MCID: VRL007
MIFTS: 53

Viral Encephalitis

Categories: Immune diseases, Infectious diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Viral Encephalitis

MalaCards integrated aliases for Viral Encephalitis:

Name: Viral Encephalitis 12 15 73
Epidemic Encephalitis 12 76
Encephalitis, Arbovirus 44
Arbovirus Encephalitis 73
Encephalitis Viral 55

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:646
MeSH 44 D004671
NCIt 50 C34576
SNOMED-CT 68 20411005 68197003

Summaries for Viral Encephalitis

Disease Ontology : 12 An encephalitis that involves inflammation of the brain caused by viral infection.

MalaCards based summary : Viral Encephalitis, also known as epidemic encephalitis, is related to cerebral palsy and japanese encephalitis. An important gene associated with Viral Encephalitis is VCAM1 (Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Innate Immune System and ERK Signaling. The drugs Immunologic Factors and Vaccines have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, t cells and lung, and related phenotypes are hematopoietic system and immune system

Wikipedia : 76 Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain. Severity is variable. Symptoms may include headache, fever,... more...

Related Diseases for Viral Encephalitis

Diseases in the Encephalitis family:

Viral Encephalitis Autoimmune Encephalitis

Diseases related to Viral Encephalitis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 340)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cerebral palsy 31.9 IL1B IL6 TNF
2 japanese encephalitis 31.2 CCL5 CXCL10 TNF
3 encephalitis 31.0 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B MOG
4 rabies 30.2 CCL5 CXCL10 MX1
5 meningitis 30.0 CCL2 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
6 acute transverse myelitis 30.0 IL10 IL6
7 neurosyphilis 30.0 CXCL10 IL10
8 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation 29.7 IL10 IL6 TNF
9 yellow fever 29.7 CCL2 CCL5 IL6
10 viral meningitis 29.6 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL6
11 transverse myelitis 29.5 IL10 IL6 MBP TNF
12 mouth disease 29.4 IL10 IL1B IL6 MX1 TNF
13 panencephalitis, subacute sclerosing 29.4 MBP MOG MX1
14 myelitis 29.3 IL6 MBP MOG TNF
15 viral infectious disease 29.2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6 MX1
16 malaria 29.1 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
17 demyelinating disease 28.4 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B MBP
18 multiple sclerosis 27.9 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
19 eastern equine encephalitis 11.5
20 tick-borne encephalitis 10.6
21 von economo's disease 10.5
22 encephalopathy, acute, infection-induced 4 10.4
23 la crosse encephalitis 10.4
24 louping ill 10.4
25 western equine encephalitis 10.4
26 st. louis encephalitis 10.4
27 diabetic foot ulcers 10.3 CCL2 IL6
28 shwartzman phenomenon 10.3 TNF VCAM1
29 denture stomatitis 10.3 CCL2 IL6
30 retinitis pigmentosa 55 10.3 IL6 TNF
31 angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy with dysproteinemia 10.3 IL6 TNF
32 critical limb ischemia 10.3 IL6 TNF
33 encephalitozoonosis 10.3 MX1 TNF
34 juvenile ankylosing spondylitis 10.3 IL6 TNF
35 anthracosis 10.3 CCL2 TNF
36 herpes simplex 10.3
37 anca-associated vasculitis 10.3 IL6 TNF
38 anterior uveitis 10.3 IL6 TNF
39 null-cell leukemia 10.3 IL6 TNF
40 scleritis 10.3 CCL2 TNF
41 posterior urethral valves 10.3 IL6 TNF
42 cardiogenic shock 10.3 IL6 TNF
43 streptococcal toxic-shock syndrome 10.3 IL6 TNF
44 pericoronitis 10.3 IL1B VCAM1
45 japanese spotted fever 10.3 CCL2 CXCL10
46 periodontitis, chronic 10.3 IL1B IL6
47 recurrent corneal erosion 10.3 IL1B IL6
48 bagassosis 10.3 IL1B IL6
49 euthyroid sick syndrome 10.3 IL1B IL6
50 retinitis pigmentosa 73 10.3 CCL2 IL1B

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Viral Encephalitis:



Diseases related to Viral Encephalitis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Viral Encephalitis

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Viral Encephalitis:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 9.7 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6 MBP
2 immune system MP:0005387 9.4 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6

Drugs & Therapeutics for Viral Encephalitis

Drugs for Viral Encephalitis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 14)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1 Immunologic Factors Phase 3,Phase 2
2 Vaccines Phase 3
3
Ribavirin Approved Phase 2 36791-04-5 37542
4 Antimetabolites Phase 2
5 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 2
6 Antiviral Agents Phase 2
7 Immunoglobulins Phase 2
8 Immunoglobulins, Intravenous Phase 2
9 gamma-Globulins Phase 2
10 Rho(D) Immune Globulin Phase 2
11 Antibodies Phase 2
12
Maraviroc Approved, Investigational 376348-65-1 3002977
13 Anti-HIV Agents
14 Anti-Retroviral Agents

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 11)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Immunogenicity and Safety of Inactivated Vero Cell Derived Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine in Thai Children Completed NCT01408537 Phase 3
2 Live Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Vaccine Coadministered With Measles Vaccine in Infants 9 Months of Age Completed NCT00463684 Phase 3
3 Boosterability of Live Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Vaccine in Children Who Have Previously Received Inactivated JE Vaccine Completed NCT00463476 Phase 3
4 Determining Long-Term Safety and Efficacy of Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine When Given With Measles Vaccine Completed NCT00412516 Phase 3
5 Determining Safety and Efficacy of Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine When Given With Measles Vaccine Completed NCT00249769 Phase 3
6 Treatment of Japanese Encephalitis Unknown status NCT00216268 Phase 2 Ribavirin
7 Safety and Efficacy Study of Intravenous Immunoglobulin to Treat Japanese Encephalitis Completed NCT01856205 Phase 2 Intravenous immunoglobulin [ImmunoRel™ (batch 20081217)]
8 Rijavithi Viral and Mycobacterium PCR Arrays in CNS Infection Study Completed NCT00807378
9 HIV Cohort Study At Johns Hopkins University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Vanderbilt University Completed NCT01339416
10 Kaiser Permanente HIV Cohort Study Completed NCT01339403
11 Prospective Observational Epidemiologic Study of Maraviroc's Safety Active, not recruiting NCT00665561 Maraviroc along with an optimized background antiretroviral drug regimen;Optimized background antiretroviral drug regimen without maraviroc

Search NIH Clinical Center for Viral Encephalitis

Cochrane evidence based reviews: encephalitis, arbovirus

Genetic Tests for Viral Encephalitis

Anatomical Context for Viral Encephalitis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Viral Encephalitis:

41
Brain, T Cells, Lung, Bone, Heart, Eye, Spinal Cord

Publications for Viral Encephalitis

Articles related to Viral Encephalitis:

(show top 50) (show all 467)
# Title Authors Year
1
Autoimmune GFAP astrocytopathy after viral encephalitis: A case report. ( 29499442 )
2018
2
Controllable and uncontrollable stress differentially impact pathogenicity and survival in a mouse model of viral encephalitis. ( 29580714 )
2018
3
Macrophage depletion by liposome-encapsulated clodronate suppresses seizures but not hippocampal damage after acute viral encephalitis. ( 29208406 )
2018
4
Viral encephalitis in quantitative EEG. ( 29710730 )
2018
5
Disseminated herpes simplex virus: a case of eczema herpeticum causing viral encephalitis. ( 29741524 )
2018
6
HLA and killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIRs) genotyping in patients with acute viral encephalitis. ( 29707126 )
2018
7
Aciclovir CSF concentration in children with viral encephalitis: is it adequate? ( 29878193 )
2018
8
Epidemiological Profile of Acute Viral Encephalitis in a Sample of Egyptian Children. ( 29531617 )
2018
9
Microhemorrhage identified on 3.0 T MR susceptibility-weighted imaging for prognosis of viral encephalitis. ( 29865105 )
2018
10
IFNI^ inhibits G-CSF induced neutrophil expansion and invasion of the CNS to prevent viral encephalitis. ( 29352287 )
2018
11
Neurosurgery in viral encephalitis: Application of decompressive craniectomy in medical diseases. ( 30415807 )
2018
12
Microglia have a protective role in viral encephalitis-induced seizure development and hippocampal damage. ( 30217535 )
2018
13
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in Viral Encephalitis: A Pictorial Essay. ( 30271050 )
2018
14
Type I Interferon Receptor Signaling of Neurons and Astrocytes Regulates Microglia Activation during Viral Encephalitis. ( 30282022 )
2018
15
Chandipura Viral Encephalitis: A Brief Review. ( 30288194 )
2018
16
Viral Encephalitis and Neurologic Diseases: Focus on Astrocytes. ( 30314877 )
2018
17
Viral Encephalitis. ( 30366550 )
2018
18
Acute Viral Encephalitis. ( 30089069 )
2018
19
Viral encephalitis as a mimic of common neurosurgical conditions. ( 30136601 )
2018
20
Chemokine receptors CCR2 and CX3CR1 regulate viral encephalitis-induced hippocampal damage but not seizures. ( 30181265 )
2018
21
Detection of West Nile Virus Infection in Viral Encephalitis Cases, China. ( 29985780 )
2018
22
Aciclovir-induced acute kidney injury in patients with 'suspected viral encephalitis' encountered on a liaison neurology service. ( 29307101 )
2018
23
Antiepileptic drugs for the primary and secondary prevention of seizures in viral encephalitis. ( 29210534 )
2017
24
Viral Encephalitis of Unknown Cause: Current Perspective and Recent Advances. ( 28587310 )
2017
25
Herpes simplex virus-1 evasion of CD8+ T cell accumulation contributes to viral encephalitis. ( 28891812 )
2017
26
Epidemiological Profile of Acute Viral Encephalitis. ( 29076102 )
2017
27
The role and mechanism of NF-I_B in viral encephalitis of children. ( 28587430 )
2017
28
MicroRNA-125b in peripheral blood: a potential biomarker for severity and prognosis of children with viral encephalitis. ( 28502057 )
2017
29
Etiology and prognosis of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in Chinese children: a multicentre prospective study. ( 28705180 )
2017
30
An Increase of Cerebrospinal Fluid B-cell Activating Factor Level in Pediatric Patients With Acute Viral Encephalitis. ( 28259511 )
2017
31
Increased serum vascular endothelial growth factor is associated with acute viral encephalitis in Bangladeshi children. ( 29170534 )
2017
32
Progressive hippocampal sclerosis after viral encephalitis: Potential role of NMDA receptor antibodies. ( 28750305 )
2017
33
Clinical analysis of 59 children with hand foot and mouth diseases due to enterovirus EV71 and concomitant viral encephalitis. ( 29165766 )
2017
34
Review of Viral Encephalitis Cases Seen at a Tertiary Care Center in Turkey: Focus on Herpes Simplex Type 1. ( 29033632 )
2017
35
Seasonality of Viral Encephalitis and Associated Environmental Risk Factors in Son La and Thai Binh Provinces in Vietnam from 2004 to 2013. ( 27799646 )
2017
36
Early and late seizures associated to NiccolA^ Paganini's viral encephalitis. ( 29111003 )
2017
37
Molecular mechanisms of neuroinflammation and injury during acute viral encephalitis. ( 28291542 )
2017
38
A Rare and Fatal Case of Viral Encephalitis in an Immunocompetent Host. ( 28183425 )
2017
39
The PD-1: PD-L1 pathway promotes development of brain-resident memory T cells following acute viral encephalitis. ( 28407741 )
2017
40
Viral encephalitis after haplo-identical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: Causative viral spectrum, characteristics, and risk factors. ( 28129450 )
2017
41
A case of acute pilsicainide intoxication mimicking viral encephalitis. ( 30549925 )
2017
42
Perspectives in Diagnosis and Treatment of Rabies Viral Encephalitis: Insights from Pathogenesis. ( 27324391 )
2016
43
Epidemiological surveillance of herpes viral encephalitis in Cordoba, Colombia. ( 28453063 )
2016
44
A clinico-radiological study on viral encephalitis patients- A hospital based study. ( 27727853 )
2016
45
Post-malaria neurological syndrome or viral encephalitis? ( 26744539 )
2016
46
Fulminant bilateral acute retinal necrosis syndrome associated with viral encephalitis: A case report. ( 27698716 )
2016
47
Microglia retard dengue virus-induced acute viral encephalitis. ( 27279150 )
2016
48
Antiepileptic drugs for the primary and secondary prevention of seizures in viral encephalitis. ( 27209627 )
2016
49
Mitochondrial p53 Contributes to Reovirus-Induced Neuronal Apoptosis and Central Nervous System Injury in a Mouse Model of Viral Encephalitis. ( 27307572 )
2016
50
Neuroprotection mediated by inhibition of calpain during acute viral encephalitis. ( 27345730 )
2016

Variations for Viral Encephalitis

Expression for Viral Encephalitis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Viral Encephalitis.

Pathways for Viral Encephalitis

Pathways related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 66)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
13.98 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
2
Show member pathways
13.82 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
3
Show member pathways
13.65 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
4
Show member pathways
13.51 CCL2 CCL5 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
5
Show member pathways
13.4 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
6
Show member pathways
13.31 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
7
Show member pathways
13.29 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
8
Show member pathways
13.05 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B IL6 PTGS2 TNF
9
Show member pathways
13.02 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
10
Show member pathways
12.86 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF TNFSF13B
11
Show member pathways
12.83 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B IL6 MX1
12
Show member pathways
12.77 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
13
Show member pathways
12.66 IL1B IL6 TNF TNFSF13B
14
Show member pathways
12.6 CCL2 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
15
Show member pathways
12.57 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
16 12.49 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B PTGS2
17
Show member pathways
12.43 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
18
Show member pathways
12.42 IL10 PTGS2 TNFSF13B VCAM1
19
Show member pathways
12.38 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B IL6 PTGS2 TNF
20
Show member pathways
12.37 CCL2 CXCL10 IL1B IL6 PTGS2 TNF
21
Show member pathways
12.31 IL1B IL6 PTGS2 TNF
22
Show member pathways
12.28 IL10 IL1B PTGS2 TNF
23
Show member pathways
12.28 IL10 IL1B IL6 MX1 TNF
24 12.26 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
25
Show member pathways
12.25 IL10 IL1B IL6 PTGS2 TNF
26
Show member pathways
12.24 IL1B IL6 PTGS2 TNF
27
Show member pathways
12.22 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B VCAM1
28
Show member pathways
12.21 CXCL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
29 12.2 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
30 12.13 CCL2 IL1B TNF VCAM1
31
Show member pathways
12.1 CCL2 CCL5 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNFSF13B
32
Show member pathways
12.08 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
33
Show member pathways
12.01 IL1B IL6 TNF
34 12.01 CCL2 IL10 IL1B IL6 PTGS2 TNF
35 11.98 CCL2 IL1B IL6 TNF VCAM1
36
Show member pathways
11.97 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10
37 11.97 IL10 IL6 TNF
38 11.95 IL1B PTGS2 TNF TNFSF13B VCAM1
39 11.94 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
40 11.94 CCL2 CXCL10 IL1B IL6 MBP PTGS2
41 11.91 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B IL6 TNF TNFSF13B
42 11.89 IL1B IL6 TNF
43 11.82 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
44 11.8 IL10 IL1B TNF
45 11.8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
46 11.8 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B IL6 PTGS2
47 11.74 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B IL6 TNF
48
Show member pathways
11.73 IL1B IL6 PTGS2 TNF VCAM1
49 11.63 IL1B IL6 TNF
50 11.6 CCL2 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF VCAM1

GO Terms for Viral Encephalitis

Cellular components related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.56 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
2 external side of plasma membrane GO:0009897 9.46 CXCL10 MOG TNF VCAM1
3 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.28 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6

Biological processes related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 60)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade GO:0070374 9.97 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B TNF
2 MAPK cascade GO:0000165 9.96 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B MBP TNF
3 positive regulation of DNA-binding transcription factor activity GO:0051091 9.91 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
4 response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0032496 9.91 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B PTGS2 VCAM1
5 positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity GO:0051092 9.9 IL1B IL6 TNF
6 defense response GO:0006952 9.9 CXCL10 MX1 TNF
7 response to virus GO:0009615 9.9 CCL5 CXCL10 MX1 TNF
8 cellular response to tumor necrosis factor GO:0071356 9.89 CCL2 CCL5 VCAM1
9 cell chemotaxis GO:0060326 9.88 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 VCAM1
10 neutrophil chemotaxis GO:0030593 9.88 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B
11 response to organic substance GO:0010033 9.87 IL10 PTGS2 TNF
12 positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation GO:0033138 9.87 IL6 PTGS2 TNF
13 regulation of signaling receptor activity GO:0010469 9.86 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
14 chemokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0070098 9.85 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10
15 cellular response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0071222 9.85 CCL2 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
16 regulation of insulin secretion GO:0050796 9.84 CCL5 IL1B TNF
17 cellular response to organic cyclic compound GO:0071407 9.84 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B TNF
18 positive regulation of interleukin-6 production GO:0032755 9.83 IL1B IL6 TNF
19 humoral immune response GO:0006959 9.83 CCL2 IL6 TNF
20 positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation GO:0048661 9.83 CCL5 IL6 PTGS2 TNF
21 monocyte chemotaxis GO:0002548 9.82 CCL2 CCL5 IL6
22 positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process GO:0045429 9.81 IL1B PTGS2 TNF
23 negative regulation of viral genome replication GO:0045071 9.8 CCL5 MX1 TNF
24 response to glucocorticoid GO:0051384 9.8 IL10 IL1B IL6 PTGS2 TNF
25 negative regulation of neurogenesis GO:0050768 9.79 IL1B IL6 TNF
26 protein kinase B signaling GO:0043491 9.78 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B TNF
27 response to vitamin D GO:0033280 9.77 CXCL10 IL1B PTGS2
28 lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway GO:0031663 9.76 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B TNF
29 inflammatory response GO:0006954 9.76 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
30 positive regulation of glial cell proliferation GO:0060252 9.74 IL1B IL6 TNF
31 eosinophil chemotaxis GO:0048245 9.73 CCL2 CCL5
32 positive regulation of chemokine production GO:0032722 9.72 IL6 TNF
33 leukocyte tethering or rolling GO:0050901 9.72 TNF VCAM1
34 positive regulation of monocyte chemotaxis GO:0090026 9.72 CCL5 CXCL10
35 positive regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion GO:0034116 9.72 IL10 IL1B TNF
36 positive regulation of T cell proliferation GO:0042102 9.72 CCL5 IL1B IL6 TNFSF13B VCAM1
37 negative regulation of lipid catabolic process GO:0050995 9.71 IL1B TNF
38 regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB signaling GO:0043122 9.71 IL1B TNF
39 positive regulation of membrane protein ectodomain proteolysis GO:0051044 9.71 IL1B TNF
40 positive regulation of T cell migration GO:2000406 9.71 CCL5 CXCL10
41 negative regulation of growth of symbiont in host GO:0044130 9.7 IL10 TNF
42 macrophage chemotaxis GO:0048246 9.7 CCL2 CCL5
43 ovulation GO:0030728 9.7 IL1B PTGS2
44 negative regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion GO:0034115 9.7 IL10 MBP
45 negative regulation of lipid storage GO:0010888 9.69 IL6 TNF
46 endothelial cell apoptotic process GO:0072577 9.68 IL10 TNF
47 positive regulation of chemokine biosynthetic process GO:0045080 9.68 IL1B TNF
48 regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier GO:1903140 9.68 IL1B TNF
49 positive regulation of neuroinflammatory response GO:0150078 9.67 IL1B IL6 TNF
50 negative regulation of cytokine secretion involved in immune response GO:0002740 9.66 IL10 TNF

Molecular functions related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 signaling receptor binding GO:0005102 9.46 CCL2 CXCL10 MOG TNFSF13B
2 cytokine activity GO:0005125 9.23 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
3 chemokine activity GO:0008009 9.13 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10

Sources for Viral Encephalitis

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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