MCID: VRL007
MIFTS: 52

Viral Encephalitis

Categories: Neuronal diseases, Infectious diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Viral Encephalitis

MalaCards integrated aliases for Viral Encephalitis:

Name: Viral Encephalitis 12 15 73
Epidemic Encephalitis 12 76
Encephalitis, Arbovirus 44
Arbovirus Encephalitis 73
Encephalitis Viral 55

Classifications:



External Ids:

Disease Ontology 12 DOID:646
MeSH 44 D004671
NCIt 50 C34576

Summaries for Viral Encephalitis

Disease Ontology : 12 An encephalitis that involves inflammation of the brain caused by viral infection.

MalaCards based summary : Viral Encephalitis, also known as epidemic encephalitis, is related to cerebral palsy and japanese encephalitis. An important gene associated with Viral Encephalitis is VCAM1 (Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Innate Immune System and ERK Signaling. The drugs Vaccines and Ribavirin have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include brain, t cells and monocytes, and related phenotypes are hematopoietic system and immune system

Wikipedia : 76 Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain. Severity is variable. Symptoms may include headache, fever,... more...

Related Diseases for Viral Encephalitis

Diseases in the Encephalitis family:

Viral Encephalitis Autoimmune Encephalitis

Diseases related to Viral Encephalitis via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 347)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cerebral palsy 31.9 IL1B IL6 TNF
2 japanese encephalitis 31.4 CCL5 CXCL10 TNF
3 encephalitis 31.2 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B
4 rabies 30.4 CCL5 CXCL10 MX1
5 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation 30.0 IL10 IL6 TNF
6 myelitis 29.8 IL6 MBP TNF
7 neurosyphilis 29.1 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10
8 mouth disease 28.9 IL10 IL1B IL6 MX1 TNF
9 viral meningitis 28.1 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL6
10 meningitis 28.0 CCL2 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
11 demyelinating disease 27.1 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B MBP
12 malaria 25.8 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
13 multiple sclerosis 25.0 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B IL6
14 eastern equine encephalitis 11.3
15 leukomalacia 10.7 IL6 TNF
16 encephalitozoonosis 10.7 MX1 TNF
17 angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy with dysproteinemia 10.7 IL6 TNF
18 purulent labyrinthitis 10.7 CCL2 IL1B
19 critical limb ischemia 10.7 IL6 TNF
20 null-cell leukemia 10.7 IL6 TNF
21 periodontitis, chronic 10.7 IL1B IL6
22 anterior uveitis 10.7 CCL2 IL6
23 anthracosis 10.7 CCL2 TNF
24 punctate inner choroidopathy 10.7 IL10 TNF
25 systemic onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis 10.7 IL1B TNF
26 staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome 10.6 IL1B TNF
27 tropical endomyocardial fibrosis 10.6 IL10 TNF
28 retinitis pigmentosa 73 10.6 CCL2 IL1B
29 autoimmune myocarditis 10.6 IL1B TNF
30 eye lymphoma 10.6 IL10 IL6
31 retinitis pigmentosa 55 10.6 IL6 TNF
32 kashin-beck disease 10.6 IL1B TNF
33 anca-associated vasculitis 10.6 IL6 TNF
34 obesity-hypoventilation syndrome 10.6 CCL5 IL6
35 microscopic polyangiitis 10.6 IL10 TNF
36 multifocal choroiditis 10.6 IL10 TNF
37 scleritis 10.6 CCL2 TNF
38 endomyocardial fibrosis 10.6 IL10 TNF
39 vulvar vestibulitis syndrome 10.6 IL1B TNF
40 peripheral artery disease 10.6 CCL2 IL6 VCAM1
41 transient hypogammaglobulinemia 10.6 IL10 TNF
42 uremic pruritus 10.6 IL1B IL6
43 pericoronitis 10.6 IL1B VCAM1
44 burns 10.5 IL1B TNF
45 glossitis 10.5 IL1B IL6
46 euthyroid sick syndrome 10.5 IL1B IL6
47 erdheim-chester disease 10.5 CCL2 IL1B
48 choroiditis 10.5 IL10 TNF
49 allergic encephalomyelitis 10.5 CXCL10 MBP
50 tick-borne encephalitis 10.5

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Viral Encephalitis:



Diseases related to Viral Encephalitis

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Viral Encephalitis

MGI Mouse Phenotypes related to Viral Encephalitis:

46
# Description MGI Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 hematopoietic system MP:0005397 9.65 IL10 IL1B IL6 MBP PTGS1 TNF
2 immune system MP:0005387 9.36 IL10 IL1B IL6 MBP PTGS1 TNF

Drugs & Therapeutics for Viral Encephalitis

Drugs for Viral Encephalitis (from DrugBank, HMDB, Dgidb, PharmGKB, IUPHAR, NovoSeek, BitterDB):

(show all 13)
# Name Status Phase Clinical Trials Cas Number PubChem Id
1 Vaccines Phase 3
2
Ribavirin Approved Phase 2 36791-04-5 37542
3 Anti-Infective Agents Phase 2
4 Antimetabolites Phase 2
5 Antiviral Agents Phase 2
6 Rho(D) Immune Globulin Phase 2
7 gamma-Globulins Phase 2
8 Antibodies Phase 2
9 Immunoglobulins Phase 2
10 Immunoglobulins, Intravenous Phase 2
11
Maraviroc Approved, Investigational 376348-65-1 3002977
12 Anti-HIV Agents
13 Anti-Retroviral Agents

Interventional clinical trials:

(show all 11)
# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Immunogenicity and Safety of Inactivated Vero Cell Derived Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine in Thai Children Completed NCT01408537 Phase 3
2 Live Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Vaccine Coadministered With Measles Vaccine in Infants 9 Months of Age Completed NCT00463684 Phase 3
3 Boosterability of Live Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Vaccine in Children Who Have Previously Received Inactivated JE Vaccine Completed NCT00463476 Phase 3
4 Determining Long-Term Safety and Efficacy of Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine When Given With Measles Vaccine Completed NCT00412516 Phase 3
5 Determining Safety and Efficacy of Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine When Given With Measles Vaccine Completed NCT00249769 Phase 3
6 Treatment of Japanese Encephalitis Unknown status NCT00216268 Phase 2 Ribavirin
7 Safety and Efficacy Study of Intravenous Immunoglobulin to Treat Japanese Encephalitis Completed NCT01856205 Phase 2 Intravenous immunoglobulin [ImmunoRel™ (batch 20081217)]
8 Rijavithi Viral and Mycobacterium PCR Arrays in CNS Infection Study Completed NCT00807378
9 HIV Cohort Study At Johns Hopkins University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Vanderbilt University Completed NCT01339416
10 Kaiser Permanente HIV Cohort Study Completed NCT01339403
11 Prospective Observational Epidemiologic Study of Maraviroc's Safety Active, not recruiting NCT00665561 Maraviroc along with an optimized background antiretroviral drug regimen;Optimized background antiretroviral drug regimen without maraviroc

Search NIH Clinical Center for Viral Encephalitis

Cochrane evidence based reviews: encephalitis, arbovirus

Genetic Tests for Viral Encephalitis

Anatomical Context for Viral Encephalitis

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Viral Encephalitis:

41
Brain, T Cells, Monocytes, Endothelial, Thalamus, Neutrophil, B Cells

Publications for Viral Encephalitis

Articles related to Viral Encephalitis:

(show top 50) (show all 342)
# Title Authors Year
1
Autoimmune GFAP astrocytopathy after viral encephalitis: A case report. ( 29499442 )
2018
2
Controllable and uncontrollable stress differentially impact pathogenicity and survival in a mouse model of viral encephalitis. ( 29580714 )
2018
3
Macrophage depletion by liposome-encapsulated clodronate suppresses seizures but not hippocampal damage after acute viral encephalitis. ( 29208406 )
2018
4
Viral encephalitis in quantitative EEG. ( 29710730 )
2018
5
Disseminated herpes simplex virus: a case of eczema herpeticum causing viral encephalitis. ( 29741524 )
2018
6
HLA and killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIRs) genotyping in patients with acute viral encephalitis. ( 29707126 )
2018
7
Aciclovir CSF concentration in children with viral encephalitis: is it adequate? ( 29878193 )
2018
8
Epidemiological Profile of Acute Viral Encephalitis in a Sample of Egyptian Children. ( 29531617 )
2018
9
Microhemorrhage identified on 3.0 T MR susceptibility-weighted imaging for prognosis of viral encephalitis. ( 29865105 )
2018
10
IFNI^ inhibits G-CSF induced neutrophil expansion and invasion of the CNS to prevent viral encephalitis. ( 29352287 )
2018
11
Antiepileptic drugs for the primary and secondary prevention of seizures in viral encephalitis. ( 29210534 )
2017
12
Viral Encephalitis of Unknown Cause: Current Perspective and Recent Advances. ( 28587310 )
2017
13
Herpes simplex virus-1 evasion of CD8+ T cell accumulation contributes to viral encephalitis. ( 28891812 )
2017
14
Epidemiological Profile of Acute Viral Encephalitis. ( 29076102 )
2017
15
The role and mechanism of NF-I_B in viral encephalitis of children. ( 28587430 )
2017
16
MicroRNA-125b in peripheral blood: a potential biomarker for severity and prognosis of children with viral encephalitis. ( 28502057 )
2017
17
Etiology and prognosis of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in Chinese children: a multicentre prospective study. ( 28705180 )
2017
18
An Increase of Cerebrospinal Fluid B-cell Activating Factor Level in Pediatric Patients With Acute Viral Encephalitis. ( 28259511 )
2017
19
Increased serum vascular endothelial growth factor is associated with acute viral encephalitis in Bangladeshi children. ( 29170534 )
2017
20
Progressive hippocampal sclerosis after viral encephalitis: Potential role of NMDA receptor antibodies. ( 28750305 )
2017
21
Clinical analysis of 59 children with hand foot and mouth diseases due to enterovirus EV71 and concomitant viral encephalitis. ( 29165766 )
2017
22
Review of Viral Encephalitis Cases Seen at a Tertiary Care Center in Turkey: Focus on Herpes Simplex Type 1. ( 29033632 )
2017
23
Seasonality of Viral Encephalitis and Associated Environmental Risk Factors in Son La and Thai Binh Provinces in Vietnam from 2004 to 2013. ( 27799646 )
2017
24
Early and late seizures associated to NiccolA^ Paganini's viral encephalitis. ( 29111003 )
2017
25
Molecular mechanisms of neuroinflammation and injury during acute viral encephalitis. ( 28291542 )
2017
26
A Rare and Fatal Case of Viral Encephalitis in an Immunocompetent Host. ( 28183425 )
2017
27
The PD-1: PD-L1 pathway promotes development of brain-resident memory T cells following acute viral encephalitis. ( 28407741 )
2017
28
Viral encephalitis after haplo-identical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: Causative viral spectrum, characteristics, and risk factors. ( 28129450 )
2017
29
Perspectives in Diagnosis and Treatment of Rabies Viral Encephalitis: Insights from Pathogenesis. ( 27324391 )
2016
30
Epidemiological surveillance of herpes viral encephalitis in Cordoba, Colombia. ( 28453063 )
2016
31
A clinico-radiological study on viral encephalitis patients- A hospital based study. ( 27727853 )
2016
32
Post-malaria neurological syndrome or viral encephalitis? ( 26744539 )
2016
33
Fulminant bilateral acute retinal necrosis syndrome associated with viral encephalitis: A case report. ( 27698716 )
2016
34
Microglia retard dengue virus-induced acute viral encephalitis. ( 27279150 )
2016
35
Antiepileptic drugs for the primary and secondary prevention of seizures in viral encephalitis. ( 27209627 )
2016
36
Mitochondrial p53 Contributes to Reovirus-Induced Neuronal Apoptosis and Central Nervous System Injury in a Mouse Model of Viral Encephalitis. ( 27307572 )
2016
37
Neuroprotection mediated by inhibition of calpain during acute viral encephalitis. ( 27345730 )
2016
38
The development of an intervention to promote adherence to national guidelines for suspected viral encephalitis. ( 25889994 )
2015
39
Viral encephalitis complicated by acute retinal necrosis syndrome: A case report. ( 26622338 )
2015
40
Herpes Simplex Viral Encephalitis Masquerading as a Classic Left MCA Stroke. ( 26770849 )
2015
41
Epidemiological features of viral encephalitis in Cangzhou of China with use of multiplex RT-PCR for five RNA viruses. ( 26118966 )
2015
42
Viral encephalitis in travellers. ( 25650207 )
2015
43
Influence of malnutrition on adverse outcome in children with confirmed or probable viral encephalitis: a prospective observational study. ( 25695076 )
2015
44
Early microlesion of viral encephalitis confirmed by galectin-3 expression after a virus inoculation. ( 25736950 )
2015
45
Probable toxic cause for suspected lychee-linked viral encephalitis. ( 25897979 )
2015
46
The evaluation of a tailored intervention to improve the management of suspected viral encephalitis: protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial. ( 25623603 )
2015
47
Differential Diagnosis of Restricted Diffusion of the Thalamus-Focus on Viral Encephalitis. ( 26425255 )
2015
48
Clinical characteristics and outcome of clinically diagnosed viral encephalitis in southwest China. ( 26205533 )
2015
49
Clinical approach to the syndromes of viral encephalitis, myelitis, and meningitis. ( 25015482 )
2014
50
Antiepileptic drugs for the primary and secondary prevention of seizures in viral encephalitis. ( 25300175 )
2014

Variations for Viral Encephalitis

Expression for Viral Encephalitis

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Viral Encephalitis.

Pathways for Viral Encephalitis

Pathways related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 62)
# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
14 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
2
Show member pathways
13.83 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
3
Show member pathways
13.68 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
4
Show member pathways
13.5 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6
5
Show member pathways
13.43 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
6
Show member pathways
13.31 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
7
Show member pathways
13.3 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
8
Show member pathways
13.03 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
9
Show member pathways
12.9 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF TNFSF13B
10
Show member pathways
12.8 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
11
Show member pathways
12.8 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL1B IL6
12
Show member pathways
12.71 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 MX1 TNF
13
Show member pathways
12.65 IL1B IL6 TNF TNFSF13B
14
Show member pathways
12.62 CCL2 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
15
Show member pathways
12.44 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
16
Show member pathways
12.43 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
17 12.42 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL10 IL1B PTGS1
18
Show member pathways
12.41 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B IL6 PTGS1 TNF
19
Show member pathways
12.4 CCL2 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
20
Show member pathways
12.3 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
21
Show member pathways
12.29 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
22 12.26 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
23
Show member pathways
12.26 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
24
Show member pathways
12.25 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
25 12.25 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
26
Show member pathways
12.24 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
27 12.13 CCL2 IL1B TNF VCAM1
28
Show member pathways
12.11 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6
29
Show member pathways
12.04 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8
30 12.01 CCL2 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
31 11.99 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
32 11.98 CXCL8 IL1B TNF TNFSF13B VCAM1
33 11.97 IL10 IL6 TNF
34 11.95 CCL2 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF VCAM1
35 11.95 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
36 11.93 CXCL8 IL1B IL6
37 11.89 IL1B IL6 TNF
38 11.85 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
39 11.84 CCL2 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 MBP
40 11.83 CXCL8 IL1B IL6
41 11.82 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
42 11.82 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
43 11.8 IL10 IL1B TNF
44
Show member pathways
11.73 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF VCAM1
45 11.71 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
46 11.69 CXCL8 IL1B IL6 TNF
47 11.57 CCL2 IL1B TNF
48 11.53 IL1B IL6 TNF
49 11.47 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
50 11.44 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF VCAM1

GO Terms for Viral Encephalitis

Cellular components related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 extracellular region GO:0005576 9.61 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
2 extracellular space GO:0005615 9.32 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B

Biological processes related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 56)
# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 regulation of cell proliferation GO:0042127 9.97 CXCL10 CXCL8 PTGS1 TNF
2 MAPK cascade GO:0000165 9.95 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B MBP TNF
3 chemotaxis GO:0006935 9.92 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8
4 regulation of signaling receptor activity GO:0010469 9.91 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
5 defense response GO:0006952 9.9 CXCL10 CXCL8 MX1 TNF
6 positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity GO:0051092 9.89 IL1B IL6 TNF
7 cellular response to tumor necrosis factor GO:0071356 9.88 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8 VCAM1
8 positive regulation of DNA binding transcription factor activity GO:0051091 9.88 IL10 IL1B IL6 TNF
9 response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0032496 9.88 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B VCAM1
10 response to virus GO:0009615 9.87 CCL5 CXCL10 MX1 TNF
11 cellular response to interleukin-1 GO:0071347 9.85 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8
12 regulation of insulin secretion GO:0050796 9.84 CCL5 IL1B TNF
13 cell chemotaxis GO:0060326 9.84 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 VCAM1
14 response to glucocorticoid GO:0051384 9.83 IL10 IL6 TNF
15 humoral immune response GO:0006959 9.83 CCL2 IL6 TNF
16 cellular response to organic cyclic compound GO:0071407 9.83 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B TNF
17 positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation GO:0048661 9.82 CCL5 IL6 TNF
18 positive regulation of interleukin-6 production GO:0032755 9.81 IL1B IL6 TNF
19 chemokine-mediated signaling pathway GO:0070098 9.81 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8
20 inflammatory response GO:0006954 9.81 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
21 monocyte chemotaxis GO:0002548 9.8 CCL2 CCL5 IL6
22 negative regulation of viral genome replication GO:0045071 9.8 CCL5 MX1 TNF
23 neutrophil chemotaxis GO:0030593 9.8 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8 IL1B
24 cellular response to lipopolysaccharide GO:0071222 9.8 CCL2 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL6 TNF
25 cellular response to fibroblast growth factor stimulus GO:0044344 9.77 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL8
26 positive regulation of T cell proliferation GO:0042102 9.77 CCL5 IL1B IL6 TNFSF13B VCAM1
27 positive regulation of leukocyte chemotaxis GO:0002690 9.73 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL6
28 protein kinase B signaling GO:0043491 9.73 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B TNF
29 positive regulation of chemokine production GO:0032722 9.72 IL6 TNF
30 embryonic digestive tract development GO:0048566 9.71 CXCL8 TNF
31 positive regulation of monocyte chemotaxis GO:0090026 9.71 CCL5 CXCL10
32 negative regulation of lipid catabolic process GO:0050995 9.71 IL1B TNF
33 leukocyte tethering or rolling GO:0050901 9.71 TNF VCAM1
34 positive regulation of membrane protein ectodomain proteolysis GO:0051044 9.71 IL1B TNF
35 lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway GO:0031663 9.71 CCL2 CCL5 IL1B TNF
36 positive regulation of T cell migration GO:2000406 9.7 CCL5 CXCL10
37 negative regulation of growth of symbiont in host GO:0044130 9.7 IL10 TNF
38 response to molecule of bacterial origin GO:0002237 9.7 CXCL8 IL10
39 macrophage chemotaxis GO:0048246 9.7 CCL2 CCL5
40 negative regulation of G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway GO:0045744 9.69 CCL5 CXCL8
41 PERK-mediated unfolded protein response GO:0036499 9.69 CCL2 CXCL8
42 neutrophil activation GO:0042119 9.69 CCL5 CXCL8
43 negative regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion GO:0034115 9.68 IL10 MBP
44 negative regulation of lipid storage GO:0010888 9.68 IL6 TNF
45 positive regulation of chemokine biosynthetic process GO:0045080 9.68 IL1B TNF
46 endothelial cell apoptotic process GO:0072577 9.67 IL10 TNF
47 regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier GO:1903140 9.67 IL1B TNF
48 negative regulation of cytokine secretion involved in immune response GO:0002740 9.65 IL10 TNF
49 positive regulation of fever generation GO:0031622 9.64 IL1B TNF
50 sequestering of triglyceride GO:0030730 9.63 IL1B TNF

Molecular functions related to Viral Encephalitis according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cytokine activity GO:0005125 9.28 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8 IL10 IL1B
2 chemokine activity GO:0008009 9.26 CCL2 CCL5 CXCL10 CXCL8
3 CXCR chemokine receptor binding GO:0045236 9.16 CXCL10 CXCL8

Sources for Viral Encephalitis

3 CDC
7 CNVD
9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
30 HGMD
31 HMDB
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
35 ICD9CM
36 IUPHAR
37 KEGG
38 LifeMap
40 LOVD
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
51 NDF-RT
54 NINDS
55 Novoseek
57 OMIM
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 SNOMED-CT via Orphanet
71 TGDB
72 Tocris
73 UMLS
74 UMLS via Orphanet
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