WSS
MCID: WRN004
MIFTS: 44

Wrinkly Skin Syndrome (WSS)

Categories: Bone diseases, Fetal diseases, Genetic diseases, Metabolic diseases, Neuronal diseases, Rare diseases, Skin diseases
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Aliases & Classifications for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

MalaCards integrated aliases for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome:

Name: Wrinkly Skin Syndrome 57 11 19 58 75 73 28 12 5 43 14 71
Wss 57 11 58 73
Wrinkled Skin Syndrome 58

Characteristics:


Inheritance:

Autosomal recessive 58 57

Prevelance:

<1/1000000 (Worldwide) 58

Age Of Onset:

Infancy,Neonatal 58

OMIM®:

57 (Updated 08-Dec-2022)
Miscellaneous:
skin wrinkling improves with age


Classifications:

Orphanet: 58  
Rare neurological diseases
Rare bone diseases
Rare skin diseases
Inborn errors of metabolism
Developmental anomalies during embryogenesis


Summaries for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

GARD: 19 Wrinkly skin syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by sagging or wrinkly skin, reduced skin elasticity, and delayed closure of the fontanel (a baby's "soft spot" on the top of his/her head). Other associated signs and symptoms vary widely. Case reports suggest that this condition is often inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion. It can be caused by genetic changes in the ATP6VOA2 gene. Wrinkly skin syndrome appears to be represent the mild version of autosomal recessive cutis laxa syndrome type 2.

MalaCards based summary: Wrinkly Skin Syndrome, also known as wss, is related to cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, type iib and cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, type iia. An important gene associated with Wrinkly Skin Syndrome is ATP6V0A2 (ATPase H+ Transporting V0 Subunit A2), and among its related pathways/superpathways is Glutamate and glutamine metabolism. Affiliated tissues include skin, bone and cortex, and related phenotypes are excessive skin wrinkling on dorsum of hands and fingers and failure to thrive

Orphanet: 58 Wrinkly skin syndrome (WSS) is characterized by wrinkling of the skin of the dorsum of the hands and feet, an increased number of palmar and plantar creases, wrinkled abdominal skin, multiple skeletal abnormalities (joint laxity and congenital hip dislocation), late closing of the anterior fontanel, microcephaly, pre- and postnatal growth retardation, developmental delay and facial dysmorphism (a broad nasal bridge, downslanting palpebral fissures and hypertelorism).

Disease Ontology: 11 A syndrome characterized by sagging or wrinkly skin, reduced skin elasticity, delayed closure of the fontanel, typically mild developmental delay, and variable other skeletal, neurological and facial features that has material basis in homozygous or compound heterozygous mutation in ATP6V0A2 on chromosome 12q24.31.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: 73 A rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by wrinkling of the skin of the dorsum of the hands and feet, an increased number of palmar and plantar creases, wrinkled abdominal skin, multiple musculoskeletal abnormalities, microcephaly, growth failure and developmental delay.

Wikipedia: 75 Wrinkly skin syndrome (WSS) is a rare genetic condition characterized by sagging, wrinkled skin, low... more...

More information from OMIM: 278250

Related Diseases for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

Diseases related to Wrinkly Skin Syndrome via text searches within MalaCards or GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

(show top 50) (show all 102)
# Related Disease Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, type iib 30.5 PYCR1 GORAB EFEMP2 ATP6V0A2 ALDH18A1
2 cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, type iia 30.4 PYCR1 GORAB EFEMP2 ATP6V0A2 ALDH18A1
3 immunodeficiency 47 30.3 PYCR1 ATP6V0A2 ALG2 ALDH18A1
4 geroderma osteodysplasticum 30.2 PYCR1 GORAB EFEMP2 ATP6V0A2 ALG2 ALDH18A1
5 cutis laxa 30.1 PYCR1 GORAB ELN EFEMP2 ATP6V0A2 ALG2
6 cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, type ia 30.0 ELN EFEMP2 ATP6V0A2 ALDH18A1
7 autosomal recessive cutis laxa type i 29.7 PYCR1 GORAB ELN EFEMP2 ATP6V0A2 ALDH18A1
8 wiedemann-steiner syndrome 11.5
9 woodhouse-sakati syndrome 11.3
10 weaver syndrome 11.3
11 waardenburg syndrome, type 4a 10.9
12 peripheral demyelinating neuropathy, central dysmyelination, waardenburg syndrome, and hirschsprung disease 10.9
13 cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, type iie 10.9
14 connective tissue disease 10.4
15 microcephaly 10.3
16 cutis laxa, autosomal dominant 3 10.3 PYCR1 ALDH18A1
17 proliferative type fibrocystic change of breast 10.3 SERPINA3 KRT14
18 lipoadenoma 10.3 SERPINA3 KRT14
19 congenital disorder of glycosylation, type iip 10.3 ATP6V0A2 ALG2
20 congenital disorder of glycosylation, type iio 10.2 ATP6V0A2 ALG2
21 cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, type iid 10.2 GORAB ATP6V0A2 ALDH18A1
22 sebaceous adenoma 10.2 SERPINA3 KRT14
23 apocrine adenocarcinoma 10.2 SERPINA3 KRT14
24 breast secretory carcinoma 10.2 SERPINA3 KRT8
25 leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 10 10.2 PYCR1 ALDH18A1
26 chondroid chordoma 10.2 SERPINA3 KRT8
27 sebaceous gland neoplasm 10.2 SERPINA3 KRT14
28 hepatoid adenocarcinoma 10.2 SERPINA3 KRT8
29 congenital disorder of glycosylation, type iik 10.2 ATP6V0A2 ALG2
30 vascular disease 10.2
31 eccrine papillary adenoma 10.2 KRT8 KRT14
32 benign breast adenomyoepithelioma 10.2 KRT8 KRT14
33 odontoma 10.2 KRT8 KRT14
34 squamous cell bile duct carcinoma 10.2 KRT8 KRT14
35 steroid-induced glaucoma 10.2 SERPINA3 ELN
36 polyp of corpus uteri 10.2 KRT8 KRT14
37 rete ovarii adenoma 10.1 KRT8 KRT14
38 cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, type iiia 10.1 PYCR1 GORAB ATP6V0A2 ALDH18A1
39 rete ovarii benign neoplasm 10.1 KRT8 KRT14
40 apocrine sweat gland neoplasm 10.1 KRT8 KRT14
41 micronodular basal cell carcinoma 10.1 KRT14 ELN
42 ureteric orifice cancer 10.1 ELN EFEMP2
43 basaloid squamous cell carcinoma 10.1 KRT8 KRT14
44 atherosclerosis susceptibility 10.1
45 intraductal breast benign neoplasm 10.1 KRT8 KRT14
46 bladder diverticulum 10.1 ELN EFEMP2
47 tibial adamantinoma 10.1 KRT8 KRT14
48 salpingitis isthmica nodosa 10.1 KRT8 KRT14
49 sialolithiasis 10.1 HTN1 DNAJC22
50 thoracic benign neoplasm 10.1 SERPINA3 KRT8 KRT14

Graphical network of the top 20 diseases related to Wrinkly Skin Syndrome:



Diseases related to Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

Symptoms & Phenotypes for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

Human phenotypes related to Wrinkly Skin Syndrome:

58 30 (show top 50) (show all 86)
# Description HPO Frequency Orphanet Frequency HPO Source Accession
1 excessive skin wrinkling on dorsum of hands and fingers 58 30 Obligate (100%) Obligate (100%)
HP:0007407
2 failure to thrive 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0001508
3 high palate 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000218
4 osteopenia 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000938
5 global developmental delay 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0001263
6 inguinal hernia 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000023
7 hypertelorism 58 30 Very rare (1%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000316
8 carious teeth 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000670
9 delayed speech and language development 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000750
10 umbilical hernia 58 30 Very rare (1%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0001537
11 pes planus 58 30 Very rare (1%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0001763
12 smooth philtrum 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000319
13 short stature 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0004322
14 decreased muscle mass 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0003199
15 cryptorchidism 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000028
16 intrauterine growth retardation 58 30 Very rare (1%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0001511
17 postnatal growth retardation 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0008897
18 low-set ears 58 30 Very rare (1%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000369
19 epicanthus 58 30 Very rare (1%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000286
20 pectus excavatum 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000767
21 lipodystrophy 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0009125
22 congenital hip dislocation 58 30 Very rare (1%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0001374
23 kyphoscoliosis 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0002751
24 downslanted palpebral fissures 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000494
25 delayed eruption of teeth 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000684
26 long philtrum 58 30 Very rare (1%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000343
27 nasal speech 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0001611
28 wormian bones 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0002645
29 coxa vara 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0002812
30 sparse hair 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0008070
31 deep plantar creases 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0001869
32 deep palmar crease 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0006191
33 cutis laxa 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000973
34 recurrent sinopulmonary infections 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0005425
35 broad nasal tip 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000455
36 high myopia 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0011003
37 generalized joint laxity 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0002761
38 delayed closure of the anterior fontanelle 58 30 Very rare (1%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0001476
39 slender long bones with narrow diaphyses 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0004993
40 fragmented elastic fibers in the dermis 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0025167
41 infantile muscular hypotonia 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0008947
42 prominent veins on trunk 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0007457
43 progressive microcephaly 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0000253
44 prominent nasolabial fold 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0005272
45 premature rupture of membranes 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0001788
46 abnormal isoelectric focusing of serum transferrin 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0003160
47 multiple palmar creases 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0006114
48 thick cerebral cortex 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0006891
49 multiple plantar creases 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0008113
50 high nonceruloplasmin-bound serum copper 58 30 Hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%)
HP:0010838

Symptoms via clinical synopsis from OMIM®:

57 (Updated 08-Dec-2022)
Growth Other:
failure to thrive

Skeletal:
osteopenia

Head And Neck Eyes:
hypertelorism
downslanting palpebral fissures
epicanthal folds

Skeletal Feet:
pes planus
deep plantar creases
club feet

Growth Height:
short stature

Head And Neck Ears:
low-set ears

Skeletal Pelvis:
congenital hip dislocation
coxa vara

Skin Nails Hair Hair:
sparse hair

Head And Neck Head:
progressive microcephaly
large anterior fontanel
delayed closure of fontanels
normal birth head circumference

Laboratory Abnormalities:
abnormal isoelectric focusing of serum transferrin
normal isoelectric focusing of apolipoprotein ciii

Head And Neck Mouth:
high-arched palate

Skin Nails Hair Nails:
short nails
brittle nails

Neurologic Central Nervous System:
speech delay

Skeletal Limbs:
slender long bones

Respiratory:
recurrent lower respiratory infections

Skeletal Spine:
scoliosis
kyphosis

Genitourinary External Genitalia Male:
inguinal hernia

Abdomen External Features:
umbilical hernia

Head And Neck Face:
smooth philtrum
long philtrum
sagging cheeks

Genitourinary Internal Genitalia Male:
cryptorchidism

Chest Ribs Sternum Clavicles And Scapulae:
pectus excavatum

Skeletal Skull:
wormian bones

Skin Nails Hair Skin:
deep plantar creases
deep palmar creases
skin laxity
generalized skin wrinkling

Prenatal Manifestations Delivery:
premature rupture of membranes

Head And Neck Nose:
broad nasal bridge

Head And Neck Teeth:
delayed tooth eruption
small teeth
dental caries

Skeletal Hands:
deep palmar creases
hyperextensible joints

Voice:
nasal voice

Muscle Soft Tissue:
reduced muscle mass
abnormal subcutaneous fat distribution

Skin Nails Hair Skin Histology:
frayed, broken, and shortened elastic fibers

Clinical features from OMIM®:

278250 (Updated 08-Dec-2022)

GenomeRNAi Phenotypes related to Wrinkly Skin Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

25
# Description GenomeRNAi Source Accession Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 no effect GR00402-S-1 10.13 ALDH18A1 ALG2 ATP6V0A2 DCAF17 DNAJC22 EFEMP2
2 no effect GR00402-S-2 10.13 ALG2 DCAF17 DNAJC22 FRMPD2 GORAB HTN1

Drugs & Therapeutics for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

Search Clinical Trials, NIH Clinical Center for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

Cochrane evidence based reviews: wrinkly skin syndrome

Genetic Tests for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

Genetic tests related to Wrinkly Skin Syndrome:

# Genetic test Affiliating Genes
1 Wrinkly Skin Syndrome 28 ATP6V0A2

Anatomical Context for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

Organs/tissues related to Wrinkly Skin Syndrome:

MalaCards : Skin, Bone, Cortex

Publications for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

Articles related to Wrinkly Skin Syndrome:

(show all 35)
# Title Authors PMID Year
1
Impaired glycosylation and cutis laxa caused by mutations in the vesicular H+-ATPase subunit ATP6V0A2. 62 57 5
18157129 2008
2
Geroderma osteodysplasticum hereditaria and wrinkly skin syndrome in 22 patients from Oman. 62 57
18348262 2008
3
Wrinkly skin syndrome and the syndrome of cutis laxa with growth and developmental delay represent the same disorder. 62 57
10406678 1999
4
Neurological involvement in a child with the wrinkly skin syndrome. 62 57
9916839 1999
5
Del(2q)--cause of the wrinkly skin syndrome? 62 57
8500259 1993
6
The wrinkly skin syndrome: a report of a case and review of the literature. 62 57
2268976 1990
7
Wrinkly skin syndrome: phenotype and additional manifestations. 62 57
3321993 1987
8
The wrinkly skin syndrome: a report of two siblings from Saudi Arabia. 62 57
6851222 1983
9
The Wrinkly Skin Syndrome: a new heritable disorder of connective tissue. 62 57
4765201 1973
10
Mutations in PYCR1 cause cutis laxa with progeroid features. 57
19648921 2009
11
Defective protein glycosylation in patients with cutis laxa syndrome. 57
15657616 2005
12
Mutation of the COG complex subunit gene COG7 causes a lethal congenital disorder. 57
15107842 2004
13
Syndrome of congenital cutis laxa with ligamentous laxity and delayed development: report of a brother and sister from Turkey. 57
1700609 1990
14
Cutis laxa associated with severe intrauterine growth retardation and congenital dislocation of the hip. 57
5579863 1971
15
Cutis laxa autosomal recessive type II or wrinkly skin syndrome? 62
27730053 2016
16
Congenital Cutis Laxa Type 2 Associated With Recurrent Aspiration Pneumonia and Growth Delay: Case Report. 62
26516448 2015
17
Recurrent De Novo Mutations Affecting Residue Arg138 of Pyrroline-5-Carboxylate Synthase Cause a Progeroid Form of Autosomal-Dominant Cutis Laxa. 62
26320891 2015
18
The Diagnostic Dilemma of Cutis Laxa: A Report of Two Cases with Genotypic Dissimilarity. 62
26538727 2015
19
Genotype-phenotype spectrum of PYCR1-related autosomal recessive cutis laxa. 62
24035636 2013
20
Further characterization of ATP6V0A2-related autosomal recessive cutis laxa. 62
22773132 2012
21
[Congenital autosomal recessive Cutis laxa Type II A Wrinkly-Skin-Syndrome]. 62
22821296 2012
22
Further expansion of the phenotypic spectrum associated with mutations in ALDH18A1, encoding Δ¹-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase (P5CS). 62
21739576 2011
23
Autosomal recessive cutis laxa syndrome revisited. 62
19401719 2009
24
Cellular physiology of the renal H+ATPase. 62
19561496 2009
25
Geroderma osteodysplastica maps to a 4 Mb locus on chromosome 1q24. 62
19006212 2008
26
Acral cutaneous findings in wrinkly skin syndrome: are they tripe palms? 62
18789104 2008
27
Gerodermia osteodysplastica/wrinkly skin syndrome: report of three patients and brief review of the literature. 62
18304158 2008
28
Cutis laxa type II and wrinkly skin syndrome: distinct phenotypes. 62
16780467 2006
29
Moyamoya syndrome as a risk factor for stroke in Saudi children. Novel and usual associations. 62
16532134 2006
30
Wrinkly skin syndrome. 62
16045708 2005
31
The del(2)(q32.2q33) deletion syndrome defined by clinical and molecular characterization of four patients. 62
16179223 2005
32
Gerodermia osteodysplastica and wrinkly skin syndrome: are they the same? 62
11424136 2001
33
[Wrinkly skin syndrome]. 62
11529041 2001
34
Wrinkly skin syndrome: ultrastructural alterations of the elastic fibers. 62
10337674 1999
35
The wrinkly skin syndrome and cartilage-hair hypoplasia (a new variant?) in sibs of the same family. 62
7163267 1982

Variations for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

ClinVar genetic disease variations for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome:

5 (show all 13)
# Gene Name Type Significance ClinVarId dbSNP ID Position
1 ATP6V0A2 NM_012463.4(ATP6V0A2):c.294+1G>A SNV Pathogenic
21499 rs80356751 GRCh37: 12:124206996-124206996
GRCh38: 12:123722449-123722449
2 ATP6V0A2 NM_012463.4(ATP6V0A2):c.309G>T (p.Lys103Asn) SNV Uncertain Significance
307578 rs144499089 GRCh37: 12:124209215-124209215
GRCh38: 12:123724668-123724668
3 ATP6V0A2 NM_012463.4(ATP6V0A2):c.614C>T (p.Ala205Val) SNV Uncertain Significance
307580 rs143802431 GRCh37: 12:124212422-124212422
GRCh38: 12:123727875-123727875
4 ATP6V0A2 NM_012463.4(ATP6V0A2):c.1018C>T (p.Arg340Trp) SNV Uncertain Significance
451817 rs781305219 GRCh37: 12:124221798-124221798
GRCh38: 12:123737251-123737251
5 ATP6V0A2 NM_012463.4(ATP6V0A2):c.2223G>C (p.Glu741Asp) SNV Uncertain Significance
982811 rs780465961 GRCh37: 12:124239014-124239014
GRCh38: 12:123754467-123754467
6 ATP6V0A2 NM_012463.4(ATP6V0A2):c.422G>T (p.Arg141Leu) SNV Uncertain Significance
390767 rs143509747 GRCh37: 12:124209328-124209328
GRCh38: 12:123724781-123724781
7 ATP6V0A2 NM_012463.4(ATP6V0A2):c.294+103T>C SNV Benign
1183408 GRCh37: 12:124207098-124207098
GRCh38: 12:123722551-123722551
8 ATP6V0A2 NM_012463.4(ATP6V0A2):c.649-114T>G SNV Benign
1192375 GRCh37: 12:124218359-124218359
GRCh38: 12:123733812-123733812
9 ATP6V0A2 NM_012463.4(ATP6V0A2):c.732-23T>C SNV Benign
260260 rs2271660 GRCh37: 12:124220055-124220055
GRCh38: 12:123735508-123735508
10 ATP6V0A2 NM_012463.4(ATP6V0A2):c.426T>C (p.Asn142=) SNV Benign
95523 rs1139789 GRCh37: 12:124209332-124209332
GRCh38: 12:123724785-123724785
11 ATP6V0A2 NM_012463.4(ATP6V0A2):c.432+14C>T SNV Benign
95524 rs11837144 GRCh37: 12:124209352-124209352
GRCh38: 12:123724805-123724805
12 ATP6V0A2 NM_012463.4(ATP6V0A2):c.471T>C (p.Ser157=) SNV Benign
95525 rs1399961 GRCh37: 12:124210782-124210782
GRCh38: 12:123726235-123726235
13 ATP6V0A2 NM_012463.4(ATP6V0A2):c.1515T>C (p.Asn505=) SNV Benign
95520 rs7135542 GRCh37: 12:124229429-124229429
GRCh38: 12:123744882-123744882

Expression for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

Search GEO for disease gene expression data for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome.

Pathways for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

Pathways related to Wrinkly Skin Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Super pathways Score Top Affiliating Genes
1
Show member pathways
10.09 PYCR1 ALDH18A1

GO Terms for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

Cellular components related to Wrinkly Skin Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 elastic fiber GO:0071953 8.92 ELN EFEMP2

Biological processes related to Wrinkly Skin Syndrome according to GeneCards Suite gene sharing:

# Name GO ID Score Top Affiliating Genes
1 L-proline biosynthetic process GO:0055129 9.26 PYCR1 ALDH18A1
2 amino acid biosynthetic process GO:0008652 9.16 PYCR1 ALDH18A1
3 proline biosynthetic process GO:0006561 8.92 PYCR1 ALDH18A1

Sources for Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

2 CDC
6 CNVD
8 Cosmic
9 dbSNP
10 DGIdb
16 EFO
17 ExPASy
18 FMA
19 GARD
27 GO
28 GTR
29 HMDB
30 HPO
31 ICD10
32 ICD10 via Orphanet
33 ICD11
34 ICD9CM
35 IUPHAR
36 LifeMap
38 LOVD
40 MedGen
43 MeSH
44 MESH via Orphanet
45 MGI
48 NCI
49 NCIt
50 NDF-RT
52 NINDS
53 Novoseek
55 ODiseA
56 OMIM via Orphanet
57 OMIM® (Updated 08-Dec-2022)
61 PubChem
62 PubMed
64 QIAGEN
69 SNOMED-CT via HPO
70 Tocris
71 UMLS
72 UMLS via Orphanet
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