephalitis Responds to Acyclovir: A Case Series and Literature Review. ( 30723703 )
2019
9
Parkinsonism Caused by Viral Encephalitis Affecting the Bilateral Substantia Nigra. ( 30796493 )
2019
10
Hyponatremia Is Predictive of HSV-1 Encephalitis among Patients with Viral Encephalitis. ( 30890665 )
2019
11
High-throughput sequencing for the aetiologic identification of viral encephalitis, meningoencephalitis and meningitis. A narrative review and clinical appraisal. ( 30641229 )
2019
12
CSF1R antagonism limits local restimulation of antiviral CD8+ T cells during viral encephalitis. ( 30704498 )
2019
13
Neurosurgery in viral encephalitis: Application of decompressive craniectomy in medical diseases. ( 30415807 )
2019
14
Detection of West Nile Virus Infection in Viral Encephalitis Cases, China. ( 29985780 )
2019
15
Viral encephalitis as a mimic of common neurosurgical conditions. ( 30136601 )
2019
16
Disseminated herpes simplex virus: a case of eczema herpeticum causing viral encephalitis. ( 29741524 )
2018
17
Viral Encephalitis. ( 30366550 )
2018
18
Chemokine receptors CCR2 and CX3CR1 regulate viral encephalitis-induced hippocampal damage but not seizures. ( 30181265 )
2018
19
Microglia have a protective role in viral encephalitis-induced seizure development and hippocampal damage. ( 30217535 )
2018
20
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in Viral Encephalitis: A Pictorial Essay. ( 30271050 )
2018
21
Type I Interferon Receptor Signaling of Neurons and Astrocytes Regulates Microglia Activation during Viral Encephalitis. ( 30282022 )
2018
22
Chandipura Viral Encephalitis: A Brief Review. ( 30288194 )
2018
23
Viral Encephalitis and Neurologic Diseases: Focus on Astrocytes. ( 30314877 )
2018
24
Acute Viral Encephalitis. ( 30089069 )
2018
25
Microhemorrhage identified on 3.0 T MR susceptibility-weighted imaging for prognosis of viral encephalitis. ( 29865105 )
2018
26
Aciclovir CSF concentration in children with viral encephalitis: is it adequate? ( 29878193 )
2018
27
HLA and killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIRs) genotyping in patients with acute viral encephalitis. ( 29707126 )
2018
28
Viral encephalitis in quantitative EEG. ( 29710730 )
2018
29
Autoimmune GFAP astrocytopathy after viral encephalitis: A case report. ( 29499442 )
2018
30
Epidemiological Profile of Acute Viral Encephalitis in a Sample of Egyptian Children. ( 29531617 )
2018
31
Controllable and uncontrollable stress differentially impact pathogenicity and survival in a mouse model of viral encephalitis. ( 29580714 )
2018
32
Macrophage depletion by liposome-encapsulated clodronate suppresses seizures but not hippocampal damage after acute viral encephalitis. ( 29208406 )
2018
33
Aciclovir-induced acute kidney injury in patients with 'suspected viral encephalitis' encountered on a liaison neurology service. ( 29307101 )
2018
34
IFNγ inhibits G-CSF induced neutrophil expansion and invasion of the CNS to prevent viral encephalitis. ( 29352287 )
2018
35
Epidemiological Profile of Acute Viral Encephalitis. ( 29076102 )
2018
36
Antiepileptic drugs for the primary and secondary prevention of seizures in viral encephalitis. ( 29210534 )
2017
37
Review of Viral Encephalitis Cases Seen at a Tertiary Care Center in Turkey: Focus on Herpes Simplex Type 1. ( 29033632 )
2017
38
Early and late seizures associated to Niccolò Paganini's viral encephalitis. ( 29111003 )
2017
39
Clinical analysis of 59 children with hand foot and mouth diseases due to enterovirus EV71 and concomitant viral encephalitis. ( 29165766 )
2017
40
Increased serum vascular endothelial growth factor is associated with acute viral encephalitis in Bangladeshi children. ( 29170534 )
2017
41
Herpes simplex virus-1 evasion of CD8+ T cell accumulation contributes to viral encephalitis. ( 28891812 )
2017
42
Etiology and prognosis of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in Chinese children: a multicentre prospective study. ( 28705180 )
2017
43
Progressive hippocampal sclerosis after viral encephalitis: Potential role of NMDA receptor antibodies. ( 28750305 )
2017
44
MicroRNA-125b in peripheral blood: a potential biomarker for severity and prognosis of children with viral encephalitis. ( 28502057 )
2017
45
Viral Encephalitis of Unknown Cause: Current Perspective and Recent Advances. ( 28587310 )
2017
46
The role and mechanism of NF-κB in viral encephalitis of children. ( 28587430 )
2017
47
An Increase of Cerebrospinal Fluid B-cell Activating Factor Level in Pediatric Patients With Acute Viral Encephalitis. ( 28259511 )
2017
48
Molecular mechanisms of neuroinflammation and injury during acute viral encephalitis. ( 28291542 )
2017
49
The PD-1: PD-L1 pathway promotes development of brain-resident memory T cells following acute viral encephalitis. ( 28407741 )
2017
50
A case of acute pilsicainide intoxication mimicking viral encephalitis. ( 30549925 )
2017

Variations for Viral Encephalitis

Expression for Viral Encephalitis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Viral Encephalitis.

Pathways for Viral Encephalitis

Pathways related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 66)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.97 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
2
Show member pathways
13.82 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
3
Show member pathways
13.65 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
4
Show member pathways
13.51 CCL2 CCL5 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
5
Show member pathways
13.39 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
6
Show member pathways
13.31 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
7
Show member pathways
13.27 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
8
Show member pathways
13.09 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
9
Show member pathways
12.96 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B IL6 TNF VEGFA
10
Show member pathways
12.9 CCL2 CCL5 IL6 TNF VEGFA
11
Show member pathways
12.88 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF TNFSF13B VEGFA
12
Show member pathways
12.77 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
13
Show member pathways
12.66 IL1B IL6 TNF TNFSF13B
14
Show member pathways
12.6 CCL2 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
15 12.59 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B TNF
16
Show member pathways
12.57 IL1B TNF TNFSF13B VEGFA
17
Show member pathways
12.56 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
18
Show member pathways
12.55 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
19
Show member pathways
12.36 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B IL6 TNF
20
Show member pathways
12.35 CCL2 CXCL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
21
Show member pathways
12.28 IL10 IL1B IL6 MX1 TNF
22 12.25 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
23
Show member pathways
12.23 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
24
Show member pathways
12.21 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B VCAM1
25
Show member pathways
12.21 CXCL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
26 12.2 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF VEGFA
27 12.12 CCL2 IL1B TNF VCAM1 VEGFA
28
Show member pathways
12.09 CCL2 CCL5 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNFSF13B
29
Show member pathways
12.08 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
30 12.03 IL6 VCAM1 VEGFA
31 12.03 CCL2 CXCL10 IL1B IL6 MBP TNF
32
Show member pathways
12 IL1B IL6 TNF
33 11.97 CCL2 IL1B IL6 TNF VCAM1 VEGFA
34 11.97 CCL2 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF VCAM1
35
Show member pathways
11.96 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10
36 11.96 IL10 IL6 TNF
37 11.95 IL1B TNF TNFSF13B VCAM1
38 11.93 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
39 11.91 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
40 11.88 IL1B IL6 TNF
41 11.81 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
42 11.79 IL10 IL1B TNF
43 11.79 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
44 11.76 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B IL6 TNF
45 11.76 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B IL6 TNF TNFSF13B
46
Show member pathways
11.74 IL1B IL6 TNF VCAM1 VEGFA
47 11.62 IL1B IL6 TNF
48 11.6 CCL2 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF VCAM1
49 11.56 CCL2 IL1B TNF
50 11.52 IL1B IL6 TNF

GO Terms for Viral Encephalitis

Cellular components related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.61 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
2 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.32 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6

Biological processes related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 61)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 positive regulation of cell migration GO:0030335 9.96 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B VEGFA
2 MAPK cascade GO:0000165 9.92 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B MBP TNF
3 response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0032496 9.91 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B VCAM1
4 inflammatory response GO:0006954 9.91 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
5 positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity GO:0051092 9.9 IL1B IL6 TNF
6 defense response GO:0006952 9.9 CXCL10 MX1 TNF
7 cellular response to tumor necrosis factor GO:0071356 9.89 CCL2 CCL5 VCAM1
8 positive regulation of DNA-binding transcription factor activity GO:0051091 9.88 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
9 positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation GO:0033138 9.87 IL6 TNF VEGFA
10 response to virus GO:0009615 9.87 CCL5 CXCL10 MX1 TNF
11 cell chemotaxis GO:0060326 9.86 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 VCAM1
12 chemokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0070098 9.85 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10
13 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein GO:0042531 9.85 CCL5 IL6 VEGFA
14 positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade GO:0070374 9.85 CCL2 CCL5 TNF
15 neutrophil chemotaxis GO:0030593 9.85 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B
16 regulation of insulin secretion GO:0050796 9.84 CCL5 IL1B TNF
17 positive regulation of interleukin-6 production GO:0032755 9.83 IL1B IL6 TNF
18 humoral immune response GO:0006959 9.82 CCL2 IL6 TNF
19 positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation GO:0048661 9.82 CCL5 IL6 TNF
20 positive regulation of cell adhesion GO:0045785 9.81 CCL5 TNF VEGFA
21 immune response GO:0006955 9.81 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
22 cellular response to organic cyclic compound GO:0071407 9.8 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B TNF
23 cellular response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0071222 9.8 CCL2 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
24 monocyte chemotaxis GO:0002548 9.79 CCL2 CCL5 IL6
25 negative regulation of viral genome replication GO:0045071 9.77 CCL5 MX1 TNF
26 negative regulation of neurogenesis GO:0050768 9.76 IL1B IL6 TNF
27 eosinophil chemotaxis GO:0048245 9.73 CCL2 CCL5
28 protein kinase B signaling GO:0043491 9.73 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B TNF
29 positive regulation of chemokine production GO:0032722 9.72 IL6 TNF
30 positive regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway GO:0030949 9.72 IL1B VEGFA
31 leukocyte tethering or rolling GO:0050901 9.72 TNF VCAM1
32 positive regulation of monocyte chemotaxis GO:0090026 9.71 CCL5 CXCL10
33 negative regulation of lipid catabolic process GO:0050995 9.71 IL1B TNF
34 regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB signaling GO:0043122 9.71 IL1B TNF
35 positive regulation of membrane protein ectodomain proteolysis GO:0051044 9.71 IL1B TNF
36 positive regulation of glial cell proliferation GO:0060252 9.71 IL1B IL6 TNF
37 lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway GO:0031663 9.71 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B TNF
38 positive regulation of T cell migration GO:2000406 9.7 CCL5 CXCL10
39 negative regulation of growth of symbiont in host GO:0044130 9.7 IL10 TNF
40 macrophage chemotaxis GO:0048246 9.7 CCL2 CCL5
41 negative regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion GO:0034115 9.7 IL10 MBP
42 negative regulation of lipid storage GO:0010888 9.69 IL6 TNF
43 positive regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion GO:0034116 9.69 IL10 IL1B TNF
44 endothelial cell apoptotic process GO:0072577 9.68 IL10 TNF
45 positive regulation of chemokine biosynthetic process GO:0045080 9.68 IL1B TNF
46 regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier GO:1903140 9.67 IL1B TNF
47 negative regulation of cytokine secretion involved in immune response GO:0002740 9.65 IL10 TNF
48 response to glucocorticoid GO:0051384 9.65 IL10 IL6 TNF
49 positive regulation of T cell proliferation GO:0042102 9.65 CCL5 IL1B IL6 TNFSF13B VCAM1
50 positive regulation of fever generation GO:0031622 9.64 IL1B TNF

Molecular functions related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cytokine activity GO:0005125 9.28 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
2 chemokine activity GO:0008009 9.13 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10

Sources for Viral Encephalitis

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
20 FMA
29 GO
30 GTR
31 HGMD
32 HMDB
33 HPO
34 ICD10
35 ICD10 via Orphanet
36 ICD9CM
37 IUPHAR
38 KEGG
39 LifeMap
41 LOVD
43 MedGen
45 MeSH
46 MESH via Orphanet
47 MGI
50 NCI
51 NCIt
52 NDF-RT
55 NINDS
56 Novoseek
58 OMIM
59 OMIM via Orphanet
63 PubMed
65 QIAGEN
70 SNOMED-CT via HPO
71 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
72 TGDB
73 Tocris
74 UMLS
75 UMLS via Orphanet
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