Vitreoretinochoroidopathy (VRCP)

Categories: Cardiovascular diseases, Eye diseases, Fetal diseases, Genetic diseases, Rare diseases

Aliases & Classifications for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

MalaCards integrated aliases for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy:

Name: Vitreoretinochoroidopathy 57 74 29 55 6 72
Autosomal Dominant Vitreoretinochoroidopathy 53 25 59 37 72
Advirc 57 53 25 59 74
Microcornea, Rod-Cone Dystrophy, Cataract, and Posterior Staphyloma 57 29 13 6
Vitreoretinochoroidopathy Dominant 53 25 40
Vitreoretinochoroidopathy with Microcornea, Glaucoma, and Cataract 57 25
Vitreoretinochoroidopathy, Autosomal Dominant, with Nanophthalmos 57 25
Vitreoretinochoroidopathy, Autosomal Dominant 57 74
Vrcp 57 74
Vitreoretinochoroidopathy Autosomal Dominant with Nanophthalmos, Microcornea, Rod-Cone Dystrophy, Cataract and Posterior Staphyloma 74
Microcornea-Rod-Cone Dystrophy-Cataract-Posterior Staphyloma Syndrome 59
Vitreoretinochoroidopathy with Microcornea-Glaucoma-Cataract 74
Vitreoretinochoroidopathy, Autosomal Dominant; Advirc 57
Vrcp Autosomal Dominant 53
Mrcs Syndrome 59


Orphanet epidemiological data:

mrcs syndrome
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant; Prevalence: <1/1000000 (Worldwide); Age of onset: Childhood;
autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy
Inheritance: Autosomal dominant; Age of onset: All ages; Age of death: normal life expectancy;


autosomal dominant


Inheritance autosomal dominant inheritance


External Ids:

OMIM 57 193220
KEGG 37 H02078
MESH via Orphanet 45 C536352
ICD10 via Orphanet 34 H35.5
UMLS via Orphanet 73 C2674009 C3888099
UMLS 72 C1860406 C3888099

Summaries for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

NIH Rare Diseases : 53 The following summary is from Orphanet, a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.Orpha Number: 3086DefinitionA rare, genetic, vitreous-retinal disease characterized by ocular developmental anomalies such as microcornea, a shallow anterior chamber, glaucoma and cataract. Abnormal chorioretinal pigmentation is present, usually lying between the vortex veins and the ora serrata for 360 degrees.EpidemiologyAt least 3 pedigrees have been reported to have ADVIRC.Clinical descriptionAge of onset is variable, but can occur in childhood. ADVIRC is associated with developmental ocular anomalies including microphthalmos/nanophthalmos, microcornea, hypermetropia/high myopia, shallow anterior chamber, angle closure glaucoma, iris dysgenesis, abnormal pupillary ruff, microspherophakia with mild lens opacities (congenital or early-onset posterior/subcapsular cataract), disc gliosis and optic nerve dysplasia. Some patients may experience vision loss. Color vision is generally normal. Discrete rotatory nystagmus may be present. Retinal edema due to vascular incompetence may also be observed. ADVIRC is characterized by a peripheral retinal circumferential hyperpigmented band, punctuate white retinal opacities, fibrillar condensation of the vitreous, vascular abnormalities and neovascularisation. There are no identifiable systemic or skeletal abnormalities.EtiologyADVIRC is caused by mutations in BEST1 (11q12) (Val86Met, Val235Ala and Tyr236Cys), which encodes bestrophin-1 (expressed specifically in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)) forming a calcium activated chloride channel involved in regulation of voltage-dependent calcium channels. These mutations may alter normal splicing of BEST1 and result in in-frame alteration of bestrophin-1. However, functional consequences of such in-frame protein alterations remain undefined.Diagnostic methodsDiagnosis of ADVIRC is based on low normal to non-recordable amplitudes of cones and rods on full-field electroretinogram (generalized rod and cone dysfunction), an abnormal electro-oculogram (EOG) (the light rise of EOG is decreased giving a reduced Arden ratio), and normal macular thickness on optical coherence tomography. Funduscopy typically reveals a concentric band of hyperpigmentation in the extreme periphery of one quadrant, with well-defined posterior demarcation, midperipheral chorioretinal atrophy and optic nerve dysplasia. Fundus autofluorescence imaging may show a normal autofluorescence pattern. Goldmann perimetry is often initially normal; however visual field tends to constrict mildly with age. Diagnosis is confirmed by genetic screening of BEST1.Differential diagnosisMRCS syndrome (see this term) is generally more severe than ADVIRC. However, both of these BEST1-related conditions show retinal pigmentary abnormalities, retinal dystrophy, microcornea, and early-onset cataract, conditions that overlap and likely form a continuum. Differential diagnosis also includes Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD), adult-onset foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy and autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy (see these terms).Genetic counselingTransmission is autosomal dominant and genetic counseling is possible.Management and treatmentManagement is mainly symptomatic. When choroidal neovascularization occurs, treatment may require laser photocoagulation or intravitreal delivery of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents such as bevacizumab and ranibizumab. Cystoid macular edema can be treated with conventional carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (CAIs) either systemically or topically. If presentation is complicated by glaucoma, conventional treatment may require topical agents to lower intraocular pressure, such as CAIs. Laser iridotomy may be advocated if angle closure glaucoma is a risk. Some cases may require additional surgical intervention.PrognosisMost patients retain a fairly good visual acuity throughout life, although visual acuity may decrease considerably due to macular edema, chorioretinal atrophy, or rarely, retinal detachment and vitreous hemorrhage.Visit the Orphanet disease page for more resources.

MalaCards based summary : Vitreoretinochoroidopathy, also known as autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy, is related to retinitis pigmentosa and vitreoretinal degeneration. An important gene associated with Vitreoretinochoroidopathy is BEST1 (Bestrophin 1). Affiliated tissues include eye, retina and endothelial, and related phenotypes are microphthalmia and dyschromatopsia

Genetics Home Reference : 25 Autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC) is a disorder that affects several parts of the eyes, including the clear gel that fills the eye (the vitreous), the light-sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye (the retina), and the network of blood vessels within the retina (the choroid). The eye abnormalities in ADVIRC can lead to varying degrees of vision impairment, from mild reduction to complete loss, although some people with the condition have normal vision. The signs and symptoms of ADVIRC vary, even among members of the same family. Many affected individuals have microcornea, in which the clear front covering of the eye (cornea) is small and abnormally curved. The area behind the cornea can also be abnormally small, which is described as a shallow anterior chamber. Individuals with ADVIRC can develop increased pressure in the eyes (glaucoma) or clouding of the lens of the eye (cataract). In addition, some people have breakdown (degeneration) of the vitreous or the choroid. A characteristic feature of ADVIRC, visible with a special eye exam, is a circular band of excess coloring (hyperpigmentation) in the retina. This feature can help physicians diagnose the disorder. Affected individuals may also have white spots on the retina.

KEGG : 37
Autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC) is a rare, early-onset retinal dystrophy characterised by distinct bands of circumferential pigmentary degeneration in the peripheral retina and developmental eye defects. ADVIRC is caused by mutations in the bestrophin-1 (BEST1) gene. Bestrophin-1 is a transmembrane protein of the basolateral membrane of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) that acts as a chloride channel.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 74 Vitreoretinochoroidopathy, autosomal dominant: A disorder characterized by vitreoretinochoroidal dystrophy. The clinical presentation is variable. VRCP may be associated with cataract, nanophthalmos, microcornea, shallow anterior chamber, and glaucoma.

More information from OMIM: 193220

Related Diseases for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

Diseases related to Vitreoretinochoroidopathy via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show all 41)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 retinitis pigmentosa 28.5 LOC107984334 FTH1 BEST1
2 vitreoretinal degeneration 11.6
3 microphthalmia, syndromic 3 10.5
4 microphthalmia, isolated 1 10.5
5 microphthalmia, syndromic 2 10.5
6 microphthalmia, syndromic 4 10.5
7 microphthalmia, syndromic 1 10.5
8 linear skin defects with multiple congenital anomalies 1 10.5
9 nanophthalmos 1 10.5
10 microphthalmia, syndromic 9 10.5
11 microphthalmia, syndromic 6 10.5
12 microphthalmia, isolated 2 10.5
13 microphthalmia, syndromic 5 10.5
14 microphthalmia, isolated 3 10.5
15 cataract 10.3
16 fundus dystrophy 10.3
17 dowling-degos disease 1 10.3
18 inherited retinal disorder 10.3
19 retinal detachment 10.2
20 neuroretinitis 10.2
21 retinitis 10.2
22 macular retinal edema 10.2
23 vcan-related vitreoretinopathy 10.1
24 macular dystrophy, vitelliform, 2 10.0
25 vitelliform macular dystrophy 10.0
26 cone dystrophy 10.0
27 microphthalmia 10.0
28 myopia 10.0
29 peripheral retinal degeneration 10.0
30 retinal ischemia 10.0
31 acute closed-angle glaucoma 10.0
32 retinal vascular disease 10.0
33 eye disease 10.0
34 retinal degeneration 10.0
35 congenital nystagmus 10.0
36 pathologic nystagmus 10.0
37 vitreous detachment 10.0
38 best vitelliform macular dystrophy 10.0
39 vitreoretinopathy 10.0
40 bestrophinopathy, autosomal recessive 9.4 LOC107984334 BEST1
41 retinitis pigmentosa 50 9.1 LOC107984334 BEST1

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Vitreoretinochoroidopathy:

Diseases related to Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

Human phenotypes related to Vitreoretinochoroidopathy:

32 (show all 18)
# Description HPO Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 microphthalmia 32 occasional (7.5%) HP:0000568
2 dyschromatopsia 32 occasional (7.5%) HP:0007641
3 nystagmus 32 HP:0000639
4 blindness 32 HP:0000618
5 strabismus 32 HP:0000486
6 nyctalopia 32 HP:0000662
7 glaucoma 32 HP:0000501
8 retinal detachment 32 HP:0000541
9 vitreous hemorrhage 32 HP:0007902
10 microcornea 32 HP:0000482
11 pigmentary retinopathy 32 HP:0000580
12 posterior staphyloma 32 HP:0030856
13 pulverulent cataract 32 HP:0010693
14 color vision defect 32 HP:0000551
15 retinal arteriolar constriction 32 HP:0008043
16 retinal neovascularization 32 HP:0030666
17 abnormality of chorioretinal pigmentation 32 HP:0007661
18 retinal arteriolar occlusion 32 HP:0007985

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM:

Head And Neck Eyes:
fundus dystrophy
night blindness onset during teen years
cataracts, pulverulent
microphthalmia (some)
Laboratory Abnormalities:
reduced electroretinogram (scotopic > photopic) becoming extinguished in older patients

Clinical features from OMIM:


Drugs & Therapeutics for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

Interventional clinical trials:

# Name Status NCT ID Phase Drugs
1 Effects Of Noninvasive Ventilation During The Treadmill Walking Test On Cardiorespiratory System, Walk Distance, And Thoracoabdominal Kinematics Of Patients With Cystic Fibrosis: Clinical Randomized Controlled Trial. Completed NCT01987271
2 Development of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells From Patients With Best Disease and Other Inherited Retinal Degenerative Diseases. Active, not recruiting NCT02162953

Search NIH Clinical Center for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

Genetic Tests for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

Genetic tests related to Vitreoretinochoroidopathy:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Vitreoretinochoroidopathy 29 BEST1
2 Microcornea, Rod-Cone Dystrophy, Cataract, and Posterior Staphyloma 29

Anatomical Context for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

MalaCards organs/tissues related to Vitreoretinochoroidopathy:

Eye, Retina, Endothelial, Testes

Publications for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

Articles related to Vitreoretinochoroidopathy:

(show all 38)
# Title Authors PMID Year
Mutations of VMD2 splicing regulators cause nanophthalmos and autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC). 9 38 8 71
15452077 2004
ADVIRC is caused by distinct mutations in BEST1 that alter pre-mRNA splicing. 38 8 71
18611979 2009
A clinical and molecular genetic study of a rare dominantly inherited syndrome (MRCS) comprising of microcornea, rod-cone dystrophy, cataract, and posterior staphyloma. 8 71
12543751 2003
[The microphthalmia-retinitis pigmentosa-glaucoma syndrome]. 8 71
13534955 1958
Central cone dysfunction in autosomal dominant vitreoretino choroidopathy (ADVIRC). 38 8
16678511 2006
Clinical and electrophysiological findings in autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy: report of a new pedigree. 38 71
11585313 2001
Autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy. Report of the third family. 38 8
8431155 1993
Autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC). 38 8
6689931 1984
Autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy. 38 8
7065944 1982
Clinical utility gene card for: BEST1-related dystrophies (Bestrophinopathies). 71
22234150 2012
Evidence of genetic heterogeneity in MRCS (microcornea, rod-cone dystrophy, cataract, and posterior staphyloma) syndrome. 8
16458719 2006
Clinical features of the congenital vitreoretinopathies. 9 38
18309337 2008
The anion-selective pore of the bestrophins, a family of chloride channels associated with retinal degeneration. 9 38
16707793 2006
[VMD2 and its role in Best's disease and other retinopathies]. 9 38
15627199 2005
AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT VITREORETINOCHOROIDOPATHY: When Molecular Genetic Testing Helps Clinical Diagnosis. 38
29370033 2019
Comment: A novel missense mutation in BEST1 associated with an autosomal-dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC) phenotype. 38
30632872 2019
Response to Weisschuh's "Comment: a novel missense mutation in BEST1 associated with an autosomal-dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC) phenotype". 38
30632873 2019
A novel missense mutation in BEST1 associated with an autosomal-dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC) phenotype. 38
30222024 2018
Ocular Histopathology and Immunohistochemical Analysis in the Oldest Known Individual with Autosomal Dominant Vitreoretinochoroidopathy. 38
29774302 2018
Long-term changes in autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC). 38
28975401 2018
Bestrophin 1 and retinal disease. 38
28153808 2017
Mislocalisation of BEST1 in iPSC-derived retinal pigment epithelial cells from a family with autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC). 38
27653836 2016
Retinitis pigmentosa associated with a mutation in BEST1. 38
29503890 2016
Fundus Autofluorescence and SD-OCT Document Rapid Progression in Autosomal Dominant Vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC) Associated with a c.256G > A Mutation in BEST1. 38
26771239 2016
Long-Term Macular Changes in the First Proband of Autosomal Dominant Vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC) Due to a Newly Identified Mutation in BEST1. 38
26849243 2016
Progressive Cone Dysfunction and Geographic Atrophy of the Macula in Late Stage Autosomal Dominant Vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC). 38
24564716 2016
Disease-causing mutations associated with four bestrophinopathies exhibit disparate effects on the localization, but not the oligomerization, of Bestrophin-1. 38
24560797 2014
BEST1-related autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy: a degenerative disease with a range of developmental ocular anomalies. 38
21072067 2011
The spectrum of ocular phenotypes caused by mutations in the BEST1 gene. 38
19375515 2009
Biallelic mutation of BEST1 causes a distinct retinopathy in humans. 38
18179881 2008
The light peak of the electroretinogram is dependent on voltage-gated calcium channels and antagonized by bestrophin (best-1). 38
16636205 2006
[Hereditary retinochoroidal dystrophies. Part 2: differential diagnosis]. 38
15014962 2004
Autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy with normal electrooculogram in a German family. 38
9498121 1998
Autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy. 38
9279944 1997
Histopathologic study of autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy in a 26-year-old woman. 38
7487628 1995
[Vitreoretinochoroidal heredo-dystrophy, microcornea, glaucoma and cataract]. 38
8482797 1993
Electro-oculography in autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy. 38
1444912 1992
Histopathologic study of autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy. Peripheral annular pigmentary dystrophy of the retina. 38
2516300 1989

Variations for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy:

6 (show top 50) (show all 53)
# Gene Variation Type Significance SNP ID GRCh37 Pos GRCh38 Pos
1 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.704T> C (p.Val235Ala) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs267606679 11:61724926-61724926 11:61957454-61957454
2 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.707A> G (p.Tyr236Cys) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs121918291 11:61724929-61724929 11:61957457-61957457
3 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.715G> A (p.Val239Met) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs121918290 11:61725618-61725618 11:61958146-61958146
4 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.256G> A (p.Val86Met) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic rs121918289 11:61723198-61723198 11:61955726-61955726
5 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.652C> T (p.Arg218Cys) single nucleotide variant Pathogenic/Likely pathogenic rs281865238 11:61724874-61724874 11:61957402-61957402
6 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.637-6C> T single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs62639356 11:61724853-61724853 11:61957381-61957381
7 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.602T> C (p.Ile201Thr) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs199529046 11:61724436-61724436 11:61956964-61956964
8 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1669G> A (p.Glu557Lys) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs147192139 11:61730295-61730295 11:61962823-61962823
9 BEST1 NM_004183.3(BEST1): c.422G> A (p.Arg141His) single nucleotide variant Conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity rs121918284 11:61723364-61723364 11:61955892-61955892
10 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1583A> G (p.Glu528Gly) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs757181644 11:61730209-61730209 11:61962737-61962737
11 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.-66G> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886048425 11:61717870-61717870 11:61950398-61950398
12 BEST1 NM_001363592.1(BEST1): c.-121C> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs562849665 11:61717815-61717815 11:61950343-61950343
13 BEST1 NM_001363592.1(BEST1): c.-125G> A single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886048424 11:61717811-61717811 11:61950339-61950339
14 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.699A> G (p.Pro233=) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs760816505 11:61724921-61724921 11:61957449-61957449
15 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1157A> C (p.His386Pro) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886048427 11:61729783-61729783 11:61962311-61962311
16 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.139C> T (p.Arg47Cys) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs765333778 11:61719417-61719417 11:61951945-61951945
17 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.152+6G> T single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs764420497 11:61719436-61719436 11:61951964-61951964
18 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.351G> A (p.Lys117=) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886048426 11:61723293-61723293 11:61955821-61955821
19 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1330G> A (p.Ala444Thr) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs765604572 11:61729956-61729956 11:61962484-61962484
20 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1457C> T (p.Pro486Leu) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs886048428 11:61730083-61730083 11:61962611-61962611
21 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.954C> G (p.Ser318=) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs144231113 11:61727369-61727369 11:61959897-61959897
22 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.813C> T (p.Leu271=) single nucleotide variant Uncertain significance rs370397270 11:61725716-61725716 11:61958244-61958244
23 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.213C> T (p.Ser71=) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs57132800 11:61722639-61722639 11:61955167-61955167
24 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1519T> C (p.Ser507Pro) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs141071579 11:61730145-61730145 11:61962673-61962673
25 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.*24C> T single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs142482048 11:61731618-61731618 11:61964146-61964146
26 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_002032.3(FTH1): c.*396A> G single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs565138844 11:61731803-61731803 11:61964331-61964331
27 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_002032.3(FTH1): c.161A> G (p.Lys54Arg) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs186448909 11:61732941-61732941 11:61965469-61965469
28 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_002032.3(FTH1): c.387+12A> G single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs201120647 11:61732447-61732447 11:61964975-61964975
29 BEST1 NM_001363592.1(BEST1): c.-536T> C single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs137965157 11:61717400-61717400 11:61949928-61949928
30 BEST1 NM_001363592.1(BEST1): c.-428C> T single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs77151527 11:61717508-61717508 11:61950036-61950036
31 BEST1 NM_001363592.1(BEST1): c.-373T> A single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs117165769 11:61717563-61717563 11:61950091-61950091
32 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1064G> A (p.Arg355His) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs368356148 11:61727479-61727479 11:61960007-61960007
33 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1070C> T (p.Ala357Val) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs17854138 11:61727485-61727485 11:61960013-61960013
34 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1143C> T (p.Asp381=) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs112199774 11:61729769-61729769 11:61962297-61962297
35 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.*133T> C single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs1801621 11:61731727-61731727 11:61964255-61964255
36 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_002032.3(FTH1): c.*389A> G single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs1801327 11:61731810-61731810 11:61964338-61964338
37 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1699C> T (p.Leu567Phe) single nucleotide variant Likely benign rs148060787 11:61730325-61730325 11:61962853-61962853
38 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.619C> A (p.Leu207Ile) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs74653691 11:61724453-61724453 11:61956981-61956981
39 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.618G> A (p.Leu206=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs62641693 11:61724452-61724452 11:61956980-61956980
40 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1474G> A (p.Val492Ile) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs111326315 11:61730100-61730100 11:61962628-61962628
41 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.495G> A (p.Pro165=) single nucleotide variant Benign/Likely benign rs182941675 11:61724329-61724329 11:61956857-61956857
42 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.696C> A (p.Ile232=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs1805140 11:61724918-61724918 11:61957446-61957446
43 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_002032.3(FTH1): c.*222C> T single nucleotide variant Benign rs17156609 11:61731977-61731977 11:61964505-61964505
44 BEST1 NM_001363592.1(BEST1): c.-329C> T single nucleotide variant Benign rs972354 11:61717607-61717607 11:61950135-61950135
45 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1410G> A (p.Thr470=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs149698 11:61730036-61730036 11:61962564-61962564
46 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1023C> T (p.Pro341=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs1801390 11:61727438-61727438 11:61959966-61959966
47 BEST1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.109T> C (p.Leu37=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs1800007 11:61719387-61719387 11:61951915-61951915
48 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1557C> T (p.Ser519=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs1800008 11:61730183-61730183 11:61962711-61962711
49 BEST1 ; FTH1 NM_004183.4(BEST1): c.1608T> C (p.Thr536=) single nucleotide variant Benign rs1800009 11:61730234-61730234 11:61962762-61962762
50 BEST1 NM_001363592.1(BEST1): c.-221T> C single nucleotide variant Benign rs972353 11:61717715-61717715 11:61950243-61950243

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot genetic disease variations for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy:

# Symbol AA change Variation ID SNP ID
1 BEST1 p.Val86Met VAR_058274 rs121918289
2 BEST1 p.Tyr236Cys VAR_058275 rs121918291
3 BEST1 p.Val239Met VAR_058276 rs121918290

Expression for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy.

Pathways for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

GO Terms for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

Sources for Vitreoretinochoroidopathy

9 Cosmic
10 dbSNP
11 DGIdb
17 EFO
18 ExPASy
19 FMA
28 GO
29 GTR
32 HPO
33 ICD10
34 ICD10 via Orphanet
38 LifeMap
42 MedGen
44 MeSH
45 MESH via Orphanet
46 MGI
49 NCI
50 NCIt
55 Novoseek
58 OMIM via Orphanet
62 PubMed
71 Tocris
73 UMLS via Orphanet
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